Eea Countries 2019

The EEA, or the European Economic Area, combines the member countries of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The EEA Agreement, established in 1992, is an international agreement that enables the extensions of the European Union’s single market to non-EU members.

The EEA Agreement was signed on May 2, 1992. Twenty of the thirty current members signed on that day. The remaining ten countries signed between 1992 and 2014. Countries were not ratified at the time they signed.

The European Economic Area is comprised of the following countries (and the EU):

The EEA is currently comprised of 27 EU countries and the three EFTA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway. Switzerland, which was neither an EU nor an EFTA member, was a previous member of the EEA but no longer participates. Croatia has now applied to participate in the EEA under a provisional membership as Switzerland had.

According to the EEA Agreement, any state that is a part of the European Union or the European Free Trade Association can be a member of the EEA. Additionally, two regulators, the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority, and two courts, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Court of Justice of the European Free Trade Association States, govern the EEA.

Citizens of each member country are positively affected by the EEA beyond trade. The EEA Agreement includes liberties on product, person, service and money movement between countries. This includes allowing citizens of any member country to travel freely to other member countries. Those who relocate to another member country still retain their citizenship in their home country. EEA regulations govern the coordination between countries to maintain each country’s governments and economies, which is fundamental to allow people to move freely.

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Germany83,517,045
2United Kingdom67,530,172
3France65,129,728
4Italy60,550,075
5Spain46,736,776
6Poland37,887,768
7Romania19,364,557
8Netherlands17,097,130
9Belgium11,539,328
10Czech Republic10,689,209
11Greece10,473,455
12Portugal10,226,187
13Sweden10,036,379
14Hungary9,684,679
15Austria8,955,102
16Bulgaria7,000,119
17Denmark5,771,876
18Finland5,532,156
19Slovakia5,457,013
20Norway5,378,857
21Ireland4,882,495
22Lithuania2,759,627
23Slovenia2,078,654
24Latvia1,906,743
25Estonia1,325,648
26Cyprus1,198,575
27Luxembourg615,729
28Malta440,372
29Iceland339,031
30Liechtenstein38,019