War Torn Countries 2020

Many countries around the world are severely damaged by long, on-going wars. Most often, war-torn countries have a conflict between different groups in the same country. War-torn countries not only face high numbers of casualties and lost lives, but also destroyed infrastructure that can take years to rebuild post-war, alone during an on-going conflict.

World’s Most War-Torn Countries

Afghanistan

Afghanistan has endured several civil wars over the years: 1989-1992; 1992-1996; 1996-2001; and the current civil conflict. In 2001, U.S. forces entered Afghanistan to eradicate the Taliban and help the country rebuild after years of conflict. The United States has also provided troops to protect the civilians of Afghanistan from Taliban attacks and allow the government to rebuild and reestablish power.

Despite these efforts, Afghanistan is still experiencing Taliban attacks and violence continues to claim thousands of civilians’ lives every year. In 2020, there have been about 2,700 casualties so far.

Iraq

Iraq has also had a long history of war, including the Second Kurdish-Iraq War, the Iraq-Iran War, and the Gulf War. The most recent Iraq war began in 2003 when the United States invaded Iraq to overthrow the government led by Saddam Hussein.

The Iraqi Civil War began in 2014 when ISIS militants began spreading by taking over several major areas in Iraq. The Iraqi government has received aid from the United States, Iran and Syria to help defeat ISIS.

Since the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, there have been an estimated 2.4 million deaths from war.

Syria

The Syrian Civil War is the second-deadliest war in the 21st century. The conflict arose from discontent with the Syrian government and escalated with protests in 2011 that called for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s removal. These protests were violently suppressed and led to war. The opponents of the war in Syria are the Ba’athist Syrian Arab Republic led by al-Assad (and their allies) and the domestic and foreign forces opposing the Syrian government.

All sides involved in the way, including the Syrian government, opposition rebel groups, the United States, Turkey, and Russia, have been criticized by international organizations for massacres and human rights violations. The civil war has also caused a severe refugee situation, with over six million people internally displaced in Syria and over five million seeking refuge in other countries.

Other Current War-Torn Countries

Yemen

Yemen is currently experiencing a civil war that claimed over 20,000 deaths in 2019 alone. The Yemeni Civil War began in 2015 between two sides that both claimed to constitute the official government of Yemen: the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi-led government and the Houthi armed movement. Saudi Arabia launched airstrikes to restore the former Yemeni government, an action that has been condemned by the international community because of the number of civilian deaths. The bombing campaign has killed over 17,700 civilians as of March 20109. It’s estimated that over 100,000 people have been killed in the Yemeni Civil War, including 12,000 civilians.

Mexico

The Mexican Drug War is an ongoing conflict between the Mexican government and various drug trafficking syndicates. The war also consists of violence between competing drug cartels throughout Mexico. Since 1982, federal law enforcement has been reorganized five times to attempt to reduce cartel violence and control corruption. Since 2006, about 120,000 people have been killed and 27,000 have gone missing as a result of the Drug War.

Somalia

The Somali Civil War started in the 1980s and rose out of resistance to the military junta (military dictatorship) led by Siad Barre. From 1988 to 1990, the Somali Armed Forces began engaging armed rebel groups but the opposition groups overthrew Barre’s government in 1991. Following Barre’s ousting, a counter-revolution attempted to reinstate him as the leader of Somalia. The opposition groups began competing for power and conflicts in the south were particularly.

The already impoverished country not only faced violence-related deaths but also deaths from starvation. As of April 2020, humanitarian researchers are particularly concerned with the country’s ability to handle the COVID-19 pandemic due to the damage to its infrastructure and health care system. The Somali Civil War has had about 500,000 deaths.

Libya

The Libyan Civil War started in 2011 when Libyans were inspired by the uprisings in neighboring countries, like Tunisia and Egypt, and began violently protesting against the government. The rebels were met with opposition from Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s troops. The conflict ended in October 2011 when the rebels took Benghazi and Tripoli and killed Gaddafi. It’s estimated that 20,000 people were killed an additional 50,000 were injured in the first Libyan Civil War. The Second Libyan Civil War erupted in 2014 between rival factions seeking control of Libya. The conflict is mostly between the House of Representatives and the Government of National Accord. About 9,000 people have been killed and over 20,000 people have been injured in the Second Libyan Civil War.

Other war-torn countries:

War Torn Countries 2020

Rank Country Population 2020
1China1,439,323,776
2India1,380,004,385
3United States331,002,651
4Indonesia273,523,615
5Pakistan220,892,340
6Brazil212,559,417
7Nigeria206,139,589
8Bangladesh164,689,383
9Russia145,934,462
10Mexico128,932,753
11Japan126,476,461
12Ethiopia114,963,588
13Philippines109,581,078
14Egypt102,334,404
15Vietnam97,338,579
16Dr Congo89,561,403
17Turkey84,339,067
18Iran83,992,949
19Germany83,783,942
20Thailand69,799,978
21United Kingdom67,886,011
22France65,273,511
23Italy60,461,826
24Tanzania59,734,218
25South Africa59,308,690
26Myanmar54,409,800
27Kenya53,771,296
28South Korea51,269,185
29Colombia50,882,891
30Spain46,754,778
31Uganda45,741,007
32Argentina45,195,774
33Algeria43,851,044
34Sudan43,849,260
35Ukraine43,733,762
36Iraq40,222,493
37Afghanistan38,928,346
38Poland37,846,611
39Canada37,742,154
40Morocco36,910,560
41Saudi Arabia34,813,871
42Uzbekistan33,469,203
43Peru32,971,854
44Angola32,866,272
45Malaysia32,365,999
46Mozambique31,255,435
47Ghana31,072,940
48Yemen29,825,964
49Nepal29,136,808
50Venezuela28,435,940
51Madagascar27,691,018
52Cameroon26,545,863
53Ivory Coast26,378,274
54North Korea25,778,816
55Australia25,499,884
56Niger24,206,644
57Taiwan23,816,775
58Sri Lanka21,413,249
59Burkina Faso20,903,273
60Mali20,250,833
61Romania19,237,691
62Malawi19,129,952
63Chile19,116,201
64Kazakhstan18,776,707
65Zambia18,383,955
66Guatemala17,915,568
67Ecuador17,643,054
68Syria17,500,658
69Netherlands17,134,872
70Senegal16,743,927
71Cambodia16,718,965
72Chad16,425,864
73Somalia15,893,222
74Zimbabwe14,862,924
75Guinea13,132,795
76Rwanda12,952,218
77Benin12,123,200
78Burundi11,890,784
79Tunisia11,818,619
80Bolivia11,673,021
81Belgium11,589,623
82Haiti11,402,528
83Cuba11,326,616
84South Sudan11,193,725
85Dominican Republic10,847,910
86Czech Republic10,708,981
87Greece10,423,054
88Jordan10,203,134
89Portugal10,196,709
90Azerbaijan10,139,177
91Sweden10,099,265
92Honduras9,904,607
93United Arab Emirates9,890,402
94Hungary9,660,351
95Tajikistan9,537,645
96Belarus9,449,323
97Austria9,006,398
98Papua New Guinea8,947,024
99Serbia8,737,371
100Israel8,655,535
101Switzerland8,654,622
102Togo8,278,724
103Sierra Leone7,976,983
104Hong Kong7,496,981
105Laos7,275,560
106Paraguay7,132,538
107Bulgaria6,948,445
108Libya6,871,292
109Lebanon6,825,445
110Nicaragua6,624,554
111Kyrgyzstan6,524,195
112El Salvador6,486,205
113Turkmenistan6,031,200
114Singapore5,850,342
115Denmark5,792,202
116Finland5,540,720
117Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
118Slovakia5,459,642
119Norway5,421,241
120Oman5,106,626
121Palestine5,101,414
122Costa Rica5,094,118
123Liberia5,057,681
124Ireland4,937,786
125Central African Republic4,829,767
126New Zealand4,822,233
127Mauritania4,649,658
128Panama4,314,767
129Kuwait4,270,571
130Croatia4,105,267
131Moldova4,033,963
132Georgia3,989,167
133Eritrea3,546,421
134Uruguay3,473,730
135Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
136Mongolia3,278,290
137Armenia2,963,243
138Jamaica2,961,167
139Qatar2,881,053
140Albania2,877,797
141Puerto Rico2,860,853
142Lithuania2,722,289
143Namibia2,540,905
144Gambia2,416,668
145Botswana2,351,627
146Gabon2,225,734
147Lesotho2,142,249
148Macedonia2,083,374
149Slovenia2,078,938
150Guinea Bissau1,968,001
151Latvia1,886,198
152Bahrain1,701,575
153Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
154Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
155Estonia1,326,535
156Timor Leste1,318,445
157Mauritius1,271,768
158Cyprus1,207,359
159Swaziland1,160,164
160Djibouti988,000
161Fiji896,445
162Reunion895,312
163Comoros869,601
164Guyana786,552
165Bhutan771,608
166Solomon Islands686,884
167Macau649,335
168Montenegro628,066
169Luxembourg625,978
170Western Sahara597,339
171Suriname586,632
172Cape Verde555,987
173Maldives540,544
174Malta441,543
175Brunei437,479
176Guadeloupe400,124
177Belize397,628
178Bahamas393,244
179Martinique375,265
180Iceland341,243
181Vanuatu307,145
182French Guiana298,682
183Barbados287,375
184New Caledonia285,498
185French Polynesia280,908
186Mayotte272,815
187Sao Tome And Principe219,159
188Samoa198,414
189Saint Lucia183,627
190Guam168,775
191Curacao164,093
192Kiribati119,449
193Micronesia115,023
194Grenada112,523
195Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
196Aruba106,766
197Tonga105,695
198United States Virgin Islands104,425
199Seychelles98,347
200Antigua And Barbuda97,929
201Isle Of Man85,033
202Andorra77,265
203Dominica71,986
204Cayman Islands65,722
205Bermuda62,278
206Marshall Islands59,190
207Northern Mariana Islands57,559
208Greenland56,770
209American Samoa55,191
210Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
211Faroe Islands48,863
212Sint Maarten42,876
213Monaco39,242
214Turks And Caicos Islands38,717
215Saint Martin38,666
216Liechtenstein38,128
217San Marino33,931
218Gibraltar33,691
219British Virgin Islands30,231
220Palau18,094
221Cook Islands17,564
222Anguilla15,003
223Tuvalu11,792
224Wallis And Futuna11,239
225Nauru10,824
226Saint Barthelemy9,877
227Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,794
228Montserrat4,992
229Falkland Islands3,480
230Niue1,626
231Tokelau1,357
232Vatican City801