Australia Population 2017

24,526,875

As of 2017, Australia has an estimated population of 24.45 million, up from the official 2011 census results of 21.5 million.

Australia is the 53th largest country in the world in terms of population, between Cote Cameroon and Madagascar. It is also the most populous country in Oceania, three times more populous than its neighbour Papua New Guinea (8.2 million) and 5 times more populous than New Zealand (4.5 million).

As the 6th largest nation in the world, Australia has a very low population density of just 3 people per square kilometer, or 7 per square mile. This makes it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. Mongolia, Western Sahara and Suriname have fewer people per square kilometer than Australia. Some parts of Australia are even less densely populated. In the Northern Territory, every square kilometer holds just 0.2 people. Most of Australia's population is concentrated on or around the more hospitable coastal areas, as you can see in the density map further down the page.

The most recent Australian census was held in 2016 and confirmed that the population of Australia was 23,401,892. The Australian Bureau of Statistics also provides the Australian Population Clock, which uses population indicators to estimate the current population count.

Sydney (4.9 million)

Sydney is the home of the Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, and hosted the 2000 Summer Olympics. Sydney is Australia's largest and most cosmopolitan city. It is also the capital and largest city of New South Wales. The 2011 census revealed its population to be 4,391,674, an increase of 6.6% over the 2006 numbers. 2016 estimates placed the population at 4,920,970, which accounts for 20% of the nation's total population.

Melbourne (4.5 million)

Melbourne, Australia's second city and great rival to Sydney, is the capital of Victoria. Situated on the south coast, it was home to 3,999,982 people at the time of the 2011 census. It is growing even more quickly than Sydney and is forecast to become Australia's largest city within 25 years. According to 2016 estimates, the population is 4,529,496, which is 19.05% of Australia's population.

Brisbane (2.3 million)

Brisbane, capital of Queensland, had a population of 2,065,996 on the day of the 2011 census. In the five years since the 2006 census, its population grew by an impressive 11.5%. Estimates in 2016 put the population around 2,308,720, or 9.71% of the nation's overall population.

Perth (2 million)

Perth, capital of Western Australia, is the fastest growing state capital in Australia. It's population went up from 1,512,105 in 2006 to 1,728,867 in 2011, a growth rate of 14.3% in just five years. Growth has continued through 2016, with a population estimated to be 2,039,193.

Adelaide (1.3 million)

Adelaide, capital of South Australia, is home to 1,316,779 people. Its growth rate of 5.9% from 2006-2011 makes it the slowest growing city among Australia's 5 largest cities.

As well as the five cities listed above, Canberra, the capital of Australia, is the country's eighth largest city, home to an estimated 424,666 people.

Hobart, the only state or national capital not listed, has an estimated 220,593 residents, making it Australia's eleventh most populous city.

Population of Australian States and Territories

There are five Australian states, ranging in population from 0.5 million to 7.2 million in population.

New South Wales (7.6 million)

New South Wales is Australia’s largest state, home to an estimated 7,618,200 people in 2016. Its capital and largest city is Sydney.

Victoria (5.9 million)

Victoria, named after the English Queen, is Australia’s second largest state. Its estimated population 2016 was 5,938,100. Its largest city is Melbourne, Australia’s second city, where three quarters of all Victorians live.

Queensland (4.7 million)

Queensland is Australia's third largest state. Its estimated population in 2016 was 4,779,400. Queensland's largest city is Brisbane.

Western Australia (2.5 million)

Western Australia is home to an estimated 2,591,600 people. Its capital city, Perth, is home to 2 million of WA's 2.5 million residents.

South Australia (1.6 million)

South Australia, which is located in the center of Australia's south coast, is home to approximately 1,698,600 people. Its largest city is its capital, Adelaide, which is home to all but 400,000 of South Australia's residents.

Tasmania (0.5 million)

Tasmania is Australias smallest state, although still more populous than any of its territories. Home to approximately 516,600 people, its largest city is Hobart, which has a population of over 220,000.

Australian Capital Territory (390,800)

The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave inside of New South Wales. Home to Australia's capital city Canberra, 390,800 people live in the ACT.

Northern Territory (244,600)

The Northern Territory has an esimated 244,600 residents, making it the least densely populated part of Australia and one of the least densely populated areas in the world. Its largest city is Darwin, where more than half of the Territory's residents make their homes.

Australia Demographics

The Australian population census of 2011 showed that of the 21,507,717 declared residents, 25.4% of the population claimed their ancestry to be Australian. Those that claimed to be of English ancestry represented 25.9% of the total population. Other figures included Irish at 7.5%, Scottish at 6.4% and Italian at 3.3%.

Australia's population has quadrupled since World War I, mostly due to immigration. From the end of World War II through 2000, nearly 6 million immigrants came to Australia, accounting for 2 out of every 7 Australians. At the last census in 2011, over 30% of Australians were born in another country and over 46% had at least one overseas-born parent. The most common immigration sources in Australia are the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China, India, and Vietnam.

In 2011, the official indigenous population of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders was over 548,000, or 2.5% of the total population, up from 116,000 in 1976. This increase is due in part to the fact that many people with at least some indigenous heritage were undercounted before.

As with other developed countries, Australia's demographics are shifting toward an older population. The median age in Australia is 37 years.

Australia Population in 2018Source: Jason Tong

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Australia Population Growth

Over the next several decades, the population of Australia is expected to continue its steady climb. By 2050, the population is anticipated to be nearly 34 million.

About Australia

Official NameCommonwealth of Australia
Languages SpokenEnglish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-27133
Currencies UsedAUD

Australia Population Density

Name Population
Sydney4,627,345
Melbourne4,246,375
Brisbane2,189,878
Perth1,896,548
Adelaide1,225,235
Gold Coast591,473
Canberra367,752
Newcastle308,308
Wollongong292,190
Logan City282,673
Geelong226,034
Hobart216,656
Townsville196,219
Cairns153,075
Toowoomba131,258
Darwin129,062
Rockingham108,022
Launceston106,153
Bendigo100,617
Ballarat97,937
Mandurah83,294
Mackay74,219
Bundaberg70,826
Bunbury68,248
Maitland67,132
Armadale62,296
Rockhampton61,724
Adelaide Hills60,394
South Brisbane60,000
Reservoir47,637
Tamworth47,597
Wagga Wagga46,913
Albury45,627
Berwick44,779
Port Macquarie41,491
Queanbeyan40,661
Cranbourne39,419
Orange39,329
Blacktown39,000
Shepparton38,773
Caloundra38,706
Hoppers Crossing38,108
Werribee37,737
Melton35,490
Castle Hill35,389
Saint Albans35,091
Nowra34,479
Frankston East34,457
Frankston34,457
Rowville34,145
Warrnambool33,982
Baulkham Hills33,945
Albany33,650
St Albans33,511
Auburn33,122
Bathurst33,110
Pakenham South32,911
Point Cook32,413
Dubbo32,327
Epping32,200
Wodonga31,605
Kalgoorlie31,107
Bankstown30,572
Mill Park30,517
Gladstone30,489
Kwinana30,433
Lismore30,086
Mildura30,016
Preston29,925
Sunbury29,925
Narre Warren South28,594
Noble Park28,377
Southport28,315
Port Stephens27,531
Banora Point27,368
Doncaster East27,047
Geraldton26,872
Maroubra26,538
Coffs Harbour26,353
Mosman26,236
Richmond26,121
Narre Warren25,882
Randwick25,819
Bundoora25,709
Alice Springs25,186
Quakers Hill25,017
Palmerston25,000
Endeavour Hills25,000
Coburg24,977
Dandenong24,919
Fremantle24,835
Ferntree Gully24,724
Kew23,876
Hampton Park23,767
Canning Vale23,289
Glen Iris23,270
Mount Gambier23,209
Marrickville23,161
Northcote22,920
Granville22,889
Mount Isa22,785
Keysborough22,700
Armidale22,673
Morphett Vale22,602
Forest Lake22,426
Mornington22,421
Thornlie22,265
Ashfield22,000
Traralgon21,960
Dandenong North21,910
Busselton21,898
Tarneit21,690
Maryborough21,501
Caboolture21,478
Langwarrin21,371
Carlingford21,364
Liverpool21,317
Caringbah21,283
Hawthorn South21,177
Glenferrie21,177
Goulburn20,940
Boronia20,825
Woodridge20,650
Booval20,540
Thomastown20,331
Cheltenham20,292
Prospect20,217
Greensborough20,214
Gawler20,006
Burnie19,972
Balwyn North19,968
Lalor19,873
Brunswick19,867
Hornsby19,863
Springvale19,771
City of Parramatta19,745
Craigieburn19,728
Whyalla19,645
Glenroy19,644
Camberwell19,637
Malvern East19,593
Murray Bridge19,577
Echuca19,457
Devonport19,317
Roxburgh Park19,235
Glenmore Park19,200
Epping18,969
Essendon18,852
Altona Meadows18,746
Cranbourne18,622
Katoomba18,593
Surfers Paradise18,501
Paramatta18,448
Broken Hill18,430
Doncaster18,359
Eltham18,162
Morayfield18,020
Engadine17,937
Saint Kilda17,795
Mulgrave17,647
Forster17,591
Wantirna South17,477
Dee Why17,463
Thornbury17,434
Thornbury17,434
Frankston South17,360
Wyndham Vale17,304
Gosnells17,277
Mount Eliza17,248
Willetton17,243
Carrum Downs17,213
North Ryde17,208
Mount Martha17,087
Wangaratta16,845
Sunnybank Hills16,830
Cronulla16,754
Sunshine West16,743
Taree16,621
Earlwood16,564
Sunnybank16,442
South Grafton16,399
Cessnock16,393
Hillside16,326
Carnegie16,299
Nerang16,256
Narangba16,223
Deer Park16,204
Taylors Lakes16,095
Deception Bay16,090
Umina16,059
Seaford16,033
West Pennant15,967
Lilydale15,649
Moe15,582
Clayton15,543
Lara15,520
Clayton15,500
Griffith15,455
Bracken Ridge15,355
Buderim15,228
Brighton East15,167
Carindale15,135
Carnegie15,084
Port Hedland15,044
Pascoe Vale15,000
Rochedale South14,996
Meadow Heights14,843
Mitcham14,811
Cranbourne North14,570
Caulfield North14,554
Lakemba14,468
Kingston14,371
Horsham14,285
Bentleigh14,271
Ballina14,242
Kingsford14,232
Lidcombe14,161
Carlton14,104
Caulfield North14,034
Wantirna13,978
Manly13,949
Ingleburn13,902
Burleigh Waters13,868
Elwood13,785
Cleveland13,776
Victoria Point13,755
Yarraville13,747
Singleton13,665
Bongaree13,649
Raymond Terrace13,606
Mount Druitt13,582
Bacchus Marsh13,575
Newtown13,552
Moonee Ponds13,532
Palm Beach13,494
Ascot Vale13,475
Morwell13,399
Port Melbourne13,293
Yeppoon13,285
Keilor East13,259
Port Augusta13,257
Port Pirie13,206
Footscray13,203
Williamstown13,203
Sale13,186
Coogee13,179
Templestowe Lower13,152
Brunswick West13,148
Surrey Hills13,133
Hawthorn East13,133
Toorak13,127
Surrey Hills13,105
Port Lincoln13,044
Doonside13,031
Concord13,008
Dulwich Hill12,981
Balwyn12,944
Miranda12,903
Toorak12,871
Beaumaris12,829
Port Kennedy12,816
Broome12,766
Fawkner12,596
Scarborough12,593
St Kilda East12,576
Inala12,568
Warwick12,562
Rosebud12,501
Hampton12,482
Como12,425
Ashwood12,420
Chadstone12,357
Marsfield12,347
Kiama12,286
Mayfield12,248
Leichhardt12,248
Springvale South12,184
Goonellabah12,137
Port Augusta West12,133
Geelong West12,121
Lavington12,032
Doreen12,000
Newport11,987
Greenvale11,969
Blackburn11,958
Burwood11,886
West Ryde11,867
Hampton11,825
Penrith11,813
Kingswood Park11,813
Varsity Lakes11,796
Donvale11,795
Muswellbrook11,791
Taylors Hill11,785
Bateau Bay11,759
North Melbourne11,755
Wynnum West11,745
Karratha11,728
Charlestown11,725
Wynnum11,719
Penshurst11,692
Mentone11,667
Paddington11,661
Caringbah South11,605
Clayton South11,600
Happy Valley11,531
Diamond Creek11,504
Redfern11,482
North Fitzroy11,473
Warnbro11,421
Vermont South11,416
Sandy Bay11,334
East Maitland11,310
South Perth11,301
Lithgow11,298
Bayswater11,240
Manly West11,195
Parkdale11,185
Caulfield South11,113
Gympie11,027
Bairnsdale11,005
Bowen10,983
Nunawading10,947
Samford Valley10,931
Wanneroo10,931
Mount Gravatt East10,891
Altona North10,886
Caroline Springs10,880
Bulleen10,868
Kensington10,847
Gladesville10,835
Menai10,781
Bondi Beach10,748
Wellington Point10,713
Mount Lawley10,703
Annerley10,664
Tewantin10,660
Box Hill North10,649
Sunshine North10,637
Parkdale10,618
Yokine10,613
Batemans Bay10,557
Camp Hill10,533
Dapto10,478
Maylands10,447
Drummoyne10,385
Melton West10,381
Bondi10,373
Sydenham10,323
Keilor Downs10,307
Neutral Bay10,276
Highett10,263
West Footscray10,222
Nambour10,221
Rutherford10,182
Maribyrnong10,165
Hallam10,162
Hillarys10,160
Burwood East10,141
Blackburn South10,129
Darlinghurst10,128
Hamilton10,104
Dingley Village10,072
Glenorchy10,062
Forest Hill10,052
Kilsyth10,043
Parkes10,026
Nedlands10,020
Moranbah10,000
Broadmeadows9,985
North Melbourne9,962
Grafton9,955
Altona9,918
Vermont9,902
Toowong9,873
Dalby9,847
Scarborough9,837
Balmain9,783
Ringwood East9,748
Kensington9,719
Seaton9,704
Butler9,653
Croydon9,645
Mortdale9,640
Wembley9,614
Macleod9,606
Bowral9,605
Ulverstone9,604
Charters Towers9,573
Pascoe Vale South9,553
Casino9,539
Strathpine9,532
Oatley9,531
Kempsey9,522
Balcatta9,495
Kangaroo Flat9,492
Ermington9,470
Bellevue Hill9,447
Tarragindi9,439
Wavell Heights9,435

Australia Population Clock

What is the population of Australia (as of 11/15/2017)?24,526,875
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)24,450,561
Births Per Day176
Deaths Per Day90
Net Migrations Per Day 467
Net Change Per Day 553
Population Change Since January 1st176,407

Australia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.037 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.701 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 6.876 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.906 years
Male Life Expectancy 80.938 years
Female Life Expectancy 84.896 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.867 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.897 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.055 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.392 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.02 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.223 years
Rate of Natural Increase 6.267
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.742%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.206%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.262%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 6.094%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.472%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 4.692%
Median Age (Total) 38.6 years
Median Age (Female) 39.4 years
Median Age (Male) 37.8 years

Australia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201724,450,56149.82%50.18%31.36%
201523,799,55649.84%50.16%31.47%
201022,120,06450.01%49.99%31.79%
200520,238,90349.91%50.09%31.20%
200019,065,83749.89%50.11%21.07%
199518,076,74349.76%50.24%21.19%
199017,041,43149.86%50.14%21.61%
198515,729,64349.93%50.07%21.43%
198014,649,11449.92%50.08%21.16%
197513,831,20650.13%49.87%21.49%
197012,842,90750.27%49.73%22.48%
196511,363,31350.36%49.64%12.00%
196010,289,70750.52%49.48%12.24%
19559,210,90850.61%49.39%12.41%
19508,177,34250.39%49.61%10.00%

Australia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202025,398,17749.82%50.18%30.00%
202526,857,06849.80%50.20%31.12%
203028,234,74249.77%50.23%41.01%
203529,526,44849.72%50.28%40.90%
204030,764,64149.69%50.31%40.82%
204531,982,05649.69%50.31%40.78%
205033,186,81849.69%50.31%40.74%
205534,329,78949.71%50.29%40.68%
206035,404,45749.73%50.27%50.62%
206536,411,09549.74%50.26%50.56%
207037,357,00649.75%50.25%50.51%
207538,244,21049.76%50.24%50.47%
208039,066,48449.78%50.22%50.43%
208539,831,66849.79%50.21%50.39%
209040,552,33349.82%50.18%50.36%
209541,225,39749.84%50.16%50.33%
Data Sources
  1. Australia Bureau of Statistics - The statistical agency of Australia
  2. 2011 Australia Census
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  4. GeoNames Gazetteer