Jefferson County, Alabama Population 2022

Jefferson County, Alabama's estimated population is 677,973 with a growth rate of 0.24% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Jefferson County, Alabama is the largest county in Alabama. The 2010 Population was 658,466 and has seen a growth of 2.96% since this time.

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18306,8550.00%
18407,1312764.03%
18508,9891,85826.06%
186011,7462,75730.67%
187012,3455995.10%
188023,27210,92788.51%
189088,50165,229280.29%
1900140,42051,91958.66%
1910226,47686,05661.28%
1920310,05483,57836.90%
1930431,493121,43939.17%
1940459,93028,4376.59%
1950558,92898,99821.52%
1960634,86475,93613.59%
1970644,99110,1271.60%
1980671,32426,3334.08%
1990651,525-19,799-2.95%
2010658,4666,9411.07%
2011660,0921,6260.25%
2012661,7181,6260.25%
2013663,3441,6260.25%
2014664,9701,6260.25%
2015666,5961,6260.24%
2016668,2221,6260.24%
2017669,8481,6260.24%
2018671,4741,6260.24%
2019673,1001,6260.24%
2020674,7211,6210.24%
2021676,3471,6260.24%
2022677,9731,6260.24%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White338,64451.42%
Black or African American282,53842.90%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1570.18%
Asian10,4171.58%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1870.03%
Some Other Race10,9571.66%
Two or More Races14,7152.23%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Population by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Pyramid 2022

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Jefferson County, Alabama Median Age

37.9


Total

36.1


Male

39.4


Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Adults

There are 508,262 adults, (104,327 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson County, Alabama.

Jefferson County, Alabama Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

25.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson County, Alabama Sex Ratio

Female

347,168

52.71%

Male

311,447

47.29%

Jefferson County, Alabama Population by Age

Jefferson County, Alabama Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jefferson County, Alabama Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83%17%
All63.2%36.8%
Male60%40%
Non Family49.2%50.8%
Female46.2%53.8%

63.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson County, Alabama Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All263,8012.4463.2
Married109,7123.1383
Male10,9383.2460
Female42,6783.3946.2
Non Family100,4731.1949.2

3.13

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

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Jefferson County, Alabama Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,4072.53%
9th to 12th Grade31,2836.95%
High School Graduate118,50726.33%
Some College97,88821.75%
Associates Degree37,7428.39%
Bachelors Degree94,24120.94%
Graduate Degree59,01113.11%
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Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian7,5897,1194,805
White238,291222,404106,083
2+ Races6,6915,8912,026
Islander897024
Black185,186163,74638,029
Hispanic12,5708,5132,255
Other Race5,2913,420775
Native American85658186

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 93.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 63.32%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,714$49,055$33,951
Less Than 9th Grade$21,307$25,913$15,692
High School Graduate$30,645$36,663$24,201
Some College$34,885$42,946$30,374
Bachelors Degree$53,283$67,328$44,529
Graduate Degree$66,397$90,560$55,926

$40,714

Average Earnings

$49,055

Average Male

$33,951

Average Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jefferson County, Alabama Language by Age

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Jefferson County, Alabama Language

94.22% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents speak only English, while 5.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.44% of the population.

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native1,09736233.00%
Hispanic25,3156,88927.21%
Black276,51463,35522.91%
Islander1874222.46%
Multiple14,3713,19322.22%
Asian10,2281,03410.11%
White319,00927,3568.58%
Other2,999NaN%

15.66%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.10%

Male Poverty Rate

17.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Native, with 33.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.48%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.51%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.26%
High School17.37%
Some College12.55%
Bachelors or Greater4.96%

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed5.40%
Male Unemployed27.80%
Female Employed8.44%
Female Unemployed43.99%

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jefferson County, Alabama Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$55,088$81,248
Families$71,575$100,559
Married Families$95,845$126,342
Non Families$32,339$47,664
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Income by Household Type

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

40.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Married by Age and Sex

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Jefferson County, Alabama Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status by Race

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Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

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36,250

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War6,498
First Gulf War7,515
Vietnam12,423
Korea2,908
World War II1,216

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 342,787
35 to 548,583
55 to 647,324
65 to 749,584
75+7,972

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White18,1966.69%
Black17,2468.15%
Native American777.75%
Asian1291.53%
Islander75.51%
Other Race1031.65%
2+ Races4925.94%
Hispanic2831.88%

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

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9.62%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.13%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

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61.5%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Age

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Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Race

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Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.32%

Born in Jefferson County, Alabama

96.15%

Native Born

3.85%

Foreign Born

2.55%

Non Citizen

1.30%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.15% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents were born in the United States, with 75.32% having been born in Alabama. 2.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Jefferson County, Alabama Place of Birth

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990

Sources