Urumqi's 2023 population is now estimated at 4,865,038. In 1950, the population of Urumqi was 102,254. Urumqi has grown by 154,835 in the last year, which represents a 3.29% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Urumqi, which typically includes Urumqi's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.