Most Developed Countries In Africa 2021

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A developed country is defined as a sovereign state that, compared to other nations, has a developed economy and technologically advanced infrastructure.

Every year, the United Nations Development Program releases a report that outlines indices and indicators of human development. The report gives an overview of the state of development worldwide and identifies improvements in nations, including those that are developing or developed. To determine if a country is developed, the United Nations Development Program uses the Human Development Index (HDI).

HDI is quantified by looking at a country's human development, such as healthcare, education, and life expectancy. HDI is set on a scale that ranges from 0 to 1, with four different classifications of low human development (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

Most developed countries have a score of at least .80 and are considered "very high human development." One of Africa's 54 countries is considered to have "very high human development:" Seychelles. Seven African countries have "high human development":

  1. Seychelles (.801)
  2. Mauritius (.796)
  3. Algeria (.759)
  4. Tunisia (.739)
  5. Botswana (.728)
  6. Libya (.708)
  7. Gabon (.702)

Seychelles is Africa's most developed country with an HDI of .801, just making the "very high human development" threshold. Seychelles is ranked 62 in HDI rankings and has a life expectancy of 73.7 years. The country's economic growth is mainly driven by tourism, and the GDP has increased nearly sevenfold since 1976. Algeria has an HDI score of .759 and is the third most developed country in Africa. Algeria currently has the highest life expectancy of all African countries of 76.3 years.

Despite the progress that Africa has been making in terms of life expectancy and the economy, many countries still face issues such as poverty, inequality, and conflict.

Below is each African country's Human Development Index score.

Most Developed Countries In Africa 2021

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Most Developed Countries In Africa 2021

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Seychelles0.80198,908
Mauritius0.7961,273,433
Algeria0.75944,616,624
Tunisia0.73911,935,766
Botswana0.7282,397,241
Libya0.7086,958,532
South Africa0.70560,041,994
Gabon0.7022,278,825
Egypt0.7104,258,327
Morocco0.67637,344,795
Namibia0.6452,587,344
Sao Tome And Principe0.609223,368
Eswatini0.6081,172,362
Republic Of The Congo0.6085,657,013
Ghana0.59631,732,129
Zambia0.59118,920,651
Equatorial Guinea0.5881,449,896
Kenya0.57954,985,698
Angola0.57433,933,610
Zimbabwe0.56315,092,171
Cameroon0.56327,224,265
Comoros0.538888,451
Rwanda0.53613,276,513
Nigeria0.534211,400,708
Uganda0.52847,123,531
Tanzania0.52861,498,437
Mauritania0.5274,775,119
Madagascar0.52128,427,328
Benin0.5212,451,040
Lesotho0.5182,159,079
Ivory Coast0.51627,053,629
Togo0.5138,478,250
Senegal0.51317,196,301
Sudan0.50744,909,353
Malawi0.48519,647,684
Ethiopia0.47117,876,227
Gambia0.4662,486,945
Guinea0.46613,497,244
Liberia0.4655,180,203
Guinea Bissau0.4612,015,494
Sierra Leone0.4388,141,343
Eritrea0.4343,601,467
Burkina Faso0.43421,497,096
Mali0.42720,855,735
Burundi0.42312,255,433
South Sudan0.41311,381,378
Chad0.40116,914,985
Niger0.37725,130,817
Somalia16,359,504

Most Developed Countries In Africa 2021