Poorest Countries In The World 2021

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As glamorous and aspirational as it can be to study the world's richest countries, it's equally important to be aware of the countries on the other end of the wealth spectrum. Helping poorer countries improve their financial standings is one of the primary methods organizations such as the United Nations employ to improve the overall quality of life for those countries' citizens.

Many factors contribute to a nation's wealth, including its natural resources, educational system, political stability, and national debt. Most—though not all—of the world's poorest countries also rank among the world's least developed nations (sometimes known less kindly as underdeveloped countries or by the less precise and even less kind third world nations.

Poorest Countries

The world's poorest countries are classified as low-income economies in the four-tiered World Bank ranking system. This ranking is based on each country's gross national income (GNI) per capita, which is a measure of the country's total income divided by its population.

GNI is very similar to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita. Both metrics measure the dollar value of all goods and services produced in a given country, but GNI also includes income earned via international sources (such as foreign investments or real estate holdings). For that reason, GNI is considered a slightly more accurate measure of a country's economic health.

GNI is typically expressed one of two ways. The first is in US dollars, calculated using a technique called the Atlas method to compare each nation's currency. The second is in "purchasing power parity (PPP) international dollars", a hypothetical currency tied to a the value of the US dollar in a given year.

Under the World Bank system, low-income countries are nations that have a GNI (adjusted to current US dollars) of less than $1,046 as of July 01, 2021.

The 10 Poorest Countries in the World (based upon their 2020 GNI per capita in current US$):

  1. Burundi - $270
  2. Somalia - $310
  3. Mozambique - $460
  4. Madagascar - $480
  5. Sierra Leone - $490
  6. Afghanistan - $500
  7. Central African Republic - $510
  8. Liberia - $530
  9. Niger - $540
  10. Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) - $550

For a complete list of the world's low-income countries and their most recent GNIs per capita, see the table below.

Here are the 10 poorest countries:

  1. Burundi ($270)
  2. Somalia ($310)
  3. Mozambique ($460)
  4. Madagascar ($480)
  5. Sierra Leone ($490)
  6. Afghanistan ($500)
  7. Eritrea ($510)
  8. Central African Republic ($510)
  9. Liberia ($530)
  10. Niger ($540)

Poorest Countries In The World 2021

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Poorest Countries In The World 2021

Country GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) Latest Year GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) Latest Year (PPP)
Burundi$2702020$7802020
Somalia$3102020$8702020
Mozambique$4602020$1,2502020
Madagascar$4802020$1,5402020
Sierra Leone$4902020$1,6702020
Afghanistan$5002020$2,1102020
Central African Republic$5102020$1,0402020
Eritrea$5102010$1,6102011
Liberia$5302020$1,2502020
Niger$5402020$1,2102020
Dr Congo$5502020$1,1002020
Malawi$5802020$1,5402020
Sudan$6502020$3,9702020
Chad$6602020$1,5802020
Gambia$7502020$2,2402020
Guinea Bissau$7602020$1,9802020
Rwanda$7802020$2,1602020
Burkina Faso$7902020$2,1902020
Uganda$8002020$2,2602020
Mali$8302020$2,2502020
Ethiopia$8902020$2,4102020
Togo$9202020$2,2302020
Yemen$9402018$3,5202013
Guinea$1,0202020$2,5802020
Tajikistan$1,0602020$4,5002020
Tanzania$1,0802020$2,7602020
Zimbabwe$1,0902020$2,8502020
South Sudan$1,0902015$1,0802015
Lesotho$1,1002020$2,7402020
Nepal$1,1902020$4,0602020
Zambia$1,1902020$3,3602020
Haiti$1,2502020$2,9302020
Myanmar$1,2602020$4,6502020
Pakistan$1,2802020$4,7702020
Benin$1,2802020$3,4702020
Senegal$1,4302020$3,4002020
Comoros$1,4502020$3,3302020
Cambodia$1,4902020$4,2502020
Cameroon$1,5002020$3,7202020
Mauritania$1,6402020$5,2402020
Uzbekistan$1,6702020$7,3502020
Kenya$1,7602020$4,3702020
Republic Of The Congo$1,8302020$3,1102020
Timor Leste$1,8302020$4,4902020
Nicaragua$1,8502020$5,4102020
India$1,9002020$6,3902020
Nigeria$2,0002020$5,0002020
Bangladesh$2,0102020$5,3102020
Sao Tome And Principe$2,0702020$4,2602020
Honduras$2,2002020$5,0502020
Angola$2,2302020$6,0202020
Ghana$2,2302020$5,4702020
Ivory Coast$2,2802020$5,3002020
Solomon Islands$2,3002020$2,6802020
Vietnam$2,6602020$8,2002020
Papua New Guinea$2,6602020$4,2402020
Vanuatu$2,7802020$2,8802020
Bhutan$2,8602020$10,4802020
Iran$2,8702020$13,1502020
Morocco$2,9802020$7,1902020
Egypt$3,0002020$12,2102020
Kiribati$3,0102020$4,2502020
Tunisia$3,1002020$9,9902020
Bolivia$3,2002020$8,2502020
Djibouti$3,3202020$5,6202020
Philippines$3,4302020$9,0402020
Ukraine$3,5402020$13,2602020
Algeria$3,5502020$11,0102020
Eswatini$3,5802020$8,3802020
El Salvador$3,6502020$8,0502020
Mongolia$3,6702020$10,9302020
Sri Lanka$3,7202020$12,8702020
Indonesia$3,8702020$11,7502020
Belize$3,9702020$5,8802020
Micronesia$4,0102019$4,1002019
Samoa$4,0702020$6,4802019
Armenia$4,2202020$13,0802020
Georgia$4,2902020$14,1602020
Jordan$4,3102020$10,3202020
Azerbaijan$4,4502020$14,3002020
Guatemala$4,4902020$8,6902020
Namibia$4,5202020$9,2202020
Moldova$4,5702020$13,5202020
Jamaica$4,6202020$8,8502020
Iraq$4,6602020$9,6602020
Fiji$4,7202020$10,9102020
Libya$4,8502020$11,2502020
Tonga$5,0002019$6,9802019
Marshall Islands$5,0102019$5,1302019
Paraguay$5,1402020$12,5902020
Albania$5,2102020$13,5802020
South Africa$5,4102020$11,8702020
Lebanon$5,5102020$11,9602020
Suriname$5,5102020$15,0002020
Ecuador$5,5302020$10,5802020
North Macedonia$5,7202020$16,2802020
Colombia$5,7802020$14,2802020
Equatorial Guinea$5,8102020$13,3502020
Tuvalu$5,8202020$6,4302020
Peru$6,0102020$11,4902020
Bosnia And Herzegovina$6,0902020$15,6602020
Belarus$6,3302020$19,3202020
Guyana$6,6002020$15,3702020
Botswana$6,6402020$15,5702020
Maldives$6,8302020$12,8402020
Dominica$6,8702020$10,7402020
Gabon$6,9702020$14,1302020
Thailand$7,0502020$17,7302020
Turkmenistan$7,2202019$15,6002019
Dominican Republic$7,2602020$17,0602020
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines$7,3402020$12,8102020
Serbia$7,4002020$18,6502020
Cuba$7,4802016-
Brazil$7,8502020$14,5502020
Montenegro$7,9002020$20,8702020
Mexico$8,4802020$18,1702020
Kazakhstan$8,6802020$24,3802020
Grenada$8,7402020$14,3702020
Saint Lucia$8,7902020$12,2002020
Argentina$8,9302020$20,2102020
Turkey$9,0502020$27,7802020
Bulgaria$9,5402020$23,7802020
Mauritius$10,2302020$22,3902020
Malaysia$10,5802020$27,3702020
China$10,6102020$17,2002020
Russia$10,6902020$27,5502020
Costa Rica$11,4602020$19,8402020
Venezuela$11,8102010$17,0902011
Panama$11,8802020$25,0102020
Romania$12,5702020$31,4102020
Seychelles$12,7202020$24,3102020
Chile$13,4702020$23,9802020
Oman$14,1502019$26,1602019
Croatia$14,1902020$28,6302020
Antigua And Barbuda$14,2502020$18,6102020
Barbados$14,4602020$13,0102020
Poland$15,2702020$33,2202020
Trinidad And Tobago$15,4102020$24,8002020
Uruguay$15,8302020$21,6302020
Palau$16,5002019$19,5302019
Hungary$16,5302019$33,0702019
Nauru$16,6302019$20,7702019
Saint Kitts And Nevis$17,4002020$24,1902020
Latvia$17,7302019$31,5902019
Lithuania$19,0002019$37,4202019
Greece$19,6902019$30,6202019
Curacao$20,3702019$26,6202019
Puerto Rico$21,7402020$24,0102020
Saudi Arabia$21,9302020$47,7902020
Czech Republic$21,9302019$40,3602019
Portugal$22,0002020$33,9802020
Bahrain$22,1702019$44,3302019
Estonia$23,2302019$37,9402019
Malta$25,3702020$38,8002020
Slovenia$25,9102019$40,5302019
Cyprus$26,1102020$36,8402020
Aruba$27,1202017$36,7502017
Sint Maarten$27,6802018$35,3902018
Bahamas$27,7802020$31,2002020
Spain$30,3302019$42,2502019
Turks And Caicos Islands$30,7002019$30,0602019
Italy$32,2002020$42,2702020
Brunei$32,2302019$66,4602019
South Korea$32,8602020$43,4802020
Kuwait$36,2902019$58,9302019
Japan$41,5802019$43,7602019
United Kingdom$42,1302019$47,6202019
France$42,2902019$50,4002019
New Zealand$42,6102019$43,9502019
Israel$43,0702019$41,7502019
Canada$43,4402020$47,5002020
United Arab Emirates$43,4702019$70,3002019
Germany$46,9802020$55,2202020
Belgium$47,9602019$55,3702019
Hong Kong$48,6302020$62,5102020
Finland$49,6202020$51,6502020
Austria$51,3902019$58,9402019
Netherlands$53,0102019$59,7002019
Australia$53,7302020$51,4202020
Sweden$53,8002020$56,2702020
Singapore$54,9202020$86,4802020
Qatar$56,2102020$88,0702020
Denmark$62,7202020$62,1802020
Ireland$63,4702019$69,1902019
United States$65,9102019$66,0602019
Cayman Islands$68,2002019$58,1002019
Luxembourg$70,8402018$74,3102018
Iceland$72,9302019$59,5902019
Norway$78,2502020$66,0202020
Isle Of Man$83,1602018-
Switzerland$87,9502019$73,6202019
Liechtenstein$116,4402009-
Bermuda$117,7402019$86,4502019

Poorest Countries In The World 2021