Birmingham Population 2021

2,626,374
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Birmingham's 2021 population is now estimated at 2,626,374. In 1950, the population of Birmingham was 2,228,915. Birmingham has grown by 18,937 since 2015, which represents a 0.73% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Birmingham, which typically includes Birmingham's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Note: This article is about Birmingham, UK. For notes about the US city of Birmingham, Alabama - please scroll to the bottom of the page.

Birmingham is the second largest city in the United Kingdom (London is the largest city in the UK). At the time of the census in 2001, the population of Birmingham was recorded at 977,087.

The Census of 2011 shows that Birmingham's population had reached 1,137,100.

City Size and Population Density

Birmingham's city proper covers 267 square kilometers, with a population just over 1 million. The entire metropolitan area covers 598 square kilometers and boasts a population of 4,332,629 individuals. The population density overall comes to approximately 4,200 people per square kilometer.

Birmingham's Population History

For most of its history, Birmingham saw steady population growth as it grew into one of Britain's most important industrial centers. It's most significant period of growth was between 1911 and 1921 when the number of people living in the city almost doubled. In just ten years, the population increased from 525,833 to 919,333, a growth rate of 74.9%.

Since then, however, Birmingham's population has gone up and down. The 2011 census marks the third time that the city's size has exceeded one million people. The milestone was reached for the first time in 1931 when the population was recorded at 1,002,603, but the following census from 1939 marked a fall to 995,039. The city bounced back to 1.1 million residents in 1951, but by the time of the 2001 census, it's population had fallen again to 977,087. Birmingham's council is no doubt crossing its fingers in the hope that they will once again be able to join London as the only British city with a population of over a million.

Ethnicity and Religion in Birmingham

Birmingham is even more ethnically diverse than London, the country's capital city. The 2001 census confirmed that 70.4% of the people of Birmingham were white, 19.5% were Asian, 6.1% were Black, 0.5 were Chinese, 2.5% were mixed race, and 0.6 were of another ethnic group.

Birmingham is also notable for having the UK's highest Gypsy and Traveller population. At 53,554, more than 5% of the people living in Birmingham are Gypsies or Travellers.

Christianity remains the city's most prominent religion. In the last (2001) census 59.1% of Birmingham residents reported themselves as being Christian. Other major religions were Islam (14.3%), Sikh (2.93%), and Hindu (1.98%). 12.4% of the surveyed population reported having no religion, and 8.4% did not answer the question.

Population of Birmingham Alabama

In case you were wondering, the population of Birmingham in the USA was 212,237 in 2010, making it the 97th largest American city. The city reached a peak population of 340,087 in 1960, but since then it has been in steady decline.

The 2010 US Census recorded that 73.4% of Birmingham Alabama's population was black, and 22.3% white, making it considerably less diverse than it's namesake in England.

Birmingham Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20352,891,1630.60%17,379
20342,873,7840.62%17,600
20332,856,1840.63%17,874
20322,838,3100.64%18,188
20312,820,1220.66%18,542
20302,801,5800.68%18,876
20292,782,7040.69%19,179
20282,763,5250.71%19,450
20272,744,0750.72%19,666
20262,724,4090.73%19,792
20252,704,6170.74%19,810
20242,684,8070.74%19,707
20232,665,1000.74%19,502
20222,645,5980.73%19,224
20212,626,3740.73%18,937
20202,607,4370.73%18,871
20192,588,5660.72%18,498
20182,570,0680.71%18,191
20172,551,8770.71%18,063
20162,533,8140.71%17,935
20152,515,8790.71%17,783
20142,498,0960.71%17,658
20132,480,4380.71%17,508
20122,462,9300.71%17,433
20112,445,4970.68%16,576
20102,428,9210.67%16,215
20092,412,7060.67%16,086
20082,396,6200.67%16,021
20072,380,5990.67%15,893
20062,364,7060.67%15,787
20052,348,9190.67%15,660
20042,333,2590.67%15,598
20032,317,6610.67%15,472
20022,302,1890.67%15,370
20012,286,8190.08%1,743
20002,285,076-0.05%-1,201
19992,286,277-0.05%-1,200
19982,287,477-0.05%-1,200
19972,288,677-0.05%-1,200
19962,289,877-0.05%-1,203
19952,291,080-0.05%-1,202
19942,292,282-0.05%-1,203
19932,293,485-0.05%-1,202
19922,294,687-0.05%-1,206
19912,295,893-0.21%-4,760
19902,300,653-0.26%-5,887
19892,306,540-0.25%-5,893
19882,312,433-0.26%-5,924
19872,318,357-0.26%-5,932
19862,324,289-0.26%-5,947
19852,330,236-0.25%-5,954
19842,336,190-0.26%-5,985
19832,342,175-0.26%-5,993
19822,348,168-0.26%-6,008
19812,354,176-0.11%-2,650
19802,356,826-0.07%-1,602
19792,358,428-0.07%-1,602
19782,360,030-0.07%-1,602
19772,361,632-0.07%-1,601
19762,363,233-0.07%-1,607
19752,364,840-0.07%-1,606
19742,366,446-0.07%-1,607
19732,368,053-0.07%-1,605
19722,369,658-0.07%-1,612
19712,371,2700.07%1,754
19702,369,5160.11%2,507
19692,367,0090.11%2,501
19682,364,5080.11%2,505
19672,362,0030.11%2,499
19662,359,5040.11%2,496
19652,357,0080.11%2,491
19642,354,5170.11%2,494
19632,352,0230.11%2,489
19622,349,5340.11%2,485
19612,347,0490.41%9,493
19602,337,5560.48%11,112
19592,326,4440.48%11,044
19582,315,4000.48%10,991
19572,304,4090.48%10,925
19562,293,4840.48%10,902
19552,282,5820.48%10,836
19542,271,7460.48%10,784
19532,260,9620.48%10,719
19522,250,2430.48%10,697
19512,239,5460.48%10,631
19502,228,9150.00%

Birmingham Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
London9,425,6221.31%
Manchester2,750,1200.73%
Birmingham2,626,3740.73%
West Yorkshire1,901,9470.68%
Glasgow1,680,6690.44%
Southampton935,8680.86%
Liverpool906,4430.53%
Newcastle Upon Tyne813,8070.53%
Nottingham794,0080.81%
Sheffield735,2920.70%
Bristol693,5521.07%
Belfast634,5940.63%
Brighton612,1590.87%
Leicester556,9300.86%
Edinburgh542,5991.08%
Bournemouth510,0210.86%
Cardiff481,0820.72%
Coventry432,3861.60%
Middlesbrough388,9690.41%
Stoke On Trent387,7850.46%

Other Cities in United Kingdom

  1. Birmingham City Council - Information, documents and reports on population change in Birmingham
  2. Birmingham City Council - Census - Population and census
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources