Munich Population 2021

1,553,373
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Munich's 2021 population is now estimated at 1,553,373. In 1950, the population of Munich was 830,977. Munich has grown by 15,071 since 2015, which represents a 0.98% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Munich, which typically includes Munich's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Munich is the capital and largest city of Bavaria, a German state. Located on the River Isar to the north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the third largest city in the country behind Berlin and Hamburg. The estimated 2014 population of Munich was at 1.4 million.

Munich has a current estimated population of 1,456,039, although the urban area is much larger at 2.65 million. Munich is now one of the fastest-growing and most prosperous cities in the country and a top destination for immigrants and expatriates, despite the fact that Munich has the highest population density in Germany at 12,000 people per square mile (4,500/square kilometer).

Munich Demographics

There are very sizable Balkan and Turkish communities in the city. Of the foreign nationals in Munich, about 37% come from the European Union. The most common foreign nationals in Munich are:

  • Turks (43,000)
  • Albanians (30,000)
  • Croats (25,000)
  • Serbs (24,000)
  • Greeks (22,000)
  • Austrians (21,000)
  • Italians (21,000)

In terms of religious preferences, nearly half (49.3%) of people in Munich have no religious affiliation, and this is the fastest-growing group of the population. The Roman Catholic and Protestant churches are the next-largest group and they have been in decline for decades.

Munich Population Growth

For many years, Germany had been declining in population due to an aging population. This has changed recently, however, with a significant increase in the country's population in 2012 attributed to immigrants, not natural growth. Munich is the second-largest employer in the country, and the recent wave of immigrants have brought trained, skilled workers to the city, including academics, engineers and other skilled workers.

Also, while the whole of Germany may have been facing population decrease, Munich has maintained a steady and slow growth rate over the years. The city grew from a population of just under 500,000 in 1900 to just over a million residents in 1960. This growth has slowed considerably from the early booms of +40% growth to the more recent growth rates ranging between 0.9% and 3.4%.

Munich Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20351,625,2460.19%3,033
20341,622,2130.18%2,982
20331,619,2310.18%2,938
20321,616,2930.18%2,919
20311,613,3740.18%2,947
20301,610,4270.19%3,094
20291,607,3330.21%3,341
20281,603,9920.23%3,693
20271,600,2990.27%4,252
20261,596,0470.32%5,156
20251,590,8910.40%6,384
20241,584,5070.51%8,091
20231,576,4160.66%10,288
20221,566,1280.82%12,755
20211,553,3730.98%15,071
20201,538,3021.11%16,885
20191,521,4171.18%17,709
20181,503,7081.46%21,591
20171,482,1171.46%21,282
20161,460,8351.46%20,976
20151,439,8591.34%19,046
20141,420,8131.23%17,239
20131,403,5741.23%17,006
20121,386,5681.24%16,963
20111,369,6051.25%16,844
20101,352,7611.25%16,637
20091,336,1241.24%16,410
20081,319,7141.28%16,674
20071,303,0402.04%26,065
20061,276,9751.80%22,574
20051,254,4010.47%5,877
20041,248,5240.59%7,277
20031,241,2470.81%9,936
20021,231,3111.01%12,277
20011,219,0341.39%16,668
20001,202,3660.89%10,649
19991,191,717-0.47%-5,686
19981,197,403-1.52%-18,450
19971,215,853-1.24%-15,225
19961,231,078-0.76%-9,449
19951,240,527-0.77%-9,626
19941,250,153-0.48%-5,979
19931,256,1321.08%13,363
19921,242,7691.12%13,730
19911,229,0390.93%11,266
19901,217,7730.71%8,619
19891,209,154-3.32%-41,575
19881,250,729-2.50%-32,133
19871,282,8620.96%12,247
19861,270,6150.29%3,614
19851,267,001-0.66%-8,428
19841,275,429-0.77%-9,843
19831,285,272-0.32%-4,186
19821,289,458-0.46%-5,931
19811,295,389-0.25%-3,299
19801,298,6880.04%506
19791,298,1820.04%506
19781,297,6760.04%505
19771,297,1710.04%505
19761,296,6660.04%506
19751,296,1600.04%504
19741,295,6560.04%505
19731,295,1510.04%504
19721,294,6470.04%505
19711,294,1420.04%504
19701,293,6381.79%22,760
19691,270,8781.98%24,623
19681,246,2551.98%24,213
19671,222,0421.98%23,709
19661,198,3331.98%23,249
19651,175,0841.98%22,768
19641,152,3161.98%22,387
19631,129,9291.98%21,922
19621,108,0071.98%21,497
19611,086,5102.48%26,283
19601,060,2272.52%26,094
19591,034,1332.52%25,416
19581,008,7172.52%24,792
1957983,9252.52%24,150
1956959,7752.52%23,621
1955936,1542.52%23,009
1954913,1452.52%22,443
1953890,7022.52%21,861
1952868,8412.52%21,383
1951847,4581.98%16,481
1950830,9770.00%

Munich Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Berlin3,566,7910.13%
Hamburg1,788,995-0.05%
Munich1,553,3730.98%
Cologne1,128,6520.88%
Frankfurt784,7800.98%
Duesseldorf635,0460.49%
Stuttgart633,8080.18%
Leipzig596,2300.88%
Dortmund589,7480.03%
Essen581,579-0.09%
Dresden580,8770.94%
Bremen566,3310.17%
Hannover537,4180.08%
Duisburg519,0560.77%
Nurenberg511,889-0.01%
Bochum377,7450.47%
Wuppertal348,898-0.12%
Mannheim336,2671.39%
Bielefeld334,475-0.00%
Westfalen333,3411.04%

Urban Areas in Germany

  1. City of Munich - Official website for the City of Munich with population data and statistics
  2. Bavarian State Office for Statistics - Bavaria data and statistics
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources