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Largest Countries in Africa 2024

Africa is the second-largest continent on Earth, with a total land area of roughly 30,365,000 km² (11,724,000 mi²) split across its 54 countries and 10 dependent territories. Africa has by far the largest number of countries located on or around the equator, but stretches far into the Southern Hemisphere as well. This combination of size, shape, and location combine to give the continent tremendous diversity in terms of geography, climate, flora and fauna, and natural resources. What are the largest countries in Africa? See the list below:

Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa (by total area):

Country
Area (km²)
Algeria1.6%
DR Congo1.57%
Sudan1.27%
Libya1.18%
Chad0.86%
Niger0.85%
Angola0.84%
Mali0.83%
South Africa0.82%
Ethiopia0.74%

The largest country in Africa—and 10th largest in the world—is Algeria, which spans over 2,381,741 km² (919,595 mi²) and is home to more than 44 million people. Algeria is located in Northern Africa with a coastline that borders the Mediterranean Sea and an interior that includes a portion of the Sahara Desert. Algeria also ranks third on the list of most developed countries in Africa (and first on the mainland), which makes clear the country has a promising future. Just behind Algeria is the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly known as Zaire. Although it is almost identical to Algeria in terms of size—2,344,860 km² (905,356 mi²) compared to Algeria's 2,384,741 km² (919,595 mi²)—DR Congo has more than twice as many people at 92 million. However, DR Congo is not as well developed and has endured significant regional violence and political unrest over the past 100+ years.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa (by total area):

Country
Area (km²)
Mayotte< 0.1%
Seychelles< 0.1%
Sao Tome and Principe< 0.1%
Comoros< 0.1%
Mauritius< 0.1%
Reunion< 0.1%
Cape Verde< 0.1%
Gambia< 0.1%
Eswatini< 0.1%
Djibouti< 0.1%

The smallest country in Africa is Seychelles, a grouping of more than 100 islands located in the Indian Ocean. Seychelles is a compact 460 km² (178 mi²) in size and has a population of just 98,908 people. Despite its diminutive size, Seychelles is the second-most-developed nation in Africa (behind Mauritius, another island nation) and boasts the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of any nation in Africa. For the sake of clarity, it is worth noting that the above list includes only those nations that are considered fully independent sovereign states. If it were to include dependent territories, several locations such as the French territory of Mayotte (374 km²/144 mi²) and the Spanish territory the Canary Islands (7,493 km²/2,893 mi²) would rank among the top 10.

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Country
Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
% of Earth's Area
Subregion
Algeria1.6%1.6%1.6%Northern Africa
DR Congo1.57%1.57%1.57%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Sudan1.27%1.27%1.27%Northern Africa
Libya1.18%1.18%1.18%Northern Africa
Chad0.86%0.86%0.86%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Niger0.85%0.85%0.85%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola0.84%0.84%0.84%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mali0.83%0.83%0.83%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
South Africa0.82%0.82%0.82%Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Ethiopia0.74%0.74%0.74%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mauritania0.69%0.69%0.69%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Egypt0.67%0.67%0.67%Northern Africa, The Middle East
Tanzania0.63%0.63%0.63%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Nigeria0.62%0.62%0.62%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Namibia0.55%0.55%0.55%Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mozambique0.54%0.54%0.54%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Zambia0.51%0.51%0.51%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Somalia0.43%0.43%0.43%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Central African Republic0.42%0.42%0.42%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
South Sudan0.42%0.42%0.42%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Madagascar0.39%0.39%0.39%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Botswana0.39%0.39%0.39%Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Kenya0.39%0.39%0.39%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Cameroon0.32%0.32%0.32%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Morocco0.3%0.3%0.3%Northern Africa
Zimbabwe0.26%0.26%0.26%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Republic of the Congo0.23%0.23%0.23%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Ivory Coast0.22%0.22%0.22%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Burkina Faso0.18%0.18%0.18%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Gabon0.18%0.18%0.18%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Western Sahara0.18%0.18%0.18%Northern Africa
Guinea0.17%0.17%0.17%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Uganda0.16%0.16%0.16%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Ghana0.16%0.16%0.16%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Senegal0.13%0.13%0.13%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Tunisia0.11%0.11%0.11%Northern Africa
Malawi< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Eritrea< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Benin< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Liberia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Sierra Leone< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Togo< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Guinea Bissau< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Lesotho< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Equatorial Guinea< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Burundi< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Rwanda< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Djibouti< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Eswatini< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Gambia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Cape Verde< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Reunion< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mauritius< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Comoros< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Sao Tome and Principe< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Seychelles< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mayotte< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
showing: 57 rows

What are the five biggest countries in Africa?

The 5 largest countries in Africa are Algeria, DR Congo, Sudan, Libya and Chad.

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