Japan Population 2017

126,041,289

The commonly held view that the population of Japan is in line for a sharp decline is backed up by the numbers. Based on the projections by the United Nations (visible in the graph below), the downturn will continue, and possibly accelerate.

Japan is comprised of more than 6,800 islands, although its largest four claim 97% of its population. The 2016 estimated population of 127 million represents a major decline from its official 2010 census, and this is a major problem that Japan will need to face in coming years.

As we’ve seen, the final census figures for 2010 showed a final count of 128,056,026 people with a population density of 336 people per square kilometers, thereby making Japan the 40th most densely populated country on the planet.

Japan Demographics

Unlike many other countries around the world today, the population of Japan appears largely homogenous with the final population statistics comprised of a 98.5% contribution from ethnic Japanese people. In addition, there is a very small proportion of foreign workers living here, largely made up of Koreans, Chinese, Peruvians and Brazilians.

The largest native ethnic group in Japan is the Yamato people, although large minority groups include the indigenous Ryukyuan and Ainu peoples. While Japan may seem homogenous in terms of ethnicity and culture, this may be due to Japan's absence of racial and ethnic statistics for Japanese nationals. The country has traditionally rejected the need to recognize ethnic differences in Japan, and former Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso once described the country as one of "one nation, one civilization, one language, one culture and one race."

Japan is currently the world's oldest country, and it's set to get even older. In 2050, it's estimated by the government that 40% of Japan's population will be over 65. In the last few decades, the country's social security budget has increased 15%. While 5 decades ago there were 12 workers for every retiree, there will be an equal 1:1 ratio in 50 years. This is one of any demographics problems Japan must address.

Reasons for Falling Numbers

Some reports claim that Japan’s total population could fall by as much as 30% to around 87 million by 2050 and the reasons, quite simply, point to a disparity in the birth and death rates. In addition, it’s impossible to rule out the part that the March 2011 tsunami and earthquake played. 19,000 people lost their lives at the time, and it’s widely accepted that the incidents will have a ‘knock-on’ effect of reducing overall life expectancy.

The difference between rising death rates and lower birth rates is also clearly a factor with low fertility rates among women shouldering part of the blame. Experts attribute Japan's low growth to the high cost of raising children in the country, the growing number of women who choose to work longer and have a career rather than have children, and Japan's reluctance to accept immigrants.

Another statistic that doesn’t help the population decline is the alarming number of suicides in young people.

Unfortunately, Japan has one of the world's highest suicide rates, and suicide is the leading cause of death for people under 30. Factors in suicides in the country include social pressure, depression and unemployment, and the National Police Agency found that suicides linked to job loss increased 65.4%. There was a suicide in Japan every 15 minutes, with close to 33,000 reported in 2009. Luckily, suicide rates have been on the decline for three consecutive years. This is just one of the many problems Japan will need to control to see its population and economy grow into the future.

The Future of Japan

Overall, Japan has the highest life expectancy in the world even though it is expected to fall slightly in the near future. However, with low birth rates, the population is rapidly aging but in 2007, the country announced its first significant birth rate increase in many years, so could the predictions be false?

Incentives to have more children are also being announced, but as a whole, the country is just starting to feel the effects of a post-war baby boom, many of whom are now nearing the end of their years.

Slowing population growth and an aging population are creating more than a headache for the island nation, as this problem is shrinking its pool of taxable citizens, causing the social welfare costs to skyrocket, and has led to Japan becoming the most indebted industrial nation with public debt that is double its economy.

It's possible that Japan's population will drop to just 96 million (from 2013's 126 million) by 2050, and the country as a whole is involved in serious debate about how to fix this problem. While birth incentives and immigration incentives are often suggested as the solution to bring the young workers necessary to support the country's aging population, time will tell if this is enough.

Japan's population growth rate in 2011 slowed to just 0.02%, a record low. This rate was actually higher than expected, according to an internal affairs ministry official.

Japan Population in 2017Source: Morio

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Japan Population Growth

Japan's efforts to increase its birth rate have been unsuccessful and the country's population is slowly declining. The population may fall to just 107 million from the current 126.6 million by 2050.

About Japan

Official NameJapan
Languages SpokenJapanese
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude36138
Currencies UsedJPY

Japan Population Density

Name Population
Uozu45,848
Hikari45,885
Komoro46,272
Toyooka46,500
Nakama46,745
Naka46,760
Gujo46,918
Inashiki46,994
Sawara47,199
Sasayama47,204
Iwakura48,007
Annaka48,235
Ami48,256
Shibukawa48,322
Kurayoshi48,347
Nonoichi48,354
Masuda48,576
Saiki49,065
Goshogawara49,110
Mutsu49,220
Tomioka49,281
Tokoname49,554
Sugito49,817
Arashiyama50,000
Tateyama50,064
Ono50,230
Oi50,593
Fuchucho50,746
Kitaibaraki50,843
Shiraoka50,974
Noshiro51,079
Miura51,483
Minokamo51,543
Yuki51,574
Tagawa51,608
Futtsu51,650
Miyako51,721
Kariya52,015
Ishioka52,304
Kamifukuoka52,323
Kudamatsu52,772
Hatogaya-honcho53,062
Muko53,222
Oami53,239
Suzaka54,022
Okaya54,286
Himimachi54,510
Suwa54,735
Nakatsugawa55,011
Satte55,286
Shiroi55,314
Nanto-shi55,315
Anan55,421
Iwade55,633
Tomigusuku55,715
Moriya56,566
Chino56,567
Nogata56,821
Sakaidecho57,090
Hashimoto57,115
Itoman57,184
Ishikari57,301
Soja57,469
Kokubu-matsuki57,896
Imaricho-ko57,940
Koga58,004
Kasaoka58,461
Chichibu58,507
Hanyu58,686
Saijo58,823
Otawara58,888
Uwajima58,971
Shiogama59,526
Nago59,587
Koga60,045
Zushi60,055
Yoshikawa60,510
Takaishi60,511
Kuroiso61,230
Mizusawa61,281
Toki61,394
Hita61,481
Ueno-ebisumachi61,598
Honjo61,868
Nagahama62,089
Ina62,104
Fussa62,296
Kitahiroshima62,370
Sakurai62,964
Ichinoseki62,970
Fukuroi63,045
Fujioka63,358
Tosu63,595
Shimodate63,666
Narutocho-mitsuishi64,082
Imaichi64,323
Odate64,543
Hasuda65,161
Gushikawa65,251
Tendo65,393
Shiki65,411
Mooka65,717
Kashima-shi65,814
Tanabe65,903
Niitsu-honcho65,910
Sabae66,291
Togane66,332
Takayama66,636
Chiryu67,062
Shiojiri67,159
Nakatsu67,372
Tsushima67,658
Tamano67,786
Matsuto68,159
Tsuruga68,482
Moriyama68,584
Fukuchiyama68,735
Sukagawa68,790
Hekinan68,872
Saku68,885
Omihachiman69,189
Tanabe69,563
Maebaru-chuo70,339
Dazaifu70,587
Tenri71,052
Yukuhashi71,277
Kazo71,291
Ito71,578
Yawata71,656
Hanamaki73,115
Satsumasendai73,132
Kukichuo73,373
Inuyama73,995
Miki74,701
Okegawa75,062
Takefu75,753
Shimada75,781
Furukawa76,312
Tsurusaki76,968
Hatsukaichi77,341
Wako77,435
Obu77,864
Iizuka78,206
Karatsu78,330
Kashihara79,058
Ushiku80,020
Mihara80,387
Toride80,716
Izumiotsu80,772
Gamagori80,786
Shibata80,793
Tatebayashi81,274
Yashio-shi81,345
Marugame82,090
Tanashicho82,112
Tochigi82,133
Kanoya82,335
Sano82,535
Sanjo82,893
Kamigyo-ku83,000
Katori-shi83,181
Yachimata83,322
Gotenba83,794
Kakegawa84,004
Iwamizawa85,107
Ryugasaki85,761
Kashiwazaki86,183
Hanno86,262
Gyoda86,343
Hamakita86,502
Yotsukaido86,701
Nabari88,128
Konosu88,493
Iwata88,509
Ashiya88,573
Izumo89,286
Tsuyama89,717
Omura89,918
Onomichi90,936
Ginowan91,800
Kimitsu92,126
Maizuru92,465
Kaizuka92,632
Chitose92,942
Kitakami93,854
Yonezawa94,486
Kanuma94,903
Onojo94,957
Muroran96,197
Sakado96,656
Kameoka97,181
Ise97,314
Mobara97,315
Isahaya97,371
Ikeda99,476
Tsuruoka99,820
Chikushino-shi100,353
Konan100,389
Sakata100,446
Narita100,641
Tokuyama101,133
Inazawa102,130
Nishio103,337
Isehara103,401
Iwakuni104,004
Honmachi104,341
Fukayacho106,595
Iida107,111
Tajimi107,818
Iwatsuki108,833
Komatsu109,045
Kiryu110,219
Hikone110,925
Kitami113,137
Mishima113,479
Handa116,119
Hofu116,925
Ishinomaki117,233
Ikoma117,601
Kokubunji118,682
Shimotoda118,731
Toyokawa120,537
Yaizu121,057
Noda121,411
Fujinomiya121,515
Nobeoka121,949
Kisarazu122,524
Niihama123,059
Kashihara-shi124,521
Beppu125,065
Okinawa125,483
Ueda126,606
Kusatsu127,680
Asaka128,058
Mino129,127
Daitocho129,521
Isesaki130,692
Matsubara130,855
Miyakonojo130,994
Kadoma131,727
Abiko131,771
Omuta131,974
Kakamigahara132,241
Sandacho132,858
Fujieda132,859
Tondabayashicho132,873
Ebetsu133,953
Seto134,246
Zama134,671
Musashino137,479
Kariya139,159
Yonago141,368
Urayasu143,758
Otaru143,792
Yamaguchi145,515
Moriguchi148,350
Ome149,323
Higashimurayama-shi150,556
Ogaki150,570
Komaki151,025
Ota152,104
Tottori154,098
Kumagaya155,813
Katsuta155,968
Nagareyama156,000
Matsue156,811
Hitachi-Naka156,811
Ashikaga159,671
Oyama159,936
Kawanishi160,520
Sayama160,843
Tsu163,461
Saga165,236
Kamakura166,016
Takaoka170,077
Hino171,777
Ube173,733
Obihiro173,890
Hadano174,281
Tomakomai174,806
Hirosaki174,972
Tsukuba175,589
Anjo178,402
Kamirenjaku178,739
Sakura182,549
Mitaka-shi182,901
Kushiro183,612
Hitachi186,307
Izumi189,085
Kofu190,000
Suzuka191,477
Uji192,925
Itami193,524
Nishi-Tokyo-shi195,164
Nagaoka195,318
Kure196,624
Odawara203,035
Joetsu204,137
Numazu204,318
Kishiwada205,561
Kasukabe206,915
Matsumoto210,667
Chofugaoka212,977
Ageoshimo219,401
Takarazuka219,789
Minamirinkan224,015
Atsugi229,199
Soka231,445
Chigasaki231,657
Sasebo237,444
Kurume238,197
Neyagawa238,549
Hachinohe239,046
Fuji240,014
Takasaki240,857
Shimonoseki245,786
Mito246,538
Fukui-shi248,707
Yamagata254,538
Hiratsuka259,052
Tokushima267,345
Kakogawacho-honmachi271,634
Yao273,213
Ibaraki273,992
Hakodate275,730
Ichinomiya280,331
Maebashi282,711
Ichihara283,531
Fukushima294,237
Morioka295,172
Yokkaichi295,841
Akashi297,279
Otsu298,164
Aomorishi298,394
Kasugai298,589
Naha300,795
Miyazaki311,203
Koshigaya317,437
Akita320,069
Toyama325,532
Akita325,837
Takamatsu334,223
Kochi335,570
Kawagoe337,931
Tokorozawa339,435
Kashiwa340,221
Koriyama340,560
Wakayama351,000
Suita351,630
Okazaki352,361
Takatsuki354,468
Asahikawa356,612
Iwaki357,309
Nagano360,176
Toyota362,383
Nara-shi367,353
Minato375,339
Toyohashi378,374
Fukuyama383,298
Toyonaka384,459
Fujisawa394,624
Gifu-shi397,714
Machida399,969
Hirakata406,331
Nagasaki410,204
Yokosuka428,992
Kurashiki437,581
Amagasaki442,173
Matsuyama443,322
Oita448,907
Utsunomiya449,865
Kanazawa458,937
Kawaguchi468,565
Nishinomiya-hama468,925
Matsudo470,277
Himeji481,493
Niigata505,272
Kagoshima555,352
Honcho560,743
Hachioji579,399
Hamamatsu605,098
Okayama639,652
Kumamoto680,423
Shizuoka701,561
Sakai782,339
Chiba919,729
Kitakyushu997,536
Sendai1,063,103
Yono1,077,730
Hiroshima1,143,841
Saitama1,193,350
Kawasaki1,306,785
Fukuoka1,392,289
Kyoto1,459,640
Kobe1,528,478
Sapporo1,883,027
Nagoya2,191,279
Osaka2,592,413
Yokohama3,574,443
Tokyo8,336,599

Japan Population Clock

What is the population of Japan (as of September 13, 2017)?126,041,289
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)126045211
Births Per Day558
Deaths Per Day748
Net Migrations Per Day 137
Net Change Per Day -53
Population Change Since January 1st-13,515

Japan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 8.082 births/thousand198
Crude Death Rate 10.838 deaths/thousand30
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.397 people/thousand60
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 83.995 years2
Male Life Expectancy 80.725 years8
Female Life Expectancy 87.187 years2
Total Fertility Rate 1.456 children/woman185
Net Reproduction Rate 0.707 surviving daughters/woman183
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.056 males per female62
Infant Mortality Rate 1.91 deaths/1,000 live births196
Under Five Mortality 2.641 deaths/thousand194
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.445 years14
Rate of Natural Increase -2.837 190
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.401 %12
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 1.766 %11
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.018 %15
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 5.719 %10
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 7.476 %16
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 3.914 %6
Crude Suicide Rate 23.1 suicides/thousand8
Median Age (Total) 46.9 years2
Median Age (Female) 48.3 years2
Median Age (Male) 45.6 years3

Japan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017126,045,21148.604%51.396%34536-0.24%11
2015126,573,48148.635%51.365%34734-0.2%11
2010127,319,80248.71%51.29%34932-0.05%10
2005126,978,75448.792%51.208%348280.12%10
2000125,714,67448.913%51.087%344260.21%9
1995124,483,30549.011%50.989%341240.25%7
1990122,249,28549.034%50.966%335240.37%7
1985119,988,66349.125%50.875%329230.47%7
1980115,912,10449.158%50.842%317240.78%7
1975110,804,51949.172%50.828%303241.07%6
1970103,707,53749.034%50.966%284231.37%6
196597,341,85249.048%50.952%267241.18%6
196092,500,75449.059%50.941%253230.92%5
195588,389,99449.075%50.925%242180.98%5
195082,199,47048.986%51.014%225161.92%5

Japan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020125,039,02448.559%51.441%34236-0.31%11
2025122,839,66448.49%51.51%33639-0.41%12
2030120,127,26448.434%51.566%32941-0.49%14
2035117,063,48748.405%51.595%32147-0.55%15
2040113,787,74648.416%51.584%31250-0.58%15
2045110,521,00648.473%51.527%30353-0.58%17
2050107,411,39248.535%51.465%29454-0.56%17
2055104,453,37048.547%51.453%28656-0.57%18
2060101,440,01748.524%51.476%27858-0.61%19
206598,291,34148.529%51.471%26960-0.65%21
207095,134,55248.598%51.402%26066-0.64%24
207592,266,86848.726%51.274%25369-0.56%25
208089,870,92548.847%51.153%24672-0.48%25
208587,848,15948.943%51.057%24073-0.42%26
209086,108,21949.009%50.991%23672-0.37%28
209584,577,38549.061%50.939%23272-0.34%29
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations