Jefferson County, Alabama Population 2021

Jefferson County, Alabama's estimated population is 656,861 with a growth rate of -0.13% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Jefferson County, Alabama is the null largest county in Alabama. The 2010 Population was 658,215 and has seen a growth of -0.21% since this time.

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021656,861-856-0.13%
2020657,717-856-0.13%
2019658,573-856-0.13%
2018659,429-170-0.03%
2017659,599-744-0.11%
2016660,343-112-0.02%
2015660,4554830.07%
2014659,9727070.11%
2013659,2651,2040.18%
2012658,061-48-0.01%
2011658,109-106-0.02%
2010658,2156,6901.03%
1990651,525-19,799-2.95%
1980671,32426,3334.08%
1970644,99110,1271.60%
1960634,86475,93613.59%
1950558,92898,99821.52%
1940459,93028,4376.59%
1930431,493121,43939.17%
1920310,05483,57836.90%
1910226,47686,05661.28%
1900140,42051,91958.66%
189088,50165,229280.29%
188023,27210,92788.51%
187012,3455995.10%
186011,7462,75730.67%
18508,9891,85826.06%
18407,1312764.03%
18306,8550.00%
2021 Growth Rate
-0.13%
County Website
State
Founded
December 13, 1819[1]
County Seat
2010 Population
658,215
Growth Since 2010
-0.21%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White341,76851.81%
Black or African American283,31142.95%
Some Other Race11,6101.76%
Two or More Races10,9141.65%
Asian10,4331.58%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4430.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2010.03%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Population By Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Pyramid 2021

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Jefferson County, Alabama Median Age

37.7


Total

36


Male

39.3


Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Adults

There are 508,503 adults, (101,785 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson County, Alabama.

Jefferson County, Alabama Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson County, Alabama Sex Ratio

Mujer

347,647

52.70%

Masculino

312,033

47.30%

Jefferson County, Alabama Population by Age

Jefferson County, Alabama Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jefferson County, Alabama Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.6%17.4%
All62.7%37.3%
Masculino58.5%41.5%
Non Family49.4%50.6%
Mujer44.4%55.6%

62.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson County, Alabama Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All261,2312.4762.7
Married108,2393.1582.6
Non Family97,4291.249.4
Mujer44,3403.3644.4
Masculino11,2233.2958.5

3.15

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

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Jefferson County, Alabama Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,6832.82%
9th to 12th Grade32,0017.12%
High School Graduate118,63626.38%
Some College97,74221.73%
Associates Degree38,5578.57%
Bachelors Degree91,54520.35%
Graduate Degree58,57913.02%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White239,724223,457104,125
Black184,909162,54137,611
Hispanic12,5018,0942,174
Asian7,3786,6304,505
Other Race5,2823,011385
2+ Races4,5664,0591,607
Native American1,086739108
Islander1087220

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 61.06%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$39,562$46,659$33,619
Less Than 9th Grade$20,858$24,840$14,996
High School Graduate$29,823$35,529$23,578
Some College$33,335$41,066$29,630
Bachelors Degree$51,999$64,964$43,173
Graduate Degree$64,363$90,009$56,105

$39,562

Average Earnings

$46,659

Average Male

$33,619

Average Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jefferson County, Alabama Language by Age

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Jefferson County, Alabama Language

94.22% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents speak only English, while 5.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.43% of the population.

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black277,49766,31023.90%
White321,75727,3048.49%
Hispanic25,1106,32425.19%
Other11,3433,42030.15%
Multiple10,5552,21721.00%
Asian10,2301,12511.00%
Native1,37945232.78%
Islander2013718.41%

16.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.71%

Male Poverty Rate

17.20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Native, with 32.78% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is White, with 8.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.02%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.64%
High School17.76%
Some College13.28%
Bachelors or Greater4.59%

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.39%
Male Unemployed30.60%
Female Employed8.64%
Male Employed5.50%

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jefferson County, Alabama Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,901$78,812
Families$70,664$96,841
Married Families$93,513$122,198
Non Families$32,107$46,378
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Income by Household Type

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Married by Age and Sex

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Jefferson County, Alabama Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status by Race

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Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

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36,789

Number of Veterans

33,120

Male Veterans

3,669

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam13,160
First Gulf War7,833
Second Gulf War5,897
Korea3,050
World War II1,221

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 749,670
35 to 548,718
55 to 648,114
75+7,951
18 to 342,336

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White19,3947.07%
Black16,7517.90%
2+ Races3425.77%
Hispanic2971.99%
Native American1249.94%
Asian891.09%
Other Race861.36%
Islander32.07%

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

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9.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.46%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

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62.2%

Labor Force Participation

58.1%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Age

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Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Race

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Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.11%

Born in Jefferson County, Alabama

95.91%

Native Born

4.09%

Foreign Born

2.67%

Non Citizen

1.42%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.91% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents were born in the United States, with 75.11% having been born in Alabama. 2.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Jefferson County, Alabama Place of Birth

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990

Sources