Adelaide Population 2017

Adelaide's population has grown rapidly in the last few decades and now boasts a population of 1.29 million in the metropolitan area, although the smaller City of Adelaide has a population of just 23,000. About three-quarters of the population of South Australia lives in the Adelaide metropolitan area.

Adelaide Demographics

The foreign-born population of the city is about 30%, with large Italian and Greek communities in the east and west suburbs of Fulham, West Lakes, Newton, Payneham, Campbelltown and Torrensville. There are substantial Vietnamese populations in the northwest and northern suburbs of Athol Park, Mansfield Park, Pooraka, Woodville and others. Immigrants from Sri Lanka and India are concentrated in the inner suburbs such as Enfield, Kilburn and Park Holme.

Recently, suburbs in the north and West have experienced substantial migration from Iran and Afghanistan. Chinese immigrants have largely settled in the northeastern and eastern communities.

The largest communities of foreign-born residents of Adelaide originate from England (7%), Italy (1.5%), India (1.5%) China (1.4%) and Vietnam (1%).

While Adelaide was founded on religious tolerance, attracting many religious people and earning it the nickname "The City of Churches," about one-third of the population now has no religious affiliation, which makes Adelaide one of the least religious cities in the country.

Adelaide History

Prior to becoming a British settlement in 1836, the Adelaide area was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal people. South Australia was proclaimed a British colony in 1836 with the city's layout based on the Sicilian city of Catania. The city was established as a planned colony of free immigrants with promised freedom of religion and liberties. Based on the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, land was sold by the government at a price high enough to be unaffordable to journeymen and laborers, which means Adelaide does not have the convict settlement history of other cities in Australia.

After years of struggle, Adelaide eventually began to prosper and, by 1856, it was a self-governing colony. Electricity was introduced in 1900 and the city had a post-war boom after World War I that was followed by droughts and the Depression. It was slowly transformed from an agriculture-based economy to a modern city with many transformed pre-war factories.

Adelaide Population Growth

Over the past decade, certain areas of Adelaide have grown faster than others, particularly Golden Grove and Mawson Lakes. According to a leading demographer of Australia, South Australia's population growth rate has been very rapid. As it stands now, many new migrants initially come to South Australian regions like Adelaide first, eventually leaving for larger cultural communities further into the country.

In 2013, South Australia's population grew 0.9%, which is much faster than many countries although it still lags behind almost every other Australian state, largely due to geography.

Adelaide Population in 2017 Source: Ashton 29

Adelaide Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
1950 429,000 0.00% 0
1955 497,000 15.90% 68,000
1960 572,000 15.10% 75,000
1965 697,000 21.90% 125,000
1970 850,000 22.00% 153,000
1975 929,000 9.30% 79,000
1980 972,000 4.60% 43,000
1985 1,024,000 5.30% 52,000
1990 1,082,000 5.70% 58,000
1995 1,112,000 2.80% 30,000
2000 1,142,000 2.70% 30,000
2005 1,181,000 3.40% 39,000
2010 1,218,000 3.10% 37,000
2015 1,256,000 3.10% 38,000
2017 1,276,000 1.60% 20,000
2020 1,321,000 3.50% 45,000
2025 1,410,000 6.70% 89,000
2030 1,505,000 6.70% 95,000
Adelaide Population Growth

Adelaide's 2017 population is now estimated at 1,276,000. In 1950, the population of Adelaide was 429,000. Adelaide has grown by 20,000 in the last year, which represents a 1.60% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Adelaide, which typically includes Adelaide's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.