Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

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Infant mortality rate is a population-related metric that monitors the deaths of newborn (and sometimes unborn) children. It is typically expressed as the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. In countries where infant mortality is high, it can often be attributed to one or more of the following factors: poverty, malaria, malnutrition, undeveloped infrastructure, and/or inadequate health care. Notably, these are all common concerns in underdeveloped, least developed, and developing countries. Many countries with high infant mortality rates also have high birth rates and fertility rates.

Around the world, the top causes of infant mortality include neonatal encephalopathy (problems with brain function due to lack of oxygen during birth), infections, complications of preterm birth, lower respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases. The most frequent causes of death among infants that are only a few days old are different than those among older infants. Overall, the collective global infant mortality rate has significantly decreased in recent decades, dropping from approximately 140 per 1,000 live births in 1950-55 to 52.8 in 2000 and on to 27.4 in 2020.

Ten Countries with the Highest Infant Mortality Rate (UNICEF 2020 - deaths per 1,000 live births):

  1. Sierra Leone — 80.10
  2. Central African Republic — 77.50
  3. Somalia — 72.72
  4. Nigeria — 72.24
  5. Lesotho — 69.88
  6. Chad — 67.40
  7. DR Congo — 63.79
  8. South Sudan — 63.34
  9. Guinea — 61.99
  10. Mali — 58.77

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Infant Mortality Rate (UNICEF 2020 - deaths per 1,000 live births):

  1. Iceland — 1.54
  2. San Marino — 1.56
  3. Estonia — 1.65
  4. Slovenia — 1.76
  5. Norway — 1.79
  6. Japan — 1.82
  7. Singapore — 1.85
  8. Finland — 1.88
  9. Montenegro — 1.95
  10. Sweden — 2.15

Infant mortality in the United States

Infant mortality in the United States is predominantly caused by congenital disabilities, pre-term birth and low birth weight, maternal pregnancy complications, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and injuries (such as accidental suffocation). The mortality rate in the United States was 5.44 in 2020. This rate was 50th among the 195 countries and territories measured, and significantly higher than in dozens of other developed countries such as Sweden (2.15), Japan (1.82), and Australia (3.14).

Upon examination, however, the discrepancy between the U.S. and other countries appears largely due to country-to-country differences in the way infant mortality statistics are compiled. Infant mortality is defined differently in different countries, and the U.S. definition is notably broader than that of most other countries.

For example, the United States Center for Disease Control defines "infant death" as any death of an infant that takes place between the start of pregnancy (conception) through the child's first birthday. On the other hand, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes only those children who die during pregnancy or the first 42 days (approximately six weeks) after birth. The fact that the United States' window of inclusion is 323 days (approximately 10.5 months) longer very likely contributes significantly to the United States' higher infant death totals. (A similar distortion can be seen in Sweden's sexual assault statistics.)

Additionally, some countries do not consider a child an infant until birth, and so do not include deaths that occur during pregnancy (stillborn, miscarriages, etc.) among their infant mortality rate totals. As a result of these varying definitions, while any infant mortality rate above 0.0 is worthy of concern, the rate in the U.S. is likely less dire compared to rates in other countries than it initially appears to be.

Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

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Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

* Infant Mortality Rate is number of deaths per 1,000 live births
Rank Country Deaths per 1,000 live births (UNICEF 2020) 2022 Population
195Sierra Leone80.18,605,718
194Central African Republic77.55,579,144
193Somalia72.7217,597,511
192Nigeria72.24218,541,212
191Lesotho69.882,305,825
190Chad67.417,723,315
189DR Congo63.7999,010,212
188South Sudan63.3410,913,164
187Guinea61.9913,859,341
186Mali58.7722,593,590
185Equatorial Guinea58.281,674,908
184Liberia58.155,302,681
183Ivory Coast57.8828,160,542
182Benin56.5413,352,864
181Pakistan54.15235,824,862
180Burkina Faso52.8222,673,762
179Mozambique52.7732,969,518
178Guinea Bissau51.42,105,566
177Mauritania49.024,736,139
176Angola48.3435,588,987
175Cameroon48.3427,914,536
174Comoros47.23836,774
173Djibouti47.181,120,849
172Haiti46.6611,584,996
171Yemen45.7133,696,614
170Niger45.6126,207,977
169Afghanistan44.9741,128,771
168Togo44.368,848,699
167Zambia41.6620,017,675
166Sudan39.9246,874,204
165Kiribati39.21131,232
164Burundi38.6412,889,576
163Zimbabwe37.9316,320,537
162Eswatini37.421,201,670
161Timor Leste36.521,341,296
160Madagascar36.2629,611,714
159Turkmenistan36.16,430,770
158Botswana36.082,630,296
157Ethiopia35.37123,379,924
156Laos35.347,529,475
155Papua New Guinea35.2310,142,619
154Myanmar35.0554,179,306
153Gambia34.742,705,992
152Tanzania34.7265,497,748
151Ghana33.0233,475,870
150Republic of the Congo32.985,970,424
149Uganda31.8647,249,585
148Dominica31.6972,737
147Kenya31.1554,027,487
146Gabon30.692,388,992
145Rwanda30.2713,776,698
144Namibia30.142,567,012
143Eritrea29.693,684,032
142Malawi29.0220,405,317
141Senegal28.8517,316,449
140Tajikistan28.359,952,787
139Dominican Republic27.8711,228,821
138India27.011,417,173,173
137South Africa25.7859,893,885
136Marshall Islands25.5241,569
135Bangladesh24.32171,186,372
134Nauru23.8512,668
133Guyana23.78808,726
132Nepal23.5930,547,580
131Bhutan23.18782,455
130Fiji23.03929,766
129Cambodia22.0516,767,842
128Saint Lucia22.02179,857
127Iraq21.3244,496,122
126Vanuatu21.07326,740
125Venezuela21.0628,301,696
124Niue20.971,934
123Philippines20.95115,559,009
122Micronesia20.85114,164
121Bolivia20.7212,224,110
120Guatemala20.0617,843,908
119Indonesia19.55275,501,339
118Algeria19.4644,903,225
117Tuvalu18.7411,312
116Syria18.4522,125,249
115Azerbaijan17.3210,358,074
114Vietnam16.798,186,856
113Egypt16.65110,990,103
112Solomon Islands16.58724,273
111Paraguay16.186,780,744
110Morocco16.0237,457,971
109Suriname15.7618,040
108Kyrgyzstan15.676,630,623
107Palau15.6718,055
106Trinidad And Tobago14.831,531,044
105Mauritius14.81,299,469
104Samoa14.62222,382
103Grenada14.53125,438
102Tunisia14.2912,356,117
101Palestine14.25,250,072
100Honduras13.9410,432,860
99Nicaragua13.796,948,392
98Mongolia13.223,398,366
97Brazil13.13215,313,498
96Jordan12.9211,285,869
95Saint Vincent And the Grenadines12.92103,948
94Sao Tome And Principe12.74227,380
93Saint Kitts And Nevis12.5847,657
91Uzbekistan12.4634,627,652
92Moldova12.463,272,996
90Panama12.344,408,581
88Seychelles12107,118
87Mexico11.77127,504,125
86North Korea11.626,069,416
85Jamaica11.432,827,377
84Barbados11.38281,635
83Colombia11.3551,874,024
82Ecuador11.1518,001,000
81Iran11.1488,550,570
80El Salvador11.086,336,392
79Bahamas10.53409,984
78Belize10.03405,272
77Peru9.9534,049,588
76Tonga9.81106,858
75Armenia9.742,780,469
74Brunei9.64449,002
73Libya9.536,812,341
72Kazakhstan8.9219,397,998
71Albania8.762,842,321
70Georgia8.233,744,385
69Turkey8.1385,341,241
68Argentina7.6145,510,318
67Kuwait7.584,268,873
66Thailand7.4171,697,030
65Malaysia7.3833,938,221
64Ukraine6.9439,701,739
63Costa Rica6.735,180,829
62Oman6.454,576,298
61Cook Islands6.3217,011
60Saudi Arabia5.9936,408,820
59Lebanon5.975,489,739
58Sri Lanka5.9221,832,143
57Bahrain5.791,472,233
56Chile5.7719,603,733
54Romania5.6319,659,267
55Malta5.63533,286
53United Arab Emirates5.629,441,129
52Maldives5.52523,787
51China5.471,425,887,337
50United States5.44338,289,857
49Antigua And Barbuda5.3893,763
48Uruguay5.323,422,794
47North Macedonia5.22,093,599
46Bulgaria5.146,781,953
45Bosnia And Herzegovina4.953,233,526
44Qatar4.932,695,122
43Serbia4.877,221,365
42Slovakia4.695,643,453
41Canada4.3838,454,327
40Russia4.36144,713,314
39Cuba4.0811,212,191
38New Zealand3.935,185,288
37Croatia3.874,030,358
36Poland3.7439,857,145
35United Kingdom3.6267,508,936
33Netherlands3.5817,564,014
34Greece3.5810,384,971
32Switzerland3.528,740,472
31France3.4564,626,628
30Belgium3.4411,655,930
29Latvia3.441,850,651
28Hungary3.369,967,308
27Australia3.1426,177,413
26Denmark3.135,882,261
25Germany3.183,369,843
24Austria2.978,939,617
23Israel2.99,038,309
22Portugal2.7310,270,865
21Spain2.7147,558,630
20Lithuania2.682,750,055
19Ireland2.625,023,109
18South Korea2.5951,815,810
17Italy2.4759,037,474
16Monaco2.4636,469
15Andorra2.3879,824
14Czech Republic2.3210,493,986
13Luxembourg2.28647,599
12Cyprus2.251,251,488
11Belarus2.199,534,954
10Sweden2.1510,549,347
9Montenegro1.95627,082
8Finland1.885,540,745
7Singapore1.855,975,689
6Japan1.82123,951,692
5Norway1.795,434,319
4Slovenia1.762,119,844
3Estonia1.651,326,062
2San Marino1.5633,660
1Iceland1.54372,899

Infant Mortality Rate by Country 2022

Sources