Birth Rate by Country 2022

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The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population over a specific period of time (typically a year). It is closely intertwined with total fertility rate, which tracks the average number of children that women in a given country give birth to during their childbearing years. The birth rate varies drastically by country. The average global birth rate was 18.5 births per 1,000 people in 2019, lower than in 2007 and 2012.

Birth rate and replacement rate

Both birth rate and fertility rate are helpful in analyzing a country's replacement rate, which compares the rate of births and deaths in a country to determine whether the population is growing or shrinking overall. This metric is important because populations that increase or decrease too rapidly can put a strain on a country's systems, including its economy, infrastructure, social programs.

The global decrease in birth rate has caused some countries to worry that their current birth rate is not enough to replace the older generation, which would lead to a population decline. Problems associated with population decline include a slowed economy, which can lead to the closing of businesses from restaurants to public transportation to schools to medical facilities. To help counteract these concerns, some governments offer financial incentives to encourage citizens to have children. Low birth rates are attributed to the high costs of raising a child, people choosing to further their careers over starting a family, and older average ages for first-time mothers.

On the other hand, some countries face overpopulation and the problems associated with it, such as overcrowding, poverty, an overwhelmed health care sector, low life expectancy, and low education levels. In these circumstances, a country's government might offer incentives for people to have only one child.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Birth Rate (per 1000 people, CIA World Factbook 2021 estimate)

  1. Niger - 47.28
  2. Angola - 42.22
  3. Mali - 41.60 (tie)
  4. Uganda - 41.60 (tie)
  5. Benin - 41.55
  6. Chad - 41.05
  7. Congo (Dem Rep of) - 40.53
  8. South Sudan - 38.26
  9. Somalia - 38.25
  10. Mozambique - 38.03

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Birth Rate (per 1000 people, CIA World Factbook 2021 estimate)

  1. Monaco - 6.63
  2. South Korea - 6.89
  3. Andorra - 6.91
  4. Japan - 7.00
  5. Taiwan (limited recognition) - 7.43
  6. Greece - 7.72
  7. Puerto Rico - 7.90
  8. Portugal - 8.02
  9. Spain - 8.05
  10. Bulgaria - 8.15

Birth rate highs and lows

According to the CIA World Factbook, Nigeria has the highest birth rate in the world at 47.28 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The birth rate in Angola decreased significantly since 2000, when it was 46.89. It is notable that datas from other sources, such as the United Nations or World Bank, rank countries in a slightly different order (see below), but central Africa is the fastest-growing region globally and Nigeria the fastest-growing population in every case.

On the other side of the scale, the CIA estimates Monaco has the lowest birth rate in the world at 6.63 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. In comparison, the United Nations awards that rank to the U.S. territory Puerto Rico (6.55) and South Korea (6.77) and World Bank identifies Puerto Rico (6.4) and San Marino (6.7) as the lowest birth rates in the world. The United States sits at the lower end of the spectrum in all three rankings, with averages ranging from 11.4 to 12.33.

Birth Rate by Country 2022

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Birth Rate by Country 2022

* Birth rate is number of births per 1,000 population
Country Birth Rate 2022 Population
Angola43.735,027,343
Niger43.626,083,660
Mali43.221,473,764
Chad4317,413,580
Uganda42.448,432,863
Zambia41.119,470,234
Burundi40.912,624,840
Malawi40.720,180,839
Somalia39.316,841,795
Liberia37.95,305,117
Mozambique37.833,089,461
Afghanistan37.540,754,388
Guinea Bissau37.32,063,367
Burkina Faso36.922,102,838
South Sudan36.911,618,511
Guinea36.413,865,691
Ethiopia36120,812,698
Sierra Leone368,306,436
Tanzania35.363,298,550
Nigeria35.2216,746,934
Cameroon3527,911,548
Benin34.512,784,726
Sudan34.245,992,020
Zimbabwe3415,331,428
Central African Republic345,016,678
Republic of the Congo33.75,797,805
Senegal32.917,653,671
Timor Leste32.91,369,429
DR Congo32.895,240,792
Togo32.88,680,837
Equatorial Guinea31.71,496,662
Sao Tome And Principe31.5227,679
Madagascar3129,178,077
Ghana30.232,395,450
Ivory Coast30.127,742,298
Iraq3042,164,965
Mauritania29.94,901,981
Rwanda29.813,600,464
Eritrea29.13,662,244
Egypt28.8106,156,692
Yemen27.631,154,867
Namibia26.82,633,874
Comoros25.3907,419
Guatemala24.618,584,039
Solomon Islands24.5721,159
Lesotho24.22,175,699
Marshall Islands23.860,057
Oman23.75,323,993
Tuvalu23.712,066
Jordan23.610,300,869
Vanuatu23.5321,832
Philippines23.4112,508,994
Papua New Guinea23.39,292,169
Djibouti23.31,016,097
Laos23.27,481,023
Nauru23.210,903
Belize22.9412,190
Tajikistan22.89,957,464
Kenya22.656,215,221
Haiti22.611,680,283
Cambodia22.517,168,639
Honduras2210,221,247
Tonga21.8107,749
Botswana21.72,441,162
Pakistan21.6229,488,994
Bolivia21.611,992,656
Kyrgyzstan21.66,728,271
Algeria21.545,350,148
Kiribati21123,419
Syria20.719,364,809
Samoa20.2202,239
South Africa19.960,756,135
Cape Verde19.7567,678
Micronesia19.6117,489
Guam19.4171,519
Nepal19.130,225,582
American Samoa1955,030
Dominican Republic18.911,056,370
Turkmenistan18.96,201,943
Malaysia18.833,181,072
Kuwait18.84,380,326
India18.71,406,631,776
Bangladesh18.6167,885,689
Venezuela18.529,266,991
Mongolia18.23,378,078
Fiji18.2909,466
Mexico18.1131,562,772
Israel17.98,922,892
Myanmar17.755,227,143
Peru17.633,684,208
Ecuador17.618,113,361
Panama17.64,446,964
Morocco17.537,772,756
Kazakhstan17.519,205,043
Nicaragua17.56,779,100
Iran17.486,022,837
Tunisia17.412,046,656
Libya17.27,040,745
Bhutan17787,941
Brunei16.9445,431
Uzbekistan16.634,382,084
Paraguay16.67,305,843
Argentina16.546,010,234
Jamaica16.52,985,094
El Salvador16.16,550,389
Maldives16.1540,985
Indonesia15.9279,134,505
Colombia15.851,512,762
Saudi Arabia15.635,844,909
Suriname15.6596,831
Antigua And Barbuda15.699,509
Turkey15.485,561,976
Guyana15.4794,045
Azerbaijan15.310,300,205
Costa Rica15.35,182,354
Vietnam15.298,953,541
Grenada15.2113,475
Northern Mariana Islands14.958,269
Turks And Caicos Islands14.939,741
Sri Lanka14.821,575,842
New Caledonia14.8290,915
North Korea14.625,990,679
French Polynesia14.5284,164
Faroe Islands14.549,233
Greenland14.356,973
Lebanon14.16,684,849
Brazil13.9215,353,593
Ireland13.85,020,199
Cook Islands13.717,571
Iceland13.6345,393
Chile13.419,250,195
Seychelles13.499,426
Albania13.22,866,374
New Zealand13.14,898,203
Bahrain13.11,783,983
Saint Lucia13.1185,113
Uruguay133,496,016
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines13111,551
Saint Kitts And Nevis1353,871
Mauritius12.81,274,727
Armenia12.62,971,966
United States Virgin Islands12.5103,971
United States12.4334,805,269
Anguilla12.415,230
Trinidad And Tobago12.31,406,585
Aruba12.3107,609
Norway12.25,511,370
China12.11,448,471,400
France12.165,584,518
Sweden12.110,218,971
Georgia12.13,968,738
United Kingdom1268,497,907
Australia1226,068,792
Cayman Islands1267,277
Montenegro11.9627,950
Luxembourg11.6642,371
Barbados11.6288,023
Belgium11.311,668,278
Bermuda11.361,939
Palau11.318,233
Moldova11.24,013,171
British Virgin Islands11.130,596
Thailand1170,078,203
Netherlands10.917,211,447
Denmark10.95,834,950
Isle of Man10.985,732
Falkland Islands10.93,539
North Macedonia10.82,081,304
Russia10.7145,805,947
Finland10.75,554,960
Cuba10.611,305,652
Switzerland10.58,773,637
Montserrat10.54,965
Liechtenstein10.438,387
Canada10.238,388,419
Ukraine10.143,192,122
Belarus109,432,800
Malta10444,033
Estonia9.91,321,910
United Arab Emirates9.810,081,785
Lithuania9.82,661,708
Slovakia9.65,460,193
Latvia9.61,848,837
Austria9.59,066,710
Qatar9.52,979,915
Poland9.337,739,785
Czech Republic9.210,736,784
Slovenia9.22,078,034
Spain946,719,142
Hungary8.99,606,259
Serbia8.98,653,016
Hong Kong8.87,604,299
Croatia8.84,059,286
Romania8.719,031,335
Singapore8.75,943,546
Bosnia And Herzegovina8.73,249,317
Germany8.683,883,596
San Marino8.634,085
Italy8.560,262,770
Bulgaria8.56,844,597
Macau8.4667,490
South Korea8.351,329,899
Greece8.310,316,637
Taiwan8.223,888,595
Portugal8.210,140,570
Japan8125,584,838
Andorra7.377,463
Monaco6.539,783

Birth Rate by Country 2022

Sources