Countries In Africa 2020

Africa is the second largest continent by geographic area and the second most populous continent in the world, with an area of approximately 30 million km2 and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent is widely considered to have a total of 54 countries, nine territories and two independent states with limited or no recognition. However, given Africa's complex political situation and the legacy of its colonial history, the exact makeup of the continent and number of officially recognized countries is still a contentious issue. Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4).

The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among the most populous, with around 40 million residents. However, Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population – as of 2018, almost 196 million people live in the country. Ethiopia follows with a population of 107 million, while Egypt, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania and South Africa all have populations in excess of 50 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have fairly large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have populations 12.5 million and 11.2 million, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, nevertheless has a population of more than two million. Technically, however, it is the Seychelles – an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands – that is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of just 95,235.

Rank Country Population 2020 Growth Rate Area
1Zimbabwe14,862,9241.48%390,757 km²
2Zambia18,383,9552.93%752,612 km²
3Western Sahara597,3392.55%266,000 km²
4Uganda45,741,0073.32%241,550 km²
5Tunisia11,818,6191.06%163,610 km²
6Togo8,278,7242.43%56,785 km²
7Tanzania59,734,2182.98%945,087 km²
8Sudan43,849,2602.42%1,886,068 km²
9South Sudan11,193,7251.19%619,745 km²
10South Africa59,308,6901.28%1,221,037 km²
11Somalia15,893,2222.92%637,657 km²
12Sierra Leone7,976,9832.10%71,740 km²
13Seychelles98,3470.62%452 km²
14Senegal16,743,9272.75%196,722 km²
15Sao Tome And Principe219,1591.91%964 km²
16Rwanda12,952,2182.58%26,338 km²
17Reunion895,3120.72%2,511 km²
18Republic Of The Congo5,518,0872.56%342,000 km²
19Nigeria206,139,5892.58%923,768 km²
20Niger24,206,6443.84%1,267,000 km²
21Namibia2,540,9051.86%825,615 km²
22Mozambique31,255,4352.93%801,590 km²
23Morocco36,910,5601.20%446,550 km²
24Mayotte272,8152.50%374 km²
25Mauritius1,271,7680.17%2,040 km²
26Mauritania4,649,6582.74%1,030,700 km²
27Mali20,250,8333.02%1,240,192 km²
28Malawi19,129,9522.69%118,484 km²
29Madagascar27,691,0182.68%587,041 km²
30Libya6,871,2921.38%1,759,540 km²
31Liberia5,057,6812.44%111,369 km²
32Lesotho2,142,2490.80%30,355 km²
33Kenya53,771,2962.28%580,367 km²
34Ivory Coast26,378,2742.57%322,463 km²
35Guinea Bissau1,968,0012.45%36,125 km²
36Guinea13,132,7952.83%245,857 km²
37Ghana31,072,9402.15%238,533 km²
38Gambia2,416,6682.94%10,689 km²
39Gabon2,225,7342.45%267,668 km²
40Ethiopia114,963,5882.57%1,104,300 km²
41Eritrea3,546,4211.41%117,600 km²
42Equatorial Guinea1,402,9853.47%28,051 km²
43Egypt102,334,4041.94%1,002,450 km²
44Dr Congo89,561,4033.19%2,344,858 km²
45Djibouti988,0001.48%23,200 km²
46Comoros869,6012.20%1,862 km²
47Chad16,425,8643.00%1,284,000 km²
48Central African Republic4,829,7671.78%622,984 km²
49Cape Verde555,9871.10%4,033 km²
50Cameroon26,545,8632.59%475,442 km²
51Burundi11,890,7843.12%27,834 km²
52Burkina Faso20,903,2732.86%272,967 km²
53Botswana2,351,6272.08%582,000 km²
54Benin12,123,2002.73%112,622 km²
55Angola32,866,2723.27%1,246,700 km²
56Algeria43,851,0441.85%2,381,741 km²