Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2022

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What is the Human Development Index? The Human Development Index, or HDI, is a metric compiled by the United Nations and used to quantify a country's "average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living." The HDI was first launched in 1990 and has been released annually ever since, except in 2012.

Human Development Index value is determined by combining a country's scores in a vast and wide-ranging assortment of indicators including life expectancy, literacy rate, rural populations' access to electricity, GDP per capita, exports and imports, homicide rate, multidimensional poverty index, income inequality, internet availability, and many more. These indicators are compiled into a single number between 0 and 1.0, with 1.0 being the highest possible human development. HDI is divided into four tiers: very high human development (0.8-1.0), high human development (0.7-0.79), medium human development (0.55-.70), and low human development (below 0.55).

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Human Development Index (HDI) - 2019

  1. Norway — .957
  2. Ireland — .955 (tie)
  3. Switzerland — .955 (tie)
  4. Hong Kong (China) — .949 (tie)
  5. Iceland — .949 (tie)
  6. Germany — .947
  7. Sweden — .945
  8. Australia — .944 (tie)
  9. Netherlands — .944 (tie)
  10. Denmark — .940

Most developed countries have an HDI score of 0.8 or above, landing them in the very high human development tier. These countries have stable governments, widespread affordable education and healthcare, high life expectancies, and growing, powerful economies. In contrast to this are the world's least developed countries (LDCs), which tend to have HDI scores below 0.55, in the "low human development" category. LDCs face unstable governments, widespread poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and poor education. Additionally, these countries have low income and low life expectancies, coupled with high birth rates. This illustrates the fundamental purpose of the HDI: to help the United Nations determine which countries (especially which least developed countries) need assistance.

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Human Development Index (HDI) - 2019

  1. Niger - .394
  2. Central African Republic - .397
  3. Chad - .398
  4. Burundi - .433 (tie)
  5. South Sudan - .433 (tie)
  6. Mali - .434
  7. Burkina Faso - .452 (tie)
  8. Sierra Leone - .452 (tie)
  9. Mozambique - .456
  10. Eritrea - .459

For a full list of countries and their Human Development Index (HDI) 2019 ranking, see the table below.

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2022

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Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2022

Country Human Development Index 2022 Population
Norway0.9545,511,370
Switzerland0.9468,773,637
Ireland0.9425,020,199
Germany0.93983,883,596
Hong Kong0.9397,604,299
Australia0.93826,068,792
Iceland0.938345,393
Sweden0.93710,218,971
Singapore0.9355,943,546
Netherlands0.93317,211,447
Denmark0.935,834,950
Finland0.9255,554,960
Canada0.92238,388,419
New Zealand0.9214,898,203
United States0.92334,805,269
United Kingdom0.9268,497,907
Belgium0.91911,668,278
Liechtenstein0.91738,387
Japan0.915125,584,838
Austria0.9149,066,710
Luxembourg0.909642,371
South Korea0.90651,329,899
Israel0.9068,922,892
Slovenia0.9022,078,034
Spain0.89346,719,142
France0.89165,584,518
Czech Republic0.89110,736,784
Malta0.885444,033
Italy0.88360,262,770
Estonia0.8821,321,910
Cyprus0.8731,223,387
Poland0.87237,739,785
Greece0.87210,316,637
Lithuania0.8692,661,708
United Arab Emirates0.86610,081,785
Saudi Arabia0.85735,844,909
Slovakia0.8575,460,193
Andorra0.85777,463
Latvia0.8541,848,837
Portugal0.8510,140,570
Qatar0.8482,979,915
Chile0.84719,250,195
Hungary0.8459,606,259
Brunei0.845445,431
Bahrain0.8381,783,983
Croatia0.8374,059,286
Oman0.8345,323,993
Argentina0.8346,010,234
Russia0.824145,805,947
Kazakhstan0.81719,205,043
Belarus0.8179,432,800
Romania0.81619,031,335
Bulgaria0.8166,844,597
Montenegro0.816627,950
Palau0.81418,233
Barbados0.813288,023
Kuwait0.8084,380,326
Uruguay0.8083,496,016
Turkey0.80685,561,976
Bahamas0.805400,516
Malaysia0.80433,181,072
Seychelles0.80199,426
Serbia0.7998,653,016
Trinidad And Tobago0.7991,406,585
Iran0.79786,022,837
Mauritius0.7961,274,727
Panama0.7954,446,964
Costa Rica0.7945,182,354
Albania0.7912,866,374
Georgia0.7863,968,738
Sri Lanka0.7821,575,842
Cuba0.77811,305,652
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77753,871
Antigua And Barbuda0.77699,509
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7693,249,317
Mexico0.767131,562,772
Thailand0.76570,078,203
Grenada0.763113,475
Brazil0.761215,353,593
Colombia0.76151,512,762
Armenia0.762,971,966
Algeria0.75945,350,148
Peru0.75933,684,208
North Macedonia0.7592,081,304
China0.7581,448,471,400
Ecuador0.75818,113,361
Azerbaijan0.75410,300,205
Ukraine0.7543,192,122
Dominican Republic0.74511,056,370
Saint Lucia0.745185,113
Tunisia0.73912,046,656
Mongolia0.7353,378,078
Lebanon0.736,684,849
Botswana0.7282,441,162
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines0.728111,551
Venezuela0.72629,266,991
Jamaica0.7262,985,094
Paraguay0.7247,305,843
Fiji0.724909,466
Suriname0.724596,831
Jordan0.72310,300,869
Belize0.72412,190
Maldives0.719540,985
Tonga0.717107,749
Philippines0.712112,508,994
Moldova0.7114,013,171
Uzbekistan0.7134,382,084
Turkmenistan0.716,201,943
Libya0.7087,040,745
Indonesia0.707279,134,505
South Africa0.70560,756,135
Bolivia0.70311,992,656
Gabon0.7022,331,533
Egypt0.7106,156,692
Marshall Islands0.69860,057
Vietnam0.69398,953,541
Palestine0.695,345,541
Iraq0.68942,164,965
Morocco0.67637,772,756
Kyrgyzstan0.6746,728,271
Guyana0.67794,045
El Salvador0.6676,550,389
Tajikistan0.6569,957,464
Guatemala0.65118,584,039
Nicaragua0.6516,779,100
India0.6471,406,631,776
Namibia0.6452,633,874
Timor Leste0.6261,369,429
Honduras0.62310,221,247
Kiribati0.623123,419
Bhutan0.617787,941
Bangladesh0.614167,885,689
Micronesia0.614117,489
Sao Tome And Principe0.609227,679
Republic of the Congo0.6085,797,805
Eswatini0.6081,184,817
Laos0.6047,481,023
Vanuatu0.597321,832
Ghana0.59632,395,450
Zambia0.59119,470,234
Equatorial Guinea0.5881,496,662
Myanmar0.58455,227,143
Cambodia0.58117,168,639
Kenya0.57956,215,221
Nepal0.57930,225,582
Angola0.57435,027,343
Cameroon0.56327,911,548
Zimbabwe0.56315,331,428
Pakistan0.56229,488,994
Solomon Islands0.557721,159
Syria0.54919,364,809
Papua New Guinea0.5439,292,169
Comoros0.538907,419
Rwanda0.53613,600,464
Nigeria0.534216,746,934
Tanzania0.52863,298,550
Uganda0.52848,432,863
Mauritania0.5274,901,981
Madagascar0.52129,178,077
Benin0.5212,784,726
Lesotho0.5182,175,699
Ivory Coast0.51627,742,298
Senegal0.51417,653,671
Togo0.5138,680,837
Sudan0.50745,992,020
Haiti0.50311,680,283
Afghanistan0.49640,754,388
Djibouti0.4951,016,097
Malawi0.48520,180,839
Ethiopia0.47120,812,698
Guinea0.46613,865,691
Gambia0.4662,558,482
Liberia0.4655,305,117
Yemen0.46331,154,867
Guinea Bissau0.4612,063,367
DR Congo0.45995,240,792
Mozambique0.44633,089,461
Sierra Leone0.4388,306,436
Burkina Faso0.43422,102,838
Eritrea0.4343,662,244
Mali0.42721,473,764
Burundi0.42312,624,840
South Sudan0.41311,618,511
Chad0.40117,413,580
Central African Republic0.3815,016,678
Niger0.37726,083,660

Human Development Index (HDI) by Country 2022

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