Gun Deaths By Country 2021

map placeholder

Gun-related deaths are tragically common. In 2019 alone, more than 250,000 people died as a result of firearms worldwide. Nearly 71% of gun deaths were homicides, about 21% were suicides, and 8% were unintentional firearms-related accidents.

Nearly nine out of 10 people killed by gun violence in 2019 were men. The highest number of homicide deaths occurred among people 20-24 years old, while the highest number of gun-enabled suicides came from those aged 55-59.

Out of the estimated 250,227 gun-related deaths worldwide in 2019, 65.9% occurred in just six countries: Brazil, the United States, Venezuela, Mexico, India, and Colombia.

Countries with the Highest Total Gun Deaths (all causes) in 2019

  1. Brazil (49436)
  2. United States (37038)
  3. Venezuela (28515)
  4. Mexico (22116)
  5. India (14710)
  6. Colombia (13169)
  7. Philippines (9267)
  8. Guatemala (5980)

Brazil has the highest number of total gun deaths from all causes in the world, with 49,436 out of 250,227 worldwide. The United States has the second-highest number of gun deaths with 37,038.

That said, if one isolates the violent gun deaths and adjusts for population size by expressing the rate as the number of homicides per 100k people, the list changes significantly.

Countries with the Highest Rates of Violent Gun Death (Homicides) per 100k residents in 2019

  1. El Salvador (36.78)
  2. Venezuela (33.27)
  3. Guatemala (29.06)
  4. Colombia (26.36)
  5. Brazil (21.93)
  6. Bahamas (21.52)
  7. Honduras (20.15)
  8. U.S. Virgin Islands (19.40)
  9. Puerto Rico (18.14)
  10. Mexico (16.41)

Gun violence in Latin America is exceptionally high, due in no small part to the prevalence of criminal gangs and a vibrant drug trafficking industry. The Inter-American Development Bank released a report highlighting several critical factors in Latin American cities that contribute to increased gun violence, including economic deprivation, residential instability, family disruption, absence from school, the population’s age structure, and alcohol consumption.

Gangs are much less of an issue in the United States, yet it is second only to Brazil on the list in total gun deaths. Many people understandably assume the high number of gun deaths in the U.S. is due to mass shootings, which receive frequent attention from the media. In truth, mass shootings account for only a small percentage of gun deaths in the United States. Rather, nearly two-thirds (63%) of gun deaths in the US in 2019 were suicides.

Countries with the Highest Rates of Firearm-Related Suicide (per 100k) in 2019

  1. Greenland (16.36)
  2. United States (7.12)
  3. Uruguay (4.74)
  4. San Marino (4.08)
  5. Montenegro (3.40)
  6. Argentina (2.67)
  7. Finland (2.66)
  8. Monaco (2.64)
  9. France (2.64)
  10. Venezuela (2.50)

In contrast to the U.S. and Latin America, gun deaths are extremely rare in countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Australia. These countries have implemented incentives or passed legislation to decrease the number of firearms in circulation. For example, in July 2021, Australia implemented a permanent gun amnesty program, in which unregistered firearms could be anonymously surrendered at police stations.

Japan boasts a population of more than 127 million people, yet finshed 2019 with a gun death rate of only .02 per 100,000 people. One major factor in this success is that Japan has some of the strictest gun laws in the world. For Japanese citizens to purchase a gun, they must attend an all-day class, pass a written exam, and complete a shooting range test, scoring at least 95% accuracy. Candidates will also receive a mental health evaluation, performed at a hospital, and will have a comprehensive background check done by the government. Only shotguns and rifles can be purchased. The class and exam must be retaken every three years.

Gun Deaths By Country 2021

Loading...

Gun Deaths By Country 2021

Country Firearm-related death rate per 100,000 population per year Homicide rate per year Suicide rate per year Total death number per year
Honduras6066.640.415,846
Venezuela49.2226.480.1414,036
Guatemala34.129.620.345,993
Brazil21.920.70.546,215
Colombia18.6517.740.599,387
United States12.214.467.3240,175
Philippines8.98.99,620
South Africa8.38.20.14,859
Mexico7.646.340.449,745
Argentina6.933.071.23,102
Peru5.534.220.071,797
France2.830.212.161,843
Chile2.41.020.7455
Canada2.050.611.52767
Czech Republic2.010.151.66215
Turkey1.951.030.811,626
Sweden1.60.321.23160
Portugal1.580.421.01161
Greece1.520.530.86159
Ukraine1.361.36598
Italy1.310.350.87793
Belgium1.240.141.03143
Australia1.040.180.8262
Germany0.991.010.02826
Hungary0.950.110.8192
Taiwan0.870.60.12207
Spain0.620.150.42290
Netherlands0.580.290.2899
Cuba0.50.20.356
Zimbabwe0.390.30.0957
India0.2850.30.143,893
Poland0.260.040.0998
United Kingdom0.230.060.15155
Romania0.140.040.0627
South Korea0.080.020.0441
Azerbaijan0.070.270.017
Japan0.0600.0476
Belarus0.14
El Salvador45.626.490.132,942
Eswatini37.1637.16426
Jamaica30.7230.380.34905
Panama15.1114.360.57641
Uruguay11.524.784.68399
Montenegro8.912.426.4956
Paraguay7.765.781.16546
Barbados6.63.1219
Costa Rica6.35.631.1318
Nicaragua4.683.720.34306
Serbia3.490.612.49306
Finland3.250.322.94180
Switzerland3.010.152.74258
Austria2.90.122.69259
Estonia2.670.152.1135
Slovenia2.640.22.3455
Croatia2.350.242.1797
Israel2.091.040.67178
Georgia1.980.490.0979
Cyprus1.871.050.5822
Slovakia1.830.260.9499
Norway1.750.11.6394
Bulgaria1.730.341121
Denmark1.470.111.3584
Latvia1.430.180.9427
Luxembourg1.1901.167
New Zealand1.070.110.8451
Moldova1.030.450.4241
Kyrgyzstan1.010.530.0764
Ireland0.80.250.2839
Kuwait0.360.36015
Qatar0.150.154
Iceland0.0701.25
Hong Kong0.0300.032
Singapore0.0250.0050.01651

Gun Deaths By Country 2021