Murder Rate By Country 2021

map placeholder

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's Global Study on Homicide 2019, 464,000 people were murdered in 2017—more than five times as many as were killed in armed conflicts during the same period.

The report explains that many socioeconomic factors can drive homicide rates. These factors include gender stereotypes, social inequality, unemployment, political instability, firearms possession (just over half of all homicides are committed via firearms) ... and especially gangs, organized crime, and the drug trade.

In fact, the report estimates that "an average of roughly 65,000 killings every year were related to organized crime and gangs over the period 2000–2017, and that up to 19% of all homicides recorded globally in 2017 were related to organized crime and gangs."

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Murder Rates (per 100k people) in 2017:*

  1. El Salvador (61.7)
  2. Honduras (41.0)
  3. Venezuela (49.9)
  4. United States Virgin Islands (49.3 [2012 data])
  5. Jamaica (56.4)
  6. Lesotho (43.6 [[2016 data]] per 100k people)
  7. Belize (37.8)
  8. Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (36.5 [2016 data])
  9. Saint Kitts And Nevis (36.1 [2012 data])
  10. South Africa (35.7)

*Scroll down for a fully updated and ranked list of every country with available murder rate data.

While 2017's global murder rate was 6.1 (per 100k people), murder rates varied widely across the globe.

Central America and the Caribbean were global hotspots, with countries such as El Salvador (61.7), Honduras (41), and Jamaica (56.4) posting murder rates up to 10 times higher than the global average. The South American countries Brazil (30.8), Venezuela (49.9), and Colombia (25) followed close behind. Even with the rest of South America and North America posting lower rates, the overall average for the Americas as a whole rose to 17.2.

Africa's rate came in at 13.0, but with the major caveat that "the raw statistics for many countries are not available." Similarly, Oceania posted an impressive rate of 2.8, but official homicide reports "tend to deviate substantially from information on violence contained in hospital records," suggesting that many homicides may be going unreported to the police.

Finally, Europe (3.0) and Asia (2.3) displayed rates of less than half the global average.

Factors known to contribute to lower murder rates and decreased crime overall include the wealth of a nation, the effectiveness of its law enforcement, the availability of weapons (especially firearms), and the severity of punishment for committing murder. For instance, Japan is a fairly wealthy nation with very strict regulations regarding gun possession and murder is punishable by hanging.

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Murder Rates (per 100k people) in 2017:

  1. Japan (0.2)
  2. Singapore (0.2)
  3. Hong Kong (China) (0.3)
  4. Luxembourg (0.3)
  5. Indonesia (0.4)
  6. Norway (0.5)
  7. Oman (0.5)
  8. Switzerland (0.5)
  9. United Arab Emirates (0.5)
  10. China (0.6)

Below is a list of each country's homicide rate (number of murders per 100,000 people). Note that accidental deaths and cases of "self-inflicted murder", more commonly called suicide, are not included in these statistics.

Here are the 10 countries with the highest homicide rates:

  1. El Salvador (52.02 per 100k people)
  2. Jamaica (43.85 per 100k people)
  3. Lesotho (43.56 per 100k people)
  4. Honduras (38.93 per 100k people)
  5. Belize (37.79 per 100k people)
  6. Venezuela (36.69 per 100k people)
  7. Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (36.54 per 100k people)
  8. South Africa (36.40 per 100k people)
  9. Saint Kitts And Nevis (36.09 per 100k people)
  10. Nigeria (34.52 per 100k people)

Murder Rate By Country 2021

Loading...

Murder Rate By Country 2021

Rate per 100K population
Country Homicide Rate Homicide Count Measurement Year
El Salvador52.023,3402018
Jamaica43.851,2872018
Lesotho43.568972015
Honduras38.933,7322018
Belize37.791422017
Venezuela36.6910,5982018
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines36.54402016
South Africa36.4021,0362018
Saint Kitts And Nevis36.09182012
Nigeria34.5264,2012016
Bahamas31.961222017
Trinidad And Tobago30.654202015
Mexico29.0736,6852018
Anguilla28.3442014
Saint Martin27.73102016
Brazil27.3857,3582018
Dominica26.59192017
Colombia25.3412,5862018
Guatemala22.503,8812018
Saint Lucia21.44392018
Puerto Rico21.096412018
Montserrat20.2812012
Central African Republic20.129132016
Curacao19.04262007
Tuvalu18.6222012
Namibia17.683882012
Saint Pierre And Miquelon15.7712009
Botswana15.253032010
South Sudan14.871,5042012
Guyana14.251112018
French Guiana13.18302009
Seychelles12.54122016
Uruguay12.064162018
Eswatini11.561302017
Costa Rica11.265632018
Palau11.1722018
Antigua And Barbuda11.06102012
Grenada10.82122017
Uganda10.524,4972018
Iraq10.073,3392013
Dominican Republic10.051,0682018
Barbados9.77282018
Papua New Guinea9.757132010
Panama9.393922018
Ethiopia8.798,1532012
British Virgin Islands8.3322006
Cayman Islands8.2252014
Russia8.2111,9642018
Bermuda8.1452017
Peru7.912,4872017
Kiribati7.5282012
Zimbabwe7.489812012
Nicaragua7.194532016
Paraguay7.144972018
Yemen6.771,7032013
Haiti6.687432018
Afghanistan6.662,4742018
Tanzania6.483,4392016
Philippines6.466,8952018
Bolivia6.226862016
Ukraine6.182,7512017
Mongolia6.181962018
Burundi6.056352016
Mayotte5.93122009
Ecuador5.809912018
Guadeloupe5.75232016
Turks And Caicos Islands5.6522014
Suriname5.43312017
American Samoa5.3832016
Zambia5.378532015
Argentina5.322,3622018
Greenland5.3232016
Sudan5.151,7022008
Kazakhstan5.069152017
Cuba5.055722016
United States4.9616,2142018
Kenya4.932,5332018
Angola4.851,2172012
Lithuania4.571282018
Niger4.437882012
Chile4.408252018
Latvia4.36842018
Turkmenistan4.222032006
Moldova4.101662018
Timor Leste4.10492015
Marshall Islands3.9821994
Pakistan3.888,2412018
Solomon Islands3.77192008
Mozambique3.518492011
Cook Islands3.4912012
Liberia3.261352012
Sao Tome And Principe3.2562011
New Caledonia3.2082009
Samoa3.1562013
India3.0841,6512018
Tunisia3.063322012
Gibraltar2.9812010
Mauritius2.92372018
Martinique2.77112009
Liechtenstein2.6412018
Turkey2.592,1332018
Thailand2.581,7872017
Rwanda2.582932015
Egypt2.552,2072012
Guam2.5042011
Iran2.501,9362014
Lebanon2.491712018
Hungary2.492422017
Sri Lanka2.425142018
Belarus2.392262018
Bangladesh2.373,8302018
Fiji2.31202014
Nepal2.306272016
Albania2.29662018
Myanmar2.261,1982016
Montenegro2.23142018
Georgia2.22892018
Azerbaijan2.202192018
Kyrgyzstan2.191382018
Malaysia2.136272013
Estonia2.12282018
Ghana2.096092017
Aruba1.9322014
Cambodia1.842682011
Kuwait1.82612012
Reunion1.82152009
Malawi1.812792012
Canada1.766512018
Sierra Leone1.731242015
Armenia1.69502018
Belgium1.691932017
Tajikistan1.641262011
Finland1.63902018
Malta1.5972018
Vietnam1.531,3582011
Israel1.491232017
Morocco1.425102018
Cameroon1.393412017
Algeria1.365422015
Jordan1.361332017
Bulgaria1.30922018
Romania1.282502018
Saudi Arabia1.274192017
Cyprus1.26152018
Burkina Faso1.252402017
Serbia1.231082018
United Kingdom1.208092018
North Macedonia1.20252018
France1.207792018
Bhutan1.1992018
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.17392018
Guinea Bissau1.15212017
Slovakia1.14622018
Uzbekistan1.143632017
Benin1.131262017
Sweden1.081082018
Denmark1.01582018
Tonga0.9712012
Austria0.97862018
Germany0.957882018
Greece0.94992018
Australia0.892222018
Iceland0.8932018
Syria0.881492018
Ireland0.87422018
Taiwan0.821922015
Portugal0.79812018
New Zealand0.74352017
Poland0.732772018
Maldives0.7232013
Hong Kong0.65482018
Spain0.622902018
South Korea0.603092018
Switzerland0.59502018
Netherlands0.591002018
Croatia0.58242018
Italy0.573452018
China0.537,5252018
Bahrain0.5272014
Brunei0.4922013
Palestine0.49242018
Slovenia0.48102018
Norway0.47252018
United Arab Emirates0.46442017
Indonesia0.431,1502017
French Polynesia0.3812009
Qatar0.3792014
Luxembourg0.3422017
Oman0.27132018
Senegal0.27392015
Japan0.263342018
Singapore0.1692018
Isle Of Man0.002016
Andorra0.002015
Monaco0.002015
San Marino0.002011

Murder Rate By Country 2021