The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or a specific period time. Birth rate varies drastically by country. The average global birth rate is 18.5 births per 1,000 total populations, lower than it was in 2007 and 2012.
The decrease in birth rate has caused concern for many countries that are worried that their current birth rate is not enough to replace the older generation and fear a decline in population. Some governments have financial incentives to encourage citizens to have children. Low birth rates are attributed to the high costs of raising a child, people choosing to further their careers over starting a family, and older average ages for first-time mothers.
On the other end, some countries are facing overpopulation and the problems associated with it such as overcrowding and poverty. Overpopulation is usually caused by very high birth rates, which are associated with health problems, low life expectancy, lack of contraception, and low education levels.
The countries with the ten highest birth rates (average annual number of births per 1,000 people per year) are:
- Angola (44.20)
- Niger (44.20)
- Mali (43.90)
- Uganda (42.90)
- Zambia (41.50)
- Burundi (41.30)
- Burkina Faso (41.20)
- Malawi (41.00)
- Somalia (39.60
- Liberia (38.30)
Angola has the highest birth rate of 44.20 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The birth rate in Angola has decreased significantly since 2000 when it was 46.89.
Monaco has the lowest birth rate in the world of 6.60 average annual births per 1,000 people per year.