Urumqi's 2021 population is now estimated at 4,543,684. In 1950, the population of Urumqi was 102,254. Urumqi has grown by 174,819 since 2015, which represents a 4.00% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Urumqi, which typically includes Urumqi's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.