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Peace and Security Index

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Most Dangerous Countries for Women 2024

Snapshot

  • South Africa and Brazil top the list due to extremely high rates of violence against women, including sexual violence and intentional homicide.

  • Russia and Mexico are notably dangerous due to high intentional homicide rates against women and significant limitations on women's societal and economic participation.

  • Iran's prominent place on the list is largely attributed to its vast gender gap, impacting women's roles in the economy, health, and political empowerment.

According to the Travel Industry Association, about 32 million American women travel solo in a year. Whether traveling alone or in a group, safety is of the utmost importance. Unfortunately, many countries around the world are dangerous for female travelers. Some highly-publicized incidents, such as the 26-year-old German backpacker who was brutally murdered in Thailand or the two Scandinavian women beheaded in Morocco have exemplified the dangers that women face when traveling abroad in certain countries.

In an attempt to determine which countries are the most dangerous for female travelers, husband and wife journalists Asher and Lyric Fergusson studied and ranked the 50 most popular tourist countries. Their Women’s Danger Index ranked each country based on eight factors: street safety for wojmen, intentional homicide of women, non-partner sexual violence, intimate partner sexual violence, legal discrimination, global gender gap, gender inequality index, and violence against women attitudes.

Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries for Solo Female Travelers:

South Africa is the most dangerous country in the world for solo female travelers. Only 25% of South African women said they felt safe walking alone at night, the lowest of any country. South Africa is notorious for sexual violence. It is estimated that over 40% of South African women will be raped in their lifetime. Additionally, South Africa ranked the worst for the intentional homicide of women. South Africa was the only country to receive an “F” on the index.

Brazil ranks as the second-most dangerous country for women. Only 28% of women reported feeling safe walking alone at night and the country has the third-highest rate of intentional homicide against women. Brazil also ranked sixth for the percentage of women who have experienced physical or sexual violence from their intimate partners at 36.9%. Russia has the second-highest rate of intentional homicide against women, which is the biggest reason for its third-place spot on the list. Russia also ranks as one of the top ten countries to have laws and regulations that limit women’s ability to participate in society and economy.

Mexico ranks fourth overall for the most dangerous countries for women, as well as ranking fourth for the percentage of women who feel safe walking at night and for intentional homicide against women. Only about 33% of women in Mexico reported feeling safe walking alone at night. Additionally, Mexico ranks third for non-partner sexual violence, which about 16% of women experience. Iran’s place on the most dangerous country list is largely due to its first-place ranking for the gender gap. This index measures disparities between men and women in economic participation, educational attainment, health, and political empowerment. Additionally, Iran ranked third for legal discrimination against women.

The Dominican Republic has the fifth-lowest percentage of women who feel safe walking alone at night, at 33%, and the fifth-highest rate of intentional homicide against women. The Dominican Republic also ranks sixth for gender inequality, which measures health, empowerment, and the labor market. Egypt is the seventh-most dangerous country for female travelers. Egypt has the fourth-highest global gender gap and the seventh-highest gender inequality. Only 47% of women reported feeling safe walking alone at night. Additionally, Egypt ranks sixth for laws and regulations that limit women’s ability to participate in society and the economy.

About 45% of Moroccan women experience physical or sexual violence from their intimate partner, the highest percentage on the list. About 32% of women agree that violence against women is justified under certain circumstances, the tenth-highest of the countries ranked. Additionally, Morocco ranks tenth for legal discrimination against women. As the ninth-most dangerous country for women, India ranks fifth for intimate partner violence, which is 37.2%. According to the gender inequality index, India ranks first. About 45% of Indian women surveyed agreed that a husband or partner is justified in beating their wife or partner under certain circumstances. Finishing the top ten most dangerous countries for women is Thailand. Thailand ranks second for intimate partner violence, which about 44% of women reported. Additionally, about 61% of women agreed that violence against women is justified under certain circumstances, the highest among the 50 countries studied.

On the opposite end, the following ten countries are the safest for women: Spain, Singapore, Ireland, Austria, Switzerland, Norway, Portugal, Croatia, Canada, and Poland.

  • In the 2023 Women, Peace and Security Index (WPSI), lower scores indicate greater danger. The WPSI is compiled by the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security (GIWPS).
  • In the 2019 Women's Danger Index (WDI), higher scores indicate greater danger. The WDI is compiled from eight sub-metrics, whose scores are listed after the compiled total. The WDI was initially compiled by the travel website Asher & Lyric.

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Country
Peace and Security Index
Denmark0.932
Switzerland0.928
Sweden0.926
Finland0.924
Luxembourg0.924
Iceland0.924
Norway0.92
Austria0.911
Netherlands0.908
New Zealand0.904
Australia0.902
Belgium0.902
Ireland0.892
Estonia0.892
Singapore0.887
Lithuania0.886
Canada0.885
Czech Republic0.884
Portugal0.877
Latvia0.872
Germany0.871
United Arab Emirates0.868
Japan0.866
France0.864
Croatia0.862
United Kingdom0.86
Spain0.859
Poland0.859
Slovakia0.856
South Korea0.848
Malta0.846
Hungary0.835
Serbia0.835
Italy0.827
Bulgaria0.826
Slovenia0.824
United States0.823
Taiwan0.818
Hong Kong0.812
Georgia0.812
Montenegro0.808
Romania0.8
Seychelles0.799
North Macedonia0.798
Albania0.796
Mongolia0.794
Barbados0.779
Armenia0.772
Guyana0.769
Argentina0.768
Greece0.766
Thailand0.764
Moldova0.758
Panama0.757
Bosnia and Herzegovina0.754
Russia0.752
Bahrain0.752
Turkmenistan0.75
Uruguay0.748
Sri Lanka0.743
Costa Rica0.743
Kuwait0.742
Cyprus0.739
Malaysia0.738
Fiji0.738
Cape Verde0.738
Saudi Arabia0.737
Chile0.736
Belarus0.733
Kazakhstan0.729
Trinidad and Tobago0.721
Maldives0.72
Peru0.717
Nicaragua0.717
Oman0.715
Samoa0.711
Jamaica0.71
Vietnam0.707
Laos0.704
Israel0.703
Qatar0.703
China0.7
Indonesia0.7
Bhutan0.7
Tonga0.697
Bolivia0.696
Suriname0.694
Puerto Rico0.692
Paraguay0.691
Tajikistan0.69
South Africa0.688
Jordan0.679
Mauritius0.678
Uzbekistan0.674
Kyrgyzstan0.673
Tunisia0.669
Azerbaijan0.667
Dominican Republic0.666
Turkey0.665
Timor Leste0.664
Solomon Islands0.664
Rwanda0.663
Botswana0.659
Belize0.657
Ecuador0.655
Tanzania0.652
Ghana0.651
Sao Tome and Principe0.648
Egypt0.645
Cambodia0.645
Nepal0.644
Vanuatu0.644
Morocco0.637
Brazil0.63
Venezuela0.628
Ukraine0.626
Algeria0.622
Senegal0.619
Equatorial Guinea0.619
Philippines0.612
Honduras0.61
Libya0.61
Namibia0.61
Lesotho0.605
Zimbabwe0.604
Angola0.598
India0.595
Togo0.595
Lebanon0.595
Bangladesh0.593
Gabon0.593
Colombia0.582
Mozambique0.58
Gambia0.575
Ivory Coast0.573
Guatemala0.569
Benin0.566
El Salvador0.566
Iran0.557
Zambia0.556
Mexico0.551
Uganda0.544
Sierra Leone0.543
Guinea0.539
Ethiopia0.521
Malawi0.521
Comoros0.519
Kenya0.511
Mauritania0.506
Madagascar0.505
Djibouti0.504
Liberia0.5
Papua New Guinea0.487
Palestine0.483
Guinea Bissau0.483
Pakistan0.481
Mali0.481
Burkina Faso0.481
Cameroon0.466
Nigeria0.465
Chad0.462
Sudan0.46
Myanmar0.451
Niger0.442
Haiti0.431
Iraq0.424
Somalia0.417
Eswatini0.415
Syria0.407
Burundi0.394
South Sudan0.388
DR Congo0.384
Central African Republic0.378
Yemen0.287
Afghanistan0.286
showing: 175 rows

Download Table Data

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Country
2019 Women's Danger Index (WDI)
WDI Street Safety
WDI Intentional Homicide
WDI Non-Partner Violence
WDI Intimate Partner Violence
WDI Legal Discrimination
WDI Global Gender Gap
WDI Gender Inequality
WDI Attitudes Toward Violence
South Africa771.821001001005628597456
Brazil624.289649448230767825
Russia592.716977404750734941
Mexico576.058949883115746526
Iran553.1169112659851008834
Dominican Republic551.32893559502873867
Egypt546.91717265865948664
Morocco542.755962610046969252
India541.2541301983447910074
Thailand533.2245133098417375100
Malaysia527.64728306669795569
Saudi Arabia524.36561330601001004552
Turkey521.837218268441906041
Argentina494.11921934732664687
Chile487.968111347939716120
Cambodia485.73656234730789075
Bahrain476.096414263081884252
Tunisia468.266311264559845749
United States456.315125758124683621
Ukraine453.61812762941715436
United Arab Emirates450.665113263087844452
Vietnam449.65635117637725859
China444.55236708644782980
Indonesia442.10373306654748651
Philippines408.235525303231508123
Bulgaria380.84617344730594134
Hungary375.895718174719794915
Belgium372.88631646532663920
Australia370.1057795381765217
South Korea366.98518703120841231
Japan366.20473703437822023
Greece337.8071564222742320
Germany335.104112404939531433
Sweden326.4244769622244820
Czech Republic325.33477234730752420
Italy323.19595294222741711
Denmark320.6528963713154820
France309.924012525817531611
Netherlands302.8132469562063815
United Kingdom296.853110406415552220
Poland291.23534112930652516
Canada290.83359751431551810
Croatia286.534310172922692420
Portugal277.58471064217641720
Norway259.9216566622241918
Switzerland252.7815766223059726
Austria251.63278232928701420
Ireland247.31354293319492120
Singapore245.2695191446711367
Spain212.04245172915611516
showing: 50 rows

Most Dangerous Countries for Women 2024

Which country is the least safe for women?

According to the most recent data, South Africa is the least safe country for women in the world.

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