Countries In Africa 2021

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Population

Africa is the second-largest continent by geographic area and the second-most populous continent globally, with an area of approximately 30 million km2 and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent has 54 countries, nine territories, and two independent states with limited or no recognition. However, given Africa's complicated political situation and the legacy of its colonial history, the exact makeup of the continent and the number of officially recognized countries is still a contentious issue.

Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4). Niger has the lowest median age globally of 15.3 years. In terms of GDP, Nigeria is also the wealthiest African country with a GDP of US$404.65 billion.

The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among the most populous, with around 40 million residents. Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population, with over 200 million people as of 2020. Ethiopia follows with almost 115 million, while Egypt, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya all have populations over 50 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have relatively large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have 13 million and 11.9 million people, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, has more than 2.1 million. Technically, however, it is Seychelles – an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands – that is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of about 98,000.

Countries In Africa 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population Growth Rate Area
1Seychelles98,9080.57%452 km²
2Sao Tome And Principe223,3681.92%964 km²
3Mayotte279,5152.46%374 km²
4Cape Verde561,8981.06%4,033 km²
5Western Sahara611,8752.43%266,000 km²
6Comoros888,4512.17%1,862 km²
7Reunion901,6860.71%2,511 km²
8Djibouti1,002,1871.44%23,200 km²
9Swaziland1,172,3621.05%17,364 km²
10Mauritius1,273,4330.13%2,040 km²
11Equatorial Guinea1,449,8963.34%28,051 km²
12Guinea Bissau2,015,4942.41%36,125 km²
13Lesotho2,159,0790.79%30,355 km²
14Gabon2,278,8252.38%267,668 km²
15Botswana2,397,2411.94%582,000 km²
16Gambia2,486,9452.91%10,689 km²
17Namibia2,587,3441.83%825,615 km²
18Eritrea3,601,4671.55%117,600 km²
19Mauritania4,775,1192.70%1,030,700 km²
20Central African Republic4,919,9811.87%622,984 km²
21Liberia5,180,2032.42%111,369 km²
22Republic Of The Congo5,657,0132.52%342,000 km²
23Libya6,958,5321.27%1,759,540 km²
24Sierra Leone8,141,3432.06%71,740 km²
25Togo8,478,2502.41%56,785 km²
26South Sudan11,381,3781.68%619,745 km²
27Tunisia11,935,7660.99%163,610 km²
28Burundi12,255,4333.07%27,834 km²
29Benin12,451,0402.70%112,622 km²
30Rwanda13,276,5132.50%26,338 km²
31Guinea13,497,2442.77%245,857 km²
32Zimbabwe15,092,1711.54%390,757 km²
33Somalia16,359,5042.93%637,657 km²
34Chad16,914,9852.98%1,284,000 km²
35Senegal17,196,3012.70%196,722 km²
36Zambia18,920,6512.92%752,612 km²
37Malawi19,647,6842.71%118,484 km²
38Mali20,855,7352.99%1,240,192 km²
39Burkina Faso21,497,0962.84%272,967 km²
40Niger25,130,8173.82%1,267,000 km²
41Ivory Coast27,053,6292.56%322,463 km²
42Cameroon27,224,2652.56%475,442 km²
43Madagascar28,427,3282.66%587,041 km²
44Ghana31,732,1292.12%238,533 km²
45Mozambique32,163,0472.90%801,590 km²
46Angola33,933,6103.25%1,246,700 km²
47Morocco37,344,7951.18%446,550 km²
48Algeria44,616,6241.75%2,381,741 km²
49Sudan44,909,3532.42%1,886,068 km²
50Uganda47,123,5313.02%241,550 km²
51Kenya54,985,6982.26%580,367 km²
52South Africa60,041,9941.24%1,221,037 km²
53Tanzania61,498,4372.95%945,087 km²
54Dr Congo92,377,9933.15%2,344,858 km²
55Egypt104,258,3271.88%1,002,450 km²
56Ethiopia117,876,2272.53%1,104,300 km²
57Nigeria211,400,7082.55%923,768 km²

Countries In Africa 2021