Australia Population 2017

24,682,584

Australia is the 53th largest country in the world in terms of population, between Cote Cameroon and Madagascar. It is also the most populous country in Oceania, three times more populous than its neighbour Papua New Guinea (8.2 million) and 5 times more populous than New Zealand (4.5 million).

As the 6th largest nation in the world, Australia has a very low population density of just 3 people per square kilometer, or 7 per square mile. This makes it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. Mongolia, Western Sahara and Suriname have fewer people per square kilometer than Australia. Some parts of Australia are even less densely populated. In the Northern Territory, every square kilometer holds just 0.2 people. Most of Australia's population is concentrated on or around the more hospitable coastal areas, as you can see in the density map further down the page.

The most recent Australian census was held in 2011 and confirmed that the population of Australia on census night (August 9 2011) was 21,507,717. The 2016 census is currently in progress, and the results will be released in April 2017. The Australian Bureau of Statistics also provides the Australian Population Clock, which uses population indicators to estimate the current population count.

Largest Cities in Australia

There are five Australian cities with a population of more than a million people..

Sydney (4.9 million)

Sydney is the home of the Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, and hosted the 2000 Summer Olympics. Sydney is Australia's largest and most cosmopolitan city. It is also the capital and largest city of New South Wales. The 2011 census revealed its population to be 4,391,674, an increase of 6.6% over the 2006 numbers. 2016 estimates placed the population at 4,920,970, which accounts for 20% of the nation's total population.

Melbourne (4.5 million)

Melbourne, Australia's second city and great rival to Sydney, is the capital of Victoria. Situated on the south coast, it was home to 3,999,982 people at the time of the 2011 census. It is growing even more quickly than Sydney and is forecast to become Australia's largest city within 25 years. According to 2016 estimates, the population is 4,529,496, which is 19.05% of Australia's population.

Brisbane (2.3 million)

Brisbane, capital of Queensland, had a population of 2,065,996 on the day of the 2011 census. In the five years since the 2006 census, its population grew by an impressive 11.5%. Estimates in 2016 put the population around 2,308,720, or 9.71% of the nation's overall population.

Perth (2 million)

Perth, capital of Western Australia, is the fastest growing state capital in Australia. It's population went up from 1,512,105 in 2006 to 1,728,867 in 2011, a growth rate of 14.3% in just five years. Growth has continued through 2016, with a population estimated to be 2,039,193.

Adelaide (1.3 million)

Adelaide, capital of South Australia, is home to 1,316,779 people. Its growth rate of 5.9% from 2006-2011 makes it the slowest growing city among Australia's 5 largest cities.

As well as the five cities listed above, Canberra, the capital of Australia, is the country's eighth largest city, home to an estimated 424,666 people.

Hobart, the only state or national capital not listed, has an estimated 220,593 residents, making it Australia's eleventh most populous city.

Population of Australian States and Territories

There are five Australian states, ranging in population from 0.5 million to 7.2 million in population.

New South Wales (7.6 million)

New South Wales is Australia’s largest state, home to an estimated 7,618,200 people in 2016. Its capital and largest city is Sydney.

Victoria (5.9 million)

Victoria, named after the English Queen, is Australia’s second largest state. Its estimated population 2016 was 5,938,100. Its largest city is Melbourne, Australia’s second city, where three quarters of all Victorians live.

Queensland (4.7 million)

Queensland is Australia's third largest state. Its estimated population in 2016 was 4,779,400. Queensland's largest city is Brisbane.

Western Australia (2.5 million)

Western Australia is home to an estimated 2,591,600 people. Its capital city, Perth, is home to 2 million of WA's 2.5 million residents.

South Australia (1.6 million)

South Australia, which is located in the center of Australia's south coast, is home to approximately 1,698,600 people. Its largest city is its capital, Adelaide, which is home to all but 400,000 of South Australia's residents.

Tasmania (0.5 million)

Tasmania is Australias smallest state, although still more populous than any of its territories. Home to approximately 516,600 people, its largest city is Hobart, which has a population of over 220,000.

Australian Capital Territory (390,800)

The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave inside of New South Wales. Home to Australia's capital city Canberra, 390,800 people live in the ACT.

Northern Territory (244,600)

The Northern Territory has an esimated 244,600 residents, making it the least densely populated part of Australia and one of the least densely populated areas in the world. Its largest city is Darwin, where more than half of the Territory's residents make their homes.

Australia Demographics

The Australian population census of 2011 showed that of the 21,507,717 declared residents, 25.4% of the population claimed their ancestry to be Australian. Those that claimed to be of English ancestry represented 25.9% of the total population. Other figures included Irish at 7.5%, Scottish at 6.4% and Italian at 3.3%.

Australia's population has quadrupled since World War I, mostly due to immigration. From the end of World War II through 2000, nearly 6 million immigrants came to Australia, accounting for 2 out of every 7 Australians. At the last census in 2011, over 30% of Australians were born in another country and over 46% had at least one overseas-born parent. The most common immigration sources in Australia are the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China, India, and Vietnam.

In 2011, the official indigenous population of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders was over 548,000, or 2.5% of the total population, up from 116,000 in 1976. This increase is due in part to the fact that many people with at least some indigenous heritage were undercounted before.

As with other developed countries, Australia's demographics are shifting toward an older population. The median age in Australia is 37 years.

Australia Population in 2017Source: Jason Tong

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Australia Population Growth

Over the next several decades, the population of Australia is expected to continue its steady climb. By 2050, the population is anticipated to be nearly 34 million.

About Australia

Official NameCommonwealth of Australia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-27133
Currencies UsedAUD

Australia Population Density

Name Population
Lane Cove North9,337
Southbank9,364
Pymble9,368
Murrumba Downs9,393
Emerald9,398
Morningside9,399
Kelmscott9,419
Wavell Heights9,435
Tarragindi9,439
Bellevue Hill9,447
Ermington9,470
Kangaroo Flat9,492
Balcatta9,495
Kempsey9,522
Oatley9,531
Strathpine9,532
Casino9,539
Pascoe Vale South9,553
Charters Towers9,573
Ulverstone9,604
Bowral9,605
Macleod9,606
Wembley9,614
Mortdale9,640
Croydon9,645
Butler9,653
Seaton9,704
Kensington9,719
Ringwood East9,748
Balmain9,783
Scarborough9,837
Dalby9,847
Vermont9,902
Altona9,918
Grafton9,955
North Melbourne9,962
Broadmeadows9,985
Moranbah10,000
Nedlands10,020
Parkes10,026
Kilsyth10,043
Forest Hill10,052
Glenorchy10,062
Dingley Village10,072
Hamilton10,104
Darlinghurst10,128
Blackburn South10,129
Burwood East10,141
Hillarys10,160
Hallam10,162
Maribyrnong10,165
Rutherford10,182
Nambour10,221
West Footscray10,222
Highett10,263
Neutral Bay10,276
Keilor Downs10,307
Sydenham10,323
Bondi10,373
Melton West10,381
Drummoyne10,385
Maylands10,447
Dapto10,478
Marangaroo10,519
Camp Hill10,533
Batemans Bay10,557
Yokine10,613
Sunshine North10,637
Box Hill North10,649
Tewantin10,660
Annerley10,664
Mount Lawley10,703
Wellington Point10,713
Bondi Beach10,748
Menai10,781
Gladesville10,835
Kensington10,847
Bulleen10,868
Caroline Springs10,880
Altona North10,886
Mount Gravatt East10,891
Wanneroo10,931
Samford Valley10,931
Nunawading10,947
Bowen10,983
Bairnsdale11,005
Gympie11,027
Caulfield South11,113
Parkdale11,185
Manly West11,195
Bayswater11,240
Lithgow11,298
South Perth11,301
East Maitland11,310
Sandy Bay11,334
Vermont South11,416
Warnbro11,421
North Fitzroy11,473
Redfern11,482
Diamond Creek11,504
Happy Valley11,531
Clayton South11,600
Caringbah South11,605
Paddington11,661
Mentone11,667
Penshurst11,692
Wynnum11,719
Charlestown11,725
Karratha11,728
Wynnum West11,745
North Melbourne11,755
Bateau Bay11,759
Taylors Hill11,785
Muswellbrook11,791
Donvale11,795
Varsity Lakes11,796
Penrith11,813
Kingswood Park11,813
West Ryde11,867
Burwood11,886
Blackburn11,958
Greenvale11,969
Newport11,987
Doreen12,000
Lavington12,032
Geelong West12,121
Port Augusta West12,133
Goonellabah12,137
Springvale South12,184
Leichhardt12,248
Mayfield12,248
Kiama12,286
Marsfield12,347
Chadstone12,357
Ashwood12,420
Como12,425
Hampton12,482
Rosebud12,501
Warwick12,562
Inala12,568
St Kilda East12,576
Scarborough12,593
Fawkner12,596
Broome12,766
Port Kennedy12,816
Beaumaris12,829
Toorak12,871
Miranda12,903
Balwyn12,944
Dulwich Hill12,981
Concord13,008
Doonside13,031
Port Lincoln13,044
Hawthorn East13,133
Surrey Hills13,133
Brunswick West13,148
Templestowe Lower13,152
Coogee13,179
Sale13,186
Footscray13,203
Williamstown13,203
Port Pirie13,206
Port Augusta13,257
Keilor East13,259
Yeppoon13,285
Port Melbourne13,293
Morwell13,399
Ascot Vale13,475
Palm Beach13,494
Moonee Ponds13,532
Newtown13,552
Bacchus Marsh13,575
Mount Druitt13,582
Raymond Terrace13,606
Bongaree13,649
Singleton13,665
Yarraville13,747
Victoria Point13,755
Cleveland13,776
Elwood13,785
Burleigh Waters13,868
Ingleburn13,902
Manly13,949
Wantirna13,978
Caulfield North14,034
Carlton14,104
Lidcombe14,161
Kingsford14,232
Ballina14,242
Bentleigh14,271
Horsham14,285
Kingston14,371
Lakemba14,468
Caulfield North14,554
Cranbourne North14,570
Mitcham14,811
Meadow Heights14,843
Rochedale South14,996
Pascoe Vale15,000
Port Hedland15,044
Carindale15,135
Brighton East15,167
Buderim15,228
Bracken Ridge15,355
Griffith15,455
Lara15,520
Clayton15,543
Moe15,582
Lilydale15,649
West Pennant15,967
Seaford16,033
Umina16,059
Deception Bay16,090
Taylors Lakes16,095
Deer Park16,204
Narangba16,223
Nerang16,256
Carnegie16,299
Hillside16,326
Cessnock16,393
South Grafton16,399
Sunnybank16,442
Earlwood16,564
Taree16,621
Sunshine West16,743
Cronulla16,754
Sunnybank Hills16,830
Wangaratta16,845
Mount Martha17,087
North Ryde17,208
Carrum Downs17,213
Willetton17,243
Mount Eliza17,248
Gosnells17,277
Wyndham Vale17,304
Frankston South17,360
Thornbury17,434
Dee Why17,463
Wantirna South17,477
Forster17,591
Mulgrave17,647
Saint Kilda17,795
Engadine17,937
Morayfield18,020
Eltham18,162
Doncaster18,359
Broken Hill18,430
Paramatta18,448
Surfers Paradise18,501
Katoomba18,593
Cranbourne18,622
Altona Meadows18,746
Essendon18,852
Epping18,969
Glenmore Park19,200
Roxburgh Park19,235
Devonport19,317
Echuca19,457
Murray Bridge19,577
Malvern East19,593
Camberwell19,637
Glenroy19,644
Whyalla19,645
Craigieburn19,728
City of Parramatta19,745
Springvale19,771
Hornsby19,863
Brunswick19,867
Lalor19,873
Balwyn North19,968
Burnie19,972
Gawler20,006
Greensborough20,214
Prospect20,217
Cheltenham20,292
Thomastown20,331
Booval20,540
Woodridge20,650
Boronia20,825
Goulburn20,940
Glenferrie21,177
Hawthorn South21,177
Caringbah21,283
Liverpool21,317
Carlingford21,364
Langwarrin21,371
Caboolture21,478
Maryborough21,501
Tarneit21,690
Busselton21,898
Dandenong North21,910
Traralgon21,960
Ashfield22,000
Thornlie22,265
Mornington22,421
Forest Lake22,426
Morphett Vale22,602
Armidale22,673
Keysborough22,700
Mount Isa22,785
Granville22,889
Northcote22,920
Marrickville23,161
Mount Gambier23,209
Glen Iris23,270
Canning Vale23,289
Hampton Park23,767
Kew23,876
Ferntree Gully24,724
Fremantle24,835
Dandenong24,919
Coburg24,977
Endeavour Hills25,000
Palmerston25,000
Quakers Hill25,017
Alice Springs25,186
Bundoora25,709
Randwick25,819
Narre Warren25,882
Richmond26,121
Mosman26,236
Coffs Harbour26,353
Maroubra26,538
Geraldton26,872
Doncaster East27,047
Banora Point27,368
Port Stephens27,531
Southport28,315
Noble Park28,377
Narre Warren South28,594
Preston29,925
Sunbury29,925
Mildura30,016
Lismore30,086
Kwinana30,433
Gladstone30,489
Mill Park30,517
Bankstown30,572
Kalgoorlie31,107
Wodonga31,605
Epping32,200
Dubbo32,327
Point Cook32,413
Pakenham South32,911
Bathurst33,110
Auburn33,122
St Albans33,511
Albany33,650
Baulkham Hills33,945
Warrnambool33,982
Rowville34,145
Frankston34,457
Frankston East34,457
Nowra34,479
Saint Albans35,091
Castle Hill35,389
Melton35,490
Werribee37,737
Hoppers Crossing38,108
Caloundra38,706
Shepparton38,773
Blacktown39,000
Orange39,329
Cranbourne39,419
Queanbeyan40,661
Port Macquarie41,491
Berwick44,779
Albury45,627
Wagga Wagga46,913
Tamworth47,597
Reservoir47,637
South Brisbane60,000
Adelaide Hills60,394
Rockhampton61,724
Armadale62,296
Maitland67,132
Bunbury68,248
Bundaberg70,826
Mackay74,219
Mandurah83,294
Ballarat97,937
Bendigo100,617
Launceston106,153
Rockingham108,022
Darwin129,062
Toowoomba131,258
Cairns153,075
Townsville196,219
Hobart216,656
Geelong226,034
Logan City282,673
Wollongong292,190
Newcastle308,308
Canberra367,752
Gold Coast591,473
Adelaide1,225,235
Perth1,896,548
Brisbane2,189,878
Melbourne4,246,375
Sydney4,627,345

Australia Population Clock

What is the population of Australia (as of September 13, 2017)?24,682,584
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)24641662
Births Per Day176
Deaths Per Day90
Net Migrations Per Day 467
Net Change Per Day 553
Population Change Since January 1st141,015

Australia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 13.037 births/thousand138
Crude Death Rate 6.701 deaths/thousand127
Crude Net Migration Rate 6.876 people/thousand7
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.906 years9
Male Life Expectancy 80.938 years7
Female Life Expectancy 84.896 years12
Total Fertility Rate 1.867 children/woman138
Net Reproduction Rate 0.897 surviving daughters/woman136
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.055 males per female66
Infant Mortality Rate 3.392 deaths/1,000 live births174
Under Five Mortality 4.02 deaths/thousand174
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.223 years19
Rate of Natural Increase 6.267 138
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.742 %28
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.206 %29
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.262 %29
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.094 %17
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.472 %15
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.692 %17
Crude Suicide Rate 11.6 suicides/thousand54
Median Age (Total) 38.6 years54
Median Age (Female) 39.4 years55
Median Age (Male) 37.8 years49

Australia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201724,641,66249.945%50.055%32201.31%53
201523,968,97349.964%50.036%32171.41%53
201022,162,86250.02%49.98%22241.7%52
200520,274,28249.9%50.1%22231.62%53
200019,107,25149.883%50.117%22221.05%50
199518,124,77049.756%50.244%22191.06%50
199017,096,86949.868%50.132%22191.33%49
198515,791,04349.932%50.068%22181.61%46
198014,708,32349.93%50.07%12211.28%46
197513,892,67450.149%49.851%12211.16%42
197012,904,76050.289%49.711%12211.89%42
196511,368,01150.37%49.63%12192.51%42
196010,292,32850.523%49.477%12141.95%39
19559,212,82450.61%49.39%12142.23%41
19508,177,34450.389%49.611%12132.9%43

Australia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202025,597,57449.926%50.074%32201.19%54
202527,084,21349.888%50.112%32231.05%55
203028,481,57049.836%50.164%32230.93%56
203529,784,58149.781%50.219%32240.84%59
204031,032,37749.734%50.266%42200.79%60
204532,264,39749.714%50.286%42200.76%61
205033,496,49449.713%50.287%42210.72%61
205534,673,37349.764%50.236%42210.65%60
206035,780,30649.814%50.186%42220.59%60
206536,816,04649.863%50.137%42220.54%59
207037,788,11949.904%50.096%42220.49%60
207538,699,63349.944%50.056%52210.45%60
208039,555,86749.976%50.024%52210.41%60
208540,341,72050.012%49.988%52210.37%59
209041,077,78850.048%49.952%52210.34%58
209541,766,38150.083%49.917%52210.31%56
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. Australia Bureau of Statistics - The statistical agency of Australia
  3. 2011 Australia Census