Taiwan Population 2018

23,669,155

The Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior estimated that the population of Taiwan in 2012 was 23,268,087. The estimated population for 2018 is about 23.69 million. This makes Taiwan the 52nd largest country in the world in terms of population, and the 17th most densely populated country in the world.

A census is carried out every ten years. The last census was held in 2010, and an official population of 23,162,000 was recorded. Estimates for 2018 put the population at approximately 23.69 million people.

The People's Republic of China claims sovereignty over Taiwan, and as you can see from our article about the population of China, data on Taiwan's population is included in official Government figures there too.

Most populous cities in Taiwan

Taiwan's largest city is New Taipei, which is home to 3,970,790 people. New Taipei should definitely not be confused with Taipei City, the capital of Taiwan. Taipei City is entirely surrounded by the city of New Taipei and has a population of 2,704,974, making it Taiwan's fourth largest city. Together with the city of Keelung, they make up the Taipei Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of 7,046,811.

Other major cities in Taiwan are Kaohsiung City (pop 2,778,918), Taichung City (pop 2,752,413) and Tainan City (pop 1,885,252). No other Taiwanese city has a population of more than 500,000 people.

Demographics of Taiwan

The vast majority (98%) of people living on Taiwan are Han Chinese, including around 12% of the population who are classified as Waishengren – people who fled from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War (and their descendants). The remaining two percent are Taiwanese Aborigines, descendants of the Austronesian peoples who dominated Taiwan until the 17th century. Visit wikipedia to read more about Taiwan's indigenous people.

Taiwan Population Density

Taiwan has a geographical area of 36,193 square kilometers. With a population of 23,476,640, its average population density is 649 people per square kilometer (1,680 per square mile). This makes it the 17th most densely populated country in the world. Population density in major cities is, as expected, much higher. In Taipei, 10,000 people live in every square kilometer.

Languages of Taiwan

Mandarin is spoken by almost all Taiwanese, and is the country's official language. Japanese is also spoken by many older Taiwanese, a legacy of Japanese rule in the first half of the 20th century. A number of aboriginal languages are also spoken, although despite efforts to preserve them, their use is decreasing.

Religion in Taiwan

Religious freedom is constitutionally guaranteed in Taiwan and the country is host to a diverse range of relgions – 26 in total are officially recognized, but people are free to follow other religions if they choose. Government statistics show that Buddhisim is the most popular religion, practiced by around 35.1% of Taiwanese, followed closely by Taoism (33.0%). Christianity and Yiguandao are the third and fourth most popular religons, followed by 3.9% and 3.5% respectively. Approximately 18.7% of Taiwanese are non-religious.

Taiwan GDP

Taiwan's economy is growing rapidly. An estimate of its nominal GDP per capita for 2016 is $21,571. Its total PPP is over 1 trillion, putting its economy in 21st place when compared to other countries in the world.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Taiwan Population in 2018Source: peellden

Taiwan Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200kTaiwan Male Population0k50k100k150k200kTaiwan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Taiwan Median Age

40.2


Total

39.5


Male

40.9


Female

Taiwan Population by Age

There are 19,660,871 adults in Taiwan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Taiwan Population Growth

Population growth in Taiwan was at its highest in the mid-20th century as supporters of the defeated Kuomintang fled mainland China, but it has been steadily declining since. The birth rate in Taiwan is now below the rate needed to sustain population growth and current growth is caused by increased longevity. The latest estimates indicate that Taiwan’s population will peak at 23.4 million in the next ten years and then gradually begin to decline.

About Taiwan

Official NameRepublic of China
Languages SpokenMandarin
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude23.5121
Currencies UsedTaiwan New Dollar
DemonymTaiwanese

Countries Bordering Taiwan

None

Taiwan Population Density

Taiwan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Taipei7,871,900
Kaohsiung1,519,711
Taichung1,040,725
Tainan771,235
Banqiao543,342
Hsinchu404,109
Taoyuan City402,014
Keelung397,515
Hualien City350,468
Yuanlin124,725
Taitung City109,584
Nantou105,682
Douliu104,723
Yilan94,188
Puli86,406
Daxi84,549
Magong56,435
Donggang48,100
Jincheng37,507
Hengchun31,288

Taiwan Population Clock

The population of Taiwan (as of 2/13/2018)?23,669,155
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)23,694,089
Births Per Day580
Deaths Per Day480
Net Migrations Per Day 82
Net Change Per Day 182
Population Change Since January 1st8,008

Taiwan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 8.955 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.415 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.268 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.19 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.48 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.01 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.218 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.579 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.08 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.713 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.651 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.845 years
Rate of Natural Increase 1.54

Taiwan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201823,694,08949.85%50.15%654.66560.29%
201723,626,45649.90%50.10%652.79560.30%
201623,556,70649.96%50.04%650.86550.30%
201523,485,75550.02%49.98%648.90540.33%
201023,102,40650.35%49.65%638.31520.44%
200522,602,88650.79%49.21%624.51480.69%
200021,840,23551.01%48.99%603.44470.57%
199521,228,51251.34%48.66%586.54440.89%
199020,311,69851.70%48.30%561.21401.21%
198519,130,09352.04%47.96%528.56391.55%
198017,717,37252.17%47.83%489.52371.77%
197516,232,67251.59%48.41%448.50372.01%
197014,693,15351.99%48.01%405.97353.04%
196512,649,72651.48%48.52%349.51353.40%
196010,701,71350.85%49.15%295.68383.47%
19559,022,18351.04%48.96%249.28423.43%
19507,623,36051.54%48.46%210.63500.00%

Taiwan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202023,817,90549.75%50.25%658.08570.00%
202524,045,23849.54%50.46%664.36570.19%
203024,150,70849.38%50.62%667.28620.09%
203524,100,53449.26%50.74%665.8965-0.04%
204023,830,33449.18%50.82%658.4267-0.23%
204523,359,29349.11%50.89%645.4168-0.40%
205022,770,53749.07%50.93%629.1473-0.51%
205522,127,28649.06%50.94%611.3775-0.57%
206021,464,03349.08%50.92%593.0475-0.61%
206520,786,44049.11%50.89%574.3275-0.64%
207020,086,38249.16%50.84%554.9876-0.68%
207519,371,06549.21%50.79%535.2277-0.72%
208018,683,77349.26%50.74%516.2378-0.72%
208518,085,16449.32%50.68%499.6980-0.65%
209017,596,32049.36%50.64%486.1881-0.55%
209517,201,21649.41%50.59%475.2682-0.45%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer