Low Income Countries 2020

What is a low-income country? According to the World Bank, low-income countries are nations that have a per capita gross national income (GNI) of less than $1,026.

The World Bank classifies countries into several categories. Originally, there were three categories: high-income countries, middle-income countries, and low-income countries. The high-income group has the highest income globally, with a GNI per capita of at least $12,476. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. The lower-middle-income nations have GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. Finally, low-income countries have GNI per capita of $1,025 per less.

Low-income countries are often synonymous with underdeveloped countries, also known as developing countries, emerging markets, or newly industrialized countries. These counties receive development aid, which is financial aid given by governments or agencies to boost and support the economic, political, social, and environmental development in other countries. Bilateral aid is given directly from the donor country to another, and multilateral aid is given to an international organization that distributes aid to developing countries. World Bank and United Nations agencies such as UNICEF are examples of organizations that are involved in development aid.

Low-income countries face struggles relating to a poor economy. Issues related to poor economic health include below-average life expectancy, high infant mortality rates, poor educational outcomes, degrading infrastructure, environmental and climate conditions, and poor health outcomes. These low-income countries suffer high rates of illnesses and infections due to lack of clean water, low sanitation levels, malnutrition, and lack of access to quality medical care.

There are currently 32 countries in the low-income country category. Somalia is at the bottom of the low-income country list, with a GNI per capita of $130.

Low Income Countries 2020

Rank Country Population 2020
1Ethiopia114,963,588
2Dr Congo89,561,403
3Uganda45,741,007
4Sudan43,849,260
5Afghanistan38,928,346
6Mozambique31,255,435
7Yemen29,825,964
8Madagascar27,691,018
9North Korea25,778,816
10Niger24,206,644
11Burkina Faso20,903,273
12Mali20,250,833
13Malawi19,129,952
14Syria17,500,658
15Chad16,425,864
16Somalia15,893,222
17Guinea13,132,795
18Rwanda12,952,218
19Burundi11,890,784
20Haiti11,402,528
21South Sudan11,193,725
22Tajikistan9,537,645
23Togo8,278,724
24Sierra Leone7,976,983
25Liberia5,057,681
26Central African Republic4,829,767
27Eritrea3,546,421
28Gambia2,416,668
29Guinea Bissau1,968,001

Low Income Countries 2020