Safest Countries In The World 2019

The Global Peace Index is a ranking of the safest countries in the world. This report is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace, “an independent, non-partisan, non-profit organization dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable and tangible measure of human wellbeing and progress.” The report researches countries to determine which are the safest based on a number of different metrics.

A total of 163 countries are featured in the report. There are 23 different indicators used to determine how safe or how dangerous a country is. These factors are broken into these categories:

  • Ongoing International and Domestic Conflict
  • Societal Safety and Security
  • Militarization

The factors used to compile this report include:

  • Number of internal and external violent conflicts
  • Level of distrust
  • Political instability
  • Potential for terrorist acts
  • Number of homicides
  • Military expenditures as a percentage of GDP

Based on these factors, a score is calculated for each of the 163 nations featured in the report. The lower the score, the higher the nation is ranked in terms of safety.

According to the 2019 version of the report, the nation of Iceland is considered to be the world’s safest country with a peace index of 1.072. This isn’t the first year that this nation has received this honor. In fact, 2019 is the 12th consecutive year that Iceland took the top spot on the list.

New Zealand was ranked as the second safest country in the world in 2019 with a peace index of 1.221, keeping its spot from the report released in 2018. Portugal is ranked third with a peace index of 1.274, up two spots from the 2018 report.

A majority of the top 25 safest countries are European countries. Europe is the only continent to have not seen a decline in safety since 2009. The second most-common region in the top 25 is Asia. Both regions have a homicide rate of about 3 per 100,000 inhabitants.

Most notably are the Nordic countries of Europe. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland and Finland are all in the top 25 safest countries, which is why this region is considered to be the safest in the world. The homicide rate in this region is 0.8 incidences per 100,000 inhabitants. These five Nordic countries are all in the top 10 happiest countries in the world as well.

The top 10 safest countries in the world are as follows:

  1. Iceland
  2. New Zealand
  3. Portugal
  4. Austria
  5. Denmark
  6. Canada
  7. Singapore
  8. Slovenia
  9. Japan
  10. Czech Republic

There are some commonalities among the safest countries in the world, such as the their levels of wealth, social welfare, and education. Additionally, these countries have effective criminal justice systems, and the governments maintain very healthy relationships with their citizens. The United States currently ranks 128th in the Global Peace Ranking. The United States’ ranking has fallen every year since 2016, and can be attributed to a decrease in life satisfaction and an increasing wealth gap.

When comparing 2019’s report to the previous report released in 2018, a total of 86 countries were more peaceful than they were in the previous year. However, 76 “deteriorations” were reported in the 2019 report, indicating that 76 countries were less peaceful in 2019 than in 2018. The average country score improved by 0.09%.

Global peacefulness improved slightly for the first time in five years. Peacefulness improved on average on both the Safety and Security and Militarization domains, but there was a small deterioration on the Ongoing Conflict domain.

Flag Country Peace Index Population 2019
Iceland1.072339,031
New Zealand1.2214,783,063
Portugal1.27410,226,187
Austria1.2918,955,102
Denmark1.3165,771,876
Canada1.32737,411,047
Singapore1.3475,804,337
Slovenia1.3552,078,654
Japan1.369126,860,301
Czech Republic1.37510,689,209
Switzerland1.3838,591,365
Ireland1.394,882,495
Australia1.41925,203,198
Finland1.4885,532,156
Malaysia1.52931,949,777
Netherlands1.5317,097,130
Belgium1.53311,539,328
Sweden1.53310,036,379
Norway1.5365,378,857
Hungary1.549,684,679
Germany1.54783,517,045
Slovakia1.555,457,013
Mauritius1.5621,269,668
Romania1.60619,364,557
Bulgaria1.6077,000,119
Chile1.63418,952,038
Croatia1.6454,130,304
Poland1.65437,887,768
Botswana1.6762,303,697
Qatar1.6962,832,067
Spain1.69946,736,776
Costa Rica1.7065,047,561
Uruguay1.7113,461,734
Latvia1.7181,906,743
Taiwan1.72523,773,876
Estonia1.7271,325,648
Lithuania1.7282,759,627
Italy1.75460,550,075
Malawi1.77918,628,747
Indonesia1.785270,625,568
Mongolia1.7923,225,167
Kuwait1.7944,207,083
Ghana1.79630,417,856
Laos1.8017,169,455
United Kingdom1.80167,530,172
Panama1.8044,246,439
Zambia1.80517,861,030
Serbia1.8128,772,235
Albania1.8212,880,917
Sierra Leone1.8227,813,215
United Arab Emirates1.8479,770,529
Tanzania1.8658,005,463
South Korea1.86751,225,308
Madagascar1.86726,969,307
Vietnam1.87796,462,106
Senegal1.88316,296,364
Liberia1.8894,937,374
France1.89265,129,728
Namibia1.8922,494,530
Cyprus1.9141,198,575
Kazakhstan1.93218,551,427
Greece1.93310,473,455
Macedonia1.9332,083,459
Montenegro1.939627,987
Moldova1.9514,043,263
Oman1.9534,974,986
Equatorial Guinea1.9571,355,986
Ecuador1.9817,373,662
Benin1.98611,801,151
Swaziland1.9861,148,130
Argentina1.98944,780,677
Nepal2.00328,608,710
Angola2.01231,825,295
Jordan2.01210,101,694
Rwanda2.01412,626,950
Peru2.01632,510,453
Bosnia And Herzegovina2.0193,301,000
Tunisia2.03511,694,719
Jamaica2.0382,948,279
Dominican Republic2.04110,738,958
Bolivia2.04411,513,100
Haiti2.05211,263,077
Cambodia2.06616,486,542
Morocco2.0736,471,769
Cuba2.07311,333,483
Guyana2.075782,766
Trinidad And Tobago2.0941,394,973
Mozambique2.09930,366,036
Gabon2.1122,172,579
Belarus2.1159,452,411
Papua New Guinea2.1188,776,109
Georgia2.1223,996,765
Guinea2.12512,771,246
Bangladesh2.128163,046,161
Uzbekistan2.16632,981,716
Lesotho2.1672,125,268
Burkina Faso2.17620,321,378
Tajikistan2.1969,321,018
Uganda2.19644,269,594
Togo2.2058,082,366
Djibouti2.207973,560
China2.2171,433,783,686
Algeria2.21943,053,054
Guinea Bissau2.2371,920,922
El Salvador2.2626,453,553
Guatemala2.26417,581,472
Turkmenistan2.2655,942,089
Brazil2.271211,049,527
Thailand2.27869,625,582
Armenia2.2942,957,731
Kenya2.352,573,973
Nicaragua2.3126,545,502
Mauritania2.3334,525,696
Honduras2.3419,746,117
Bahrain2.3571,641,172
Myanmar2.39354,045,420
Niger2.39423,310,715
South Africa2.39958,558,270
United States2.401329,064,917
Saudi Arabia2.40934,268,528
Azerbaijan2.42510,047,718
Ethiopia2.434112,078,730
Zimbabwe2.46314,645,468
Eritrea2.5043,497,117
Philippines2.516108,116,615
Burundi2.5211,530,580
Egypt2.521100,388,073
Chad2.52215,946,876
Cameroon2.53825,876,380
Iran2.54282,913,906
Mexico2.6127,575,529
India2.6051,366,417,754
Palestine2.6084,981,420
Colombia2.66150,339,443
Venezuela2.67128,515,829
Mali2.7119,658,031
Israel2.7358,519,377
Lebanon2.86,855,713
Nigeria2.898200,963,599
North Korea2.92125,666,161
Ukraine2.9543,993,638
Sudan2.99542,813,238
Turkey3.01583,429,615
Pakistan3.072216,565,318
Russia3.093145,872,256
Libya3.2856,777,452
Somalia3.315,442,905
Iraq3.36939,309,783
Yemen3.41229,161,922
South Sudan3.52611,062,113
Syria3.56617,070,135
Afghanistan3.57438,041,754