Mexico City Population 2022

22,085,140
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Mexico City (officially México D.F. or just D.F.) is the capital of Mexico and the seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It's also the Federal District, which is a federal entity within the country that is not actually any one of the 31 states but belongs to the federation as a whole. The 2016 population of Mexico City, based on government figures, is 8,918,653.

Mexico City has a long, rich history and is know for being one of the largest financial centers in the continent and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world. As of 2016, the population of the city is estimated to be 8.9 million.

The estimated population of 8,918,653 in 2016 is up from 8.851 million in 2010. The metropolitan area, however, is much larger with a population of 21.2 million people, making Mexico City the most populous metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere.

City Size and Population Density

The area that Mexico City occupies comes to a total of 1,485 square kilometers (573 square miles). In combination with the growing number of residents, the population density was last measured at 6,000 people living per square kilometer (16,000 residents per square mile).

Greater Mexico City

Greater Mexico City is formed by the Federal District, or 60 municipalities from the State of Mexico with one from the state of Hidalgo. It's the most densely populated area in the country. As of 2010, the biggest municipalities in Greater Mexico City, excluding Mexico City proper, were:

  • Ecatepec (1.6 million)
  • Nezahualcóyotl (1.1 million)
  • Naucalpan (833,000)
  • Tlalnepantla de Baz (664,000)
  • Chimalhuacán (602000)
  • Ixtapaluca (467,000)
  • Cuautitlán Izcalli (533,000)
  • Atizapan de Zaragoza (490,000)

As of 2016, 75% of the state of Mexico's population, or approximately 10 million people, lives in a municipality that's part of Greater Mexico City.

Mexico City Demographics

The valley of Anáhuac has historically been one of the most densely populated regions in the country. In 1921, the census showed more than 54% of the city's population was Mestizo (or Indigenous mixed with European ancestry), 23% was European and almost 19% was Indigenous, although Mexico City at the time had less than 1 million people.

The Mexico City that we know today is home to large numbers of immigrants and expatriates from Canada, the United States, South America (especially Colombia and Argentina), Central America (particularly Guatemala and El Salvador), the Caribbeans (mainly Cuba and Haiti), Europe (particularly Spain and Germany) and the Middle East (especially Egypt, Syria and Lebanon.) Most recently, there has been an influx of immigrants from Asia-Pacific countries like South Korea and China.

There are no official figures on the immigrant population in Mexico, but estimates show significant numbers, including the largest population of people from the US outside the United States. It's estimated there are 700,000 US Americans in Mexico City, and a total of one million US immigrants in the entire country.

Census data from Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) has shown that the numbers of foreigners in the country has grown by 95% in the last decade, the majority of which are from the US.

Mexico City Population Growth

Despite its growth, the annual growth rate of the Mexico City metropolitan area is lower than most other urban agglomerations in the country, and the net migration rate in the Federal District was negative from 1995 to 2000.

With its fast growth over the past century, Mexico City has faced numerous problems, including the inability to keep up with services and housing which led to huge shantytowns on the outskirts of the city without basic services. This includes one of the largest shantytowns in the world, Neza-Chalco-Itza, which has an estimated population of 4 million. In 2004, a World Bank study found that 11% of the urban population in the country was extremely poor, while 42% was moderately poor. Mexico City is also located between two large mountain ranges, which act to trap pollution.

Mexico City is considered one of the largest cities in the world and is home to 20% of Mexico's entire population. Urban migration has slowed, and now natural growth is the main cause of Mexico City's population growth. It's estimated that the population of the city will reach almost 22 million by 2020.

Year Population
19503,365,081
19513,533,185
19523,709,935
19533,895,005
19544,089,581
19554,293,878
19564,508,683
19574,733,598
19584,970,066
19595,218,347
19605,479,184
19615,748,913
19626,032,320
19636,329,698
19646,642,176
19656,969,157
19667,312,719
19677,673,217
19688,052,021
19698,448,405
19708,830,947
19719,182,417
19729,548,389
19739,927,879
197410,323,007
197510,733,860
197611,161,666
197711,605,274
197812,067,162
197912,547,433
198013,027,620
198113,268,385
198213,513,942
198313,764,043
198414,019,126
198514,278,216
198614,542,461
198714,811,597
198815,086,094
198915,364,903
199015,642,318
199115,908,157
199216,178,890
199316,453,467
199416,733,092
199517,017,468
199617,307,080
199717,600,804
199817,899,928
199918,204,136
200018,457,028
200118,617,824
200218,780,246
200318,944,086
200419,109,584
200519,276,064
200619,444,230
200719,613,862
200819,785,210
200919,957,578
201020,136,680
201120,371,748
201220,609,888
201320,850,148
201421,093,544
201521,339,780
201621,419,976
201721,500,252
201821,580,828
201921,671,908
202021,782,378
202121,918,936
202222,085,140
202322,281,442
202422,505,316
202522,752,414
202623,016,784
202723,291,472
202823,562,958
202923,837,064
203024,110,600
203124,381,322
203224,647,712
203324,909,046
203425,164,766
203525,414,624

Mexico City Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19503,365,0810.00%
19513,533,1855.00%168,104
19523,709,9355.00%176,750
19533,895,0054.99%185,070
19544,089,5815.00%194,576
19554,293,8785.00%204,297
19564,508,6835.00%214,805
19574,733,5984.99%224,915
19584,970,0665.00%236,468
19595,218,3475.00%248,281
19605,479,1845.00%260,837
19615,748,9134.92%269,729
19626,032,3204.93%283,407
19636,329,6984.93%297,378
19646,642,1764.94%312,478
19656,969,1574.92%326,981
19667,312,7194.93%343,562
19677,673,2174.93%360,498
19688,052,0214.94%378,804
19698,448,4054.92%396,384
19708,830,9474.53%382,542
19719,182,4173.98%351,470
19729,548,3893.99%365,972
19739,927,8793.97%379,490
197410,323,0073.98%395,128
197510,733,8603.98%410,853
197611,161,6663.99%427,806
197711,605,2743.97%443,608
197812,067,1623.98%461,888
197912,547,4333.98%480,271
198013,027,6203.83%480,187
198113,268,3851.85%240,765
198213,513,9421.85%245,557
198313,764,0431.85%250,101
198414,019,1261.85%255,083
198514,278,2161.85%259,090
198614,542,4611.85%264,245
198714,811,5971.85%269,136
198815,086,0941.85%274,497
198915,364,9031.85%278,809
199015,642,3181.81%277,415
199115,908,1571.70%265,839
199216,178,8901.70%270,733
199316,453,4671.70%274,577
199416,733,0921.70%279,625
199517,017,4681.70%284,376
199617,307,0801.70%289,612
199717,600,8041.70%293,724
199817,899,9281.70%299,124
199918,204,1361.70%304,208
200018,457,0281.39%252,892
200118,617,8240.87%160,796
200218,780,2460.87%162,422
200318,944,0860.87%163,840
200419,109,5840.87%165,498
200519,276,0640.87%166,480
200619,444,2300.87%168,166
200719,613,8620.87%169,632
200819,785,2100.87%171,348
200919,957,5780.87%172,368
201020,136,6800.90%179,102
201120,371,7481.17%235,068
201220,609,8881.17%238,140
201320,850,1481.17%240,260
201421,093,5441.17%243,396
201521,339,7801.17%246,236
201621,419,9760.38%80,196
201721,500,2520.37%80,276
201821,580,8280.37%80,576
201921,671,9080.42%91,080
202021,782,3780.51%110,470
202121,918,9360.63%136,558
202222,085,1400.76%166,204
202322,281,4420.89%196,302
202422,505,3161.00%223,874
202522,752,4141.10%247,098
202623,016,7841.16%264,370
202723,291,4721.19%274,688
202823,562,9581.17%271,486
202923,837,0641.16%274,106
203024,110,6001.15%273,536
203124,381,3221.12%270,722
203224,647,7121.09%266,390
203324,909,0461.06%261,334
203425,164,7661.03%255,720
203525,414,6240.99%249,858

Mexico City Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Mexico City22,085,1400.76%
Guadalajara5,339,5831.53%
Monterrey5,036,5351.64%
Puebla3,294,7791.54%
Toluca De Lerdo2,575,6262.11%
Tijuana2,221,0081.83%
Leon De Los Aldamas1,873,5221.33%
La Laguna1,729,8253.32%
Ciudad Juarez1,560,8211.37%
Queretaro1,389,3021.82%
San Luis Potosi1,254,3821.53%
Merida1,201,1421.67%
Mexicali1,159,5441.69%
Aguascalientes1,143,2811.63%
Cuernavaca1,107,4761.49%
Chihuahua1,096,4291.91%
Tampico1,031,8671.51%
Saltillo1,017,5701.68%
Acapulco De Juarez1,005,4211.33%
Cancun998,1462.71%

Other Cities in Mexico

Sources