Samarkand's 2023 population is now estimated at 614,309. In 1950, the population of Samarkand was 167,961. Samarkand has grown by 11,178 in the last year, which represents a 1.85% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Samarkand, which typically includes Samarkand's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.