Newcastle Population 2017

Newcastle is often called the 7th largest city in Australia, but this is misleading because the area extends beyond the City of Newcastle and the metropolitan area. The area is officially called the Newcastle Statistical District, or Greater Newcastle, with a population estimated at 560,000.

Newcastle Demographics

The average age for a Novacastrian is 37. Family-wise, the number of families living in this city averages to about 40,000. Most families have 1-2 children here. Within each household, there are an average of 2.4 people – and approximately 68,733 private residences were occupied in 2011. Average monthly mortgage payments were estimated to be around $1,742 per household. For renters, the weekly rent rounded to about $270.

In 2011, the most common ancestry groups were:

  • Australian: 30.4%
  • English: 29.2%
  • Irish: 8.9%
  • Scottish: 8.0%
  • German: 2.9%

Newcastle History

While searching for criminals in 1797, Lt. John Shortland – a European explorer – stumbled upon Newcastle. His discovery of this land led to minors being sent to the area for its abundance of coal. He came back to his original town with the news, which sparked the quest to extract coal from this abundant location. The work of digging for coal created an unpleasant environment – with only criminals being sent to work there as punishment for their crimes. Since dangerous convicts were sent to work at these mines, Newcastle earned the description of “hellhole” by the common people.

Another settlement occurred in 1804, which also involved shipping criminals to the area. Initially, Newcastle was named Coal River. This city was also known as Kingstown before it was renamed to Newcastle. The last name was inspired by a well-known coal port in English at the time. Coal, being an abundant resource within this city, was a staple that inspired the existence of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company – a steamship organization which sent steamships to and fro from various cities connected to Newcastle. Exporting coal goods has been a recurring theme within Newcastle’s long history.

This city has also seen its share of war efforts, as it played many important roles during World War II. It served as an industrial center and was once attacked by a Japanese submarine in 1942. Fortunately, no one was killed or injured during that incident.

Newcastle Population Growth

Recent estimates reveal that the growth forecast for this city is a positive one, as the population will continue to swell due to the vast amount of opportunity Newcastle provides. Experts predict the populace will grow by approximately 20,000 new citizens every 30 years, according to recent trends. By 2036, the population is expected to increase by 14.97 percent.

By population, Newcastle is the 7th largest city in Australia, coming in with a population larger than Canberra, but smaller than Gold Coast by at least 50,000 people. Overall, the growth rates are strong for this bustling city. This strong growth may become a problem if housing opportunities do not expand at the same rate as the population growth expectancy. Some forecasters are worried this will be the case, and have warned that the city needs to take these predictions into account when considering new urban development plans.

Newcastle Population in 2017 Source: Mark McIntosh

Newcastle Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
1950 161,000 0.00% 0
1955 182,000 13.00% 21,000
1960 204,000 12.10% 22,000
1965 229,000 12.30% 25,000
1970 247,000 7.90% 18,000
1975 268,000 8.50% 21,000
1980 292,000 9.00% 24,000
1985 297,000 1.70% 5,000
1990 308,000 3.70% 11,000
1995 317,000 2.90% 9,000
2000 329,000 3.80% 12,000
2005 338,000 2.70% 9,000
2010 354,000 4.70% 16,000
2015 373,000 5.40% 19,000
2017 382,000 2.40% 9,000
2020 399,000 4.50% 17,000
2025 430,000 7.80% 31,000
2030 463,000 7.70% 33,000
Newcastle Population Growth

Newcastle's 2017 population is now estimated at 382,000. In 1950, the population of Newcastle was 161,000. Newcastle has grown by 9,000 in the last year, which represents a 2.40% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Newcastle, which typically includes Newcastle's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.