Total Population by Country 2021

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Not surprisingly, the largest countries in the world in terms of population are China and India, with both countries now having populations of well over a billion. The United States comes in third with just under 325 million residents. The BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), generally regarded as the four major emerging economies expected to dominate in the 21st century, are all in the top ten most populous countries, indicating how important the sheer size of their populations are to their economic expansion.

However, a number of countries considered by the International Monetary Fund to be developing countries (that is, having not achieved a high degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and where the population typically has a medium to low standard of living) also have sizeable populations, including Nigeria (over 190 million), Bangladesh (almost 165 million) and Mexico (around 129 million), demonstrating that the issues affecting developing nations span multiple continents.

It is notable that a number of the largest economies in the world have smaller populations, particularly in Europe. The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy are all among the top ten largest economies and all have populations of under 100 million. Their numbers range from 82 million (Germany) to just under 60 million (Italy).

Furthermore, several extremely small countries, such as Monaco, Luxembourg, and the Cayman Islands - all with fewer than a million residents - play a much larger role in the financial world than their population numbers would suggest. In contrast, Canada, which is also a major economic player and one of the largest countries in the world by landmass, has a relatively small population for its size, with around 36.5 million residents.

Rank Country 2021 Population 2020 Population Growth Rate Area Density (km²)
1China1,444,216,107 1,439,323,776 0.34%9,706,961148/km²
2India1,393,409,038 1,380,004,385 0.97%3,287,590416/km²
3United States332,915,073 331,002,651 0.58%9,372,61035/km²
4Indonesia276,361,783 273,523,615 1.04%1,904,569142/km²
5Pakistan225,199,937 220,892,340 1.95%881,912246/km²
6Brazil213,993,437 212,559,417 0.67%8,515,76725/km²
7Nigeria211,400,708 206,139,589 2.55%923,768218/km²
8Bangladesh166,303,498 164,689,383 0.98%147,5701,105/km²
9Russia145,912,025 145,934,462 -0.02%17,098,2429/km²
10Mexico130,262,216 128,932,753 1.03%1,964,37565/km²
11Japan126,050,804 126,476,461 -0.34%377,930336/km²
12Ethiopia117,876,227 114,963,588 2.53%1,104,300101/km²
13Philippines111,046,913 109,581,078 1.34%342,353316/km²
14Egypt104,258,327 102,334,404 1.88%1,002,450100/km²
15Vietnam98,168,833 97,338,579 0.85%331,212291/km²
16Dr Congo92,377,993 89,561,403 3.14%2,344,85837/km²
18Turkey85,042,738 84,339,067 0.83%783,562106/km²
19Iran85,028,759 83,992,949 1.23%1,648,19550/km²
17Germany83,900,473 83,783,942 0.14%357,114234/km²
20Thailand69,950,850 69,799,978 0.22%513,120136/km²
21United Kingdom68,207,116 67,886,011 0.47%242,900278/km²
22France65,426,179 65,273,511 0.23%551,695118/km²
25Tanzania61,498,437 59,734,218 2.95%945,08761/km²
23Italy60,367,477 60,461,826 -0.16%301,336201/km²
24South Africa60,041,994 59,308,690 1.24%1,221,03748/km²
27Kenya54,985,698 53,771,296 2.26%580,36791/km²
26Myanmar54,806,012 54,409,800 0.73%676,57880/km²
28South Korea51,305,186 51,269,185 0.07%100,210511/km²
29Colombia51,265,844 50,882,891 0.75%1,141,74844/km²
32Uganda47,123,531 45,741,007 3.02%241,550183/km²
30Spain46,745,216 46,754,778 -0.02%505,99292/km²
31Argentina45,605,826 45,195,774 0.91%2,780,40016/km²
35Sudan44,909,353 43,849,260 2.42%1,886,06823/km²
34Algeria44,616,624 43,851,044 1.75%2,381,74118/km²
33Ukraine43,466,819 43,733,762 -0.61%603,50073/km²
36Iraq41,179,350 40,222,493 2.38%438,31790/km²
37Afghanistan39,835,428 38,928,346 2.33%652,23058/km²
39Canada38,067,903 37,742,154 0.86%9,984,6704/km²
38Poland37,797,005 37,846,611 -0.13%312,679121/km²
40Morocco37,344,795 36,910,560 1.18%446,55082/km²
41Saudi Arabia35,340,683 34,813,871 1.51%2,149,69016/km²
42Uzbekistan33,935,763 33,469,203 1.39%447,40074/km²
45Angola33,933,610 32,866,272 3.25%1,246,70026/km²
43Peru33,359,418 32,971,854 1.18%1,285,21625/km²
44Malaysia32,776,194 32,365,999 1.27%330,80397/km²
47Mozambique32,163,047 31,255,435 2.90%801,59038/km²
46Ghana31,732,129 31,072,940 2.12%238,533128/km²
48Yemen30,490,640 29,825,964 2.23%527,96855/km²
49Nepal29,674,920 29,136,808 1.85%147,181194/km²
50Venezuela28,704,954 28,435,940 0.95%916,44531/km²
51Madagascar28,427,328 27,691,018 2.66%587,04146/km²
52Cameroon27,224,265 26,545,863 2.56%475,44254/km²
53Ivory Coast27,053,629 26,378,274 2.56%322,46380/km²
54North Korea25,887,041 25,778,816 0.42%120,538213/km²
55Australia25,788,215 25,499,884 1.13%7,692,0243/km²
57Niger25,130,817 24,206,644 3.82%1,267,00018/km²
56Taiwan23,855,010 23,816,775 0.16%36,193657/km²
58Sri Lanka21,497,310 21,413,249 0.39%65,610325/km²
59Burkina Faso21,497,096 20,903,273 2.84%272,96774/km²
60Mali20,855,735 20,250,833 2.99%1,240,19216/km²
63Malawi19,647,684 19,129,952 2.71%118,484157/km²
62Chile19,212,361 19,116,201 0.50%756,10225/km²
61Romania19,127,774 19,237,691 -0.57%238,39181/km²
64Kazakhstan18,994,962 18,776,707 1.16%2,724,9007/km²
65Zambia18,920,651 18,383,955 2.92%752,61224/km²
69Syria18,275,702 17,500,658 4.43%185,18092/km²
66Guatemala18,249,860 17,915,568 1.87%108,889161/km²
67Ecuador17,888,475 17,643,054 1.39%276,84163/km²
71Senegal17,196,301 16,743,927 2.70%196,72283/km²
68Netherlands17,173,099 17,134,872 0.22%41,850409/km²
70Cambodia16,946,438 16,718,965 1.36%181,03591/km²
72Chad16,914,985 16,425,864 2.98%1,284,00012/km²
73Somalia16,359,504 15,893,222 2.93%637,65724/km²
74Zimbabwe15,092,171 14,862,924 1.54%390,75737/km²
75Guinea13,497,244 13,132,795 2.78%245,85752/km²
76Rwanda13,276,513 12,952,218 2.50%26,338479/km²
77Benin12,451,040 12,123,200 2.70%112,622105/km²
80Burundi12,255,433 11,890,784 3.07%27,834414/km²
78Tunisia11,935,766 11,818,619 0.99%163,61071/km²
81Bolivia11,832,940 11,673,021 1.37%1,098,58110/km²
79Belgium11,632,326 11,589,623 0.37%30,528378/km²
83Haiti11,541,685 11,402,528 1.22%27,750406/km²
84South Sudan11,381,378 11,193,725 1.68%619,74518/km²
82Cuba11,317,505 11,326,616 -0.08%109,884103/km²
85Dominican Republic10,953,703 10,847,910 0.98%48,671221/km²
86Czech Republic10,724,555 10,708,981 0.15%78,865136/km²
87Greece10,370,744 10,423,054 -0.50%131,99079/km²
89Jordan10,269,021 10,203,134 0.65%89,342113/km²
90Azerbaijan10,223,342 10,139,177 0.83%86,600116/km²
88Portugal10,167,925 10,196,709 -0.28%92,090111/km²
91Sweden10,160,169 10,099,265 0.60%450,29522/km²
93Honduras10,062,991 9,904,607 1.60%112,49287/km²
92United Arab Emirates9,991,089 9,890,402 1.02%83,600117/km²
96Tajikistan9,749,627 9,537,645 2.22%143,10065/km²
94Hungary9,634,164 9,660,351 -0.27%93,028104/km²
95Belarus9,442,862 9,449,323 -0.07%207,60046/km²
98Papua New Guinea9,119,010 8,947,024 1.92%462,84019/km²
97Austria9,043,070 9,006,398 0.41%83,871107/km²
101Israel8,789,774 8,655,535 1.55%20,770410/km²
100Switzerland8,715,494 8,654,622 0.70%41,284208/km²
99Serbia8,697,550 8,737,371 -0.46%88,36199/km²
102Togo8,478,250 8,278,724 2.41%56,785142/km²
103Sierra Leone8,141,343 7,976,983 2.06%71,740109/km²
104Hong Kong7,552,810 7,496,981 0.74%1,1046,736/km²
105Laos7,379,358 7,275,560 1.43%236,80030/km²
106Paraguay7,219,638 7,132,538 1.22%406,75217/km²
109Libya6,958,532 6,871,292 1.27%1,759,5404/km²
107Bulgaria6,896,663 6,948,445 -0.75%110,87963/km²
108Lebanon6,769,146 6,825,445 -0.82%10,452656/km²
110Nicaragua6,702,385 6,624,554 1.17%130,37350/km²
112Kyrgyzstan6,628,356 6,524,195 1.60%199,95132/km²
111El Salvador6,518,499 6,486,205 0.50%21,041307/km²
113Turkmenistan6,117,924 6,031,200 1.44%488,10012/km²
114Singapore5,896,686 5,850,342 0.79%7108,175/km²
115Denmark5,813,298 5,792,202 0.36%43,094134/km²
118Republic Of The Congo5,657,013 5,518,087 2.52%342,00016/km²
116Finland5,548,360 5,540,720 0.14%338,42416/km²
119Norway5,465,630 5,421,241 0.82%323,80217/km²
117Slovakia5,460,721 5,459,642 0.02%49,037111/km²
122Oman5,223,375 5,106,626 2.29%309,50016/km²
121Palestine5,222,748 5,101,414 2.38%6,220801/km²
123Liberia5,180,203 5,057,681 2.42%111,36944/km²
120Costa Rica5,139,052 5,094,118 0.88%51,10099/km²
124Ireland4,982,907 4,937,786 0.91%70,27369/km²
126Central African Republic4,919,981 4,829,767 1.87%622,9848/km²
125New Zealand4,860,643 4,822,233 0.80%270,46718/km²
127Mauritania4,775,119 4,649,658 2.70%1,030,7004/km²
128Panama4,381,579 4,314,767 1.55%75,41756/km²
129Kuwait4,328,550 4,270,571 1.36%17,818236/km²
130Croatia4,081,651 4,105,267 -0.58%56,59473/km²
131Moldova4,024,019 4,033,963 -0.25%33,846119/km²
132Georgia3,979,765 3,989,167 -0.24%69,70057/km²
133Eritrea3,601,467 3,546,421 1.55%117,60030/km²
134Uruguay3,485,151 3,473,730 0.33%181,03419/km²
136Mongolia3,329,289 3,278,290 1.56%1,564,1102/km²
135Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466 3,280,819 -0.53%51,20964/km²
138Jamaica2,973,463 2,961,167 0.42%10,991268/km²
137Armenia2,968,127 2,963,243 0.16%29,74399/km²
141Qatar2,930,528 2,881,053 1.72%11,586244/km²
140Albania2,872,933 2,877,797 -0.17%28,748100/km²
139Puerto Rico2,828,255 2,860,853 -1.14%8,870331/km²
142Lithuania2,689,862 2,722,289 -1.19%65,30042/km²
143Namibia2,587,344 2,540,905 1.83%825,6153/km²
144Gambia2,486,945 2,416,668 2.91%10,689220/km²
145Botswana2,397,241 2,351,627 1.94%582,0004/km²
146Gabon2,278,825 2,225,734 2.39%267,6688/km²
147Lesotho2,159,079 2,142,249 0.79%30,35570/km²
148North Macedonia2,082,658 2,083,374 -0.03%25,71381/km²
149Slovenia2,078,724 2,078,938 -0.01%20,273103/km²
150Guinea Bissau2,015,494 1,968,001 2.41%36,12553/km²
151Latvia1,866,942 1,886,198 -1.02%64,55930/km²
152Bahrain1,748,296 1,701,575 2.75%7652,145/km²
154Equatorial Guinea1,449,896 1,402,985 3.34%28,05148/km²
153Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375 1,399,488 0.28%5,130272/km²
156Timor Leste1,343,873 1,318,445 1.93%14,87487/km²
155Estonia1,325,185 1,326,535 -0.10%45,22729/km²
157Mauritius1,273,433 1,271,768 0.13%2,040622/km²
158Cyprus1,215,584 1,207,359 0.68%9,251130/km²
159Eswatini1,172,362 1,160,164 1.05%17,36466/km²
160Djibouti1,002,187 988,000 1.44%23,20042/km²
161Fiji902,906 896,445 0.72%18,27249/km²
162Reunion901,686 895,312 0.71%2,511354/km²
163Comoros888,451 869,601 2.17%1,862457/km²
164Guyana790,326 786,552 0.48%214,9694/km²
165Bhutan779,898 771,608 1.07%38,39420/km²
166Solomon Islands703,996 686,884 2.49%28,89623/km²
167Macau658,394 649,335 1.40%3021,348/km²
169Luxembourg634,814 625,978 1.41%2,586238/km²
168Montenegro628,053 628,066 -0.00%13,81245/km²
170Western Sahara611,875 597,339 2.43%266,0002/km²
171Suriname591,800 586,632 0.88%163,8204/km²
172Cape Verde561,898 555,987 1.06%4,033136/km²
173Maldives543,617 540,544 0.57%3001,770/km²
174Malta442,784 441,543 0.28%3161,394/km²
175Brunei441,532 437,479 0.93%5,76575/km²
177Belize404,914 397,628 1.83%22,96617/km²
176Guadeloupe400,020 400,124 -0.03%1,628246/km²
178Bahamas396,913 393,244 0.93%13,94328/km²
179Martinique374,745 375,265 -0.14%1,128333/km²
180Iceland343,353 341,243 0.62%103,0003/km²
181Vanuatu314,464 307,145 2.38%12,18925/km²
182French Guiana306,448 298,682 2.60%83,5343/km²
184New Caledonia288,218 285,498 0.95%18,57515/km²
183Barbados287,711 287,375 0.12%430668/km²
185French Polynesia282,530 280,908 0.58%4,16767/km²
186Mayotte279,515 272,815 2.46%374712/km²
187Sao Tome And Principe223,368 219,159 1.92%964223/km²
188Samoa200,149 198,414 0.87%2,84269/km²
189Saint Lucia184,400 183,627 0.42%616297/km²
190Guam170,179 168,775 0.83%549305/km²
191Curacao164,798 164,093 0.43%444368/km²
192Kiribati121,392 119,449 1.63%811145/km²
193Micronesia116,254 115,023 1.07%702162/km²
194Grenada113,021 112,523 0.44%344326/km²
195Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263 110,940 0.29%389284/km²
196Aruba107,204 106,766 0.41%180591/km²
198Tonga106,760 105,695 1.01%747140/km²
197United States Virgin Islands104,226 104,425 -0.19%347301/km²
199Seychelles98,908 98,347 0.57%452216/km²
200Antigua And Barbuda98,731 97,929 0.82%442220/km²
201Isle Of Man85,410 85,033 0.44%572148/km²
202Andorra77,355 77,265 0.12%468165/km²
203Dominica72,167 71,986 0.25%75196/km²
204Cayman Islands66,497 65,722 1.18%264246/km²
205Bermuda62,090 62,278 -0.30%541,158/km²
206Marshall Islands59,610 59,190 0.71%181325/km²
207Northern Mariana Islands57,917 57,559 0.62%464123/km²
208Greenland56,877 56,770 0.19%2,166,0860/km²
209American Samoa55,100 55,191 -0.16%199278/km²
210Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544 53,199 0.65%261202/km²
211Faroe Islands49,049 48,863 0.38%1,39335/km²
212Sint Maarten43,412 42,876 1.25%341,247/km²
213Monaco39,511 39,242 0.69%219,482/km²
216Saint Martin39,234 38,666 1.47%53717/km²
214Turks And Caicos Islands39,231 38,717 1.33%94840/km²
215Liechtenstein38,250 38,128 0.32%160238/km²
217San Marino34,017 33,931 0.25%61555/km²
218Gibraltar33,698 33,691 0.02%65,617/km²
219British Virgin Islands30,421 30,231 0.63%151199/km²
220Palau18,169 18,094 0.41%45939/km²
221Cook Islands17,565 17,564 0.01%23674/km²
222Anguilla15,117 15,003 0.76%91163/km²
223Tuvalu11,931 11,792 1.18%26448/km²
224Wallis And Futuna11,094 11,239 -1.29%14281/km²
225Nauru10,876 10,824 0.48%21512/km²
226Saint Barthelemy9,907 9,877 0.30%21469/km²
227Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766 5,794 -0.48%24224/km²
228Montserrat4,977 4,992 -0.30%10249/km²
229Falkland Islands3,533 3,480 1.52%12,1730/km²
230Niue1,619 1,626 -0.43%2606/km²
231Tokelau1,373 1,357 1.18%12112/km²
232Vatican City800 801 -0.12%1799/km²

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  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

Sources