Largest Countries in Africa 2022

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Africa is the second-largest continent on Earth, with a total land area of roughly 30,365,000 km² (11,724,000 mi²) split across its 54 countries and 10 dependent territories. Africa has by far the largest number of countries located on or around the equator, but stretches far into the Southern Hemisphere as well. This combination of size, shape, and location combine to give the continent tremendous diversity in terms of geography, climate, flora and fauna, and natural resources. What are the largest countries in Africa? See the list below:

Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa (by total area):

  1. Algeria — 2,384,741 km² (919,595 mi²)
  2. Congo (Democratic Republic of) — 2,344,860 km² (905,356 mi²)
  3. Sudan — 1,854,105 km² (715,874 mi²)
  4. Libya — 1,759,540 km² (679,362 mi²)
  5. Chad — 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²)
  6. Niger — 1,267,000 km² (489,191 mi²)
  7. Angola — 1,246,700 km² (481,354 mi²)
  8. Mali — 1,240,190 km² (478,840 mi²)
  9. South Africa — 1,219,090 km² (470,693 mi²)
  10. Ethiopia — 1,136,242 km² (438,705 mi²)

The largest country in Africa—and 10th largest in the world—is Algeria, which spans over 2,381,741 km² (919,595 mi²) and is home to more than 44 million people. Algeria is located in Northern Africa with a coastline that borders the Mediterranean Sea and an interior that includes a portion of the Sahara Desert. Algeria also ranks third on the list of most developed countries in Africa (and first on the mainland), which makes clear the country has a promising future. Just behind Algeria is the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly known as Zaire. Although it is almost identical to Algeria in terms of size—2,344,860 km² (905,356 mi²) compared to Algeria's 2,384,741 km² (919,595 mi²)—DR Congo has more than twice as many people at 92 million. However, DR Congo is not as well developed and has endured significant regional violence and political unrest over the past 100+ years.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa (by total area):

  1. Seychelles — 460 km² (178 mi²)
  2. Sao Tome — 960 km² (371 mi²)
  3. Comoros — 1,861 km² (719 mi²)
  4. Mauritius — 2,040 km² (788 mi²)
  5. Cabo Verde / Cape Verde — 4,030 km² (1,556 mi²)
  6. Gambia — 11,300 km² (4,363 mi²)
  7. Eswatini — 17,360 km² (6,703 mi²)
  8. Djibouti — 23,200 km² (8,958 mi²)
  9. Rwanda — 26,340 km² (10,170 mi²)
  10. Burundi — 27,830 km² (10,745 mi²)

The smallest country in Africa is Seychelles, a grouping of more than 100 islands located in the Indian Ocean. Seychelles is a compact 460 km² (178 mi²) in size and has a population of just 98,908 people. Despite its diminutive size, Seychelles is the second-most-developed nation in Africa (behind Mauritius, another island nation) and boasts the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of any nation in Africa. For the sake of clarity, it is worth noting that the above list includes only those nations that are considered fully independent sovereign states. If it were to include dependent territories, several locations such as the French territory of Mayotte (374 km²/144 mi²) and the Spanish territory the Canary Islands (7,493 km²/2,893 mi²) would rank among the top 10.

Largest Countries in Africa 2022

Rank Country Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Region Subregion
1Algeria2,381,741 km²919,352 mi²1.60%AfricaNorthern Africa
2DR Congo2,344,858 km²905,115 mi²1.58%AfricaMiddle Africa
3Sudan1,886,068 km²728,022 mi²1.27%AfricaNorthern Africa
4Libya1,759,540 km²679,182 mi²1.19%AfricaNorthern Africa
5Chad1,284,000 km²495,624 mi²0.86%AfricaMiddle Africa
6Niger1,267,000 km²489,062 mi²0.85%AfricaWestern Africa
7Angola1,246,700 km²481,226 mi²0.84%AfricaMiddle Africa
8Mali1,240,192 km²478,714 mi²0.84%AfricaWestern Africa
9South Africa1,221,037 km²471,320 mi²0.82%AfricaSouthern Africa
10Ethiopia1,104,300 km²426,260 mi²0.74%AfricaEastern Africa
11Mauritania1,030,700 km²397,850 mi²0.69%AfricaWestern Africa
12Egypt1,002,450 km²386,946 mi²0.68%AfricaNorthern Africa
13Tanzania945,087 km²364,804 mi²0.64%AfricaEastern Africa
14Nigeria923,768 km²356,574 mi²0.62%AfricaWestern Africa
15Namibia825,615 km²318,687 mi²0.56%AfricaSouthern Africa
16Mozambique801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%AfricaEastern Africa
17Zambia752,612 km²290,508 mi²0.51%AfricaEastern Africa
18Somalia637,657 km²246,136 mi²0.43%AfricaEastern Africa
19Central African Republic622,984 km²240,472 mi²0.42%AfricaMiddle Africa
20South Sudan619,745 km²239,222 mi²0.42%AfricaMiddle Africa
21Madagascar587,041 km²226,598 mi²0.40%AfricaEastern Africa
22Botswana582,000 km²224,652 mi²0.39%AfricaSouthern Africa
23Kenya580,367 km²224,022 mi²0.39%AfricaEastern Africa
24Cameroon475,442 km²183,521 mi²0.32%AfricaMiddle Africa
25Morocco446,550 km²172,368 mi²0.30%AfricaNorthern Africa
26Zimbabwe390,757 km²150,832 mi²0.26%AfricaEastern Africa
27Republic of the Congo342,000 km²132,012 mi²0.23%AfricaMiddle Africa
28Ivory Coast322,463 km²124,471 mi²0.22%AfricaWestern Africa
29Burkina Faso272,967 km²105,365 mi²0.18%AfricaWestern Africa
30Gabon267,668 km²103,320 mi²0.18%AfricaMiddle Africa
31Western Sahara266,000 km²102,676 mi²0.18%AfricaNorthern Africa
32Guinea245,857 km²94,901 mi²0.17%AfricaWestern Africa
33Uganda241,550 km²93,238 mi²0.16%AfricaEastern Africa
34Ghana238,533 km²92,074 mi²0.16%AfricaWestern Africa
35Senegal196,722 km²75,935 mi²0.13%AfricaWestern Africa
36Tunisia163,610 km²63,153 mi²0.11%AfricaNorthern Africa
37Malawi118,484 km²45,735 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
38Eritrea117,600 km²45,394 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
39Benin112,622 km²43,472 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
40Liberia111,369 km²42,988 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
41Sierra Leone71,740 km²27,692 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
42Togo56,785 km²21,919 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
43Guinea Bissau36,125 km²13,944 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
44Lesotho30,355 km²11,717 mi²< 0.1%AfricaSouthern Africa
45Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²10,828 mi²< 0.1%AfricaMiddle Africa
46Burundi27,834 km²10,744 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
47Rwanda26,338 km²10,166 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
48Djibouti23,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
49Eswatini17,364 km²6,703 mi²< 0.1%AfricaSouthern Africa
50Gambia10,689 km²4,126 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
51Cape Verde4,033 km²1,557 mi²< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
52Reunion2,511 km²969 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
53Mauritius2,040 km²787 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
54Comoros1,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
55Sao Tome And Principe964 km²372 mi²< 0.1%AfricaMiddle Africa
56Seychelles452 km²174 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
57Mayotte374 km²144 mi²< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa

Largest Countries in Africa 2022