Birth Rate By Country 2021

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The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or a specific period of time. The birth rate varies drastically by country. The average global birth rate is 18.5 births per 1,000 total populations, lower than in 2007 and 2012. Birth rate and fertility rate, the number of children a woman of childbearing age gives birth to, are used to determine a country's replacement rate.

The decrease in birth rate has caused many countries to worry that their current birth rate is not enough to replace the older generation and fear a population decline. Some governments have financial incentives to encourage citizens to have children. Low birth rates are attributed to the high costs of raising a child, people choosing to further their careers over starting a family, and older average ages for first-time mothers.

On the other end, some countries face overpopulation and the problems associated with it, such as overcrowding and poverty. Overpopulation is usually caused by very high birth rates, which are associated with health problems, low life expectancy, lack of contraception, and low education levels.

The countries with the ten highest birth rates (average annual number of births per 1,000 people per year) are:

  1. Angola (43.7)
  2. Niger (43.6)
  3. Mali (43.2)42.90
  4. Chad (43.0)
  5. Uganda (42.4)
  6. Zambia (41.1)
  7. Burundi (40.9)
  8. Malawi (40.7)
  9. Somalia (39.3)
  10. Liberia (37.9)

Angola has the highest birth rate of 43.7 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The birth rate in Angola decreased significantly since 2000, when it was 46.89. Monaco has the lowest birth rate in the world of 6.5 average annual births per 1,000 people per year. The United States sits at the lower end of the spectrum at 12.4.

Below is each country's birth rate based on the latest data.

Birth Rate By Country 2021

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Birth Rate By Country 2021

* Birth rate is number of births per 1,000 population
Country Birth Rate 2021 Population
Niger44.225,130,817
Angola44.233,933,610
Mali43.920,855,735
Uganda42.947,123,531
Zambia41.518,920,651
Burundi41.312,255,433
Burkina Faso41.221,497,096
Malawi4119,647,684
Somalia39.616,359,504
Liberia38.35,180,203
Mozambique38.132,163,047
Afghanistan37.939,835,428
Nigeria36.9211,400,708
Ethiopia36.5117,876,227
Sierra Leone36.38,141,343
Chad35.616,914,985
Tanzania35.661,498,437
South Sudan35.511,381,378
Cameroon35.427,224,265
Guinea35.113,497,244
Benin3512,451,040
Republic Of The Congo34.45,657,013
Central African Republic34.34,919,981
Gabon34.22,278,825
Zimbabwe34.215,092,171
Dr Congo33.592,377,993
Timor Leste33.41,343,873
Senegal33.417,196,301
Togo33.38,478,250
Guinea Bissau32.52,015,494
Sao Tome And Principe32.4223,368
Equatorial Guinea32.21,449,896
Madagascar31.628,427,328
Rwanda30.713,276,513
Ghana30.531,732,129
Mauritania30.44,775,119
Iraq30.441,179,350
Eritrea29.63,601,467
Egypt29.6104,258,327
Gambia29.42,486,945
Western Sahara29.3611,875
Yemen28.430,490,640
Sudan27.944,909,353
Ivory Coast27.727,053,629
Namibia27.32,587,344
Comoros26.1888,451
Solomon Islands24.9703,996
Lesotho24.62,159,079
Marshall Islands24.459,610
Guatemala24.118,249,860
Nauru2410,876
Vanuatu24314,464
Belize24404,914
Eswatini241,172,362
Oman245,223,375
Jordan23.910,269,021
Kenya23.954,985,698
Tuvalu23.711,931
Papua New Guinea23.79,119,010
Philippines23.7111,046,913
Laos23.67,379,358
Djibouti23.41,002,187
Tajikistan23.39,749,627
Haiti2311,541,685
Cambodia2316,946,438
Honduras22.410,062,991
Tonga22.2106,760
Algeria22.244,616,624
Botswana22.12,397,241
Kyrgyzstan22.16,628,356
Bolivia2211,832,940
Pakistan21.9225,199,937
Kiribati21.2121,392
Syria21.218,275,702
Samoa20.4200,149
South Africa20.260,041,994
Micronesia20116,254
Cape Verde20561,898
Guam19.7170,179
American Samoa19.655,100
Nepal19.529,674,920
Kuwait19.24,328,550
Turkmenistan19.16,117,924
Malaysia19.132,776,194
India191,393,409,038
Mongolia18.93,329,289
Venezuela18.828,704,954
Bangladesh18.8166,303,498
Fiji18.6902,906
Dominican Republic18.410,953,703
Saudi Arabia18.335,340,683
Mexico18.3130,262,216
Tunisia18.211,935,766
Israel18.18,789,774
Kazakhstan18.118,994,962
Myanmar18.154,806,012
Jamaica17.92,973,463
Panama17.94,381,579
Ecuador17.917,888,475
Iran17.985,028,759
Peru17.833,359,418
Nicaragua17.76,702,385
Morocco17.737,344,795
Libya17.56,958,532
Bhutan17.3779,898
Brunei17441,532
Uzbekistan16.833,935,763
Argentina16.745,605,826
Paraguay16.67,219,638
El Salvador16.26,518,499
Indonesia16.2276,361,783
Maldives16.1543,617
Colombia16.151,265,844
Suriname15.8591,800
Azerbaijan15.810,223,342
Antigua And Barbuda15.798,731
Turkey15.785,042,738
Grenada15.5113,021
Costa Rica15.55,139,052
Vietnam15.598,168,833
Guyana15.4790,326
Turks And Caicos Islands15.339,231
Bahamas15.3396,913
Sri Lanka15.221,497,310
Dominica15.172,167
United Arab Emirates15.19,991,089
Northern Mariana Islands1557,917
New Caledonia15288,218
French Polynesia14.8282,530
North Korea14.625,887,041
Greenland14.456,877
Faroe Islands14.349,049
Lebanon14.36,769,146
Ireland14.14,982,907
Brazil14.1213,993,437
Cook Islands1417,565
Gibraltar1433,698
Seychelles13.798,908
Curacao13.7164,798
Iceland13.7343,353
Chile13.619,212,361
Saint Lucia13.3184,400
Bahrain13.31,748,296
Wallis And Futuna13.211,094
Saint Kitts And Nevis13.253,544
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines13.2111,263
Albania13.22,872,933
New Zealand13.24,860,643
Sint Maarten13.143,412
Mauritius131,273,433
Uruguay133,485,151
Armenia12.92,968,127
British Virgin Islands12.830,421
Trinidad And Tobago12.71,403,375
Anguilla12.515,117
United States12.5332,915,073
Aruba12.4107,204
Georgia12.33,979,765
China12.31,444,216,107
Norway12.25,465,630
France12.265,426,179
Sweden12.110,160,169
Australia12.125,788,215
United Kingdom12.168,207,116
Cayman Islands1266,497
Barbados11.7287,711
Luxembourg11.5634,814
Moldova11.54,024,019
Palau11.318,169
Bermuda11.362,090
Cyprus11.31,215,584
Belgium11.311,632,326
Isle Of Man1185,410
Thailand1169,950,850
Russia11145,912,025
Falkland Islands10.93,533
Netherlands10.917,173,099
Montserrat10.84,977
Finland10.75,548,360
Cuba10.711,317,505
Denmark10.55,813,298
Switzerland10.58,715,494
Liechtenstein10.438,250
Belarus10.39,442,862
Canada10.338,067,903
Ukraine10.343,466,819
Malta10.1442,784
Estonia10.11,325,185
Montenegro10628,053
Lithuania9.92,689,862
Latvia9.71,866,942
Slovakia9.75,460,721
Qatar9.62,930,528
Austria9.59,043,070
Poland9.537,797,005
Spain9.246,745,216
Serbia98,697,550
Hungary99,634,164
Portugal910,167,925
Croatia8.94,081,651
Hong Kong8.97,552,810
Romania8.919,127,774
Bosnia And Herzegovina8.83,263,466
Bulgaria8.76,896,663
San Marino8.634,017
Macau8.6658,394
Singapore8.65,896,686
Italy8.660,367,477
Germany8.683,900,473
Greece8.410,370,744
Taiwan8.323,855,010
South Korea8.351,305,186
Slovenia8.22,078,724
Puerto Rico8.12,828,255
Japan7.7126,050,804
Andorra7.577,355
Saint Pierre And Miquelon7.15,766
Monaco6.639,511

Birth Rate By Country 2021