A developed country is defined as a sovereign state that, compared to other nations, has a developed economy and technologically advanced infrastructure.
Every year, the United Nations Development Program releases a report that outlines indices and indicators of human development. The report gives an overview of the state of development around the world and identifies improvements in nations, including those that are developing or developed. In order to determine if a country is developed, the United Nations Development Program uses the Human Development Index (HDI).
HDI is quantified by looking at a country’s human development such as healthcare, education, and life expectancy. HDI is set on a scale that ranges from 0 to 1, with four different classifications of low human developed (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).
Most developed countries have a score of at least .80 and are considered to be “very high human development.”
None of Africa’s 54 countries are considered to have “very high human development,” or no HDI scores of .80 or above. There are seven countries that have “high human development”:
- Seychelles (.797)
- Mauritius (.79)
- Algeria (.754)
- Tunisia (.735)
- Botswana (.717)
- Libya (.706)
- Gabon (.702)
Seychelles is Africa’s most developed country with an HDI of .797, just short of the “very high human development” threshold. Seychelles is ranked 62 in HDI rankings and has a life expectancy of 73.7 years. The country’s economic growth is mainly driven by tourism, and the GDP has increased nearly sevenfold since 1976.
Algeria has an HGI score of .754 and is the third most developed country in Africa. Algeria currently has the highest life expectancy of all African countries of 76.3 years.
Despite the progress that Africa has been making in terms of life expectancy and economy, many countries still face issues such as poverty, inequality, and conflict.
Below is each African country’s Human Development Index score.