Low Income Countries 2021

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Population

< 5,000

> 5,000

> 10,000

> 15,000

> 20,000

> 25,000

> 30,000

> 35,000

> 40,000

> 45,000

> 50,000

> 55,000

What is a low-income country? According to the World Bank, low-income countries are nations that have a per capita gross national income (GNI) of less than $1,026.

GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the dollar value of a country's final income divided by its population. Its income is the sum of value added by all resident producers and product taxes not included in the output valuation plus net receipts of primary income from abroad. The numbers provided on this page are GNI per capita converted to current U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by the mid-year population. GNI is converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The Atlas method applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years adjusted for differences in inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The World Bank classifies countries into several categories. Originally, there were three categories: high-income countries, middle-income countries, and low-income countries. The high-income group has the highest income globally, with a GNI per capita of at least $12,476. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. The lower-middle-income nations have GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. Finally, low-income countries have GNI per capita of $1,025 or less.

Low-income countries are often synonymous with underdeveloped countries, also known as developing countries, emerging markets, or newly industrialized countries. These counties receive development aid, which is financial aid given by governments or agencies to boost and support the economic, political, social, and environmental development in other countries. Bilateral aid is given directly from the donor country to another, and multilateral aid is given to an international organization that distributes aid to developing countries. World Bank and United Nations agencies such as UNICEF are examples of organizations that are involved in development aid.

Low-income countries face struggles relating to a poor economy. Issues related to poor economic health include below-average life expectancy, high infant mortality rates, poor educational outcomes, degrading infrastructure, environmental and climate conditions, and poor health outcomes. These low-income countries suffer high rates of illnesses and infections due to lack of clean water, low sanitation levels, malnutrition, and lack of access to quality medical care.

Most countries' numbers in the table below are from 2019, except Somalia (1990), Yemen (2018), and Eritrea (2011). There are currently 24 countries in the low-income country category. Somalia is at the bottom of the low-income country list, with a GNI per capita of $130.

Low Income Countries 2021

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Low Income Countries 2021

* Data aggregated from 2006–2012 based on at least 2,000 interviews.
Country Median Household Income Median per-capita Income Median Annual Income 2021 Population
Ethiopia$850117,876,227
United Arab Emirates$43,4709,991,089
Switzerland$85,5008,715,494
Equatorial Guinea$6,4601,449,896
Iceland$72,850343,353
Bermuda$106,14062,090
Monaco$186,08039,511
Liechtenstein$116,43038,250
Togo$571$2798,478,250
Burundi$673$12912,255,433
Liberia$781$1185,180,203
Madagascar$1,013$20528,427,328
Rwanda$1,101$23513,276,513
Zambia$1,501$28718,920,651
Benin$1,502$23712,451,040
Burkina Faso$1,530$16821,497,096
Uganda$1,775$29647,123,531
Kenya$1,870$402$1,75054,985,698
Mali$1,983$16520,855,735
Dr Congo$1,988$308$52092,377,993
Ghana$2,050$4731,732,129
Cameroon$2,075$403$1,50027,224,265
Republic Of The Congo$2,106$4165,657,013
Tanzania$2,154$38461,498,437
Indonesia$2,199$541$4,050276,361,783
Cambodia$2,308$451$1,48016,946,438
Sierra Leone$2,330$2338,141,343
Chad$2,394$33816,914,985
Philippines$2,401$478$3,850111,046,913
Georgia$2,591$7343,979,765
Nigeria$2,667$493$2,030211,400,708
Niger$2,708$30725,130,817
Nepal$2,718$51929,674,920
Haiti$2,735$62711,541,685
Bangladesh$2,819$567$1,940166,303,498
Egypt$3,111$623$2,690104,258,327
India$3,168$616$2,1301,393,409,038
Yemen$3,178$40030,490,640
Sri Lanka$3,242$71921,497,310
Laos$3,379$615$2,5707,379,358
Angola$3,534$72033,933,610
Botswana$3,603$7402,397,241
Sudan$3,640$579$59044,909,353
Armenia$3,865$9262,968,127
Senegal$3,897$40217,196,301
Comoros$3,912$598888,451
Kyrgyzstan$4,034$8286,628,356
Pakistan$4,060$480$1,530225,199,937
Afghanistan$4,121$378$54039,835,428
Moldova$4,158$1,3294,024,019
Guatemala$4,516$89818,249,860
Vietnam$4,783$1,124$2,54098,168,833
El Salvador$4,828$1,1146,518,499
Honduras$4,848$82110,062,991
Iraq$4,917$61741,179,350
Tajikistan$5,137$7139,749,627
Peru$5,161$1,077$6,74033,359,418
South Africa$5,217$1,217$6,04060,041,994
Mongolia$5,922$1,4403,329,289
Paraguay$6,179$1,2927,219,638
China$6,180$1,786$10,4101,444,216,107
Dominican Republic$6,302$1,62310,953,703
Libya$6,398$1,0126,958,532
Bolivia$6,399$1,403$3,53011,832,940
Nicaragua$6,488$1,1736,702,385
Colombia$6,544$1,534$6,51051,265,844
Morocco$6,634$1,135$3,19037,344,795
Mauritania$6,679$7784,775,119
Ecuador$6,858$1,682$6,08017,888,475
Thailand$7,029$1,795$7,26069,950,850
Albania$7,314$1,902$5,2402,872,933
Bosnia And Herzegovina$7,383$2,5533,263,466
Kazakhstan$7,492$1,95818,994,962
Brazil$7,522$2,247$9,130213,993,437
Algeria$7,849$1,39244,616,624
Romania$7,922$2,618$12,63019,127,774
Uruguay$7,949$2,4883,485,151
Chile$8,098$2,040$15,01019,212,361
Syria$8,193$1,43118,275,702
Jordan$8,276$1,55010,269,021
Panama$8,356$2,0114,381,579
Bulgaria$8,487$2,829$9,4106,896,663
Serbia$8,921$3,020$7,0208,697,550
Costa Rica$8,929$2,032$11,7005,139,052
Turkey$8,955$2,538$9,61085,042,738
Tunisia$8,966$1,64611,935,766
Latvia$10,461$4,0001,866,942
Ukraine$11,074$3,876$3,37043,466,819
Malaysia$11,207$2,267$11,20032,776,194
Venezuela$11,299$2,328$13,08028,704,954
Azerbaijan$11,446$2,43010,223,342
Montenegro$11,519$3,123628,053
Mexico$11,680$2,900$9,430130,262,216
Russia$11,724$4,129$11,260145,912,025
Iran$12,046$3,115$5,42085,028,759
Lithuania$12,375$4,7192,689,862
Hungary$12,445$4,493$16,1409,634,164
Estonia$12,577$5,0311,325,185
Lebanon$13,004$2,9606,769,146
Argentina$14,432$4,109$11,20045,605,826
Belarus$15,085$5,236$6,2809,442,862
Poland$15,338$4,578$15,20037,797,005
Portugal$16,186$5,519$23,08010,167,925
Croatia$16,231$5,177$14,9104,081,651
Slovakia$17,415$5,4555,460,721
Greece$17,777$6,086$20,32010,370,744
Cyprus$18,242$4,9321,215,584
Italy$20,085$6,874$34,46060,367,477
Malta$21,141$6,869442,784
Spain$21,959$7,284$30,39046,745,216
Czech Republic$22,913$7,82110,724,555
Finland$24,615$15,725$49,5805,548,360
Bahrain$24,693$4,7781,748,296
Saudi Arabia$24,980$4,762$22,85035,340,683
Ireland$25,085$8,048$62,2104,982,907
Slovenia$25,969$8,6562,078,724
Qatar$26,555$5,1172,930,528
Belgium$26,703$10,189$47,35011,632,326
Israel$30,364$7,847$43,2908,789,774
France$31,112$12,445$42,40065,426,179
United Kingdom$31,617$12,399$42,37068,207,116
Singapore$32,360$7,345$59,5905,896,686
Taiwan$32,762$6,88223,855,010
Germany$33,333$14,098$48,52083,900,473
Japan$33,822$10,840$41,690126,050,804
Austria$34,911$12,284$51,3009,043,070
Hong Kong$35,443$9,705$50,8407,552,810
New Zealand$35,562$12,147$42,6704,860,643
Netherlands$38,584$14,450$53,20017,173,099
Kuwait$40,854$7,4874,328,550
South Korea$40,861$11,950$33,72051,305,186
Canada$41,280$15,181$46,37038,067,903
United States$43,585$15,480$65,760332,915,073
Denmark$44,360$18,262$63,2405,813,298
Australia$46,555$15,026$54,91025,788,215
Sweden$50,514$18,632$55,84010,160,169
Norway$51,489$19,308$82,5005,465,630
Luxembourg$52,493$18,418$73,910634,814

Low Income Countries 2021