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Homicide Rate (UNODC)

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Violent Crime Rates by Country 2024

Violent crime is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use harmful force upon a victim. Although the exact list varies from country to country, violent crimes can include murder, assault, battery, sexual assault, rape, kidnapping, homicide, manslaughter, robbery, and other crimes associated with the use of force (arson, harassment, negligence). Violent crime encompasses not only crimes in which the violent act is the main objective, such as in cases of murder or rape, but also crimes in which violence is the means to an end, such as robbery or extortion.

Violent crime rates vary greatly between countries. Although there is rarely a clear reason why crimes are committed, there are numerous factors that are known to affect crime rates. Countries with high crime rates typically have high poverty levels and low job availability, conditions likely to force people into riskier, more desperate, and morally questionable solutions (which are often further enabled by underdeveloped law enforcement agencies). Crime rates tend to be lower in countries with favorable living conditions (wealthy), straight police enforcement, and tough sentences for crimes. There is also a strong correlation between age and crime. Most crimes, especially violent crimes, are committed by those aged 20-30.

Rates of violent crime

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's 2019 Global Study on Homicide, 464,000 people died from violent crimes in 2017. The report states that countries with high firearm rates have higher intentional homicide rates.

Some of the lowest violent crime rates can be seen in Europe. Many European countries have violent crime rates of less than 1 incident per 100,000 people. These countries have stricter gun laws and less gun ownership, as well as effective law enforcement.

The problem with global violent crime statistics

Comparing violent crime statistics between two different countries, states, or regions can be a challenging process. The main issue is that "violent crime" is an umbrella term that covers a wide range of offenses—and every country (or state or region) has its own list of which crimes are included, its own definition of each crime, and its own methods of reporting and recording those crimes.

For example, some countries may consider arson a violent crime, while others may not. Some countries may make it very easy for a victim to report a violent crime, whereas others may not (rape in particular tends to go unreported in some societies). One country may define a crime one way while another country defines it much differently, turning what initially appeared to be an apples-to-apples comparison into an apples-to-pretzels mismatch. Finally, one country may have comprehensive procedures for tracking crime statistics and releasing annual updates, and another may have a much less robust system.

Because of variations such as these, all-encompassing global tallies of violent crime as a whole are rarely helpful, or even available. However, when the numbers are decompiled into individual violent crimes–such as the [murder rate by country]–the datas get a bit more reliable and useful (though still not perfect).

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Homicide Rates*

* Incidents per 100,000 people - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2018

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Incidence of Sexual Violence**

** Per 100,000 people. Listed rates include only those offenses that are reported to the police.

Country
Sexual Violence per 100K
Grenada300.94
United Kingdom274.09
Sweden215.90
Iceland176.33
Suriname164.89
Panama152.88
New Zealand148.06
Bermuda145.40
Costa Rica131.70
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines129.02

Rape statistics by country perfectly illustrate the challenges that make country-to-country data difficult to compare. Rape stats are confounded by several factors. To begin with, an overwhelming majority of rapes go unreported–up to 90% by some estimates–particularly in countries in which rape victims may be ostracized or even slain by their own families in an honor killing.

What's more, different countries have vastly different definitions of rape, some of which are much narrower than others. For example, some countries consider spousal rape to be a non-crime, or count every occurrence of rape between the same two people (say, an uncle and niece) as a single offense. In these countries, fewer acts qualify as rape, and even those that do are likely to go unreported.

Sweden, on the other hand, has a very broad definition of rape and excellent support for the victims. This means more crimes qualify as rape and the victims of those acts are more likely to report the crime. As a result, Sweden's rape rate seems to be quite high. However, this is a misleading assumption. In fact, Sweden would land near the middle of the pack in Europe if one were to apply Sweden's forward-thinking definition of rape to every other country as well. On the other hand, the frequency of rape in most other top-10 countries (except Australia, whose definition is already quite broad) would likely be much higher if they adopted Sweden's definitions and reporting/support systems.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Robbery Rate***

*** *Incidents per 100,000 people - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2018*

Country
Robberies per 100K
Costa Rica1587.51
Argentina922.59
Uruguay866.76
Brazil695.76
Chile639.03
Nicaragua488.13
Ecuador419.74
Cape Verde408.63
South Africa331.69
Mexico257.69

All data sourced from United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and expressed as occurrences per 100,000 people.

Download Table Data

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Country
Homicide Rate (UNODC)
Homicide Rate Year
Serious Assault
Serious Assault Year
Sexual Violence per 100K
Sexual Violence Year
Kidnappings per 100K
Kidnapping Rate Year
Robberies per 100K
Robbery Rate Year
Grenada4.0120211587.352021300.942021202151.412017
New Zealand0.742017932.192021148.0620217.95202166.692018
United Kingdom1.172021925.402018274.0920188.842018
Bahamas31.222022772.48202143.8820212021165.032017
Botswana10.552021745.322014121.6620140.09201481.302014
Saint Lucia36.702022712.492021113.0020215.572021
France1.142021548.182021115.0220215.972016154.342017
Monaco2008535.91201513.4920162.70201631.812015
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines40.412022528.522020129.0220209.56202072.172016
Cape Verde6.182020527.83201827.8420182.452018408.632018
Belgium1.082021500.47202183.96202110.282017141.762018
Zimbabwe7.482012408.3320081.772008
Saint Kitts and Nevis29.412021378.10202181.9220214.202021133.492011
Namibia12.452021374.09202148.8120212.732021
Lesotho37.692008364.9320093.092009
Eswatini12.662021352.1020214.532021
Argentina4.312022340.57202183.6320210.252021922.592017
Bahrain0.072021329.09200815.7620082.192006
Andorra2.572020327.47201949.782019201910.262015
Sierra Leone2.142020326.24200810.232008
South Africa33.962020295.46201788.4720179.632017331.692017
Australia0.832022289.022021120.0520211.75202140.652018
Barbados15.272022281.65202155.1220211.42202183.502017
United States6.382022280.05202116.81202186.242018
Belize27.882022251.23202129.2520211.00202168.662017
Suriname7.282022246.102020164.892020
Brazil21.262021216.77202027.8920132.062020695.762018
Solomon Islands3.682008212.60200823.642008
Colombia25.382022198.24202115.3020210.622021244.392017
Canada2.272022195.552021100.6020219.37202161.912017
Ghana1.842021155.1520215.6020210.362021
Liechtenstein5.122021153.69202115.37202120215.282018
Germany0.832021146.68202150.1020216.07202144.222018
Morocco1.652022139.45202115.8520211.45202148.712018
Costa Rica12.822022138.842021131.7020210.2720211587.512017
Hungary0.942022136.5520144.8720210.0420217.172018
Guatemala19.992021121.84202163.0520210.80202125.042012
Lebanon2.262020119.6920160.25202115.71201542.692015
Jamaica53.342022116.63202164.2620210.57202143.382017
Guinea Bissau1.122017109.0220160.71201620.312016
Panama11.322022107.852021152.8820210.052021242.822017
Bhutan2.462020107.18202010.18201720202.282017
Turkey2.672022101.66201453.38201442.19201433.982016
Italy0.552022100.7120219.7320210.20202147.812018
El Salvador7.832022100.71202195.5520210.16202159.442017
Guyana16.282021100.05202131.7020172021140.442018
Puerto Rico17.59202299.36201835.4120170.89201774.522018
Ireland0.88202296.62202158.5820212.01202145.142018
Israel1.63202286.53202182.4220206.82202136.682011
Luxembourg1.54202285.72202154.4320215.79202176.702017
Maldives0.59201974.93201789.9620177.20201717.532017
Serbia1.02202272.1120219.0720210.18202120.712017
Dominica13.81202159.382021124.2920218.29202196.332018
Bermuda10.91202158.472017145.402017201779.312017
Hong Kong0.40202257.39202124.4120130.0320211.992018
Chile6.74202257.30202198.6820211.812021639.032018
Slovenia0.61202255.86202121.0920210.19202112.712018
South Korea0.53202254.90202139.1220210.0920211.602018
Mexico26.11202253.99202042.1820200.812020257.692018
Saudi Arabia0.80201952.7020191.8620190.1720199.292017
Ivory Coast50.0120083.542008
Tajikistan0.91202047.9820112.5820112.2120113.742011
Trinidad and Tobago39.52202247.92201844.7920201.332018180.182015
Bolivia3.97202247.75202089.7720200.212020132.252018
Benin46.0020174.5720171.632017
Sweden1.10202245.982021215.90202186.712018
Kenya4.89202242.19202115.4420210.1120215.712018
Austria0.88202240.46202148.8020210.03202126.952018
Bulgaria1.12202240.0520217.9420211.00202117.942018
Czech Republic0.83202235.21202115.1620210.09202113.182018
Ecuador26.99202235.20202177.2020214.512021419.742018
Spain0.68202233.79202023.4620200.162020129.132018
Malta0.38202132.46202126.202021202147.352018
Iceland0.54202132.402021176.33202114.652017
Denmark0.99202232.182021108.35202131.622018
Finland1.21202230.04202190.6120210.04202129.762017
Rwanda3.59202029.72201315.6220130.19201325.642013
Latvia3.62202229.30202117.8820210.32202127.692018
Norway0.55202229.082021106.88202114.752017
Netherlands0.81202226.11202126.0820212.60202146.162018
Dominican Republic12.37202226.01202160.3220210.93202067.172016
India2.94202125.9220139.0620135.0720132.852013
Honduras35.09202225.19202133.8520210.332021127.272018
Kuwait0.25202024.54200918.21200912.812009
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.08202223.0820215.9320210.18202119.692017
Algeria1.77202222.7120214.1020210.54202165.502015
Mauritius2.23202220.86202146.8120214.00201165.062011
Slovakia0.74202220.76202110.8520211.0120218.712018
Uruguay11.19202219.48202033.6220200.382020866.762018
Cameroon4.54202018.9620203.1520141.31202018.152017
Montenegro2.55202218.7920215.7320210.32202119.592018
Croatia0.77202217.91202121.9520210.07202118.742018
Nicaragua11.01202114.74201931.5020190.052019488.132010
Japan0.23202114.5620214.5520210.3120211.822016
Cyprus0.64202214.3920215.0620210.2420216.142018
Uganda8.53202114.28201750.4520162.42201616.642017
Palestine1.41202213.7920215.8320182.49202186.172013
Thailand4.81201113.1520213.78202020201.542016
Russia6.80202113.04202012.8520200.2520205.132018
Sri Lanka3.43201912.71201911.6520190.98201914.822018
Poland0.68202212.5720218.3920210.64201517.932018
Malaysia0.72202112.1020219.562021
Pakistan4.21202212.0820182.9720189.1320187.032018
Haiti18.02202211.6120180.4220181.622018
Greece1.13202211.3520213.0620210.59202141.422018
Kazakhstan3.19202011.19201711.5620170.40201752.372017
Mongolia6.15202111.05202116.1320210.06202139.602017
Nigeria21.7420199.4420131.0220130.3320131.112013
Myanmar3.8720228.8920180.0320200.0220200.342016
Madagascar8.8120154.4920150.0420157.182015
Paraguay6.9620228.62202172.1720200.21202176.782018
Peru5.7120207.96202172.0320213.182021222.872017
Singapore0.1220227.54202131.56202120111.272018
Switzerland0.4920227.50202135.0920210.06202119.282018
Armenia2.1920217.4520193.6920191.5220199.692018
Belarus2.3320197.4320199.2320190.08201915.482018
North Macedonia0.8620227.0120174.8320170.33201720.032017
Venezuela19.3120216.3020180.662018
Portugal0.8020216.11202126.4220212.232021102.822018
Jordan1.1220225.8920219.7320211.4520216.062017
Albania1.6520225.7120214.7320210.1420214.612018
Estonia1.9620215.57202129.582021202115.232017
Moldova3.0120205.28202017.0220201.4320203.072014
Burundi5.8220165.23201412.0520140.75201445.662014
Georgia2.0420195.09201911.1620190.1020109.342018
Lithuania2.4420224.5220215.2820210.04202129.342018
Tanzania6.4820164.4920150.102015201518.242015
Uzbekistan1.4120213.8720210.1620212.602017
Ukraine3.8420213.8320201.5920200.82202047.512017
Azerbaijan1.9120213.1920210.7520210.0920214.282018
Indonesia0.4320173.0820212.1620210.0820213.152018
Guinea3.08200754.0720210.262008
Senegal0.2720152.4320100.8720160.01201517.172015
Mozambique3.5720112.3420092.732009
Sao Tome and Principe3.2320112.152011201120110.542011
Turkmenistan1.0920151.7320062.702004
United Arab Emirates0.4720211.5520214.9520161.5120213.222018
Philippines4.3220191.0920191.8320120.14201915.282017
Romania1.2620220.94202112.1320211.96202116.792018
Macau0.2920220.87202119.952021202110.922018
Syria0.8820180.7020180.3520180.112008
Kyrgyzstan2.1920180.5020200.32201810.412018
Qatar0.3320210.4120210.262021
Bangladesh2.3420180.4020060.792006
Egypt1.3420170.3820110.1320110.3120113.162011
Oman0.2620220.3820212.4620210.0720210.712017
Nepal2.2120130.2420160.0720160.312016
Yemen6.3120130.1020090.3020090.172009
Iraq9.4120130.0220201.152021
China0.502020
Ethiopia8.632012
Vietnam1.542011
Iran2.422014
Sudan5.1520081.922008
Afghanistan4.022021
Angola4.102016
Niger4.392012
Taiwan0.822015
Burkina Faso1.252017
Malawi1.792012
Zambia5.372015
Cambodia1.842011
Tunisia4.622020
South Sudan14.052012
Cuba4.422019
Papua New Guinea9.402010
Central African Republic20.122016
Liberia3.122012
Mauritania1.022020
Eritrea14.572012
Timor Leste4.06201510.7020170.3220171.852017
Reunion1.702009
Fiji2.172020
Brunei0.492013
Guadeloupe5.782016
Martinique2.7920091.772021
Mayotte5.822009
Vanuatu0.322020
French Guiana13.302020
French Polynesia0.352009
New Caledonia3.112009
Samoa6.202018
Curacao19.042007
Guam4.152019
Kiribati7.172012
Micronesia0.902019
Tonga0.952019
Seychelles4.702021
Aruba1.932014
United States Virgin Islands49.632012
Antigua and Barbuda10.672022202064.7520203.24202091.402018
Isle of Man2016
Cayman Islands4.462020
Greenland5.372016
Turks and Caicos Islands5.722014
American Samoa2019
San Marino2011
Gibraltar3.202010
Saint Martin28.732016
British Virgin Islands8.332006
Palau11.202018
Cook Islands3.492012
Anguilla28.332014
Tuvalu2019
Saint Pierre and Miquelon16.522009
Montserrat2018
Vatican City20222015201520152015
showing: 207 rows

Which country has the most violent crimes?

The country with the most violent crimes in the world is El Salvador.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources