Middle Income Countries 2021

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According to the World Bank, middle-income countries (or MICs) are nations that have a per capita gross national income (GNI) between $1,026 and $12,475.

World Bank has historically broken-down countries’ economies into three categories: high income, middle income, and low income. Now economies are further specified, with middle economies broken down into two different groups: lower-middle-income countries and upper-middle-income countries. This is because middle-income economies are diverse in their regions, sizes, populations, and income levels. Lower middle-income nations have a GNI per capita of $1,026 to $3,995. Upper middle-income countries have a GNI per capita of $3,996 to $12,475.

There are approximately 5 billion people live within MICs. These nations represent approximately one-third of global GDP, and over 70% of people in the world live in MICs. There are a total of 105 MICs, some of which are lower-middle-income and some that are upper-middle-income. Both lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income countries face their separate challenges. Lower-middle-income countries typically struggle to provide their citizens with essential services such as clean water. Upper-middle-income countries might face government problems such as corruption.

Middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth. Growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as international trade, reduction of border conflicts, sustainable energy development, and food and water security.

Middle Income Countries 2021

Rank Country Population 2021
1India1,393,409,038
2Indonesia276,361,783
3Pakistan225,199,937
4Nigeria211,400,708
5Bangladesh166,303,498
6Philippines111,046,913
7Egypt104,258,327
8Vietnam98,168,833
9Kenya54,985,698
10Myanmar54,806,012
11Sudan44,909,353
12Ukraine43,466,819
13Morocco37,344,795
14Uzbekistan33,935,763
15Angola33,933,610
16Ghana31,732,129
17Cameroon27,224,265
18Ivory Coast27,053,629
19Sri Lanka21,497,310
20Zambia18,920,651
21Cambodia16,946,438
22Tunisia11,935,766
23Bolivia11,832,940
24Honduras10,062,991
25Papua New Guinea9,119,010
26Laos7,379,358
27Nicaragua6,702,385
28Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
29El Salvador6,518,499
30Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
31Mauritania4,775,119
32Moldova4,024,019
33Georgia3,979,765
34Mongolia3,329,289
35Lesotho2,159,079
36Timor Leste1,343,873
37Swaziland1,172,362
38Djibouti1,002,187
39Bhutan779,898
40Solomon Islands703,996
41Cape Verde561,898
42Vanuatu314,464
43Sao Tome And Principe223,368
44Kiribati121,392
45Micronesia116,254

Middle Income Countries 2021