Middle Income Countries 2021

map placeholder

According to the World Bank, middle-income countries (or MICs) are nations that have a per capita gross national income (GNI) between $1,026 and $12,475.

World Bank has historically broken-down countries’ economies into three categories: high income, middle income, and low income. Now economies are further specified, with middle economies broken down into two different groups: lower-middle-income countries and upper-middle-income countries. This is because middle-income economies are diverse in their regions, sizes, populations, and income levels. Lower middle-income nations have a GNI per capita of $1,026 to $3,995. Upper middle-income countries have a GNI per capita of $3,996 to $12,475.

There are approximately 5 billion people live within MICs. These nations represent approximately one-third of global GDP, and over 70% of people in the world live in MICs. There are a total of 105 MICs, some of which are lower-middle-income and some that are upper-middle-income. Both lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income countries face their separate challenges. Lower-middle-income countries typically struggle to provide their citizens with essential services such as clean water. Upper-middle-income countries might face government problems such as corruption.

Middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth. Growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as international trade, reduction of border conflicts, sustainable energy development, and food and water security.

Middle Income Countries 2021

Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Thailand69,950,850
Tanzania61,498,437
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
Colombia51,265,844
Argentina45,605,826
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Morocco37,344,795
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Ghana31,732,129
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Zambia18,920,651
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Cambodia16,946,438
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Benin12,451,040
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Honduras10,062,991
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Serbia8,697,550
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Republic of the Congo5,657,013
Costa Rica5,139,052
Mauritania4,775,119
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Armenia2,968,127
Albania2,872,933
Namibia2,587,344
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Montenegro628,053
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Belize404,914
Vanuatu314,464
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,263
Tonga106,760
Dominica72,167
Marshall Islands59,610
American Samoa55,100
Tuvalu11,931

Middle Income Countries 2021