Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

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What is the Human Development Index? The Human Development Index, or HDI, is a metric compiled by the United Nations and used to quantify a country's "average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living." The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, except in 2012.

Human Development Index value is determined by combining a country's scores in a vast and wide-ranging assortment of indicators including life expectancy, literacy rate, rural populations' access to electricity, GDP per capita, exports and imports, homicide rate, multidimensional poverty index, income inequality, internet availability, and many more. These indicators are compiled into a single number between 0 and 1.0, with 1.0 being the highest possible human development. HDI is divided into four tiers: very high human development (0.8-1.0), high human development (0.7-0.79), medium human development (0.55-.70), and low human development (below 0.55).

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Human Development Index (HDI) - 2019

  1. Norway - .957
  2. Ireland - .955 (tie)
  3. Switzerland - .955 (tie)
  4. Hong Kong (China) - .949 (tie)
  5. Iceland - .949 (tie)
  6. Germany - .947
  7. Sweden - .945
  8. Australia - .944 (tie)
  9. Netherlands .944 (tie)
  10. Denmark - .940

Most developed countries have an HDI score of 0.8 or above (in the very high human development tier). These countries have stable governments, widespread education, healthcare, high life expectancies, and growing, powerful economies. In contrast to this are the world's least developed countries (LDCs), which tend to have HDI scores below 0.55, in the "low human development" category. LDCs face unstable governments, widespread poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and poor education. Additionally, these countries have low income and low life expectancies, coupled with high birth rates. This illustrates the fundamental purpose of the HDI: to help the United Nations determine which countries (especially which least developed countries) need assistance.

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Human Development Index (HDI) - 2019

  1. Niger - .394
  2. Central African Republic - .397
  3. Chad - .398
  4. Burundi - .433 (tie)
  5. South Sudan - .433 (tie)
  6. Mali - .434
  7. Burkina Faso - .452 (tie)
  8. Sierra Leone - .452 (tie)
  9. Mozambique - .456
  10. Eritrea - .459

For a full list of countries and their Human Development Index (HDI) 2019 ranking, see the table below.

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

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Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Norway0.9545,465,630
Switzerland0.9468,715,494
Ireland0.9424,982,907
Hong Kong0.9397,552,810
Germany0.93983,900,473
Iceland0.938343,353
Australia0.93825,788,215
Sweden0.93710,160,169
Singapore0.9355,896,686
Netherlands0.93317,173,099
Denmark0.935,813,298
Finland0.9255,548,360
Canada0.92238,067,903
New Zealand0.9214,860,643
United Kingdom0.9268,207,116
United States0.92332,915,073
Belgium0.91911,632,326
Liechtenstein0.91738,250
Japan0.915126,050,804
Austria0.9149,043,070
Luxembourg0.909634,814
Israel0.9068,789,774
South Korea0.90651,305,186
Slovenia0.9022,078,724
Spain0.89346,745,216
Czech Republic0.89110,724,555
France0.89165,426,179
Malta0.885442,784
Italy0.88360,367,477
Estonia0.8821,325,185
Cyprus0.8731,215,584
Greece0.87210,370,744
Poland0.87237,797,005
Lithuania0.8692,689,862
United Arab Emirates0.8669,991,089
Andorra0.85777,355
Slovakia0.8575,460,721
Saudi Arabia0.85735,340,683
Latvia0.8541,866,942
Portugal0.8510,167,925
Qatar0.8482,930,528
Chile0.84719,212,361
Brunei0.845441,532
Hungary0.8459,634,164
Bahrain0.8381,748,296
Croatia0.8374,081,651
Oman0.8345,223,375
Argentina0.8345,605,826
Russia0.824145,912,025
Belarus0.8179,442,862
Kazakhstan0.81718,994,962
Montenegro0.816628,053
Bulgaria0.8166,896,663
Romania0.81619,127,774
Palau0.81418,169
Barbados0.813287,711
Uruguay0.8083,485,151
Kuwait0.8084,328,550
Turkey0.80685,042,738
Bahamas0.805396,913
Malaysia0.80432,776,194
Seychelles0.80198,908
Trinidad And Tobago0.7991,403,375
Serbia0.7998,697,550
Iran0.79785,028,759
Mauritius0.7961,273,433
Panama0.7954,381,579
Costa Rica0.7945,139,052
Albania0.7912,872,933
Georgia0.7863,979,765
Sri Lanka0.7821,497,310
Cuba0.77811,317,505
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77753,544
Antigua And Barbuda0.77698,731
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7693,263,466
Mexico0.767130,262,216
Thailand0.76569,950,850
Grenada0.763113,021
Colombia0.76151,265,844
Brazil0.761213,993,437
Armenia0.762,968,127
North Macedonia0.7592,082,658
Peru0.75933,359,418
Algeria0.75944,616,624
Ecuador0.75817,888,475
China0.7581,444,216,107
Azerbaijan0.75410,223,342
Ukraine0.7543,466,819
Saint Lucia0.745184,400
Dominican Republic0.74510,953,703
Tunisia0.73911,935,766
Mongolia0.7353,329,289
Lebanon0.736,769,146
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines0.728111,263
Botswana0.7282,397,241
Jamaica0.7262,973,463
Venezuela0.72628,704,954
Suriname0.724591,800
Fiji0.724902,906
Paraguay0.7247,219,638
Jordan0.72310,269,021
Belize0.72404,914
Maldives0.719543,617
Tonga0.717106,760
Philippines0.712111,046,913
Moldova0.7114,024,019
Turkmenistan0.716,117,924
Uzbekistan0.7133,935,763
Libya0.7086,958,532
Indonesia0.707276,361,783
South Africa0.70560,041,994
Bolivia0.70311,832,940
Gabon0.7022,278,825
Egypt0.7104,258,327
Marshall Islands0.69859,610
Vietnam0.69398,168,833
Palestine0.695,222,748
Iraq0.68941,179,350
Morocco0.67637,344,795
Kyrgyzstan0.6746,628,356
Guyana0.67790,326
El Salvador0.6676,518,499
Tajikistan0.6569,749,627
Nicaragua0.6516,702,385
Guatemala0.65118,249,860
India0.6471,393,409,038
Namibia0.6452,587,344
Timor Leste0.6261,343,873
Kiribati0.623121,392
Honduras0.62310,062,991
Bhutan0.617779,898
Micronesia0.614116,254
Bangladesh0.614166,303,498
Sao Tome And Principe0.609223,368
Eswatini0.6081,172,362
Republic of the Congo0.6085,657,013
Laos0.6047,379,358
Vanuatu0.597314,464
Ghana0.59631,732,129
Zambia0.59118,920,651
Equatorial Guinea0.5881,449,896
Myanmar0.58454,806,012
Cambodia0.58116,946,438
Nepal0.57929,674,920
Kenya0.57954,985,698
Angola0.57433,933,610
Zimbabwe0.56315,092,171
Cameroon0.56327,224,265
Pakistan0.56225,199,937
Solomon Islands0.557703,996
Syria0.54918,275,702
Papua New Guinea0.5439,119,010
Comoros0.538888,451
Rwanda0.53613,276,513
Nigeria0.534211,400,708
Uganda0.52847,123,531
Tanzania0.52861,498,437
Mauritania0.5274,775,119
Madagascar0.52128,427,328
Benin0.5212,451,040
Lesotho0.5182,159,079
Ivory Coast0.51627,053,629
Senegal0.51417,196,301
Togo0.5138,478,250
Sudan0.50744,909,353
Haiti0.50311,541,685
Afghanistan0.49639,835,428
Djibouti0.4951,002,187
Malawi0.48519,647,684
Ethiopia0.47117,876,227
Gambia0.4662,486,945
Guinea0.46613,497,244
Liberia0.4655,180,203
Yemen0.46330,490,640
Guinea Bissau0.4612,015,494
DR Congo0.45992,377,993
Mozambique0.44632,163,047
Sierra Leone0.4388,141,343
Eritrea0.4343,601,467
Burkina Faso0.43421,497,096
Mali0.42720,855,735
Burundi0.42312,255,433
South Sudan0.41311,381,378
Chad0.40116,914,985
Central African Republic0.3814,919,981
Niger0.37725,130,817

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country