Birth Rate By Country 2021

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The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or a specific period of time. The birth rate varies drastically by country. The average global birth rate is 18.5 births per 1,000 total populations, lower than in 2007 and 2012. Birth rate and fertility rate, the number of children a woman of childbearing age gives birth to, are used to determine a country's replacement rate.

The decrease in birth rate has caused many countries to worry that their current birth rate is not enough to replace the older generation and fear a population decline. Some governments have financial incentives to encourage citizens to have children. Low birth rates are attributed to the high costs of raising a child, people choosing to further their careers over starting a family, and older average ages for first-time mothers.

On the other end, some countries face overpopulation and the problems associated with it, such as overcrowding and poverty. Overpopulation is usually caused by very high birth rates, which are associated with health problems, low life expectancy, lack of contraception, and low education levels.

The countries with the ten highest birth rates (average annual number of births per 1,000 people per year) are:

  1. Angola (43.7)
  2. Niger (43.6)
  3. Mali (43.2)42.90
  4. Chad (43.0)
  5. Uganda (42.4)
  6. Zambia (41.1)
  7. Burundi (40.9)
  8. Malawi (40.7)
  9. Somalia (39.3)
  10. Liberia (37.9)

Angola has the highest birth rate of 43.7 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The birth rate in Angola decreased significantly since 2000, when it was 46.89. Monaco has the lowest birth rate in the world of 6.5 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The United States sits at the lower end of the spectrum at 12.4.

Below is each country's birth rate based on the latest data.

Birth Rate By Country 2021

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Birth Rate By Country 2021

* Birth rate is number of births per 1,000 population
Country Birth Rate 2021 Population
Angola43.733,933,610
Niger43.625,130,817
Mali43.220,855,735
Chad4316,914,985
Uganda42.447,123,531
Zambia41.118,920,651
Burundi40.912,255,433
Malawi40.719,647,684
Somalia39.316,359,504
Liberia37.95,180,203
Mozambique37.832,163,047
Afghanistan37.539,835,428
Guinea Bissau37.32,015,494
Burkina Faso36.921,497,096
South Sudan36.911,381,378
Guinea36.413,497,244
Ethiopia36117,876,227
Sierra Leone368,141,343
Tanzania35.361,498,437
Nigeria35.2211,400,708
Cameroon3527,224,265
Benin34.512,451,040
Sudan34.244,909,353
Zimbabwe3415,092,171
Central African Republic344,919,981
Republic Of The Congo33.75,657,013
Senegal32.917,196,301
Timor Leste32.91,343,873
Dr Congo32.892,377,993
Togo32.88,478,250
Equatorial Guinea31.71,449,896
Sao Tome And Principe31.5223,368
Madagascar3128,427,328
Ghana30.231,732,129
Ivory Coast30.127,053,629
Iraq3041,179,350
Mauritania29.94,775,119
Rwanda29.813,276,513
Eritrea29.13,601,467
Egypt28.8104,258,327
Yemen27.630,490,640
Namibia26.82,587,344
Comoros25.3888,451
Guatemala24.618,249,860
Solomon Islands24.5703,996
Lesotho24.22,159,079
Marshall Islands23.859,610
Oman23.75,223,375
Tuvalu23.711,931
Jordan23.610,269,021
Vanuatu23.5314,464
Philippines23.4111,046,913
Papua New Guinea23.39,119,010
Djibouti23.31,002,187
Laos23.27,379,358
Nauru23.210,876
Belize22.9404,914
Tajikistan22.89,749,627
Kenya22.654,985,698
Haiti22.611,541,685
Cambodia22.516,946,438
Honduras2210,062,991
Tonga21.8106,760
Botswana21.72,397,241
Pakistan21.6225,199,937
Bolivia21.611,832,940
Kyrgyzstan21.66,628,356
Algeria21.544,616,624
Kiribati21121,392
Syria20.718,275,702
Samoa20.2200,149
South Africa19.960,041,994
Cape Verde19.7561,898
Micronesia19.6116,254
Guam19.4170,179
Nepal19.129,674,920
American Samoa1955,100
Dominican Republic18.910,953,703
Turkmenistan18.96,117,924
Malaysia18.832,776,194
Kuwait18.84,328,550
India18.71,393,409,038
Bangladesh18.6166,303,498
Venezuela18.528,704,954
Mongolia18.23,329,289
Fiji18.2902,906
Mexico18.1130,262,216
Israel17.98,789,774
Myanmar17.754,806,012
Peru17.633,359,418
Ecuador17.617,888,475
Panama17.64,381,579
Morocco17.537,344,795
Kazakhstan17.518,994,962
Nicaragua17.56,702,385
Iran17.485,028,759
Tunisia17.411,935,766
Libya17.26,958,532
Bhutan17779,898
Brunei16.9441,532
Uzbekistan16.633,935,763
Paraguay16.67,219,638
Argentina16.545,605,826
Jamaica16.52,973,463
El Salvador16.16,518,499
Maldives16.1543,617
Indonesia15.9276,361,783
Colombia15.851,265,844
Saudi Arabia15.635,340,683
Suriname15.6591,800
Antigua And Barbuda15.698,731
Turkey15.485,042,738
Guyana15.4790,326
Azerbaijan15.310,223,342
Costa Rica15.35,139,052
Vietnam15.298,168,833
Grenada15.2113,021
Northern Mariana Islands14.957,917
Turks And Caicos Islands14.939,231
Sri Lanka14.821,497,310
New Caledonia14.8288,218
North Korea14.625,887,041
French Polynesia14.5282,530
Faroe Islands14.549,049
Greenland14.356,877
Lebanon14.16,769,146
Brazil13.9213,993,437
Ireland13.84,982,907
Cook Islands13.717,565
Iceland13.6343,353
Chile13.419,212,361
Seychelles13.498,908
Albania13.22,872,933
New Zealand13.14,860,643
Bahrain13.11,748,296
Saint Lucia13.1184,400
Uruguay133,485,151
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines13111,263
Saint Kitts And Nevis1353,544
Mauritius12.81,273,433
Armenia12.62,968,127
United States Virgin Islands12.5104,226
United States12.4332,915,073
Anguilla12.415,117
Trinidad And Tobago12.31,403,375
Aruba12.3107,204
Norway12.25,465,630
China12.11,444,216,107
France12.165,426,179
Sweden12.110,160,169
Georgia12.13,979,765
United Kingdom1268,207,116
Australia1225,788,215
Cayman Islands1266,497
Montenegro11.9628,053
Luxembourg11.6634,814
Barbados11.6287,711
Belgium11.311,632,326
Bermuda11.362,090
Palau11.318,169
Moldova11.24,024,019
British Virgin Islands11.130,421
Thailand1169,950,850
Netherlands10.917,173,099
Denmark10.95,813,298
Isle Of Man10.985,410
Falkland Islands10.93,533
North Macedonia10.82,082,658
Russia10.7145,912,025
Finland10.75,548,360
Cuba10.611,317,505
Switzerland10.58,715,494
Montserrat10.54,977
Liechtenstein10.438,250
Canada10.238,067,903
Ukraine10.143,466,819
Belarus109,442,862
Malta10442,784
Estonia9.91,325,185
United Arab Emirates9.89,991,089
Lithuania9.82,689,862
Slovakia9.65,460,721
Latvia9.61,866,942
Austria9.59,043,070
Qatar9.52,930,528
Poland9.337,797,005
Czech Republic9.210,724,555
Slovenia9.22,078,724
Spain946,745,216
Hungary8.99,634,164
Serbia8.98,697,550
Hong Kong8.87,552,810
Croatia8.84,081,651
Romania8.719,127,774
Singapore8.75,896,686
Bosnia And Herzegovina8.73,263,466
Germany8.683,900,473
San Marino8.634,017
Italy8.560,367,477
Bulgaria8.56,896,663
Macau8.4658,394
South Korea8.351,305,186
Greece8.310,370,744
Taiwan8.223,855,010
Portugal8.210,167,925
Japan8126,050,804
Andorra7.377,355
Monaco6.539,511

Birth Rate By Country 2021