How Old is Canada?

Canada is a relatively new country, which declared its Confederation in 1867. This makes Canada 155 years old. Below are key facts and statistics about Canada:

Basic Info

Capital: Ottawa. Coordinates: 45°24′N 75°40′W.

Largest city: Toronto

Official languages: English, French.

Ethnic Groups

72.9 percent of the population report having European descent, followed by Asian (17.7 percent), Indigenous (4.9 percent), African (3.1 percent), Latin American (1.3 percent), and Oceanian ( 0.2 percent).

The country's largest self-reported group is Canadian (accounting for 32 percent of the population), followed by English (18.3 percent), Scottish (13.9 percent), French (13.6 percent), Irish (13.4 percent), German (9.6 percent), Chinese (5.1 percent), Italian (4.6 percent), First Nations (4.4 percent), Indian (4.0 percent), and Ukrainian (3.9 percent).

Demonym(s): Canadian


67.3 percent of Canadians identify as Christian; of these, Roman Catholics make up the largest group, accounting for 38.7 percent of the population. Much of the remainder is made up of Canadian Protestants, who accounted for approximately 27 percent in a 2011 survey. The largest Protestant denomination is the United Church of Canada (accounting for 6.1 percent of Canadians), followed by the Anglican Church of Canada (5.0 percent), and various Baptist sects (1.9 percent).

Secularization has been growing since the 1960s. In 2011, 23.9 percent declared no religious affiliation, compared to 16.5 percent in 2001. Islam is the largest non-Christian religion in Canada, constituting 3.2 percent of its population. It is also the fastest-growing religion in Canada. 1.5 percent of the Canadian population is Hindu and 1.4 is Sikh

Government Info

Government: Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

• Monarch: King Charles III (UK)

• Governor General: Mary Simon

• Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau Legislature Parliament

• Upper house: Senate

• Lower house: House of Commons

Independence from the United Kingdom

• Confederation: July 1, 1867

• Statute of Westminster 1931: December 11, 1931

• Patriation: April 17, 1982

Geographical Info

• Total area: 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)

• Water (%): 11.76 (as of 2015)

• Total land area: 9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)

Population and Economics

• Q2 2022 estimate: 38,654,738 (37th)

• 2021 census: 36,991,981

• Density 4.2/km2 (10.9/sq mi) (185th)

• GDP (PPP) 2022 Estimate Total: Increase $2.237 trillion (15th)

• Per capita: Increase $57,812 (24th)

• GDP (nominal) 2022 Estimate Total: Increase $2.221 trillion (8th)

• Per capita: Increase $57,406 (14th)

• Gini (2018) Positive decrease 30.3 (medium)

• HDI (2019) Increase 0.929 (very high · 16th)

Additional Info

• Currency: Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)

• Time zone: UTC−3.5 to −8

• Summer (DST): UTC−2.5 to −7

• Date format: yyyy-mm-dd (AD)

• Driving side: right

• Calling code: +1

• Internet TLD: .ca

The Current State of Canada

Canada, much like its neighbor to the south, is one of the most economically-sound countries in the world - initially being part of the British Empire. The main difference was the succession, where the United States revolted, while the Canadian parliament was legally and peacefully recognized by the British Empire. This fundamental difference has caused a unique view of an otherwise tightly interlocked partnership between the two countries. Canada is a confederation with its own parliament but still recognizes the British Queen as the official Monarch. This makes Canada an extremely ideological country as a Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy.

How Old is Canada?