Countries in Africa 2022

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Africa is the second-largest continent by geographic area and the second-most populous continent globally, with an area of approximately 30 million km² (11.6 million mi²) and a population of 1.2 billion people. Africa has 54 countries fully recognized by the United Nations, two independent states with limited or no recognition (Western Sahara and Somaliland), and several territories (mostly islands) controlled by non-African countries. For example, the Canary Islands are ruled by Spain. That said, given Africa's complicated political situation, history of colonialism, and ongoing insurrections in many countries, the exact number of officially recognized countries on the continent remains a contentious issue.

Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4). Niger has the lowest median age in the world at 15.3 years. Africa is also the poorest continent (excluding Antarctica) by a wide margin. The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among its most populous, with around 44 million residents. Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population, with more than 211 million people as of 2021. Ethiopia follows with almost 118 million, while Egypt, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya all have populations ranging from 92 million to 54 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have relatively large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have 13.2 million and 12.2 million people, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, has more than 2.1 million. Seychelles—an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands—is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of about 98,000. For the full list of all 54 countries in Africa, see the table below.

Countries in Africa 2022

Country 2022 Population GNI per capita (US$) Growth Rate Area
Nigeria216,746,934$2,0002.53%923,768 km²
Ethiopia120,812,698$8902.49%1,104,300 km²
Egypt106,156,692$3,0001.82%1,002,450 km²
DR Congo95,240,792$5503.10%2,344,858 km²
Tanzania63,298,550$1,0802.93%945,087 km²
South Africa60,756,135$5,4101.19%1,221,037 km²
Kenya56,215,221$1,7602.24%580,367 km²
Uganda48,432,863$8002.78%241,550 km²
Sudan45,992,020$6502.41%1,886,068 km²
Algeria45,350,148$3,5501.64%2,381,741 km²
Morocco37,772,756$2,9801.15%446,550 km²
Angola35,027,343$2,2303.22%1,246,700 km²
Mozambique33,089,461$4602.88%801,590 km²
Ghana32,395,450$2,2302.09%238,533 km²
Madagascar29,178,077$4802.64%587,041 km²
Cameroon27,911,548$1,5002.53%475,442 km²
Ivory Coast27,742,298$2,2802.55%322,463 km²
Niger26,083,660$5403.79%1,267,000 km²
Burkina Faso22,102,838$7902.82%272,967 km²
Mali21,473,764$8302.96%1,240,192 km²
Malawi20,180,839$5802.71%118,484 km²
Zambia19,470,234$1,1902.90%752,612 km²
Senegal17,653,671$1,4302.66%196,722 km²
Chad17,413,580$6602.95%1,284,000 km²
Somalia16,841,795$3102.95%637,657 km²
Zimbabwe15,331,428$1,0901.58%390,757 km²
Guinea13,865,691$1,0202.73%245,857 km²
Rwanda13,600,464$7802.44%26,338 km²
Benin12,784,726$1,2802.68%112,622 km²
Burundi12,624,840$2703.01%27,834 km²
Tunisia12,046,656$3,1000.93%163,610 km²
South Sudan11,618,511$1,0902.08%619,745 km²
Togo8,680,837$9202.39%56,785 km²
Sierra Leone8,306,436$4902.03%71,740 km²
Libya7,040,745$4,8501.18%1,759,540 km²
Republic of the Congo5,797,805$1,8302.49%342,000 km²
Liberia5,305,117$5302.41%111,369 km²
Central African Republic5,016,678$5101.97%622,984 km²
Mauritania4,901,981$1,6402.66%1,030,700 km²
Eritrea3,662,244$5101.69%117,600 km²
Namibia2,633,874$4,5201.80%825,615 km²
Gambia2,558,482$7502.88%10,689 km²
Botswana2,441,162$6,6401.83%582,000 km²
Gabon2,331,533$6,9702.31%267,668 km²
Lesotho2,175,699$1,1000.77%30,355 km²
Guinea Bissau2,063,367$7602.38%36,125 km²
Equatorial Guinea1,496,662$5,8103.23%28,051 km²
Mauritius1,274,727$10,2300.10%2,040 km²
Eswatini1,184,817$3,5801.06%17,364 km²
Djibouti1,016,097$3,3201.39%23,200 km²
Comoros907,419$1,4502.14%1,862 km²
Cape Verde567,678-1.03%4,033 km²
Sao Tome And Principe227,679$2,0701.93%964 km²
Seychelles99,426$12,7200.52%452 km²

Countries in Africa 2022

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