Countries In Africa 2020

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Africa is the second-largest continent by geographic area and the second-most populous continent globally, with an area of approximately 30 million km2 and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent has 54 countries, nine territories, and two independent states with limited or no recognition. However, given Africa's complicated political situation and the legacy of its colonial history, the exact makeup of the continent and the number of officially recognized countries is still a contentious issue.

Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4). Niger has the lowest median age globally of 15.3 years. In terms of GDP, Nigeria is also the wealthiest African country with a GDP of US$404.65 billion.

The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among the most populous, with around 40 million residents. Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population, with over 200 million people as of 2020. Ethiopia follows with almost 115 million, while Egypt, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya all have populations over 50 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have relatively large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have 13 million and 11.9 million people, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, has more than 2.1 million. Technically, however, it is Seychelles – an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands – that is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of about 98,000.

Countries In Africa 2020

Rank Country Population 2020 Growth Rate Area
1Nigeria206,139,5892.58%923,768 km²
2Ethiopia114,963,5882.57%1,104,300 km²
3Egypt102,334,4041.94%1,002,450 km²
4Dr Congo89,561,4033.19%2,344,858 km²
5Tanzania59,734,2182.98%945,087 km²
6South Africa59,308,6901.28%1,221,037 km²
7Kenya53,771,2962.28%580,367 km²
8Uganda45,741,0073.32%241,550 km²
9Algeria43,851,0441.85%2,381,741 km²
10Sudan43,849,2602.42%1,886,068 km²
11Morocco36,910,5601.20%446,550 km²
12Angola32,866,2723.27%1,246,700 km²
13Mozambique31,255,4352.93%801,590 km²
14Ghana31,072,9402.15%238,533 km²
15Madagascar27,691,0182.68%587,041 km²
16Cameroon26,545,8632.59%475,442 km²
17Ivory Coast26,378,2742.57%322,463 km²
18Niger24,206,6443.84%1,267,000 km²
19Burkina Faso20,903,2732.86%272,967 km²
20Mali20,250,8333.02%1,240,192 km²
21Malawi19,129,9522.69%118,484 km²
22Zambia18,383,9552.93%752,612 km²
23Senegal16,743,9272.75%196,722 km²
24Chad16,425,8643.00%1,284,000 km²
25Somalia15,893,2222.92%637,657 km²
26Zimbabwe14,862,9241.49%390,757 km²
27Guinea13,132,7952.83%245,857 km²
28Rwanda12,952,2182.58%26,338 km²
29Benin12,123,2002.73%112,622 km²
30Burundi11,890,7843.12%27,834 km²
31Tunisia11,818,6191.06%163,610 km²
32South Sudan11,193,7251.19%619,745 km²
33Togo8,278,7242.43%56,785 km²
34Sierra Leone7,976,9832.10%71,740 km²
35Libya6,871,2921.39%1,759,540 km²
36Republic Of The Congo5,518,0872.56%342,000 km²
37Liberia5,057,6812.44%111,369 km²
38Central African Republic4,829,7671.78%622,984 km²
39Mauritania4,649,6582.74%1,030,700 km²
40Eritrea3,546,4211.41%117,600 km²
41Namibia2,540,9051.86%825,615 km²
42Gambia2,416,6682.94%10,689 km²
43Botswana2,351,6272.08%582,000 km²
44Gabon2,225,7342.45%267,668 km²
45Lesotho2,142,2490.80%30,355 km²
46Guinea Bissau1,968,0012.45%36,125 km²
47Equatorial Guinea1,402,9853.47%28,051 km²
48Mauritius1,271,7680.17%2,040 km²
49Swaziland1,160,1641.05%17,364 km²
50Djibouti988,0001.48%23,200 km²
51Reunion895,3120.72%2,511 km²
52Comoros869,6012.20%1,862 km²
53Western Sahara597,3392.55%266,000 km²
54Cape Verde555,9871.10%4,033 km²
55Mayotte272,8152.50%374 km²
56Sao Tome And Principe219,1591.91%964 km²
57Seychelles98,3470.62%452 km²