Xining's 2021 population is now estimated at 1,583,164. In 1950, the population of Xining was 70,186. Xining has grown by 43,727 since 2015, which represents a 2.84% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Xining, which typically includes Xining's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.