Middle Income Countries 2022

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The World Bank, an international organization dedicated to helping countries overcome poverty, sorts each of the world's nations into one of four categories: high income, upper-middle income, lower-middle income, and low income. Upper-middle income countries and lower-middle income countries are known collectively as middle-income countries (MICs). In response to shifts in the global economy, the World Bank adjusts the boundary lines between the categories each July. For 2021-2022, lower middle-income nations are those with a GNI (Gross National Income) per capita of $1,046 to $4,095. Upper middle-income countries have a GNI per capita of $4,096 to $12,695.

More than half of the world's countries (110 in 2021-22, listed in the table below) are middle-income countries, which display a diverse range of regions, sizes, populations, and cultures. MICs are home to 75% of the world's population, including 62% of its poor people, and produce one-third of the global GDP. Many MICs face similar challenges, which often include population growth that outpaces the development of infrastructure, a lack of investment capital and skilled workers, and government corruption and/or instability.

Middle-income countries are essential to global economic growth. Development and growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as increased international trade, greater sustainable energy development, improved food and water security, and a reduction in border conflicts. If evaluated using the United Nations' overarching Human Development Index, middle-income countries tend to classify as developing countries, ranking above least-developed countries (which typically correlate to low-income countries) but falling short of developed (high-income) countries.

Middle Income Countries 2022

Country Classification 2022 Population
ChinaUpper-Middle1,448,471,400
IndiaLower-Middle1,406,631,776
IndonesiaLower-Middle279,134,505
PakistanLower-Middle229,488,994
NigeriaLower-Middle216,746,934
BrazilUpper-Middle215,353,593
BangladeshLower-Middle167,885,689
RussiaUpper-Middle145,805,947
MexicoUpper-Middle131,562,772
PhilippinesLower-Middle112,508,994
EgyptLower-Middle106,156,692
VietnamLower-Middle98,953,541
IranLower-Middle86,022,837
TurkeyUpper-Middle85,561,976
ThailandUpper-Middle70,078,203
TanzaniaLower-Middle63,298,550
South AfricaUpper-Middle60,756,135
KenyaLower-Middle56,215,221
MyanmarLower-Middle55,227,143
ColombiaUpper-Middle51,512,762
ArgentinaUpper-Middle46,010,234
AlgeriaLower-Middle45,350,148
UkraineLower-Middle43,192,122
IraqUpper-Middle42,164,965
MoroccoLower-Middle37,772,756
AngolaLower-Middle35,027,343
UzbekistanLower-Middle34,382,084
PeruUpper-Middle33,684,208
MalaysiaUpper-Middle33,181,072
GhanaLower-Middle32,395,450
NepalLower-Middle30,225,582
CameroonLower-Middle27,911,548
Ivory CoastLower-Middle27,742,298
Sri LankaLower-Middle21,575,842
ZambiaLower-Middle19,470,234
KazakhstanUpper-Middle19,205,043
RomaniaUpper-Middle19,031,335
GuatemalaUpper-Middle18,584,039
EcuadorUpper-Middle18,113,361
SenegalLower-Middle17,653,671
CambodiaLower-Middle17,168,639
ZimbabweLower-Middle15,331,428
BeninLower-Middle12,784,726
TunisiaLower-Middle12,046,656
BoliviaLower-Middle11,992,656
HaitiLower-Middle11,680,283
CubaUpper-Middle11,305,652
Dominican RepublicUpper-Middle11,056,370
JordanUpper-Middle10,300,869
AzerbaijanUpper-Middle10,300,205
HondurasLower-Middle10,221,247
TajikistanLower-Middle9,957,464
BelarusUpper-Middle9,432,800
Papua New GuineaLower-Middle9,292,169
SerbiaUpper-Middle8,653,016
LaosLower-Middle7,481,023
ParaguayUpper-Middle7,305,843
LibyaUpper-Middle7,040,745
BulgariaUpper-Middle6,844,597
NicaraguaLower-Middle6,779,100
KyrgyzstanLower-Middle6,728,271
LebanonUpper-Middle6,684,849
El SalvadorLower-Middle6,550,389
TurkmenistanUpper-Middle6,201,943
Republic of the CongoLower-Middle5,797,805
PalestineLower-Middle5,345,541
Costa RicaUpper-Middle5,182,354
MauritaniaLower-Middle4,901,981
PanamaUpper-Middle4,446,964
MoldovaUpper-Middle4,013,171
GeorgiaUpper-Middle3,968,738
MongoliaLower-Middle3,378,078
Bosnia And HerzegovinaUpper-Middle3,249,317
JamaicaUpper-Middle2,985,094
ArmeniaUpper-Middle2,971,966
AlbaniaUpper-Middle2,866,374
NamibiaUpper-Middle2,633,874
BotswanaUpper-Middle2,441,162
GabonUpper-Middle2,331,533
LesothoLower-Middle2,175,699
North MacedoniaUpper-Middle2,081,304
Equatorial GuineaUpper-Middle1,496,662
Timor LesteLower-Middle1,369,429
MauritiusUpper-Middle1,274,727
EswatiniLower-Middle1,184,817
DjiboutiLower-Middle1,016,097
FijiUpper-Middle909,466
ComorosLower-Middle907,419
GuyanaUpper-Middle794,045
BhutanLower-Middle787,941
Solomon IslandsLower-Middle721,159
MontenegroUpper-Middle627,950
SurinameUpper-Middle596,831
Cape VerdeLower-Middle567,678
MaldivesUpper-Middle540,985
BelizeLower-Middle412,190
VanuatuLower-Middle321,832
Sao Tome And PrincipeLower-Middle227,679
SamoaLower-Middle202,239
Saint LuciaUpper-Middle185,113
KiribatiLower-Middle123,419
MicronesiaLower-Middle117,489
GrenadaUpper-Middle113,475
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinesUpper-Middle111,551
TongaUpper-Middle107,749
DominicaUpper-Middle72,344
Marshall IslandsUpper-Middle60,057
American SamoaUpper-Middle55,030
TuvaluUpper-Middle12,066

Middle Income Countries 2022

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