Developing Countries 2021

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Although exact definitions vary, generally speaking, a developing country is one with a low level of industrial and/or economic development, which leads directly or indirectly to social, political, economic, and environmental challenges that significantly impede quality of life in that country.

Also known as low and middle-income countries (LMICs)—a reference to their stunted economies, developing countries are less industrially advanced than countries classified as high-income, or developed countries. The most challenged among them are often given the sub-classification of least developed countries.

The United Nations uses a metric called the Human Development Index to determine whether a country is developed or developing. The index considers a broad range of factors, including economic growth, life expectancy, health, education, and quality of life. The highest possible HDI score is a 1.0. A country that scores less than .80 is considered developing.

Another frequently used method of determining whether a country is developed or developing is to examine that country's nominal GNI, or gross national income per capita, which is a useful at-a-glance tool to estimate a country's overall standard of living. Countries whose nominal GNI rises above a certain threshold (which changes slightly each year) are classified as developed, while those whose GNI falls below that amount are considered still developing.

Many developing countries encounter similar challenges. These include income inequality and/or widespread poverty, low education and literacy levels, inadequate infrastructure, and government corruption. Developing countries also often face challenges in energy production, as well as higher rates of violence against women. They may even struggle with health risks such as decreased access to safe water and sanitation, high levels of pollution, and a high percentage of people with infectious diseases.

The United Nations and many other organizations have established programs to help developing countries overcome the social, political, economic, and environmental challenges they face.

Developing Countries 2021

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Developing Countries 2021

Country Human Development Index (2019) GNI Per Capita (2020) 2021 Population
Trinidad And Tobago0.7961,403,375
Seychelles0.79698,908
Albania0.79552102,872,933
Iran0.783287085,028,759
Cuba0.783748011,317,505
Sri Lanka0.782372021,497,310
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7860903,263,466
Mexico0.7798480130,262,216
Ukraine0.779354043,466,819
Grenada0.7798740113,021
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77953,544
Antigua And Barbuda0.77898,731
Thailand0.777705069,950,850
Peru0.777601033,359,418
Armenia0.77642202,968,127
North Macedonia0.77457202,082,658
Colombia0.767578051,265,844
Brazil0.7657850213,993,437
China0.761106101,444,216,107
Ecuador0.759553017,888,475
Saint Lucia0.7598790184,400
Dominican Republic0.756726010,953,703
Azerbaijan0.756445010,223,342
Moldova0.7545704,024,019
Algeria0.748355044,616,624
Lebanon0.74455106,769,146
Fiji0.7434720902,906
Dominica0.742687072,167
Tunisia0.74310011,935,766
Maldives0.746830543,617
Suriname0.7385510591,800
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.7387340111,263
Mongolia0.73736703,329,289
Botswana0.73566402,397,241
Jamaica0.73446202,973,463
Jordan0.729431010,269,021
Paraguay0.72851407,219,638
Tonga0.7255000106,760
Libya0.72448506,958,532
Uzbekistan0.72167033,935,763
Indonesia0.7183870276,361,783
Philippines0.7183430111,046,913
Bolivia0.718320011,832,940
Belize0.7163970404,914
Turkmenistan0.71572206,117,924
Samoa0.7154070200,149
Venezuela0.71128,704,954
South Africa0.709541060,041,994
Palestine0.70837105,222,748
Egypt0.7073586104,258,327
Vietnam0.704266098,168,833
Marshall Islands0.704501059,610
Gabon0.70369702,278,825
Kyrgyzstan0.69711606,628,356
Morocco0.686315837,344,795
Guyana0.6826600790,326
Iraq0.674466041,179,350
El Salvador0.67336506,518,499
Tajikistan0.66810609,749,627
Guatemala0.663449018,249,860
Nicaragua0.6618506,702,385
Bhutan0.6542860779,898
Namibia0.64645202,587,344
India0.64519001,393,409,038
Honduras0.634220010,062,991
Bangladesh0.6322010166,303,498
Kiribati0.633010121,392
Sao Tome And Principe0.625223,368
Micronesia0.624010116,254
Laos0.61324807,379,358
Ghana0.611223031,732,129
Eswatini0.61135801,172,362
Vanuatu0.6092780314,464
Timor Leste0.6061,343,873
Nepal0.60229,674,920
Kenya0.601176054,985,698
Cambodia0.594149016,946,438
Equatorial Guinea0.59258101,449,896
Zambia0.584119018,920,651
Myanmar0.583126054,806,012
Angola0.581223033,933,610
Zimbabwe0.571109015,092,171
Syria0.567182018,275,702
Solomon Islands0.5672300703,996
Cameroon0.563150027,224,265
Pakistan0.5571280225,199,937
Papua New Guinea0.55526609,119,010
Comoros0.5541450888,451
Mauritania0.54616404,775,119
Benin0.545128012,451,040
Uganda0.54480047,123,531
Rwanda0.54378013,276,513
Nigeria0.5392000211,400,708
Ivory Coast0.538228027,053,629
Tanzania0.529108061,498,437
Madagascar0.52848028,427,328
Lesotho0.52711002,159,079
Djibouti0.52433201,002,187
Togo0.5159208,478,250
Senegal0.512143017,196,301
Afghanistan0.51150039,835,428
Sudan0.5165044,909,353
Haiti0.51125011,541,685
Gambia0.4967502,486,945
Ethiopia0.485890117,876,227
Malawi0.48358019,647,684
Dr Congo0.4892,377,993
Liberia0.485305,180,203
Guinea Bissau0.487602,015,494
Guinea0.477102013,497,244
Yemen0.4794030,490,640
Eritrea0.4596003,601,467
Mozambique0.45646032,163,047
Burkina Faso0.45279021,497,096
Sierra Leone0.4524908,141,343
Mali0.43483020,855,735
Burundi0.43327012,255,433
South Sudan0.433109011,381,378
Chad0.39866016,914,985
Central African Republic0.3975104,919,981
Niger0.39454025,130,817

Developing Countries 2021