Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

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What is the Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index – or simply, HDI – is an index used to rank countries based on human development. Human Development Index is scored using indicators including expectancy, per capita income, and education. Nations that rank higher on this index have a higher education level, a higher lifespan, and a higher gross national income per capita than nations with a lower score.

HDI is ranked on a scale from 0 to 1.0, with 1.0 being the highest human development. HDI is broken down into four tiers: very high human development (0.8-1.0), high human development (0.7-0.79), medium human development (0.55-.70), and low human development (below 0.55).

Most developed countries have an HDI score of 0.8 or above (in the very high human development tier). These countries have stable governments, widespread education, healthcare, high life expectancies, and growing, powerful economies.

The least developed countries (LDCs) in the world have HDI scores in the low human development tiers with HDI scores below 0.55. LDCs face unstable governments, widespread poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and poor education. Additionally, these countries have low income and low life expectancies, coupled with high birth rates. The HDI helps the United Nations determine which countries need assistance, specifically LDCs. The UN has held four conferences to assess LDCs and develop strategies to boost them out of the category.

The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, except 2012. The last report as of May 2019 was made available in September of 2018. The information in this article is based on that report.

The highest score on the HDI is 1.0. The top nation on this list is Norway, with a score of 0.954. Switzerland is in second place with a score of 0.946. Ireland ranks third with a score of 0.942. The least developed country globally with the lowest HDI is Niger, with an HDI of .377. Niger has widespread malnutrition, and 44.1% of people live below the poverty line.

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

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Human Development Index (HDI) by Country

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Norway0.9545,465,630
Switzerland0.9468,715,494
Ireland0.9424,982,907
Germany0.93983,900,473
Hong Kong0.9397,552,810
Australia0.93825,788,215
Iceland0.938343,353
Sweden0.93710,160,169
Singapore0.9355,896,686
Netherlands0.93317,173,099
Denmark0.935,813,298
Finland0.9255,548,360
Canada0.92238,067,903
New Zealand0.9214,860,643
United States0.92332,915,073
United Kingdom0.9268,207,116
Belgium0.91911,632,326
Liechtenstein0.91738,250
Japan0.915126,050,804
Austria0.9149,043,070
Luxembourg0.909634,814
South Korea0.90651,305,186
Israel0.9068,789,774
Slovenia0.9022,078,724
Spain0.89346,745,216
France0.89165,426,179
Czech Republic0.89110,724,555
Malta0.885442,784
Italy0.88360,367,477
Estonia0.8821,325,185
Cyprus0.8731,215,584
Poland0.87237,797,005
Greece0.87210,370,744
Lithuania0.8692,689,862
United Arab Emirates0.8669,991,089
Saudi Arabia0.85735,340,683
Slovakia0.8575,460,721
Andorra0.85777,355
Latvia0.8541,866,942
Portugal0.8510,167,925
Qatar0.8482,930,528
Chile0.84719,212,361
Hungary0.8459,634,164
Brunei0.845441,532
Bahrain0.8381,748,296
Croatia0.8374,081,651
Oman0.8345,223,375
Argentina0.8345,605,826
Russia0.824145,912,025
Kazakhstan0.81718,994,962
Belarus0.8179,442,862
Romania0.81619,127,774
Bulgaria0.8166,896,663
Montenegro0.816628,053
Palau0.81418,169
Barbados0.813287,711
Kuwait0.8084,328,550
Uruguay0.8083,485,151
Turkey0.80685,042,738
Bahamas0.805396,913
Malaysia0.80432,776,194
Seychelles0.80198,908
Serbia0.7998,697,550
Trinidad And Tobago0.7991,403,375
Iran0.79785,028,759
Mauritius0.7961,273,433
Panama0.7954,381,579
Costa Rica0.7945,139,052
Albania0.7912,872,933
Georgia0.7863,979,765
Sri Lanka0.7821,497,310
Cuba0.77811,317,505
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77753,544
Antigua And Barbuda0.77698,731
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7693,263,466
Mexico0.767130,262,216
Thailand0.76569,950,850
Grenada0.763113,021
Brazil0.761213,993,437
Colombia0.76151,265,844
Armenia0.762,968,127
Algeria0.75944,616,624
Peru0.75933,359,418
North Macedonia0.7592,082,658
China0.7581,444,216,107
Ecuador0.75817,888,475
Azerbaijan0.75410,223,342
Ukraine0.7543,466,819
Dominican Republic0.74510,953,703
Saint Lucia0.745184,400
Tunisia0.73911,935,766
Mongolia0.7353,329,289
Lebanon0.736,769,146
Botswana0.7282,397,241
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.728111,263
Venezuela0.72628,704,954
Jamaica0.7262,973,463
Paraguay0.7247,219,638
Fiji0.724902,906
Suriname0.724591,800
Jordan0.72310,269,021
Belize0.72404,914
Maldives0.719543,617
Tonga0.717106,760
Philippines0.712111,046,913
Moldova0.7114,024,019
Uzbekistan0.7133,935,763
Turkmenistan0.716,117,924
Libya0.7086,958,532
Indonesia0.707276,361,783
South Africa0.70560,041,994
Bolivia0.70311,832,940
Gabon0.7022,278,825
Egypt0.7104,258,327
Marshall Islands0.69859,610
Vietnam0.69398,168,833
Palestine0.695,222,748
Iraq0.68941,179,350
Morocco0.67637,344,795
Kyrgyzstan0.6746,628,356
Guyana0.67790,326
El Salvador0.6676,518,499
Tajikistan0.6569,749,627
Guatemala0.65118,249,860
Nicaragua0.6516,702,385
India0.6471,393,409,038
Namibia0.6452,587,344
Timor Leste0.6261,343,873
Honduras0.62310,062,991
Kiribati0.623121,392
Bhutan0.617779,898
Bangladesh0.614166,303,498
Micronesia0.614116,254
Sao Tome And Principe0.609223,368
Republic Of The Congo0.6085,657,013
Eswatini0.6081,172,362
Laos0.6047,379,358
Vanuatu0.597314,464
Ghana0.59631,732,129
Zambia0.59118,920,651
Equatorial Guinea0.5881,449,896
Myanmar0.58454,806,012
Cambodia0.58116,946,438
Kenya0.57954,985,698
Nepal0.57929,674,920
Angola0.57433,933,610
Cameroon0.56327,224,265
Zimbabwe0.56315,092,171
Pakistan0.56225,199,937
Solomon Islands0.557703,996
Syria0.54918,275,702
Papua New Guinea0.5439,119,010
Comoros0.538888,451
Rwanda0.53613,276,513
Nigeria0.534211,400,708
Tanzania0.52861,498,437
Uganda0.52847,123,531
Mauritania0.5274,775,119
Madagascar0.52128,427,328
Benin0.5212,451,040
Lesotho0.5182,159,079
Ivory Coast0.51627,053,629
Senegal0.51417,196,301
Togo0.5138,478,250
Sudan0.50744,909,353
Haiti0.50311,541,685
Afghanistan0.49639,835,428
Djibouti0.4951,002,187
Malawi0.48519,647,684
Ethiopia0.47117,876,227
Guinea0.46613,497,244
Gambia0.4662,486,945
Liberia0.4655,180,203
Yemen0.46330,490,640
Guinea Bissau0.4612,015,494
Dr Congo0.45992,377,993
Mozambique0.44632,163,047
Sierra Leone0.4388,141,343
Burkina Faso0.43421,497,096
Eritrea0.4343,601,467
Mali0.42720,855,735
Burundi0.42312,255,433
South Sudan0.41311,381,378
Chad0.40116,914,985
Central African Republic0.3814,919,981
Niger0.37725,130,817

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country