Least Developed Countries 2021

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According to the United Nations, least developed countries (LDCs) are low-income countries facing severe structural setbacks to sustainable development. LDCs have low levels of human assets and are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks.

Every three years, the Committee for Development (CDP) reviews the list of LDCs and assesses the three criteria: human assets, economic vulnerability, and gross national income per capita. There are currently 47 LDC countries. Five countries have been upgraded between 1994 and 2017:

There have been four United Nations conferences on LDCs, held every ten years. Two were held in Paris, one in Brussels, and the most recent in Istanbul, Turkey in 2011. The most recent conference endorsed the goal of boosting half of the current LDCs out of the category by 2022.

Country development is based on the Human Development Index (HDI), an index used to rank countries and is quantified by looking at a country’s human development such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. HDI places countries on a scale of 0-1 and categorizes them into one of four levels of human development: low human developed (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

The ten least developed countries in the world, according to HDI rankings, are:

  1. Niger
  2. Central African Republic
  3. South Sudan
  4. Chad
  5. Burundi
  6. Sierra Leone
  7. Burkina Faso
  8. Mali
  9. Liberia
  10. Mozambique

According to the Human Development Index, Niger is the least developed country in the world with an HDI of .354. Niger has widespread malnutrition and 44.1% of people live below to the poverty line. Additionally, Niger has the highest birth rate in the world of 7.4 births per woman and the result is a growing population contributing further to widespread poverty. Droughts have stunted agricultural and economic growth, and the country is plagued by conflict with the militant Islamist group Boko Haram.

LDCs have exclusive access to international support measures to assist LDCs with trade, development cooperation, and support for participation in the United Nations and other international processes. These measures are intended to help LDCs with growth and stability to boost them out of the category.

Least Developed Countries 2021

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Least Developed Countries 2021

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Niger0.35425,130,817
Central African Republic0.3674,919,981
South Sudan0.38811,381,378
Chad0.40416,914,985
Burundi0.41712,255,433
Sierra Leone0.4198,141,343
Burkina Faso0.42321,497,096
Mali0.42720,855,735
Liberia0.4355,180,203
Mozambique0.43732,163,047
Eritrea0.443,601,467
Yemen0.45230,490,640
Guinea Bissau0.4552,015,494
Dr Congo0.45792,377,993
Guinea0.45913,497,244
Gambia0.462,486,945
Ethiopia0.463117,876,227
Djibouti0.4761,002,187
Malawi0.47719,647,684
Ivory Coast0.49227,053,629
Afghanistan0.49839,835,428
Haiti0.49811,541,685
Sudan0.50244,909,353
Togo0.5038,478,250
Comoros0.503888,451
Senegal0.50517,196,301
Benin0.51512,451,040
Uganda0.51647,123,531
Madagascar0.51928,427,328
Mauritania0.524,775,119
Lesotho0.522,159,079
Rwanda0.52413,276,513
Nigeria0.532211,400,708
Zimbabwe0.53515,092,171
Syria0.53618,275,702
Tanzania0.53861,498,437
Papua New Guinea0.5449,119,010
Solomon Islands0.546703,996
Cameroon0.55627,224,265
Pakistan0.562225,199,937
Nepal0.57429,674,920
Myanmar0.57854,806,012
Angola0.58133,933,610
Cambodia0.58216,946,438
Zambia0.58818,920,651
Eswatini0.5881,172,362
Sao Tome And Principe0.589223,368
Kenya0.5954,985,698
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,449,896
Ghana0.59231,732,129
Laos0.6017,379,358
Vanuatu0.603314,464
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,657,013
Bangladesh0.608166,303,498
Bhutan0.612779,898
Kiribati0.612121,392
Honduras0.61710,062,991
Timor Leste0.6251,343,873
Micronesia0.627116,254
India0.641,393,409,038
Namibia0.6472,587,344
Guatemala0.6518,249,860
Tajikistan0.659,749,627
Guyana0.654790,326
Cape Verde0.654561,898
Nicaragua0.6586,702,385
Morocco0.66737,344,795
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,628,356
El Salvador0.6746,518,499
Iraq0.68541,179,350
Palestine0.6865,222,748
Bolivia0.69311,832,940
Indonesia0.694276,361,783
Vietnam0.69498,168,833
Egypt0.696104,258,327
Philippines0.699111,046,913
South Africa0.69960,041,994
Moldova0.74,024,019
Paraguay0.7027,219,638
Gabon0.7022,278,825
Libya0.7066,958,532
Turkmenistan0.7066,117,924
Belize0.708404,914
Marshall Islands0.70859,610
Uzbekistan0.7133,935,763
Samoa0.713200,149
Dominica0.71572,167
Botswana0.7172,397,241
Maldives0.717543,617
Suriname0.72591,800
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723111,263
Tonga0.726106,760
Jamaica0.7322,973,463
Tunisia0.73511,935,766
Jordan0.73510,269,021
Dominican Republic0.73610,953,703
Mongolia0.7413,329,289
Fiji0.741902,906
Colombia0.74751,265,844
Saint Lucia0.747184,400
Peru0.7533,359,418
Ukraine0.75143,466,819
China0.7521,444,216,107
Ecuador0.75217,888,475
Algeria0.75444,616,624
Thailand0.75569,950,850
Armenia0.7552,968,127
Azerbaijan0.75710,223,342
Lebanon0.7576,769,146
Brazil0.759213,993,437
Venezuela0.76128,704,954
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,263,466
Sri Lanka0.7721,497,310
Grenada0.772113,021
Mexico0.774130,262,216
Cuba0.77711,317,505
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,544
Georgia0.783,979,765
Antigua And Barbuda0.7898,731
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,403,375
Albania0.7852,872,933
Serbia0.7878,697,550
Panama0.7894,381,579
Mauritius0.791,273,433
Turkey0.79185,042,738
Costa Rica0.7945,139,052
Seychelles0.79798,908
Iran0.79885,028,759
Palau0.79818,169
Kazakhstan0.818,994,962
Barbados0.8287,711
Malaysia0.80232,776,194
Kuwait0.8034,328,550
Uruguay0.8043,485,151
Bahamas0.807396,913
Belarus0.8089,442,862
Romania0.81119,127,774
Bulgaria0.8136,896,663
Montenegro0.814628,053
Russia0.816145,912,025
Oman0.8215,223,375
Argentina0.82545,605,826
Croatia0.8314,081,651
Hungary0.8389,634,164
Chile0.84319,212,361
Bahrain0.8461,748,296
Portugal0.84710,167,925
Latvia0.8471,866,942
Saudi Arabia0.85335,340,683
Brunei0.853441,532
Slovakia0.8555,460,721
Qatar0.8562,930,528
Lithuania0.8582,689,862
Andorra0.85877,355
United Arab Emirates0.8639,991,089
Poland0.86537,797,005
Cyprus0.8691,215,584
Greece0.8710,370,744
Estonia0.8711,325,185
Malta0.878442,784
Italy0.8860,367,477
Czech Republic0.88810,724,555
Spain0.89146,745,216
Slovenia0.8962,078,724
France0.90165,426,179
South Korea0.90351,305,186
Israel0.9038,789,774
Luxembourg0.904634,814
Austria0.9089,043,070
Japan0.909126,050,804
Belgium0.91611,632,326
Liechtenstein0.91638,250
New Zealand0.9174,860,643
Finland0.925,548,360
United Kingdom0.92268,207,116
United States0.924332,915,073
Canada0.92638,067,903
Denmark0.9295,813,298
Netherlands0.93117,173,099
Singapore0.9325,896,686
Sweden0.93310,160,169
Hong Kong0.9337,552,810
Iceland0.935343,353
Germany0.93683,900,473
Ireland0.9384,982,907
Australia0.93925,788,215
Switzerland0.9448,715,494
Norway0.9535,465,630

Least Developed Countries 2021