Most Dangerous Countries in the World 2020

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Every year, the Institute for Economics and Peace releases its Global Peace Index report. This report is the only one of its kind that measures how dangerous or safe a nation is based on 23 different indicators, including political terror, deaths from internal conflict, and murder rate.

The GPI report evaluates 163 countries with account for over 99% of the world’s total population. The factors analyzed in the report are grouped into three different areas:

  • Safety and Security
  • Ongoing Conflict
  • Militarization

Below are the ten most dangerous countries in the world. The majority of these countries have a Level 3 or Level 4 travel advisory from the U.S. Department of State.

1. Afghanistan

Afghanistan is the most dangerous country in the world, according to the 2019 Global Peace Index. According to the UN peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan, the country experienced 3,804 civilian deaths in conflict, 927 of who are children. Afghanistan experiences deadly attacks from the Taliban across the country and the U.S. is now in its 19th year of war in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has the highest number of deaths from war and terrorism than any other country in the world.

2. Syria

Syria is the second-most dangerous country in the world. Syria only recently was put in second by Afghanistan. The Syrian civil war has plagued the country since March 2011 and has been the second-deadliest war of the 21st century. An estimated 470,000 people, including 55,000 children, have been killed in the Syrian conflict. High levels of violence have been persistent throughout Syria including the use of small arms, tanks, chemical weapons, artillery, and aircraft. As of March 2019, 5.7 million people have fled Syria and over 6 million have been displaced internally.

3. Iraq

The third-most dangerous country in the world is Iraq. Iraq continues to have both internal and external conflicts, including likely terrorist attacks. ISIS continues to capture and kill civilians and Iraqi armed forces. Other human rights violations, including violations of freedom of assembly and women’s rights, have persisted. U.S. citizens visiting Iraq are at particularly high risk for violence and kidnapping and are a target of Anti-U.S. sectarian militias throughout Iraq.

4. South Sudan

South Sudan is the fourth-most dangerous country in the world. South Sudan has ongoing conflict, civil unrest, and widespread violent crime, including robberies, assaults, carjacking, and kidnappings. Armed conflict exists mostly between the government and opposition groups, with little to no rule of law or order outside the country’s capital of Juba. Areas near South Sudan’s borders with Sudan, Kenya, Central African Republic, and so on, are particularly dangerous. Additionally, South Sudan is at high risk for climate disasters.

5. Yemen

The fifth-most dangerous country in the world is Yemen. Yemeni Civil War began in 2015 between two factions: the Abdrabbuuh Mansur Hadi led government and the Houthi armed movement. Yemen has the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, according to the UN, where four years of ongoing conflict has resulted in 4.3 million people leaving their homes and 14 million people at risk of starvation and outbreaks of deadly diseases. About 80% of the Yemen population (24 million people) is in desperate need of humanitarian assistance.

6. Somalia

Somalia is the sixth-most dangerous country in the United States. Somalia has high kidnapping risks in all parts of the country. Terror attacks are likely at Mogadishu International airport, government buildings, hotels, and restaurants. Foreigners, government officials, and UN workers are significant targets of these attacks. Somalia’s droughts and food shortages have compounded the already unstable environment and security and effective police forces are absent.

7. Libya

Libya is the seventh-most dangerous country in the world. Libya has experienced high levels of crime, civil unrest, kidnapping, armed conflict, and terrorism. The violence in Libya is mostly caused by militias that continue to clash with one another over territory and resources. ISIS has carried out several attacks that killed both civilians and security force members. The capital, Tripoli, and other large cities such as Suman, Al-Jufra, Misrata, Ajdabiya, and Benghazi, have been frequent locations of fighting among militias and terrorist attacks.

8. Democratic Republic of the Congo

The eighth-most dangerous country in the world is the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The DRC recently experienced an Ebola outbreak, which has claimed over 2,200 lives, according to the World Health Organization. The ability of health workers to provide care to treat Ebola patients has been hindered by the violence occurring in the DRC. Demonstrations are common in cities around the country and often turn violent. Violent crimes are common as well, such as armed home invasion, robberies, and assault and police lack the resources to effectively respond to crime.

9. Central African Republic

The Central African Republic is the ninth-most dangerous country in the world. Despite a peace agreement signed in 2017, chaos in the country has continued to grow and spread. The main source of unrest in the Central African Republic is the clash between the Seleka rebels and the Anti-Balaka militia. The conflict has displaced 620,000 people internally and created 570,000 refugees leaving to neighboring countries. Kidnappings are widespread, as are reports of violence, looting, and human rights abuses across the country.

10. Russia

Russia is the tenth-most dangerous country in the world. Russia’s high militarization contributes to its position on the list, along with having one of the highest per-capita rates of weapons exports. Russia, unlike the other countries on this list, has a Level 2 travel advisory from the U.S Department of State to exercise increased caution when visiting. Russia is susceptible to transnational and local terrorist groups, and individuals inspired by extremist ideologies. Russian officials have also arbitrarily detained U.S. citizens, who may become victims of harassment or extortion.

In addition to the most dangerous countries in the world, specific countries are the most dangerous for women. If you're looking to travel somewhere new, looking at the safest countries in the world.

Most Dangerous Countries in the World 2020

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Most Dangerous Countries in the World 2020

Rank Country Peace Index Population 2020
1Afghanistan3.57438,928,346
2Syria3.56617,500,658
3South Sudan3.52611,193,725
4Yemen3.41229,825,964
5Iraq3.36940,222,493
6Somalia3.315,893,222
7Central African Republic3.2964,829,767
8Libya3.2856,871,292
9Dr Congo3.21889,561,403
10Russia3.093145,934,462
11Pakistan3.072220,892,340
12Turkey3.01584,339,067
13Sudan2.99543,849,260
14Ukraine2.9543,733,762
15North Korea2.92125,778,816
16Nigeria2.898206,139,589
17Lebanon2.86,825,445
18Israel2.7358,655,535
19Mali2.7120,250,833
20Venezuela2.67128,435,940
21Colombia2.66150,882,891
22Palestine2.6085,101,414
23India2.6051,380,004,385
24Mexico2.6128,932,753
25Iran2.54283,992,949
26Cameroon2.53826,545,863
27Chad2.52216,425,864
28Egypt2.521102,334,404
29Burundi2.5211,890,784
30Philippines2.516109,581,078
31Eritrea2.5043,546,421
32Zimbabwe2.46314,862,924
33Ethiopia2.434114,963,588
34Azerbaijan2.42510,139,177
35Saudi Arabia2.40934,813,871
36United States2.401331,002,651
37South Africa2.39959,308,690
38Niger2.39424,206,644
39Myanmar2.39354,409,800
40Bahrain2.3571,701,575
41Honduras2.3419,904,607
42Mauritania2.3334,649,658
43Republic Of The Congo2.3235,518,087
44Nicaragua2.3126,624,554
45Kenya2.353,771,296
46Armenia2.2942,963,243
47Thailand2.27869,799,978
48Brazil2.271212,559,417
49Turkmenistan2.2656,031,200
50Guatemala2.26417,915,568
51El Salvador2.2626,486,205
52Guinea Bissau2.2371,968,001
53Algeria2.21943,851,044
54China2.2171,439,323,776
55Djibouti2.207988,000
56Togo2.2058,278,724
57Ivory Coast2.20326,378,274
58Tajikistan2.1969,537,645
59Uganda2.19645,741,007
60Burkina Faso2.17620,903,273
61Lesotho2.1672,142,249
62Uzbekistan2.16633,469,203
63Bangladesh2.128164,689,383
64Guinea2.12513,132,795
65Georgia2.1223,989,167
66Papua New Guinea2.1188,947,024
67Belarus2.1159,449,323
68Gabon2.1122,225,734
69Kyrgyzstan2.1056,524,195
70Mozambique2.09931,255,435
71Trinidad And Tobago2.0941,399,488
72Guyana2.075786,552
73Cuba2.07311,326,616
74Morocco2.0736,910,560
75Cambodia2.06616,718,965
76Paraguay2.0557,132,538
77Haiti2.05211,402,528
78Bolivia2.04411,673,021
79Dominican Republic2.04110,847,910
80Jamaica2.0382,961,167
81Tunisia2.03511,818,619
82Bosnia And Herzegovina2.0193,280,819
83Peru2.01632,971,854
84Rwanda2.01412,952,218
85Jordan2.01210,203,134
86Angola2.01232,866,272
87Nepal2.00329,136,808
88Argentina1.98945,195,774
89Swaziland1.9861,160,164
90Benin1.98612,123,200
91Sri Lanka1.98621,413,249
92Ecuador1.9817,643,054
93Equatorial Guinea1.9571,402,985
94Oman1.9535,106,626
95Moldova1.9514,033,963
96Montenegro1.939628,066
97Greece1.93310,423,054
98Kazakhstan1.93218,776,707
99Cyprus1.9141,207,359
100Gambia1.9082,416,668
101Namibia1.8922,540,905
102France1.89265,273,511
103Liberia1.8895,057,681
104Senegal1.88316,743,927
105Vietnam1.87797,338,579
106Madagascar1.86727,691,018
107South Korea1.86751,269,185
108Tanzania1.8659,734,218
109United Arab Emirates1.8479,890,402
110Sierra Leone1.8227,976,983
111Albania1.8212,877,797
112Serbia1.8128,737,371
113Timor Leste1.8051,318,445
114Zambia1.80518,383,955
115Panama1.8044,314,767
116Laos1.8017,275,560
117United Kingdom1.80167,886,011
118Ghana1.79631,072,940
119Kuwait1.7944,270,571
120Mongolia1.7923,278,290
121Indonesia1.785273,523,615
122Malawi1.77919,129,952
123Italy1.75460,461,826
124Lithuania1.7282,722,289
125Estonia1.7271,326,535
126Taiwan1.72523,816,775
127Latvia1.7181,886,198
128Uruguay1.7113,473,730
129Costa Rica1.7065,094,118
130Spain1.69946,754,778
131Qatar1.6962,881,053
132Botswana1.6762,351,627
133Poland1.65437,846,611
134Croatia1.6454,105,267
135Chile1.63419,116,201
136Bulgaria1.6076,948,445
137Romania1.60619,237,691
138Mauritius1.5621,271,768
139Slovakia1.555,459,642
140Germany1.54783,783,942
141Hungary1.549,660,351
142Norway1.5365,421,241
143Sweden1.53310,099,265
144Belgium1.53311,589,623
145Netherlands1.5317,134,872
146Malaysia1.52932,365,999
147Bhutan1.506771,608
148Finland1.4885,540,720
149Australia1.41925,499,884
150Ireland1.394,937,786
151Switzerland1.3838,654,622
152Czech Republic1.37510,708,981
153Japan1.369126,476,461
154Slovenia1.3552,078,938
155Singapore1.3475,850,342
156Canada1.32737,742,154
157Denmark1.3165,792,202
158Austria1.2919,006,398
159Portugal1.27410,196,709
160New Zealand1.2214,822,233
161Iceland1.072341,243