Mexico City Population 2021

21,918,936
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Mexico City's 2021 population is now estimated at 21,918,936. In 1950, the population of Mexico City was 3,365,081. Mexico City has grown by 136,558 since 2015, which represents a 0.63% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Mexico City, which typically includes Mexico City's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Mexico City (officially México D.F. or just D.F.) is the capital of Mexico and the seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It's also the Federal District, which is a federal entity within the country that is not actually any one of the 31 states but belongs to the federation as a whole. The 2016 population of Mexico City, based on government figures, is 8,918,653.

Mexico City has a long, rich history and is know for being one of the largest financial centers in the continent and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world. As of 2016, the population of the city is estimated to be 8.9 million.

The estimated population of 8,918,653 in 2016 is up from 8.851 million in 2010. The metropolitan area, however, is much larger with a population of 21.2 million people, making Mexico City the most populous metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere.

City Size and Population Density

The area that Mexico City occupies comes to a total of 1,485 square kilometers (573 square miles). In combination with the growing number of residents, the population density was last measured at 6,000 people living per square kilometer (16,000 residents per square mile).

Greater Mexico City

Greater Mexico City is formed by the Federal District, or 60 municipalities from the State of Mexico with one from the state of Hidalgo. It's the most densely populated area in the country. As of 2010, the biggest municipalities in Greater Mexico City, excluding Mexico City proper, were:

  • Ecatepec (1.6 million)
  • Nezahualcóyotl (1.1 million)
  • Naucalpan (833,000)
  • Tlalnepantla de Baz (664,000)
  • Chimalhuacán (602000)
  • Ixtapaluca (467,000)
  • Cuautitlán Izcalli (533,000)
  • Atizapan de Zaragoza (490,000)

As of 2016, 75% of the state of Mexico's population, or approximately 10 million people, lives in a municipality that's part of Greater Mexico City.

Mexico City Demographics

The valley of Anáhuac has historically been one of the most densely populated regions in the country. In 1921, the census showed more than 54% of the city's population was Mestizo (or Indigenous mixed with European ancestry), 23% was European and almost 19% was Indigenous, although Mexico City at the time had less than 1 million people.

The Mexico City that we know today is home to large numbers of immigrants and expatriates from Canada, the United States, South America (especially Colombia and Argentina), Central America (particularly Guatemala and El Salvador), the Caribbeans (mainly Cuba and Haiti), Europe (particularly Spain and Germany) and the Middle East (especially Egypt, Syria and Lebanon.) Most recently, there has been an influx of immigrants from Asia-Pacific countries like South Korea and China.

There are no official figures on the immigrant population in Mexico, but estimates show significant numbers, including the largest population of people from the US outside the United States. It's estimated there are 700,000 US Americans in Mexico City, and a total of one million US immigrants in the entire country.

Census data from Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) has shown that the numbers of foreigners in the country has grown by 95% in the last decade, the majority of which are from the US.

Mexico City Population Growth

Despite its growth, the annual growth rate of the Mexico City metropolitan area is lower than most other urban agglomerations in the country, and the net migration rate in the Federal District was negative from 1995 to 2000.

With its fast growth over the past century, Mexico City has faced numerous problems, including the inability to keep up with services and housing which led to huge shantytowns on the outskirts of the city without basic services. This includes one of the largest shantytowns in the world, Neza-Chalco-Itza, which has an estimated population of 4 million. In 2004, a World Bank study found that 11% of the urban population in the country was extremely poor, while 42% was moderately poor. Mexico City is also located between two large mountain ranges, which act to trap pollution.

Mexico City is considered one of the largest cities in the world and is home to 20% of Mexico's entire population. Urban migration has slowed, and now natural growth is the main cause of Mexico City's population growth. It's estimated that the population of the city will reach almost 22 million by 2020.

Mexico City Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
203525,414,6240.99%249,858
203425,164,7661.03%255,720
203324,909,0461.06%261,334
203224,647,7121.09%266,390
203124,381,3221.12%270,722
203024,110,6001.15%273,536
202923,837,0641.16%274,106
202823,562,9581.17%271,486
202723,291,4721.19%274,688
202623,016,7841.16%264,370
202522,752,4141.10%247,098
202422,505,3161.00%223,874
202322,281,4420.89%196,302
202222,085,1400.76%166,204
202121,918,9360.63%136,558
202021,782,3780.51%110,470
201921,671,9080.42%91,080
201821,580,8280.37%80,576
201721,500,2520.37%80,276
201621,419,9760.38%80,196
201521,339,7801.17%246,236
201421,093,5441.17%243,396
201320,850,1481.17%240,260
201220,609,8881.17%238,140
201120,371,7481.17%235,068
201020,136,6800.90%179,102
200919,957,5780.87%172,368
200819,785,2100.87%171,348
200719,613,8620.87%169,632
200619,444,2300.87%168,166
200519,276,0640.87%166,480
200419,109,5840.87%165,498
200318,944,0860.87%163,840
200218,780,2460.87%162,422
200118,617,8240.87%160,796
200018,457,0281.39%252,892
199918,204,1361.70%304,208
199817,899,9281.70%299,124
199717,600,8041.70%293,724
199617,307,0801.70%289,612
199517,017,4681.70%284,376
199416,733,0921.70%279,625
199316,453,4671.70%274,577
199216,178,8901.70%270,733
199115,908,1571.70%265,839
199015,642,3181.81%277,415
198915,364,9031.85%278,809
198815,086,0941.85%274,497
198714,811,5971.85%269,136
198614,542,4611.85%264,245
198514,278,2161.85%259,090
198414,019,1261.85%255,083
198313,764,0431.85%250,101
198213,513,9421.85%245,557
198113,268,3851.85%240,765
198013,027,6203.83%480,187
197912,547,4333.98%480,271
197812,067,1623.98%461,888
197711,605,2743.97%443,608
197611,161,6663.99%427,806
197510,733,8603.98%410,853
197410,323,0073.98%395,128
19739,927,8793.97%379,490
19729,548,3893.99%365,972
19719,182,4173.98%351,470
19708,830,9474.53%382,542
19698,448,4054.92%396,384
19688,052,0214.94%378,804
19677,673,2174.93%360,498
19667,312,7194.93%343,562
19656,969,1574.92%326,981
19646,642,1764.94%312,478
19636,329,6984.93%297,378
19626,032,3204.93%283,407
19615,748,9134.92%269,729
19605,479,1845.00%260,837
19595,218,3475.00%248,281
19584,970,0665.00%236,468
19574,733,5984.99%224,915
19564,508,6835.00%214,805
19554,293,8785.00%204,297
19544,089,5815.00%194,576
19533,895,0054.99%185,070
19523,709,9355.00%176,750
19513,533,1855.00%168,104
19503,365,0810.00%

Mexico City Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Mexico City21,918,9360.63%
Guadalajara5,259,2961.54%
Monterrey4,955,5061.67%
Puebla3,244,7101.56%
Toluca De Lerdo2,522,4072.24%
Tijuana2,181,1041.90%
Leon De Los Aldamas1,848,9321.31%
La Laguna1,674,2583.68%
Ciudad Juarez1,539,7581.35%
Queretaro1,364,4461.89%
San Luis Potosi1,235,4261.55%
Merida1,181,3871.71%
Mexicali1,140,2981.73%
Aguascalientes1,124,9091.67%
Cuernavaca1,091,1731.50%
Chihuahua1,075,8612.00%
Tampico1,016,5141.52%
Saltillo1,000,7501.72%
Acapulco De Juarez992,2051.31%
Cancun971,7982.95%

Other Cities in Mexico

  1. University College London - Development Planning Unit - Global Report for Mexico City
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources