Mathura's 2021 population is now estimated at 603,301. In 1950, the population of Mathura was 103,870. Mathura has grown by 14,967 since 2015, which represents a 2.54% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Mathura, which typically includes Mathura's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.