Union County, New Jersey Population 2020

Union County, New Jersey's estimated population is 563,655 with a growth rate of 0.50% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Union County, New Jersey is the 7th largest county in New Jersey.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2020563,6552,7940.50%
2019560,8612,7940.50%
2018558,0672,7940.50%
2017555,2731,9300.35%
2016553,3432,9760.54%
2015550,3672,0850.38%
2014548,2822,0450.37%
2013546,2373,1080.57%
2012543,1293,1050.57%
2011540,0242,5240.47%
2010537,50043,6818.85%
1990493,819-10,275-2.04%
1980504,094-39,022-7.18%
1970543,11638,8617.71%
1960504,255106,11726.65%
1950398,13869,79421.26%
1940328,34423,1357.58%
1930305,209105,05252.48%
1920200,15759,96042.77%
1910140,19740,84441.11%
190099,35326,88637.10%
189072,46716,89630.40%
188055,57113,71232.76%
187041,85914,07950.68%
186027,7800.00%

Union County, New Jersey Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White310,65456.17%
Black or African American117,07921.17%
Some Other Race80,86214.62%
Asian27,9595.06%
Two or More Races14,8472.68%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5800.29%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander850.02%

Union County, New Jersey Population Pyramid 2020

Union County, New Jersey Median Age

38.5


Total

37.1


Male

39.9


Female

Union County, New Jersey Adults

There are 422,703 adults, (76,895 of whom are seniors) in Union County, New Jersey.

Union County, New Jersey Age Dependency

59.9

Age Dependency Ratio

22.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Union County, New Jersey Sex Ratio

Female

283,616

51.28%

Male

269,450

48.72%

Union County, New Jersey Households and Families

Union County, New Jersey Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Union County, New Jersey Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.1%24.9%
All58.9%41.1%
Non Family43.8%56.2%
Female42.7%57.3%
Male39.7%60.3%

58.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All188,9872.8958.9
Married93,7263.5475.1
Non Family53,0921.243.8
Female30,0543.5442.7
Male12,1153.6239.7

3.43

Average Family Size

2.89

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Union County, New Jersey Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade28,8747.70%
9th to 12th Grade22,7876.07%
High School Graduate107,74428.72%
Some College62,42416.64%
Associates Degree21,7415.80%
Bachelors Degree78,95521.05%
Graduate Degree52,62314.03%

Union County, New Jersey Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White164,741152,99680,350
Hispanic106,17776,64216,807
Black79,99071,77118,843
Other Race47,64231,6515,210
Asian20,27018,54413,785
Multiple Races6,5965,7132,100
Native American1,008573167
Islander68183

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.87%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.01%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,318$52,240$39,668
Less Than High School$24,245$27,691$18,510
High School Grad$32,391$38,850$25,727
Some College$39,685$43,919$34,650
Bachelors Degree$65,999$80,620$55,999
Graduate Degree$90,032$110,208$76,849

$45,318

Average Earnings

$52,240

Average Male

$39,668

Average Female

Union County, New Jersey Language

Union County, New Jersey Language by Age

Union County, New Jersey Language

56.53% of Union County, New Jersey residents speak only English, while 43.47% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 27.98% of the population.

Union County, New Jersey Poverty

Union County, New Jersey Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic170,53025,76515.11%
Other80,20515,25119.02%
Black115,07213,97212.14%
White220,05310,1694.62%
Multiple14,7661,72311.67%
Asian27,7051,5685.66%
Native1,580734.62%
Islander751520.00%

9.81%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.59%

Male Poverty Rate

10.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Union County, New Jersey

The race most likely to be in poverty in Union County, New Jersey is Islander, with 20.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Union County, New Jersey is Native, with 4.62% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.20%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.29%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School17.96%
High School10.76%
Some College7.90%
Bachelors or Greater3.01%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed24.97%
Male Unemployed18.59%
Female Employed4.82%
Male Employed4.02%

Union County, New Jersey Income

Union County, New Jersey Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$77,095$113,166
Families$91,381$129,873
Married Families$115,901$156,541
Non Families$42,105$63,402

Union County, New Jersey Marital Status

Union County, New Jersey Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.5%

Male Marriage Rate

43.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Union County, New Jersey Married by Age and Sex

Union County, New Jersey Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Union County, New Jersey Marital Status by Race

Union County, New Jersey Veterans

14,948

Number of Veterans

13,945

Male Veterans

1,003

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,865
Korea2,043
Second Gulf War1,714
First Gulf War1,667
World War II1,199
Name Veterans % of Total
White10,4314.29%
Black3,3983.71%
Hispanic1,7621.43%
Other5500.98%
2 or More3223.94%
Asian1590.72%
Indian887.63%

$Union County, New Jersey Veterans by Education

5.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Union County, New Jersey Employment Status

68.3%

Labor Force Participation

64%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Union County, New Jersey Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.47%

Born in New Jersey

70.04%

Native Born

29.96%

Foreign Born

14.30%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.04% of Union County, New Jersey residents were born in the United States, with 50.47% having been born in New Jersey. 14.30% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990