Suicide Rate by Country 2022

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Countries with the Highest Suicide Rates

Suicide occurs throughout the world, affecting individuals of all nations, cultures, religions, genders, and classes. Other innate factors, such as disorders of the mind and abnormalities at birth, can heighten someone's propensity for experiencing depression, whether as the occasional episode or a lifelong ailment. To lower the rates of deaths resulting from suicide, countries need to address many common underlying factors that add up and make someone more likely to choose suicide as an outlet. Depression rates are one factor that holds serious importance, but other factors to take into consideration are academic, performance, physical condition, mental health and well-being, economic standing, financial struggles, workplace performance, and overall life satisfaction.

In 2019, the ten countries with the highest suicide rates (number of suicides per 100k) were:

  1. Lesotho - 72.4
  2. Guyana - 40.3
  3. Eswatini - 29.4
  4. South Korea - 28.6
  5. Kiribati - 28.3
  6. Federated States of Micronesia - 28.2
  7. Lithuania - 26.1
  8. Suriname - 25.4
  9. Russia - 25.1
  10. South Africa - 23.5

The only western European nation with an exceptionally high suicide rate is Belgium, which ranks at number eleven with 18.3 suicides per 100k. However, it is worth noting that Belgium has some of the world's most liberal laws on doctor-assisted suicide, also known as euthanasia, which is likely to be a factor in its statistics.

Countries with the Lowest Suicide Rates

Perhaps surprisingly, many of the most troubled nations in the world have comparatively low suicide rates. Afghanistan has 4.1 suicides per 100k; Iraq has 3.6, and Syria has just 2.0. It is not clear if the suicide statistics for these countries reflect suicides committed due to mental health problems and terminal illnesses (which are the primary reasons for suicide in most of the world) or include suicides committed as part of the ongoing conflicts in these countries.

The world's lowest suicide rates are in the following countries:

  1. Antigua and Barbuda - 0.4
  2. Barbados - 0.6
  3. Grenada - 0.7
  4. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - 1.0
  5. Sao Tome and Principe - 1.5
  6. Jordan - 1.6
  7. Syria - 2.0
  8. Venezuela - 2.1
  9. Honduras - 2.1
  10. Philippines - 2.2

Suicide in South Korea

According to the World Health Organization, the suicide rate in South Korea is the fourth highest in the world. One factor in its high suicide rate is suicides among the elderly. Traditionally, children have been expected to care for their aging parents; however, because this system has mostly disappeared in the twenty-first century, many older adults commit suicide, rather than feel like they are a financial burden on their families. In addition to the elderly, students have higher-than-average suicide rates, at least partly because they feel high levels of pressure to succeed academically. When they do not achieve their goals, they may feel that they have dishonored their families. Alcohol use, sleep deprivation, stress, and poor social relationships can put students at increased risk of suicide.

One of the most common methods of committing suicide in South Korea is poisoning via carbon monoxide. Additionally, many choose to jump off a bridge. In Seoul, the Mapo Bridge has earned the nickname "The Bridge of Death" or "Suicide Bridge" because of how many people jump off it. The government of South Korea is making efforts to curb the suicide epidemic. It strives to increase mental healthcare access, a necessity as 90% of suicide victims in South Korea may have a diagnosable and treatable mental health condition. It is also providing education to community leaders to help prevent suicides at a local level.

Suicide in Japan

Japan's total numbers place it significantly outside the top 10, but suicide is nonetheless a serious concern there. Suicide is the leading cause of death in men between the ages of 20-44 and women between the ages of 15-34. The government has been active in intervention to decrease the risk of suicide, particularly among vulnerable populations. Japanese men are twice as likely to commit suicide as their female counterparts, particularly after a divorce. Of particular concern is suicide among men who have recently lost their jobs and are no longer able to provide for their families. People are expected to stay married to a single person and stay on a single job for their entire life, and the pressure of this expectation can make a divorce or job loss feel like a failure. Aokigahara Forest, at the base of Japan's Mount Fuji, is a hotspot for suicides, as hundreds of people go there each year to end their lives. Police regularly patrol the area for suicide victims and survivors.

Suicide in Sweden

In 2019, Sweden had 14.7 suicides per 100,000 people. Historically, Sweden has had a high suicide rate, with the most suicides in the developed world during the 1960s. That may have been due, at least in part, to cultural attitudes regarding suicide and long, dark winters, particularly in the northern regions. The government responded to the crisis with social welfare and mental health services, and the numbers have dropped dramatically. Today, Scandinavian countries – Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland – have very high happiness rates and relatively low suicide rates. However, the dark winters – 20 hours of darkness or more in each day in some areas – causes seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a form of depression, which has been known to correlate with higher rates of suicide.

Euthanasia, or physician-assisted suicide, is still illegal in Sweden but is accepted in some instances. A physician may not administer lethal drugs to a terminally ill patient, but he or she may end life support of the patient requests doing so and demonstrates that they understand the consequences. This form of physician-assisted suicide, known as passive euthanasia, is not included in suicide statistics. Active euthanasia, when a physician administers lethal drugs to a terminally ill patient with the patient and family's consent, may soon become legal in Sweden, as it is becoming more accepted in European countries.

Suicide in China

In China, suicide is the fifth leading cause of death and accounts for over one-quarter of suicides worldwide. In contrast with many Western countries, in which men are more likely to commit suicide, most suicide victims in China are women. China's economic boom has led to greater independence for women, who are now much more able to get divorced as a means of dealing with domestic violence. However, the strain of divorce means that they must work long hours while raising their children, often without family support that the culture has traditionally relied on in the past.

When women show the strain of their stressful lives and are admitted to a hospital for psychiatric care, they are likely to be discharged much sooner than their male counterparts. They feel that they need to return to their jobs and families as quickly as possible, even if they are not ready to do so. Additionally, many insurances do not cover hospital stays in cases of attempted suicide. These strains have exacerbated suicide among Chinese women. People in rural parts of China are five times more likely to commit suicide than people in cities. This notion may be attributed to a lack of mental healthcare, the stigma associated with mental illnesses (such as schizophrenia), poverty, and poor education. However, exact statistics are hard to come by because the Chinese government has carried out few to no epidemiological studies on suicide. Most suicide attempts in China are carried out with a pesticide or other poison.

Here are the 10 countries with the highest rates of suicide:

  1. Lesotho (72.4 per 100k people)
  2. Guyana (40.3 per 100k people)
  3. Eswatini (29.4 per 100k people)
  4. South Korea (28.6 per 100k people)
  5. Kiribati (28.3 per 100k people)
  6. Micronesia (28.2 per 100k people)
  7. Lithuania (26.1 per 100k people)
  8. Suriname (25.4 per 100k people)
  9. Russia (25.1 per 100k people)
  10. South Africa (23.5 per 100k people)

Suicide Rate by Country 2022

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Suicide Rate by Country 2022

* Rates are per 100,000 people
Country Total Suicide Rate Male Rate Female Rate 2022 Population
Lesotho72.411630.12,175,699
Guyana40.36317.4794,045
Eswatini29.455.14.71,184,817
South Korea28.640.216.951,329,899
Kiribati28.348.68.7123,419
Micronesia28.243.212.7117,489
Lithuania26.145.49.62,661,708
Suriname25.438.811.8596,831
Russia25.143.69.1145,805,947
South Africa23.537.69.860,756,135
Ukraine21.639.26.543,192,122
Uruguay21.234.58.93,496,016
Belarus21.236.77.79,432,800
Montenegro2131.710.4627,950
Latvia20.135.571,848,837
Slovenia19.831.48.32,078,034
Belgium18.324.911.811,668,278
Vanuatu1828.17.6321,832
Mongolia17.930.75.43,378,078
Kazakhstan17.6296.819,205,043
Hungary16.625.98.39,606,259
Croatia16.425.38.14,059,286
Botswana16.126.36.42,441,162
United States16.1257.5334,805,269
Finland15.323.27.65,554,960
Japan15.321.89.2125,584,838
Estonia14.924.36.51,321,910
Solomon Islands14.7271.9721,159
Moldova14.726.14.14,013,171
Sweden14.719.99.510,218,971
Austria14.622.86.79,066,710
Switzerland14.520.298,773,637
Cuba14.523611,305,652
Zimbabwe14.1208.815,331,428
Sri Lanka1422.36.221,575,842
France13.820.47.665,584,518
Mozambique13.6225.733,089,461
India12.714.111.11,406,631,776
Samoa12.6186.7202,239
Australia12.518.66.426,068,792
Central African Republic12.319.65.25,016,678
Germany12.318.66.283,883,596
Slovakia12.121.23.45,460,193
Iceland11.919.83.9345,393
Norway11.815.87.75,511,370
Netherlands11.815.58.317,211,447
Canada11.817.66.138,388,419
Portugal11.517.95.710,140,570
Serbia11.416.66.38,653,016
Luxembourg11.315.37.1642,371
Poland11.320.13.137,739,785
Singapore11.2157.15,943,546
New Zealand1116.55.84,898,203
Bosnia And Herzegovina10.917.64.53,249,317
Eritrea10.916.65.23,662,244
Denmark10.714.96.55,834,950
Namibia9.716.73.22,633,874
Bulgaria9.715.34.46,844,597
Romania9.716.53.319,031,335
Djibouti9.612.66.41,016,097
Ireland9.615.43.95,020,199
Haiti9.611.87.611,680,283
Mauritius9.516.32.81,274,727
North Macedonia9.413.94.82,081,304
North Korea9.411.27.625,990,679
Georgia9.21633,968,738
Fiji912.25.7909,466
Chile914.93.219,250,195
Cameroon913.64.427,911,548
Nepal916.42.730,225,582
Bahrain8.912.52.41,783,983
Ivory Coast8.914.92.827,742,298
Pakistan8.913.34.3229,488,994
Togo8.813.83.98,680,837
Thailand8.8152.970,078,203
Trinidad And Tobago8.713.93.61,406,585
Gabon8.414.22.42,331,533
Argentina8.413.73.346,010,234
Seychelles8.114.41.499,426
Costa Rica8.114.125,182,354
China8.19.86.21,448,471,400
Uzbekistan811.34.834,382,084
Saint Lucia7.914.31.7185,113
Equatorial Guinea7.99.461,496,662
Somalia7.9123.816,841,795
United Kingdom7.911.8468,497,907
Benin7.811.83.812,784,726
Spain7.711.44.246,719,142
Ecuador7.611.63.618,113,361
Burkina Faso7.511.33.722,102,838
Vietnam7.510.44.798,953,541
Kyrgyzstan7.411.73.26,728,271
Zambia7.3122.719,470,234
Morocco7.29.74.737,772,756
Belize7.112.51.7412,190
Guinea Bissau710.23.92,063,367
Guinea79.24.913,865,691
Brazil6.910.93215,353,593
Sierra Leone6.78.35.18,306,436
Italy6.710.13.560,262,770
DR Congo6.710.62.895,240,792
Ghana6.611.81.232,395,450
United Arab Emirates6.48310,081,785
Chad6.49.63.317,413,580
Bolivia6.28.44.111,992,656
Burundi6.29.23.412,624,840
Malta6.19.82.3444,033
El Salvador6.110.52.16,550,389
Angola6.1102.335,027,343
Kenya6.19.13.256,215,221
Paraguay68.73.27,305,843
Senegal69.2317,653,671
Saudi Arabia68.9235,844,909
Guatemala5.99.32.618,584,039
Qatar5.87.21.72,979,915
Yemen5.874.631,154,867
Turkmenistan5.78.82.76,201,943
Malaysia5.78.92.333,181,072
Rwanda5.68.2313,600,464
Madagascar5.57.63.429,178,077
Comoros5.473.8907,419
Laos5.47.63.27,481,023
Malawi5.49.21.720,180,839
Ethiopia5.47.73.1120,812,698
Israel5.38.42.38,922,892
Niger5.37.23.326,083,660
Mexico5.38.52.2131,562,772
Iran5.27.72.886,022,837
Greece5.18.41.910,316,637
Oman4.96.815,323,993
Dominican Republic4.981.811,056,370
Cambodia4.972.817,168,639
Gambia4.86.632,558,482
Bhutan4.66.32.7787,941
Uganda4.67.61.748,432,863
Liberia4.55.63.35,305,117
Libya4.562.97,040,745
Nicaragua4.46.91.96,779,100
Albania4.35.92.72,866,374
Tajikistan4.35.72.89,957,464
Tanzania4.36.6263,298,550
Azerbaijan4.16.61.610,300,205
Mali4.15.32.921,473,764
Afghanistan4.14.63.640,754,388
South Sudan3.95.7211,618,511
Colombia3.96.11.851,512,762
Tonga3.852.6107,749
Sudan3.84.92.845,992,020
Timor Leste3.75.321,369,429
Bangladesh3.75.71.7167,885,689
Cyprus3.661.31,223,387
Iraq3.65.2242,164,965
Bahamas3.55.91.3400,516
Nigeria3.551.9216,746,934
Armenia3.35.61.32,971,966
Tunisia3.34.71.912,046,656
Mauritania3.142.24,901,981
Papua New Guinea34.31.69,292,169
Egypt342106,156,692
Kuwait2.94.30.74,380,326
Panama2.94.714,446,964
Myanmar2.94.91.155,227,143
Lebanon2.83.81.76,684,849
Peru2.84.21.433,684,208
Brunei2.74.40.8445,431
Maldives2.73.90.8540,985
Algeria2.53.11.845,350,148
Jamaica2.43.71.12,985,094
Turkey2.43.61.285,561,976
Indonesia2.43.71.1279,134,505
Philippines2.23.11.2112,508,994
Honduras2.13.30.810,221,247
Venezuela2.13.50.729,266,991
Jordan1.62.50.710,300,869
Sao Tome And Principe1.52.20.8227,679
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines11.30.6111,551
Grenada0.70.60.7113,475
Barbados0.60.90.3288,023
Antigua And Barbuda0.400.899,509

Suicide Rate by Country 2022

Sources