Developed Countries List

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A developed country is a sovereign state with a mature economy and technologically advanced infrastructure compared to other nations. Several factors determine whether or not a country is developed, such as its political stability, gross domestic product (GDP), level of industrialization, social welfare programs, infrastructure, and the freedoms its citizens enjoy. Countries that are not quite yet developed are called developing countries.

The Human Development Index was developed by the United Nations to measure human development in a country. HDI is quantified by looking at a country's human development, such as education, health, and life expectancy. HDI is set on a scale from 0 to 1, and most developed countries have a score above .80. HDI can be used to determine the best countries to live in, as more developed countries typically offer their residents a higher quality of life.

Because there are so many factors to consider, defining what countries are developed can be a challenge. Moreover, it's possible for a country to be developed in the view of one institution, but not in the eyes of another.

For example, the United Nations classifies Turkey as a developed country thanks to its HDI of .807. The CIA World Factbook, G-20, and several other international organizations all agree. However, organizations including Dow Jones and the Financial Times Stock Exchange Group (FTSE) classify Turkey as still developing. This is likely due to factors such as Turkey's slightly elevated infant mortality rate (12 per 1,000) and its citizens' comparatively low life expectancy (75 years).

Released in December 2020, the United Nations Human Development Report 2020 ranks each country in the world based on its HDI ranking. For 2020, the top 10 most developed countries (and their HDI scores) were:

1 - Norway
2 - Ireland (tie)
2 - Switzerland (tie)
4 - Iceland (tie)
4 - Hong Kong, China (SAR)(tie)
6 - Germany
7 - Sweden
8 - Australia (tie)
8 - Netherlands (tie)
10 - Denmark

For the full HDI 2020 list, including the United States, Russia, China, and the United Kingdom, see below (any score .80 or higher is developed, and anything lower is developing).

Developed Countries List

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Developed Countries List

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Norway0.9575,465,630
Ireland0.9554,982,907
Switzerland0.9558,715,494
Iceland0.949343,353
Hong Kong0.9497,552,810
Germany0.94783,900,473
Sweden0.94510,160,169
Netherlands0.94417,173,099
Australia0.94425,788,215
Denmark0.945,813,298
Finland0.9385,548,360
Singapore0.9385,896,686
United Kingdom0.93268,207,116
New Zealand0.9314,860,643
Belgium0.93111,632,326
Canada0.92938,067,903
United States0.926332,915,073
Austria0.9229,043,070
Liechtenstein0.91938,250
Israel0.9198,789,774
Japan0.919126,050,804
Slovenia0.9172,078,724
Luxembourg0.916634,814
South Korea0.91651,305,186
Spain0.90446,745,216
France0.90165,426,179
Malta0.895442,784
Estonia0.8921,325,185
Italy0.89260,367,477
United Arab Emirates0.899,991,089
Greece0.88810,370,744
Cyprus0.8871,215,584
Lithuania0.8822,689,862
Poland0.8837,797,005
Andorra0.86877,355
Latvia0.8661,866,942
Portugal0.86410,167,925
Slovakia0.865,460,721
Hungary0.8549,634,164
Saudi Arabia0.85435,340,683
Bahrain0.8521,748,296
Croatia0.8514,081,651
Chile0.85119,212,361
Qatar0.8482,930,528
Argentina0.84545,605,826
Montenegro0.829628,053
Romania0.82819,127,774
Palau0.82618,169
Kazakhstan0.82518,994,962
Russia0.824145,912,025
Belarus0.8239,442,862
Turkey0.8285,042,738
Uruguay0.8173,485,151
Bulgaria0.8166,896,663
Panama0.8154,381,579
Barbados0.814287,711
Bahamas0.814396,913
Oman0.8135,223,375
Georgia0.8123,979,765
Costa Rica0.815,139,052
Malaysia0.8132,776,194
Kuwait0.8064,328,550
Serbia0.8068,697,550
Mauritius0.8041,273,433
Seychelles0.79698,908
Trinidad And Tobago0.7961,403,375
Albania0.7952,872,933
Cuba0.78311,317,505
Iran0.78385,028,759
Sri Lanka0.78221,497,310
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.783,263,466
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77953,544
Grenada0.779113,021
Ukraine0.77943,466,819
Mexico0.779130,262,216
Antigua And Barbuda0.77898,731
Peru0.77733,359,418
Thailand0.77769,950,850
Armenia0.7762,968,127
North Macedonia0.7742,082,658
Colombia0.76751,265,844
Brazil0.765213,993,437
China0.7611,444,216,107
Saint Lucia0.759184,400
Ecuador0.75917,888,475
Azerbaijan0.75610,223,342
Dominican Republic0.75610,953,703
Moldova0.754,024,019
Algeria0.74844,616,624
Lebanon0.7446,769,146
Fiji0.743902,906
Dominica0.74272,167
Maldives0.74543,617
Tunisia0.7411,935,766
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.738111,263
Suriname0.738591,800
Mongolia0.7373,329,289
Botswana0.7352,397,241
Jamaica0.7342,973,463
Jordan0.72910,269,021
Paraguay0.7287,219,638
Tonga0.725106,760
Libya0.7246,958,532
Uzbekistan0.7233,935,763
Bolivia0.71811,832,940
Philippines0.718111,046,913
Indonesia0.718276,361,783
Belize0.716404,914
Samoa0.715200,149
Turkmenistan0.7156,117,924
Venezuela0.71128,704,954
South Africa0.70960,041,994
Palestine0.7085,222,748
Egypt0.707104,258,327
Marshall Islands0.70459,610
Vietnam0.70498,168,833
Gabon0.7032,278,825
Kyrgyzstan0.6976,628,356
Morocco0.68637,344,795
Guyana0.682790,326
Iraq0.67441,179,350
El Salvador0.6736,518,499
Tajikistan0.6689,749,627
Guatemala0.66318,249,860
Nicaragua0.666,702,385
Bhutan0.654779,898
Namibia0.6462,587,344
India0.6451,393,409,038
Honduras0.63410,062,991
Bangladesh0.632166,303,498
Kiribati0.63121,392
Sao Tome And Principe0.625223,368
Micronesia0.62116,254
Laos0.6137,379,358
Eswatini0.6111,172,362
Ghana0.61131,732,129
Vanuatu0.609314,464
Timor Leste0.6061,343,873
Nepal0.60229,674,920
Kenya0.60154,985,698
Cambodia0.59416,946,438
Equatorial Guinea0.5921,449,896
Zambia0.58418,920,651
Myanmar0.58354,806,012
Angola0.58133,933,610
Republic Of The Congo0.5745,657,013
Zimbabwe0.57115,092,171
Solomon Islands0.567703,996
Syria0.56718,275,702
Cameroon0.56327,224,265
Pakistan0.557225,199,937
Papua New Guinea0.5559,119,010
Comoros0.554888,451
Mauritania0.5464,775,119
Benin0.54512,451,040
Uganda0.54447,123,531
Rwanda0.54313,276,513
Nigeria0.539211,400,708
Ivory Coast0.53827,053,629
Tanzania0.52961,498,437
Madagascar0.52828,427,328
Lesotho0.5272,159,079
Djibouti0.5241,002,187
Togo0.5158,478,250
Senegal0.51217,196,301
Afghanistan0.51139,835,428
Haiti0.5111,541,685
Sudan0.5144,909,353
Gambia0.4962,486,945
Ethiopia0.485117,876,227
Malawi0.48319,647,684
Guinea Bissau0.482,015,494
Liberia0.485,180,203
Dr Congo0.4892,377,993
Guinea0.47713,497,244
Yemen0.4730,490,640
Eritrea0.4593,601,467
Mozambique0.45632,163,047
Sierra Leone0.4528,141,343
Burkina Faso0.45221,497,096
Mali0.43420,855,735
South Sudan0.43311,381,378
Burundi0.43312,255,433
Chad0.39816,914,985
Central African Republic0.3974,919,981
Niger0.39425,130,817

Developed Countries List