Birth Rate by Country 2021

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The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population over a specific period of time (typically a year). It is closely intertwined with total fertility rate, which tracks the average number of children that women in a given country give birth to during their childbearing years. The birth rate varies drastically by country. The average global birth rate was 18.5 births per 1,000 people in 2019, lower than in 2007 and 2012.

Birth rate and replacement rate

Both birth rate and fertility rate are helpful in analyzing a country's replacement rate, which compares the rate of births and deaths in a country to determine whether the population is growing or shrinking overall. This metric is important because populations that increase or decrease too rapidly can put a strain on a country's systems, including its economy, infrastructure, social programs.

The global decrease in birth rate has caused some countries to worry that their current birth rate is not enough to replace the older generation, which would lead to a population decline. Problems associated with population decline include a slowed economy, which can lead to the closing of businesses from restaurants to public transportation to schools to medical facilities. To help counteract these concerns, some governments offer financial incentives to encourage citizens to have children. Low birth rates are attributed to the high costs of raising a child, people choosing to further their careers over starting a family, and older average ages for first-time mothers.

On the other hand, some countries face overpopulation and the problems associated with it, such as overcrowding, poverty, an overwhelmed health care sector, low life expectancy, and low education levels. In these circumstances, a country's government might offer incentives for people to have only one child.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Birth Rate (per 1000 people, CIA World Factbook 2021 estimate)

  1. Niger - 47.28
  2. Angola - 42.22
  3. Mali - 41.60 (tie)
  4. Uganda - 41.60 (tie)
  5. Benin - 41.55
  6. Chad - 41.05
  7. Congo (Dem Rep of) - 40.53
  8. South Sudan - 38.26
  9. Somalia - 38.25
  10. Mozambique - 38.03

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Birth Rate (per 1000 people, CIA World Factbook 2021 estimate)

  1. Monaco - 6.63
  2. South Korea - 6.89
  3. Andorra - 6.91
  4. Japan - 7.00
  5. Taiwan (limited recognition) - 7.43
  6. Greece - 7.72
  7. Puerto Rico - 7.90
  8. Portugal - 8.02
  9. Spain - 8.05
  10. Bulgaria - 8.15

Birth rate highs and lows

According to the CIA World Factbook, Nigeria has the highest birth rate in the world at 47.28 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The birth rate in Angola decreased significantly since 2000, when it was 46.89. It is notable that datas from other sources, such as the United Nations or World Bank, rank countries in a slightly different order (see below), but central Africa is the fastest-growing region globally and Nigeria the fastest-growing population in every case.

On the other side of the scale, the CIA estimates Monaco has the lowest birth rate in the world at 6.63 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. In comparison, the United Nations awards that rank to the U.S. territory Puerto Rico (6.55) and South Korea (6.77) and World Bank identifies Puerto Rico (6.4) and San Marino (6.7) as the lowest birth rates in the world. The United States sits at the lower end of the spectrum in all three rankings, with averages ranging from 11.4 to 12.33.

Birth Rate by Country 2021

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Birth Rate by Country 2021

* Birth rate is number of births per 1,000 population
Country Birth Rate 2021 Population
Angola43.733,933,610
Niger43.625,130,817
Mali43.220,855,735
Chad4316,914,985
Uganda42.447,123,531
Zambia41.118,920,651
Burundi40.912,255,433
Malawi40.719,647,684
Somalia39.316,359,504
Liberia37.95,180,203
Mozambique37.832,163,047
Afghanistan37.539,835,428
Guinea Bissau37.32,015,494
South Sudan36.911,381,378
Burkina Faso36.921,497,096
Guinea36.413,497,244
Sierra Leone368,141,343
Ethiopia36117,876,227
Tanzania35.361,498,437
Nigeria35.2211,400,708
Cameroon3527,224,265
Benin34.512,451,040
Sudan34.244,909,353
Central African Republic344,919,981
Zimbabwe3415,092,171
Republic of the Congo33.75,657,013
Timor Leste32.91,343,873
Senegal32.917,196,301
Togo32.88,478,250
DR Congo32.892,377,993
Equatorial Guinea31.71,449,896
Sao Tome And Principe31.5223,368
Madagascar3128,427,328
Ghana30.231,732,129
Ivory Coast30.127,053,629
Iraq3041,179,350
Mauritania29.94,775,119
Rwanda29.813,276,513
Eritrea29.13,601,467
Egypt28.8104,258,327
Yemen27.630,490,640
Namibia26.82,587,344
Comoros25.3888,451
Guatemala24.618,249,860
Solomon Islands24.5703,996
Lesotho24.22,159,079
Marshall Islands23.859,610
Tuvalu23.711,931
Oman23.75,223,375
Jordan23.610,269,021
Vanuatu23.5314,464
Philippines23.4111,046,913
Djibouti23.31,002,187
Papua New Guinea23.39,119,010
Nauru23.210,876
Laos23.27,379,358
Belize22.9404,914
Tajikistan22.89,749,627
Haiti22.611,541,685
Kenya22.654,985,698
Cambodia22.516,946,438
Honduras2210,062,991
Tonga21.8106,760
Botswana21.72,397,241
Kyrgyzstan21.66,628,356
Bolivia21.611,832,940
Pakistan21.6225,199,937
Algeria21.544,616,624
Kiribati21121,392
Syria20.718,275,702
Samoa20.2200,149
South Africa19.960,041,994
Cape Verde19.7561,898
Micronesia19.6116,254
Guam19.4170,179
Nepal19.129,674,920
American Samoa1955,100
Turkmenistan18.96,117,924
Dominican Republic18.910,953,703
Kuwait18.84,328,550
Malaysia18.832,776,194
India18.71,393,409,038
Bangladesh18.6166,303,498
Venezuela18.528,704,954
Fiji18.2902,906
Mongolia18.23,329,289
Mexico18.1130,262,216
Israel17.98,789,774
Myanmar17.754,806,012
Panama17.64,381,579
Ecuador17.617,888,475
Peru17.633,359,418
Nicaragua17.56,702,385
Kazakhstan17.518,994,962
Morocco17.537,344,795
Tunisia17.411,935,766
Iran17.485,028,759
Libya17.26,958,532
Bhutan17779,898
Brunei16.9441,532
Paraguay16.67,219,638
Uzbekistan16.633,935,763
Jamaica16.52,973,463
Argentina16.545,605,826
Maldives16.1543,617
El Salvador16.16,518,499
Indonesia15.9276,361,783
Colombia15.851,265,844
Antigua And Barbuda15.698,731
Suriname15.6591,800
Saudi Arabia15.635,340,683
Guyana15.4790,326
Turkey15.485,042,738
Costa Rica15.35,139,052
Azerbaijan15.310,223,342
Grenada15.2113,021
Vietnam15.298,168,833
Turks And Caicos Islands14.939,231
Northern Mariana Islands14.957,917
New Caledonia14.8288,218
Sri Lanka14.821,497,310
North Korea14.625,887,041
Faroe Islands14.549,049
French Polynesia14.5282,530
Greenland14.356,877
Lebanon14.16,769,146
Brazil13.9213,993,437
Ireland13.84,982,907
Cook Islands13.717,565
Iceland13.6343,353
Seychelles13.498,908
Chile13.419,212,361
Albania13.22,872,933
Saint Lucia13.1184,400
Bahrain13.11,748,296
New Zealand13.14,860,643
Saint Kitts And Nevis1353,544
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines13111,263
Uruguay133,485,151
Mauritius12.81,273,433
Armenia12.62,968,127
United States Virgin Islands12.5104,226
Anguilla12.415,117
United States12.4332,915,073
Aruba12.3107,204
Trinidad And Tobago12.31,403,375
Norway12.25,465,630
Georgia12.13,979,765
Sweden12.110,160,169
France12.165,426,179
China12.11,444,216,107
Cayman Islands1266,497
Australia1225,788,215
United Kingdom1268,207,116
Montenegro11.9628,053
Barbados11.6287,711
Luxembourg11.6634,814
Palau11.318,169
Bermuda11.362,090
Belgium11.311,632,326
Moldova11.24,024,019
British Virgin Islands11.130,421
Thailand1169,950,850
Falkland Islands10.93,533
Isle of Man10.985,410
Denmark10.95,813,298
Netherlands10.917,173,099
North Macedonia10.82,082,658
Finland10.75,548,360
Russia10.7145,912,025
Cuba10.611,317,505
Montserrat10.54,977
Switzerland10.58,715,494
Liechtenstein10.438,250
Canada10.238,067,903
Ukraine10.143,466,819
Malta10442,784
Belarus109,442,862
Estonia9.91,325,185
Lithuania9.82,689,862
United Arab Emirates9.89,991,089
Latvia9.61,866,942
Slovakia9.65,460,721
Qatar9.52,930,528
Austria9.59,043,070
Poland9.337,797,005
Slovenia9.22,078,724
Czech Republic9.210,724,555
Spain946,745,216
Serbia8.98,697,550
Hungary8.99,634,164
Croatia8.84,081,651
Hong Kong8.87,552,810
Bosnia And Herzegovina8.73,263,466
Singapore8.75,896,686
Romania8.719,127,774
San Marino8.634,017
Germany8.683,900,473
Bulgaria8.56,896,663
Italy8.560,367,477
Macau8.4658,394
Greece8.310,370,744
South Korea8.351,305,186
Portugal8.210,167,925
Taiwan8.223,855,010
Japan8126,050,804
Andorra7.377,355
Monaco6.539,511

Birth Rate by Country 2021