GNP/GNI by Country 2022

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Gross national product (GNP) is one of the most commonly used measures of a country’s economy. Often evaluated alongside gross domestic product (GDP), GNP represents the value of all goods and services produced by a country’s nationals anywhere in the world. GNP's mathematical formula is nearly identical to that of gross national income (GNI) and the two metrics are functionally interchangeable. GNP is determined using the formula GNP = C + I + G + X + Z, which breaks down as follows:

  • C = Consumption: Value of all goods and services purchased by nationals and domestic businesses
  • I = Investments: Funds invested by nationals and domestic businesses both internationally and domestically
  • G = Government: Federal, state, and local government spending
  • X = Exports: The value of goods manufactured in the U.S. by domestic firms and exported for sale in another county—minus imports brought from another country for sale in the United States
  • Z = Foreign production: The value of products produced and sold internationally by a domestic company—minus the value of goods produced and sold domestically by foreign companies. (Also applies to other profit sources, such as international investments.)

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Gross National Product (United Nations 2020 GNI, current US$):

  1. United States — $21.29 trillion
  2. China — $14.62 trillion
  3. Japan — $5.16 trillion
  4. Germany — $3.95 trillion
  5. United Kingdom — $2.72 trillion
  6. France — $2.67 trillion
  7. India — $2.64 trillion
  8. Italy — $1.91 trillion
  9. South Korea — 1.65 trillion
  10. Canada — $1.63 trillion

10 Countries and Territories with the Lowest Gross National Product (United Nations 2020 GNI, current US$):

  1. Montserrat — 67.9 million
  2. Tuvalu — 96.7 million
  3. Nauru — 159.38 million
  4. Anguilla — 252.9 million
  5. Palau — 269.0 million
  6. Cook Islands — 283.4 million
  7. Marshall Islands — 298.2 million
  8. Kiribati — 337.6 million
  9. Micronesia — 452.8 million
  10. Sao Tome and Principe — 475.1 million

GNP/GNI vs. GDP

Although GNI/GNP and GDP are similar, a key difference exists between the two: GDP represents the value of goods and services produced within a country’s geographical borders regardless of which country profits from that production, whereas GNP/GNI represents the value of all goods and services produced by a country's nationals regardless of where in the world they are produced. In other words, GNP/GNI focuses on a country's overall income and GDP focuses on a country's overall production.

The auto industry offers an ideal illustration of the difference between GDP and GNP/GNI. General Motors is a U.S.-based company that has several factories in other countries. Vehicles produced in these foreign factories and sold in international markets would not be part of the U.S. GDP because they were not manufactured or sold in the United States—however, they would be part of GNP/GNI because they are manufactured by a U.S.-based company and profits from their sale will ultimately funnel into the U.S. economy.

Conversely, Volkswagen is a German automaker with a U.S. assembly plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Vehicles assembled at this plant would be part of the U.S. GDP because the product is being assembled and sold in the U.S. by U.S.-based workers. But they would not be part of the U.S. GNP/GNI because the profits of that sale will ultimately go to a German company rather than an American company.

Another way to consider the difference is that GNP/GNI starts out the same as GDP, then makes one addition and one subtraction: it adds income that domestic investors or companies earn in other countries, but subtracts any income earned domestically by foreign investors or companies.

The value of comparing GNP/GNI to GDP

Economists typically examine both GDP and GNP/GNI when evaluating a country’s economy. While GDP is a more widely followed measure of a country’s economic activity, differences between GDP and GNP/GNI can provide insight into a country’s engagement in international trade and financial operations. For example, some countries have a high GDP because numerous products are made there, but a much lower GNP/GNI because those products are being sold by international companies that are shipping the profits overseas instead of reinvesting them locally. In this circumstance, GNP/GNI is a more realistic picture of the economy's true state.

That said, GNP can be misleading when examined on its own. While GNP is a viable indicator of the economic well-being of a country's nationals and corporations, it is less adept at illustrating the health of a country's economy as a whole. GNP can be influenced by foreign exchange rates (due to its inclusion of foreign investments and production), offers incomplete insight into domestic resource usage, and does a poor job of indicating the economy's rate of growth.

GNP/GNI by Country 2022

Note: World Bank data includes a small number of values from previous years, indicated in the notes field.
Country GNI (current US $, UN 2020) GNI per capita, PPP (current int'l $, World Bank 2020) Notes
United States21.3T$64,610
China14.6T$17,090
Japan5.2T$43,130
Germany4T$56,320
United Kingdom2.7T$45,870
France2.7T$47,720
India2.6T$6,440
Italy1.9T$42,340
South Korea1.7T$45,620
Canada1.6T$46,090
Russia1.4T$29,110
Brazil1.4T$14,550
Australia1.4T$52,240
Spain1.3T$37,990
Mexico1T$17,810
Indonesia1T$11,750
Netherlands898B$58,240
Iran886.8B$13,310
Switzerland725.3B$69,170
Turkey711.4B$26,900
Saudi Arabia706.9B$47,790
Poland575B$33,000
Sweden557.4B$56,740
Belgium527.4B$53,600
Thailand487.8B$17,710
Austria432.8B$55,620
Israel402.9B$39,080
Nigeria401.2B$5,000
Philippines389.3B$9,040
Norway378.7B$65,500
Hong Kong368.6B$62,500
Denmark368.1B$62,260
Argentina367.8B$20,230
Egypt357.8B$12,220
United Arab Emirates357.3B$66,690
Bangladesh345.3B$5,390
Malaysia330.4B$27,360
Ireland324.1B$70,910
Singapore298.4B$86,480
South Africa296.5B$13,140
Pakistan276.1B$4,710
Finland274.4B$51,400
Colombia265.4B$14,640
Vietnam255.4B$8,150
Romania245.4B$31,610
Chile242B$24,020
Czech Republic236.8B$40,160
Portugal224.9B$33,610
New Zealand206.2B$43,030
Peru194.5B$11,520
Greece188B$27,790
Iraq164.9B$9,400
Ukraine160.3B$13,390
Hungary151.6B$32,190
Kazakhstan149.4B$24,410
Algeria144.3B$11,090
Qatar143.3B$88,070
Kuwait114.3B$58,9302K
Morocco113B$7,260
Cuba105.9B-
Slovakia104B$31,000
Kenya99.3B$4,500
Venezuela96.1B$17,0902K
Ethiopia96.1B$2,410
Ecuador96B$10,580
Sri Lanka78.5B$12,870
Guatemala76.2B$8,700
Dominican Republic75.1B$17,060
Puerto Rico70.2B$24,010
Bulgaria68.6B$24,150
Myanmar68.2B$4,980
Ghana67B$5,930
Tanzania63.9B$2,760
Lebanon61.8B$11,840
Oman60.2B$28,850
Ivory Coast59.4B$5,300
Uzbekistan58.6B$7,710
Costa Rica58B$20,860
Sudan58B$3,860
Belarus57.8B$19,400
Angola57.1B$5,900
Croatia57.1B$28,950
Lithuania54.9B$37,760
Slovenia53.2B$39,470
Serbia51.7B$18,530
Uruguay50.9B$21,570
Panama48.9B$25,950
Luxembourg46.9B$82,980
DR Congo44.5B$1,110
Jordan43.7B$10,330
Turkmenistan43B$15,6002K
Azerbaijan42.4B$14,390
Cameroon39.3B$3,780
Tunisia38.2B$10,550
Uganda38.1B$2,260
Bolivia35.7B$8,180
Paraguay34.3B$12,680
Latvia33.7B$31,460
Nepal33.5B$4,060
Bahrain32B$40,660
Estonia30.4B$37,520
Libya30.2B$11,490
Yemen27.8B$3,5202K
Cambodia23.8B$4,250
Senegal23.7B$3,420
El Salvador23.3B$7,970
Cyprus23.2B$37,110
Papua New Guinea23.2B$4,240
Iceland22.3B$52,030
Honduras22.2B$5,050
Macau21.5B$117,4502K
Zimbabwe21.4B$3,420
Trinidad And Tobago21.2B$24,790
Afghanistan20B$2,100
Bosnia And Herzegovina19.8B$15,490
Laos18.2B$7,800
Palestine18.1B$6,620
Zambia17.8B$3,360
Burkina Faso16.8B$2,110
Mali16.7B$2,250
North Korea16B-
Haiti15.5B$3,100
South Sudan15.3B$1,0802K
Georgia15.1B$14,080
Benin15B$3,470
Albania14.7B$13,210
Botswana14.6B$15,490
Guinea14.2B$2,580
Gabon14.1B$14,300
Mozambique13.8B$1,250
Malta13.6B$37,980
Niger13.6B$1,230
Jamaica13.2B$8,940
Armenia12.9B$13,110
Moldova12.5B$13,510
Madagascar12.5B$1,500
Brunei12.5B$67,590
Nicaragua12.2B$5,410
Mongolia11.9B$11,200
North Macedonia11.7B$16,310
Malawi11.6B$1,550
Mauritius11.1B$22,380
Chad11B$1,470
Namibia10.5B$9,190
Rwanda10.1B$2,160
New Caledonia9.7B-
Bahamas9.4B$30,790
Tajikistan9.3B$4,500
Equatorial Guinea9B$13,340
Republic of the Congo8.6B$3,060
Mauritania7.8B$5,320
Bermuda7.6B$83,180
Liechtenstein7.2B-
Togo7.2B$2,230
Kyrgyzstan7.1B$4,750
Monaco6.8B-
Guyana5.9B$16,610
French Polynesia5.8B-
Montenegro4.8B$20,350
Cayman Islands4.4B$54,150
Barbados4.2B$12,790
Fiji4.1B$11,340
Sierra Leone3.7B$1,690
Suriname3.6B$14,030
Eswatini3.6B$7,980
Maldives3.5B$12,420
Burundi3.4B$780
Djibouti3.3B$5,610
Curacao3.2B$22,210
Greenland3B-
Andorra2.9B-
Lesotho2.5B$2,730
Central African Republic2.5B$1,020
Timor Leste2.4B$5,190
Aruba2.4B$36,7502K
Bhutan2.3B$10,440
Liberia2.2B$1,300
Eritrea2.1B$1,6102K
Somalia1.9B$1,240
Gambia1.8B$2,240
Solomon Islands1.6B$2,680
Saint Lucia1.5B$11,960
Belize1.4B$6,230
San Marino1.4B-
British Virgin Islands1.4B-
Guinea Bissau1.3B$1,980
Antigua And Barbuda1.3B$17,910
Comoros1.2B$3,130
Seychelles1B$24,150
Turks And Caicos Islands1B$29,6202K
Grenada941.3M$15,450
Saint Kitts And Nevis914.4M$26,190
Vanuatu855.7M$3,320
Sint Maarten828.7M$35,3902K
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines812M$12,740
Samoa749.4M$6,510
Tonga532.6M$7,260
Dominica521.5M$11,150
Sao Tome And Principe475.1M$4,250
Micronesia452.8M$3,960
Kiribati337.6M$4,260
Marshall Islands298.2M$5,060
Cook Islands283.4M-
Palau269M$16,620
Anguilla252.9M-
Nauru159.4M$20,460
Tuvalu96.7M$6,430
Montserrat67.9M-

GNP/GNI by Country 2022

Sources