Jefferson County, Alabama Population 2020

Jefferson County, Alabama's estimated population is 659,546 with a growth rate of -0.12% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Jefferson County, Alabama is the largest county in Alabama.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2018659,300-246-0.04%
2017659,546-780-0.12%
2016660,326-44-0.01%
2015660,3704520.07%
2014659,9187220.11%
2013659,1961,2290.19%
2012657,967-6-0.00%
2011657,973-185-0.03%
2010658,1586,6331.02%
1990651,525-19,799-2.95%
1980671,32426,3334.08%
1970644,99110,1271.60%
1960634,86475,93613.59%
1950558,92898,99821.52%
1940459,93028,4376.59%
1930431,493121,43939.17%
1920310,05483,57836.90%
1910226,47686,05661.28%
1900140,42051,91958.66%
189088,50165,229280.29%
188023,27210,92788.51%
187012,3455995.10%
186011,7462,75730.67%
18508,9891,85826.06%
18407,1312764.03%
18306,8550.00%

How Many People Live in Jefferson County, Alabama?

659,546

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White342,59151.92%
Black or African American281,70242.69%
Some Other Race12,3981.88%
Two or More Races11,1721.69%
Asian10,2501.55%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5640.24%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2150.03%

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Pyramid 2020

Jefferson County, Alabama Median Age

37.7


Total

36


Male

39.2


Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Adults

There are 508,234 adults, (99,146 of whom are seniors) in Jefferson County, Alabama.

Jefferson County, Alabama Age Dependency

61.3

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson County, Alabama Sex Ratio

Female

347,544

52.67%

Male

312,348

47.33%

Jefferson County, Alabama Households and Families

Jefferson County, Alabama Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jefferson County, Alabama Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.1%17.9%
All62.8%37.2%
Male58.5%41.5%
Non Family50.4%49.6%
Female43.7%56.3%

62.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All260,9242.4762.8
Married108,4023.1582.1
Non Family96,0881.250.4
Female44,8273.3243.7
Male11,6073.2558.5

3.14

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jefferson County, Alabama Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,4783.00%
9th to 12th Grade32,5477.25%
High School Graduate120,03726.75%
Some College100,06122.30%
Associates Degree37,1478.28%
Bachelors Degree88,77719.78%
Graduate Degree56,68512.63%

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White240,900224,089101,864
Black183,005159,90035,369
Hispanic12,4917,9102,197
Asian7,1576,4064,323
Other Race5,4843,156346
Multiple Races4,5594,0661,546
Native American1,065759269
Islander1219247

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.02%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.40%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,742$44,896$32,021
Less Than High School$20,253$24,115$15,199
High School Grad$28,366$34,356$22,457
Some College$31,928$39,367$27,867
Bachelors Degree$51,160$64,386$42,094
Graduate Degree$62,764$86,659$54,783

$37,742

Average Earnings

$44,896

Average Male

$32,021

Average Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

Jefferson County, Alabama Language by Age

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

94.13% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents speak only English, while 5.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.39% of the population.

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black275,30969,32025.18%
White323,71629,3489.07%
Hispanic24,5547,46830.41%
Other12,0894,31235.67%
Multiple10,7842,41822.42%
Asian10,0239599.57%
Native1,49632521.72%
Islander2152913.49%

17.00%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.60%

Male Poverty Rate

18.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Other, with 35.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is White, with 9.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.95%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.28%
High School18.41%
Some College13.48%
Bachelors or Greater4.67%

Jefferson County, Alabama Income

Jefferson County, Alabama Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,979$75,281
Families$67,455$92,196
Married Families$89,470$116,813
Non Families$31,136$44,404

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.1%

Male Marriage Rate

40.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Married by Age and Sex

Jefferson County, Alabama Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans

37,324

Number of Veterans

33,928

Male Veterans

3,396

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam13,160
First Gulf War7,678
Second Gulf War5,814
Korea3,210
World War II1,553
Name Veterans % of Total
White19,9497.25%
Black16,5687.87%
2 or More3996.63%
Hispanic3792.54%
Indian14611.53%
Other1321.96%
Asian961.22%
Hawaiian3422.82%

$Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

9.59%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment Status

62.2%

Labor Force Participation

57.6%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

75.18%

Born in Alabama

95.97%

Native Born

4.03%

Foreign Born

2.68%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.97% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents were born in the United States, with 75.18% having been born in Alabama. 2.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990