Developing Countries 2022

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Although exact definitions vary, a developing country is generally defined as one with a low level of industrial and/or economic development, which leads directly or indirectly to social, political, economic, and environmental challenges that significantly impede quality of life in that country.

Also known as low-income, underdeveloped countries, and/or middle-income countries—a reference to their stunted economies—developing countries are less industrially advanced than countries classified as high-income, or developed countries. The most challenged among them are often given the sub-classification of least developed countries.

How do we know if a country is a "developing" country?

The United Nations uses a metric called the Human Development Index (HDI) to determine whether a country is fully developed or still developing. The HDI considers a broad range of factors, including economic growth, life expectancy, health, education, and quality of life. The highest possible HDI score is a 1.0. A country that scores less than .80 is considered developing.

Another frequently used method of determining whether a country is developed or developing is to examine that country's nominal gross national income (GNI) per capita, which is a useful at-a-glance tool to estimate a country's overall standard of living. Countries whose nominal GNI rises above a certain threshold (which changes slightly each year) are classified as developed, while those whose GNI falls below that amount are considered still developing.

For example, for 2022, the World Bank classifies countries and territories whose GNI is $12,696 or higher as High Income economies. Anything below that number would be considered a developing country (though World Bank prefers the terms Upper-Middle Income, Lower-Middle Income, and Low Income). In 2022, 80 of the 217 countries and territories tracked by World Bank qualified as High Income, while 137 qualified as developing economies/countries.

It is worth noting that these two methods are not always entirely in sync with one another. For example, the U.N. would consider Argentina a developed country thanks to its 2019 HDI of .830, which is above the .800 threshold. However, World Bank classifies Argentina as Upper-Middle Income and still developing based upon its 2020 GNI of $9070, which is well below the $12,695 dividing line.

Difficulties faced by developing countries

Many developing countries encounter similar challenges, including income inequality and/or widespread poverty, low education and literacy levels, inadequate infrastructure, and government corruption. Their energy production can be inaqequate and they may experience higher rates of violence against women. They may even struggle with health risks such as decreased access to safe water and sanitation, high levels of pollution, and an increased percentage of people with infectious diseases. The United Nations and many other aid organizations have established programs to help developing countries overcome these and other social, political, economic, and environmental challenges they face.

Developing Countries (World Bank 2022)

Developing Countries 2022

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Developing Countries 2022

Country Human Development Index (2019) GNI Per Capita (2020) 2022 Population
Seychelles0.79699,426
Trinidad And Tobago0.7961,406,585
Albania0.79552102,866,374
Cuba0.783748011,305,652
Iran0.783287086,022,837
Sri Lanka0.782372021,575,842
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7860903,249,317
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77953,871
Grenada0.7798740113,475
Ukraine0.779354043,192,122
Mexico0.7798480131,562,772
Antigua And Barbuda0.77899,509
Peru0.777601033,684,208
Thailand0.777705070,078,203
Armenia0.77642202,971,966
North Macedonia0.77457202,081,304
Colombia0.767578051,512,762
Brazil0.7657850215,353,593
China0.761106101,448,471,400
Saint Lucia0.7598790185,113
Ecuador0.759553018,113,361
Azerbaijan0.756445010,300,205
Dominican Republic0.756726011,056,370
Moldova0.7545704,013,171
Algeria0.748355045,350,148
Lebanon0.74455106,684,849
Fiji0.7434720909,466
Dominica0.742687072,344
Maldives0.746830540,985
Tunisia0.74310012,046,656
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines0.7387340111,551
Suriname0.7385510596,831
Mongolia0.73736703,378,078
Botswana0.73566402,441,162
Jamaica0.73446202,985,094
Jordan0.729431010,300,869
Paraguay0.72851407,305,843
Tonga0.7255000107,749
Libya0.72448507,040,745
Uzbekistan0.72167034,382,084
Bolivia0.718320011,992,656
Philippines0.7183430112,508,994
Indonesia0.7183870279,134,505
Belize0.7163970412,190
Samoa0.7154070202,239
Turkmenistan0.71572206,201,943
Venezuela0.71129,266,991
South Africa0.709541060,756,135
Palestine0.70837105,345,541
Egypt0.7073586106,156,692
Marshall Islands0.704501060,057
Vietnam0.704266098,953,541
Gabon0.70369702,331,533
Kyrgyzstan0.69711606,728,271
Morocco0.686315837,772,756
Guyana0.6826600794,045
Iraq0.674466042,164,965
El Salvador0.67336506,550,389
Tajikistan0.66810609,957,464
Guatemala0.663449018,584,039
Nicaragua0.6618506,779,100
Bhutan0.6542860787,941
Namibia0.64645202,633,874
India0.64519001,406,631,776
Honduras0.634220010,221,247
Bangladesh0.6322010167,885,689
Kiribati0.633010123,419
Sao Tome And Principe0.625227,679
Micronesia0.624010117,489
Laos0.61324807,481,023
Eswatini0.61135801,184,817
Ghana0.611223032,395,450
Vanuatu0.6092780321,832
Timor Leste0.6061,369,429
Nepal0.60230,225,582
Kenya0.601176056,215,221
Cambodia0.594149017,168,639
Equatorial Guinea0.59258101,496,662
Zambia0.584119019,470,234
Myanmar0.583126055,227,143
Angola0.581223035,027,343
Zimbabwe0.571109015,331,428
Solomon Islands0.5672300721,159
Syria0.567182019,364,809
Cameroon0.563150027,911,548
Pakistan0.5571280229,488,994
Papua New Guinea0.55526609,292,169
Comoros0.5541450907,419
Mauritania0.54616404,901,981
Benin0.545128012,784,726
Uganda0.54480048,432,863
Rwanda0.54378013,600,464
Nigeria0.5392000216,746,934
Ivory Coast0.538228027,742,298
Tanzania0.529108063,298,550
Madagascar0.52848029,178,077
Lesotho0.52711002,175,699
Djibouti0.52433201,016,097
Togo0.5159208,680,837
Senegal0.512143017,653,671
Afghanistan0.51150040,754,388
Haiti0.51125011,680,283
Sudan0.5165045,992,020
Gambia0.4967502,558,482
Ethiopia0.485890120,812,698
Malawi0.48358020,180,839
Guinea Bissau0.487602,063,367
Liberia0.485305,305,117
DR Congo0.4895,240,792
Guinea0.477102013,865,691
Yemen0.4794031,154,867
Eritrea0.4596003,662,244
Mozambique0.45646033,089,461
Sierra Leone0.4524908,306,436
Burkina Faso0.45279022,102,838
Mali0.43483021,473,764
South Sudan0.433109011,618,511
Burundi0.43327012,624,840
Chad0.39866017,413,580
Central African Republic0.3975105,016,678
Niger0.39454026,083,660

Developing Countries 2022

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