Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

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Infant mortality rate is a population-related metric that monitors the deaths of newborn (and sometimes unborn) children. It is typically expressed as the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. In countries where infant mortality is high, it can often be attributed to one or more of the following factors: poverty, malaria, malnutrition, undeveloped infrastructure, and/or inadequate health care. Notably, these are all common concerns in underdeveloped, least developed, and developing countries. Many countries with high infant mortality rates also have high birth rates and fertility rates.

Around the world, the top causes of infant mortality include neonatal encephalopathy (problems with brain function due to lack of oxygen during birth), infections, complications of preterm birth, lower respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases. The most frequent causes of death among infants that are only a few days old are different than those among older infants. Overall, the collective global infant mortality rate has significantly decreased in recent decades, dropping from approximately 140 per 1,000 live births in 1950-55 to 52.8 in 2000 and on to 27.4 in 2020.

Ten Countries with the Highest Infant Mortality Rate (UNICEF 2020 - deaths per 1,000 live births):

  1. Sierra Leone — 80.10
  2. Central African Republic — 77.50
  3. Somalia — 72.72
  4. Nigeria — 72.24
  5. Lesotho — 69.88
  6. Chad — 67.40
  7. DR Congo — 63.79
  8. South Sudan — 63.34
  9. Guinea — 61.99
  10. Mali — 58.77

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Infant Mortality Rate (UNICEF 2020 - deaths per 1,000 live births):

  1. Iceland — 1.54
  2. San Marino — 1.56
  3. Estonia — 1.65
  4. Slovenia — 1.76
  5. Norway — 1.79
  6. Japan — 1.82
  7. Singapore — 1.85
  8. Finland — 1.88
  9. Montenegro — 1.95
  10. Sweden — 2.15

Infant mortality in the United States

Infant mortality in the United States is predominantly caused by congenital disabilities, pre-term birth and low birth weight, maternal pregnancy complications, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and injuries (such as accidental suffocation). The mortality rate in the United States was 5.44 in 2020. This rate was 50th among the 195 countries and territories measured, and significantly higher than in dozens of other developed countries such as Sweden (2.15), Japan (1.82), and Australia (3.14).

Upon examination, however, the discrepancy between the U.S. and other countries appears largely due to country-to-country differences in the way infant mortality statistics are compiled. Infant mortality is defined differently in different countries, and the U.S. definition is notably broader than that of most other countries.

For example, the United States Center for Disease Control defines "infant death" as any death of an infant that takes place between the start of pregnancy (conception) through the child's first birthday. On the other hand, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes only those children who die during pregnancy or the first 42 days (approximately six weeks) after birth. The fact that the United States' window of inclusion is 323 days (approximately 10.5 months) longer very likely contributes significantly to the United States' higher infant death totals. (A similar distortion can be seen in Sweden's sexual assault statistics.)

Additionally, some countries do not consider a child an infant until birth, and so do not include deaths that occur during pregnancy (stillborn, miscarriages, etc.) among their infant mortality rate totals. As a result of these varying definitions, while any infant mortality rate above 0.0 is worthy of concern, the rate in the U.S. is likely less dire compared to rates in other countries than it initially appears to be.

Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

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Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

* Infant Mortality Rate is number of deaths per 1,000 live births
Rank Country Deaths per 1,000 live births (UNICEF 2020) 2022 Population
195Sierra Leone80.18,306,436
194Central African Republic77.55,016,678
193Somalia72.7216,841,795
192Nigeria72.24216,746,934
191Lesotho69.882,175,699
190Chad67.417,413,580
189DR Congo63.7995,240,792
188South Sudan63.3411,618,511
187Guinea61.9913,865,691
186Mali58.7721,473,764
185Equatorial Guinea58.281,496,662
184Liberia58.155,305,117
183Ivory Coast57.8827,742,298
182Benin56.5412,784,726
181Pakistan54.15229,488,994
180Burkina Faso52.8222,102,838
179Mozambique52.7733,089,461
178Guinea Bissau51.42,063,367
177Mauritania49.024,901,981
176Angola48.3435,027,343
175Cameroon48.3427,911,548
174Comoros47.23907,419
173Djibouti47.181,016,097
172Haiti46.6611,680,283
171Yemen45.7131,154,867
170Niger45.6126,083,660
169Afghanistan44.9740,754,388
168Togo44.368,680,837
167Zambia41.6619,470,234
166Sudan39.9245,992,020
165Kiribati39.21123,419
164Burundi38.6412,624,840
163Zimbabwe37.9315,331,428
162Eswatini37.421,184,817
161Timor Leste36.521,369,429
160Madagascar36.2629,178,077
159Turkmenistan36.16,201,943
158Botswana36.082,441,162
157Ethiopia35.37120,812,698
156Laos35.347,481,023
155Papua New Guinea35.239,292,169
154Myanmar35.0555,227,143
153Gambia34.742,558,482
152Tanzania34.7263,298,550
151Ghana33.0232,395,450
150Republic of the Congo32.985,797,805
149Uganda31.8648,432,863
148Dominica31.6972,344
147Kenya31.1556,215,221
146Gabon30.692,331,533
145Rwanda30.2713,600,464
144Namibia30.142,633,874
143Eritrea29.693,662,244
142Malawi29.0220,180,839
141Senegal28.8517,653,671
140Tajikistan28.359,957,464
139Dominican Republic27.8711,056,370
138India27.011,406,631,776
137South Africa25.7860,756,135
136Marshall Islands25.5260,057
135Bangladesh24.32167,885,689
134Nauru23.8510,903
133Guyana23.78794,045
132Nepal23.5930,225,582
131Bhutan23.18787,941
130Fiji23.03909,466
129Cambodia22.0517,168,639
128Saint Lucia22.02185,113
127Iraq21.3242,164,965
126Vanuatu21.07321,832
125Venezuela21.0629,266,991
124Niue20.971,622
123Philippines20.95112,508,994
122Micronesia20.85117,489
121Bolivia20.7211,992,656
120Guatemala20.0618,584,039
119Indonesia19.55279,134,505
118Algeria19.4645,350,148
117Tuvalu18.7412,066
116Syria18.4519,364,809
115Azerbaijan17.3210,300,205
114Vietnam16.798,953,541
113Egypt16.65106,156,692
112Solomon Islands16.58721,159
111Paraguay16.187,305,843
110Morocco16.0237,772,756
109Suriname15.7596,831
108Kyrgyzstan15.676,728,271
107Palau15.6718,233
106Trinidad And Tobago14.831,406,585
105Mauritius14.81,274,727
104Samoa14.62202,239
103Grenada14.53113,475
102Tunisia14.2912,046,656
101Palestine14.25,345,541
100Honduras13.9410,221,247
99Nicaragua13.796,779,100
98Mongolia13.223,378,078
97Brazil13.13215,353,593
96Jordan12.9210,300,869
95Saint Vincent And the Grenadines12.92111,551
94Sao Tome And Principe12.74227,679
93Saint Kitts And Nevis12.5853,871
91Uzbekistan12.4634,382,084
92Moldova12.464,013,171
90Panama12.344,446,964
88Seychelles1299,426
87Mexico11.77131,562,772
86North Korea11.625,990,679
85Jamaica11.432,985,094
84Barbados11.38288,023
83Colombia11.3551,512,762
82Ecuador11.1518,113,361
81Iran11.1486,022,837
80El Salvador11.086,550,389
79Bahamas10.53400,516
78Belize10.03412,190
77Peru9.9533,684,208
76Tonga9.81107,749
75Armenia9.742,971,966
74Brunei9.64445,431
73Libya9.537,040,745
72Kazakhstan8.9219,205,043
71Albania8.762,866,374
70Georgia8.233,968,738
69Turkey8.1385,561,976
68Argentina7.6146,010,234
67Kuwait7.584,380,326
66Thailand7.4170,078,203
65Malaysia7.3833,181,072
64Ukraine6.9443,192,122
63Costa Rica6.735,182,354
62Oman6.455,323,993
61Cook Islands6.3217,571
60Saudi Arabia5.9935,844,909
59Lebanon5.976,684,849
58Sri Lanka5.9221,575,842
57Bahrain5.791,783,983
56Chile5.7719,250,195
54Romania5.6319,031,335
55Malta5.63444,033
53United Arab Emirates5.6210,081,785
52Maldives5.52540,985
51China5.471,448,471,400
50United States5.44334,805,269
49Antigua And Barbuda5.3899,509
48Uruguay5.323,496,016
47North Macedonia5.22,081,304
46Bulgaria5.146,844,597
45Bosnia And Herzegovina4.953,249,317
44Qatar4.932,979,915
43Serbia4.878,653,016
42Slovakia4.695,460,193
41Canada4.3838,388,419
40Russia4.36145,805,947
39Cuba4.0811,305,652
38New Zealand3.934,898,203
37Croatia3.874,059,286
36Poland3.7437,739,785
35United Kingdom3.6268,497,907
33Netherlands3.5817,211,447
34Greece3.5810,316,637
32Switzerland3.528,773,637
31France3.4565,584,518
30Belgium3.4411,668,278
29Latvia3.441,848,837
28Hungary3.369,606,259
27Australia3.1426,068,792
26Denmark3.135,834,950
25Germany3.183,883,596
24Austria2.979,066,710
23Israel2.98,922,892
22Portugal2.7310,140,570
21Spain2.7146,719,142
20Lithuania2.682,661,708
19Ireland2.625,020,199
18South Korea2.5951,329,899
17Italy2.4760,262,770
16Monaco2.4639,783
15Andorra2.3877,463
14Czech Republic2.3210,736,784
13Luxembourg2.28642,371
12Cyprus2.251,223,387
11Belarus2.199,432,800
10Sweden2.1510,218,971
9Montenegro1.95627,950
8Finland1.885,554,960
7Singapore1.855,943,546
6Japan1.82125,584,838
5Norway1.795,511,370
4Slovenia1.762,078,034
3Estonia1.651,321,910
2San Marino1.5634,085
1Iceland1.54345,393

Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

Sources