Most Developed Countries in Africa 2022

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A developed country is one that boasts features such as a developed economy, a stable and functional government, a robust infrastructure, a strong educational system, ample job opportunities, comprehensive health and social services, and a high degree of personal freedom. Countries that fall slightly short of these goals are classified as developing countries. Those that fall far short are designated the least developed countries and become eligible for specific United Nations assistance programs. The most widely used and respected measure of a country's development status is the United Nations' annual Human Development Index (HDI). This advanced metric tracks a wide range of indicators, from Adult Literacy Rate and Life Expectancy to Income Inequality and Mobile Phone Subscriptions, then compiles them all into a number between 0.00 and 1.00. This score slots each country into one of four different classifications: low human development (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0)

Most developed countries have a score of at least .80 and are considered "very high human development." That said, Africa is the least-developed continent outside of Antarctica, with many of its countries still mired in issues including poverty, government corruption, and armed conflict. As of the 2020 HDI, only one of Africa's 54 countries, Mauritius, is considered to have "very high human development." On the bright side, eight African countries have "high human development", and could reach the Very High plateau soon.

Top 10 Most Developed Countries in Africa - 2020 HDI

  1. Mauritius - .804 (Very High)
  2. Seychelles - .796 (High)
  3. Algeria - .748 (High)
  4. Tunisia - .740 (High)
  5. Botswana - .735 (High)
  6. Libya - .724 (High)
  7. South Africa - .709 (High)
  8. Egypt - .707 (High)
  9. Gabon - .703 (High)
  10. Morocco - .686 (Medium)

The island country of Mauritius is Africa's most developed country with an HDI of .804, which just clears the "very high human development" threshold. Mauritius boasts a life expectancy of 75 years and a literacy rate of 91.3%, and is known for its advanced economy and free heath care and schooling. Globally, Mauritius still ranks 66th out of 189 countries examined, which illustrates the gap between Africa and the other continents, but other African countries can draw inspiration from the country's success. Seychelles (7.96) lands right behind Mauritius in 67th place. The country's economic growth is mainly driven by tourism, and the GDP has increased nearly sevenfold since 1976. Algeria has an HDI score of .748 and is the third most developed country in Africa. Algeria currently has the highest life expectancy of all African countries of 76.3 years. To see each African country's Human Development Index score, check the table below.

Most Developed Countries in Africa 2022

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Most Developed Countries in Africa 2022

Country Human Development Index 2022 Population
Mauritius0.8041,274,727
Seychelles0.79699,426
Algeria0.74845,350,148
Tunisia0.7412,046,656
Botswana0.7352,441,162
Libya0.7247,040,745
South Africa0.70960,756,135
Egypt0.707106,156,692
Gabon0.7032,331,533
Morocco0.68637,772,756
Namibia0.6462,633,874
Sao Tome And Principe0.625227,679
Eswatini0.6111,184,817
Ghana0.61132,395,450
Kenya0.60156,215,221
Equatorial Guinea0.5921,496,662
Zambia0.58419,470,234
Angola0.58135,027,343
Republic of the Congo0.5745,797,805
Zimbabwe0.57115,331,428
Cameroon0.56327,911,548
Comoros0.554907,419
Mauritania0.5464,901,981
Benin0.54512,784,726
Uganda0.54448,432,863
Rwanda0.54313,600,464
Nigeria0.539216,746,934
Ivory Coast0.53827,742,298
Tanzania0.52963,298,550
Madagascar0.52829,178,077
Lesotho0.5272,175,699
Djibouti0.5241,016,097
Togo0.5158,680,837
Senegal0.51217,653,671
Sudan0.5145,992,020
Gambia0.4962,558,482
Ethiopia0.485120,812,698
Malawi0.48320,180,839
Guinea Bissau0.482,063,367
Liberia0.485,305,117
DR Congo0.4895,240,792
Guinea0.47713,865,691
Eritrea0.4593,662,244
Mozambique0.45633,089,461
Sierra Leone0.4528,306,436
Burkina Faso0.45222,102,838
Mali0.43421,473,764
South Sudan0.43311,618,511
Burundi0.43312,624,840
Chad0.39817,413,580
Central African Republic0.3975,016,678
Niger0.39426,083,660

Most Developed Countries in Africa 2022

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