Underdeveloped Countries 2020

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An underdeveloped country is a country characterized by widespread chronic poverty and less economic development than other nations. Emerging markets, developing countries, and newly industrialized countries are often used interchangeably for an underdeveloped country.

These countries have very low per capita income, and many residents live in very poor conditions, including lacking access to education and health care. Additionally, underdeveloped countries have obsolete methods of production and social organization. These nations often experience high birth rates and high population growth, further contributing to their widespread poverty.

The most accurate way to categorize the development of countries is by using the Human Development Index (HDI). The Human Development index looks at each country's human development, such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. Human Development Index ranks countries on a scale from 0-1, from least developed to most developed. There are four tiers: low human development (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

The United Nations (UN) holds a conference every ten years on the world's underdeveloped countries. During the most recent meeting, the UN set a goal to graduate 50% of the current underdeveloped countries to a higher economic status by 2022. The World Trade Organization (WTO) has created an Integrated Framework of Action to integrate these countries into the global economy by assisting with trade and market access with the hopes of encouraging economic growth and development.

The most underdeveloped countries in the world are referred to as the least developed countries or LDCs. According to the UN, there are 47 LDCs. Among these are Niger, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Chad, and Burundi. On the other hand, a developed country is one with a well-developed economy and is technologically advanced.

Here are the 10 countries with the lowest human development indexes:

  1. Niger (0.354)
  2. Central African Republic (0.367)
  3. South Sudan (0.388)
  4. Chad (0.404)
  5. Burundi (0.417)
  6. Sierra Leone (0.419)
  7. Burkina Faso (0.423)
  8. Mali (0.427)
  9. Liberia (0.435)
  10. Mozambique (0.437)

Underdeveloped Countries 2020

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Underdeveloped Countries 2020

Country Human Development Index Population 2020
Niger0.35424,206,644
Central African Republic0.3674,829,767
South Sudan0.38811,193,725
Chad0.40416,425,864
Burundi0.41711,890,784
Sierra Leone0.4197,976,983
Burkina Faso0.42320,903,273
Mali0.42720,250,833
Liberia0.4355,057,681
Mozambique0.43731,255,435
Eritrea0.443,546,421
Yemen0.45229,825,964
Guinea Bissau0.4551,968,001
Dr Congo0.45789,561,403
Guinea0.45913,132,795
Gambia0.462,416,668
Ethiopia0.463114,963,588
Djibouti0.476988,000
Malawi0.47719,129,952
Ivory Coast0.49226,378,274
Haiti0.49811,402,528
Afghanistan0.49838,928,346
Sudan0.50243,849,260
Comoros0.503869,601
Togo0.5038,278,724
Senegal0.50516,743,927
Benin0.51512,123,200
Uganda0.51645,741,007
Madagascar0.51927,691,018
Lesotho0.522,142,249
Mauritania0.524,649,658
Rwanda0.52412,952,218
Nigeria0.532206,139,589
Zimbabwe0.53514,862,924
Syria0.53617,500,658
Tanzania0.53859,734,218
Papua New Guinea0.5448,947,024
Solomon Islands0.546686,884
Cameroon0.55626,545,863
Pakistan0.562220,892,340
Nepal0.57429,136,808
Myanmar0.57854,409,800
Angola0.58132,866,272
Cambodia0.58216,718,965
Swaziland0.5881,160,164
Zambia0.58818,383,955
Sao Tome And Principe0.589219,159
Kenya0.5953,771,296
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,402,985
Ghana0.59231,072,940
Laos0.6017,275,560
Vanuatu0.603307,145
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,518,087
Bangladesh0.608164,689,383
Kiribati0.612119,449
Bhutan0.612771,608
Honduras0.6179,904,607
Timor Leste0.6251,318,445
Micronesia0.627115,023
India0.641,380,004,385
Namibia0.6472,540,905
Tajikistan0.659,537,645
Guatemala0.6517,915,568
Cape Verde0.654555,987
Guyana0.654786,552
Nicaragua0.6586,624,554
Morocco0.66736,910,560
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,524,195
El Salvador0.6746,486,205
Iraq0.68540,222,493
Palestine0.6865,101,414
Bolivia0.69311,673,021
Vietnam0.69497,338,579
Indonesia0.694273,523,615
Egypt0.696102,334,404
South Africa0.69959,308,690
Philippines0.699109,581,078
Moldova0.74,033,963
Gabon0.7022,225,734
Paraguay0.7027,132,538
Turkmenistan0.7066,031,200
Libya0.7066,871,292
Marshall Islands0.70859,190
Belize0.708397,628
Uzbekistan0.7133,469,203
Samoa0.713198,414
Dominica0.71571,986
Maldives0.717540,544
Botswana0.7172,351,627
Suriname0.72586,632
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,940
Tonga0.726105,695
Jamaica0.7322,961,167
Jordan0.73510,203,134
Tunisia0.73511,818,619
Dominican Republic0.73610,847,910
Fiji0.741896,445
Mongolia0.7413,278,290
Saint Lucia0.747183,627
Colombia0.74750,882,891
Peru0.7532,971,854
Ukraine0.75143,733,762
Ecuador0.75217,643,054
China0.7521,439,323,776
Algeria0.75443,851,044
Armenia0.7552,963,243
Thailand0.75569,799,978
Macedonia0.7572,083,374
Lebanon0.7576,825,445
Azerbaijan0.75710,139,177
Brazil0.759212,559,417
Venezuela0.76128,435,940
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,280,819
Sri Lanka0.7721,413,249
Grenada0.772112,523
Mexico0.774128,932,753
Cuba0.77711,326,616
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,199
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,929
Georgia0.783,989,167
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,399,488
Albania0.7852,877,797
Serbia0.7878,737,371
Panama0.7894,314,767
Mauritius0.791,271,768
Turkey0.79184,339,067
Costa Rica0.7945,094,118
Seychelles0.79798,347
Palau0.79818,094
Iran0.79883,992,949
Barbados0.8287,375
Kazakhstan0.818,776,707
Malaysia0.80232,365,999
Kuwait0.8034,270,571
Uruguay0.8043,473,730
Bahamas0.807393,244
Belarus0.8089,449,323
Romania0.81119,237,691
Bulgaria0.8136,948,445
Montenegro0.814628,066
Russia0.816145,934,462
Oman0.8215,106,626
Argentina0.82545,195,774
Croatia0.8314,105,267
Hungary0.8389,660,351
Chile0.84319,116,201
Bahrain0.8461,701,575
Latvia0.8471,886,198
Portugal0.84710,196,709
Brunei0.853437,479
Saudi Arabia0.85334,813,871
Slovakia0.8555,459,642
Qatar0.8562,881,053
Andorra0.85877,265
Lithuania0.8582,722,289
United Arab Emirates0.8639,890,402
Poland0.86537,846,611
Cyprus0.8691,207,359
Greece0.8710,423,054
Estonia0.8711,326,535
Malta0.878441,543
Italy0.8860,461,826
Czech Republic0.88810,708,981
Spain0.89146,754,778
Slovenia0.8962,078,938
France0.90165,273,511
Israel0.9038,655,535
South Korea0.90351,269,185
Luxembourg0.904625,978
Austria0.9089,006,398
Japan0.909126,476,461
Liechtenstein0.91638,128
Belgium0.91611,589,623
New Zealand0.9174,822,233
Finland0.925,540,720
United Kingdom0.92267,886,011
United States0.924331,002,651
Canada0.92637,742,154
Denmark0.9295,792,202
Netherlands0.93117,134,872
Singapore0.9325,850,342
Hong Kong0.9337,496,981
Sweden0.93310,099,265
Iceland0.935341,243
Germany0.93683,783,942
Ireland0.9384,937,786
Australia0.93925,499,884
Switzerland0.9448,654,622
Norway0.9535,421,241

Underdeveloped Countries 2020