Gun Deaths by Country 2020

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Gun-related deaths are not uncommon. In 2016 alone, more than 250,000 people died as a result of firearms worldwide. About 64% of gun deaths were the results of homicide, about 27% of suicide, and 9% for accidental injuries caused by firearms.

Nearly nine out of 10 people killed by gun violence were men, and the highest number of deaths were people between 20 and 24 years old.

Out of the 250,000 gun-related deaths in 2016, 50.5% occurred in Brazil, the United States, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, and Guatemala.

Gun violence in Latin America is exceptionally high. The Inter-American Development Bank released a report highlighting four critical factors in Latin American cities that contribute to increased gun violence: economic deprivation, residential instability, family disruption, absence from school, the population’s age structure, and alcohol consumption. These factors can be applied to other regions around the world that experience significant gun violence.

Brazil has the highest number of gun deaths in the world, with a total of 43,200 out of the 250,000 worldwide – a gun death rate of 21.9 per 100,000 Brazilian citizens. The United States has the second-highest number of gun deaths with 37,200.

In the United States, mass shootings receive the most attention by the media and therefore, many attribute the high gun deaths to mass shootings. However, mass shootings are only responsible for a small number of overall gun violence deaths in the United States. More than two-thirds of gun deaths in the US are suicides.

Gun violence is not as large of an issue in every country around the world. Gun deaths are extremely low in countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Australia. These countries have implemented incentives or passed legislation to decrease the number of firearms in citizens’ possessions. For example, Australia implemented a buy-back program for firearms, allowing the government to buy and destroy over 600,000 guns.

Japan has the fewest gun deaths per year in the world. Japan has some of the strictest gun laws in the world and experiences 100 or fewer gun deaths per year in a population of over 127 million and a gun death rate of .06 deaths per 100,000 people. For Japanese citizens to purchase a gun, they must attend an all-day class, pass a written exam, and complete a shooting range test, scoring at least 95% accuracy. Candidates will also receive a mental health evaluation, performed at a hospital, and will have a comprehensive background check done by the government. Only shotguns and rifles can be purchased. The class and exam must be retaken every three years.

Gun Deaths by Country 2020

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Gun Deaths by Country 2020

Country Firearm-related death rate per 100,000 population per year Homicide rate per year Suicide rate per year Total death number per year
El Salvador45.626.490.132,942
Swaziland37.1637.16426
Jamaica30.7230.380.34905
Panama15.1114.360.57641
Uruguay11.524.784.68399
Montenegro8.912.426.4956
Paraguay7.765.781.16546
Barbados6.63.1219
Costa Rica6.35.631.1318
Nicaragua4.683.720.34306
Serbia3.490.612.49306
Finland3.250.322.94180
Switzerland3.010.152.74258
Austria2.90.122.69259
Estonia2.670.152.1135
Slovenia2.640.22.3455
Croatia2.350.242.1797
Israel2.091.040.67178
Georgia1.980.490.0979
Cyprus1.871.050.5822
Slovakia1.830.260.9499
Norway1.750.11.6394
Bulgaria1.730.341121
Macedonia1.690.910.6335
Denmark1.470.111.3584
Latvia1.430.180.9427
Luxembourg1.1901.167
New Zealand1.070.110.8451
Moldova1.030.450.4241
Kyrgyzstan1.010.530.0764
Ireland0.80.250.2839
Kuwait0.360.36015
Qatar0.150.154
Iceland0.0701.25
Hong Kong0.0300.032
Singapore0.0250.0050.01651
Belarus0.14
Honduras6066.640.415,846
Venezuela49.2226.480.1414,036
Guatemala34.129.620.345,993
Brazil21.920.70.546,215
Colombia18.6517.740.599,387
United States12.214.467.3240,175
Philippines8.98.99,620
South Africa8.38.20.14,859
Mexico7.646.340.449,745
Argentina6.933.071.23,102
Peru5.534.220.071,797
France2.830.212.161,843
Chile2.41.020.7455
Canada2.050.611.52767
Czech Republic2.010.151.66215
Turkey1.951.030.811,626
Sweden1.60.321.23160
Portugal1.580.421.01161
Greece1.520.530.86159
Ukraine1.361.36598
Italy1.310.350.87793
Belgium1.240.141.03143
Australia1.040.180.8262
Germany0.991.010.02826
Hungary0.950.110.8192
Taiwan0.870.60.12207
Spain0.620.150.42290
Netherlands0.580.290.2899
Cuba0.50.20.356
Zimbabwe0.390.30.0957
India0.2850.30.143,893
Poland0.260.040.0998
United Kingdom0.230.060.15155
Romania0.140.040.0627
South Korea0.080.020.0441
Azerbaijan0.070.270.017
Japan0.0600.0476