Taiwan Population 2016

The Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior estimated that the population of Taiwan in 2012 was 23,268,087. This makes Taiwan the 50th largest country in the world in terms of population, and the 16th most densely populated country in the world.

A census is carried out every ten years. The last census was held in 2010, and an official population of 23,162,000 was recorded. The Government’s 2012 population estimate was made by taking census data and, taking account population growth and a number of other factors, extrapolating into the future.

The People’s Republic of China claims sovereignty over Taiwan, and as you can see from our article about the population of China, data on Taiwan’s population is included in official Government figures there too.

Most populous cities in Taiwan

Taiwan’s largest city is New Taipei, which is home to 3,903,745 people. New Taipei should definitely not be confused with Taipei City, the capital of Taiwan. Taipei City is entirely surrounded by the city of New Taipei and has a population of 2,635,766, making it Taiwan’s fourth largest city. Together with the city of Keelung, they make up the Taipei Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of 6.9 million.

Other major cities in Taiwan are Kaohsiung City (pop 2,772,461), Taichung City (pop 2,655,456) and Tainan City (pop 1,874,724). No other Taiwanese city has a population of more than 500,000 people.

Demographics of Taiwan

The vast majority (98%) of people living on Taiwan are Han Chinese, including around 12% of the population who are classified as Waishengren – people who fled from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War (and their descendants). The remaining two percent are Taiwanese Aborigines, descendants of the Austronesian peoples who dominated Taiwan until the 17th century. Visit wikipedia to read more about Taiwan’s indigenous people.

Taiwan Population Density

Taiwan has a geographical area of 35,980 km². With a population of 23,268,087, it’s average population density is 642/km2 (1,664/miles2). This makes it the 16th most densely populated country in the world. Population density in major cities is, as expected, much higher. In Taipei, 9,600 people live in every square kilometer.</p>

Languages of Taiwan

Mandarin is spoken by almost all Taiwanese, and is the country’s official language. Japanese is also spoken by many older Taiwanese, a legacy of Japanese rule in the first half of the 20th century. A number of aboriginal languages are also spoken although, despite efforts to presrve them, their use is decreasing.</p>

Religion in Taiwan

Religious freedom is constitutionally guaranteed in Taiwan and the country is host to a diverse range of relgions – 26 in total are officially recognised, but people are free to follow other religions if they choose. Government statistics show that Buddhisim is the most popular religion, practised by around 35.1% of Taiwanese, followed closely by Taoism (33.0%). Christianity and Yiguandao are the third and fourth most popular relgions, followed by 3.9% and 3.5% respectively. Approximately 18.7% of Taiwanese are non-religious.</p>

Taiwan GDP

Taiwan’s economy is growing rapidly. Although data for Taiwan’s GDP in 2012 is not yet available, it’s GDP grew by more than 10% in 2010 and its nominal GDP per capita was $18,300. Translated into PPP, this equates to $34,700, placing the economy of Taiwan 21st in the world.

  • US Population Rank 55
  • % of World Pop 0.33%
  • Density 660

Taiwan Population Clock

What is the population of Taiwan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 2,447
Deaths Per Day 2,389
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 58
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Taiwan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 7.638 births/thousand 191st
Crude Death Rate 7.455 deaths/thousand 99th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand 66th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.26 years 33rd
Life Expectancy (Male) 77.59 years 37th
Life Expectancy (Female) 83.03 years 31st
Total Fertility Rate 1.031 children/woman 192nd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.49 surviving daughters/woman 192nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.08 males per female 9th
Infant Mortality Rate 3.51 deaths/1,000 live births 164th
Under Five Mortality 4.35 deaths/thousand 161st
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.542 years 3rd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Taiwan Population Growth

Population growth in Taiwan was at its highest in the mid-20th century as supporters of the defeated Kuomintang fled mainland China, but it has been steadily declining since. The birth rate in Taiwan is now below the rate needed to sustain population growth and current growth is caused by increased longevity. The latest estimates indicate that Taiwan’s population will peak at 23.4 million in the next ten years and then gradually begin to decline.</p>

Taiwan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 23,395,600 50% 50% 660 9 0.04% 55
2015 23,381,037 50% 50% 660 8 0.06% 54
2010 23,200,405 50.3% 49.7% 655 8 0.25% 51
2005 22,704,058 50.8% 49.2% 641 7 0.55% 48
2000 21,935,444 51.1% 48.9% 619 8 0.72% 47
1995 21,155,721 51.5% 48.5% 597 8 0.77% 44
1990 20,232,354 51.9% 48.1% 571 8 0.93% 40
1985 19,225,520 52% 48% 542 8 1.18% 39
1980 17,809,745 52.1% 47.9% 502 7 1.77% 37
1975 16,080,318 51.9% 48.1% 454 6 2.04% 37
1970 14,559,097 52.3% 47.7% 411 6 2.31% 35
1965 12,453,973 51.9% 48.1% 351 8 3.4% 37
1960 10,493,316 51.3% 48.7% 296 11 3.46% 38
1955 8,852,500 51.4% 48.6% 250 11 3.29% 43
1950 7,561,863 51.3% 48.7% 213 13 3.19% 50

Taiwan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 23,402,449 49.8% 50.2% 660 9 -0.05% 57
2025 23,297,726 49.7% 50.3% 657 9 -0.13% 60
2030 23,116,480 49.6% 50.4% 652 10 -0.21% 62
2035 22,814,467 49.5% 50.5% 644 11 -0.36% 66
2040 22,319,882 49.4% 50.6% 630 13 -0.56% 68
2045 21,622,291 49.4% 50.6% 610 13 -0.74% 73
2050 20,777,599 49.5% 50.5% 586 13 -0.88% 77
2055 19,838,293 49.5% 50.5% 560 16 -0.97% 77
2060 18,875,497 49.6% 50.4% 533 20 -1.02% 77
2065 17,919,832 49.7% 50.3% 506 24 -1.06% 78
2070 16,980,395 49.8% 50.2% 479 24 -1.11% 80
2075 16,052,263 49.9% 50.1% 453 26 -1.14% 83
2080 15,162,757 50% 50% 428 29 -1.12% 84
2085 14,351,632 50.1% 49.9% 405 30 -1.05% 86
2090 13,643,281 50.1% 49.9% 385 30 -0.96% 91
2095 13,028,958 50.1% 49.9% 367 32 -0.85% 93
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations