Map Options

Color Scheme:
map placeholder
Firearm-related death rate

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Click on a country for details.

Gun Deaths by Country 2024

Snapshot

  • Over 250,000 people died from firearms in 2019, with the majority of deaths being homicides, especially in countries like Brazil and the United States.

  • Latin America experiences high gun violence due to factors like gang activity and drug trafficking, with countries like Venezuela and El Salvador having high homicide rates.

  • Countries like Japan, the UK, and Australia, with strict gun control laws, have significantly lower rates of gun deaths.

Gun-related deaths are tragically common. In 2019 alone, more than 250,000 people died as a result of firearms worldwide. Nearly 71% of gun deaths were homicides, about 21% were suicides, and 8% were unintentional firearms-related accidents. A smaller subset of gun deaths occur as the result of mass shootings and school shootings, which are often highly publicized.

Gun-related violence occurs all around the world, including (to a lesser extent) countries in which guns are illegal. However, out of the estimated 250,227 gun-related deaths worldwide in 2019, 65.9% occurred in just six countries: Brazil, the United States, Venezuela, Mexico, India, and Colombia. Gun deaths are considered an epidemic in the United States (which leads the world in civilian gun ownership) by many people, particularly those on the left side of the political spectrum.

Countries with the Highest Total Gun Deaths (all causes) in 2019

Country
Total Deaths
Brazil49,437
United States37,040
Mexico22,118
India14,712
Colombia13,171
Venezuela10,599
Philippines9,268
Guatemala5,982
Nigeria5,103
Iraq4,424

Nearly nine out of 10 people killed by gun violence in 2019 were men. The highest number of homicide deaths occurred among people 20-24 years old, while the highest number of gun-enabled suicides happened among those aged 55-59. Brazil recorded the world's highest number of total gun deaths from all causes combined, with 49,436 out of 250,227 worldwide. The United States has the second-highest number of gun deaths with 37,038.

That said, if one isolates the violent gun deaths and adjusts for population size by expressing the rate as the number of homicides per 100k people, the list changes significantly.

Countries with the Highest Rates of Violent Gun Death (Homicides) per 100k residents in 2019

Country
Firearm-related death rate
El Salvador36.16
Venezuela36.06
Guatemala32.58
Colombia25.16
United States Virgin Islands23.46
Brazil22.72
Puerto Rico20.89
Bahamas19.75
Belize19.68
Honduras19.43

Gun violence in Latin America is exceptionally high, due in no small part to the prevalence of criminal gangs and a vibrant drug trafficking industry. The Inter-American Development Bank released a report highlighting several critical factors in Latin American cities that contribute to increased gun violence, including economic deprivation, residential instability, family disruption, absence from school, the population’s age structure, and alcohol consumption.

Gangs are much less of an issue in the United States, yet it is second only to Brazil on the list in total gun deaths. Many people understandably assume the high number of gun deaths in the U.S. is due to mass shootings, which receive frequent attention from the media. In truth, mass shootings account for only a small percentage of gun deaths in the United States. Rather, nearly two-thirds (63%) of gun deaths in the US in 2019 were suicides.

Countries with the Highest Rates of Firearm-Related Suicide (per 100k) in 2019

  1. Greenland — 16.36
  2. United States — 7.12
  3. Uruguay — 4.74
  4. San Marino — 4.08
  5. Montenegro — 3.40
  6. Argentina — 2.67
  7. Finland — 2.66
  8. Monaco — 2.64
  9. France — 2.64
  10. Venezuela — 2.50

In contrast to the U.S. and Latin America, gun deaths are extremely rare in countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Australia. These countries have implemented incentives or passed legislation to decrease the number of firearms in circulation. For example, in July 2021, Australia implemented a permanent gun amnesty program, in which unregistered firearms could be anonymously surrendered at police stations.

Japan boasts a population of more than 127 million people, yet finished 2019 with a gun death rate of only .02 per 100,000 people. One major factor in this success is that Japan has some of the strictest gun control laws in the world. For Japanese citizens to purchase a gun, they must attend an all-day class, pass a written exam, and complete a shooting range test, scoring at least 95% accuracy. Candidates will also receive a mental health evaluation, performed at a hospital, and will have a comprehensive background check done by the government. Only shotguns and rifles can be purchased. The class and exam must be retaken every three years.

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Country
Total Deaths
Firearm-related death rate (per 100k)
% of World Gun Deaths
El Salvador2,31336.160.93%
Venezuela10,59936.064.25%
Guatemala5,98232.582.4%
Colombia13,17125.165.29%
United States Virgin Islands2323.460.01%
Brazil49,43722.7219.84%
Puerto Rico68320.890.27%
Bahamas8219.750.03%
Belize8219.680.03%
Honduras2,09119.430.84%
Greenland1119.370%
Saint Kitts and Nevis918.810%
Mexico22,11817.098.88%
Haiti1,97516.640.79%
Trinidad and Tobago22114.370.09%
Jamaica39714.050.16%
Dominican Republic1,52613.350.61%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1312.540.01%
Guyana9211.230.04%
Uruguay38211.160.15%
Saint Lucia2011.060.01%
United States37,04010.8414.87%
Panama46010.160.18%
Iraq4,4249.511.78%
Eritrea3549.270.14%
Paraguay62590.25%
Costa Rica4208.010.17%
Philippines9,2687.783.72%
Lesotho1827.720.07%
Argentina3,3097.181.33%
Somalia1,3137.020.53%
Antigua and Barbuda66.330%
Ecuador1,1276.130.45%
South Africa3,6105.921.45%
Barbados155.310.01%
Eswatini645.240.03%
Palestine2664.840.11%
Mali1,1054.600.44%
Montenegro284.470.01%
Suriname284.450.01%
Djibouti514.430.02%
Botswana1204.410.05%
Serbia2994.210.12%
Burkina Faso9924.160.4%
Dominica34.090%
Namibia1053.970.04%
Guinea Bissau873.960.03%
Thailand2,8043.901.13%
Kenya2,0983.730.84%
Bolivia4523.600.18%
Solomon Islands273.570.01%
Zambia7423.510.3%
Comoros303.460.01%
Ivory Coast1,0173.440.41%
Chad6233.310.25%
Guinea4773.280.19%
France2,0983.230.84%
Central African Republic1883.180.08%
Nicaragua2263.160.09%
Benin4243.010.17%
San Marino12.970%
Togo2692.900.11%
Finland1612.900.06%
Ethiopia3,7122.861.49%
Mozambique9912.840.4%
Georgia1032.770.04%
Monaco12.770%
Niger7782.760.31%
Switzerland2392.700.1%
Austria2372.640.1%
South Sudan2952.620.12%
Turkey2,2322.590.9%
Micronesia32.580%
Chile5032.560.2%
Peru8792.530.35%
Laos1922.480.08%
Albania702.480.03%
Croatia982.460.04%
Tanzania1,6842.430.68%
Ukraine9172.420.37%
Marshall Islands12.360%
Guam42.300%
American Samoa12.300%
Canada8752.240.35%
Nigeria5,1032.232.05%
Uganda1,1082.220.44%
North Macedonia462.210.02%
Israel2012.160.08%
Portugal2112.060.08%
Cameroon58920.24%
Northern Mariana Islands120%
Belgium2281.950.09%
Seychelles21.850%
Bulgaria1211.830.05%
Armenia501.800.02%
Mauritania891.780.04%
Sierra Leone1581.760.06%
Rwanda2511.740.1%
Morocco6591.720.26%
Russia2,4801.721%
Jordan1951.710.08%
Slovenia361.700.01%
Sao Tome and Principe41.690%
Liberia931.680.04%
Burundi2221.630.09%
Grenada21.580%
Lebanon821.570.03%
Bermuda11.560%
Cyprus191.500.01%
Zimbabwe2531.490.1%
Malawi3181.480.13%
Vanuatu51.460%
Republic of the Congo901.440.04%
Madagascar4471.440.18%
Greece1481.440.06%
Afghanistan6201.430.25%
Saudi Arabia5341.420.21%
Sweden1521.420.06%
Sri Lanka3111.420.12%
Norway771.400.03%
Latvia251.380.01%
Ghana4781.370.19%
Italy7971.360.32%
Papua New Guinea1411.340.06%
Yemen4721.340.19%
Senegal2411.320.1%
Slovakia751.320.03%
Samoa31.310%
DR Congo1,3251.250.53%
Andorra11.240%
Germany1,0201.230.41%
Estonia161.210.01%
Luxembourg81.210%
Pakistan2,9491.201.18%
Cambodia2001.170.08%
Bosnia and Herzegovina371.160.01%
Belarus1081.140.04%
Gabon281.130.01%
Angola4171.100.17%
Denmark641.080.03%
Iceland41.060%
Gambia301.060.01%
Kazakhstan2091.050.08%
Lithuania281.040.01%
India14,7121.025.91%
Libya701.010.03%
Iran8730.970.35%
Timor Leste130.940.01%
Malta50.930%
United Arab Emirates890.930.04%
Sudan4500.910.18%
New Zealand480.910.02%
Bangladesh1,5800.900.63%
Australia2410.900.1%
Turkmenistan570.860.02%
Mongolia300.860.01%
Equatorial Guinea150.850.01%
Kiribati10.740%
Egypt8160.710.33%
Cuba780.700.03%
Kyrgyzstan460.670.02%
Myanmar3660.670.15%
Moldova220.660.01%
Spain3030.640.12%
Tunisia790.630.03%
Nepal1920.610.08%
Bahrain90.600%
Ireland290.570.01%
Hungary560.560.02%
Algeria2540.550.1%
Azerbaijan550.530.02%
Malaysia1790.520.07%
Vietnam5070.510.2%
Bhutan40.500%
Netherlands850.480.03%
Kuwait180.410.01%
Maldives20.390%
Tajikistan390.380.02%
North Korea930.350.04%
Mauritius40.310%
Poland1120.280.04%
Qatar70.260%
United Kingdom1620.240.07%
Brunei10.220%
Taiwan510.210.02%
Fiji20.210%
Uzbekistan580.160.02%
Romania310.160.01%
Indonesia4400.160.18%
South Korea440.090.02%
Oman40.080%
Japan1010.080.04%
China1,1260.080.45%
Singapore30.050%
World249,1243.09100%
showing: 194 rows

Which country has the most gun deaths?

Brazil has the most gun deaths, according to the most recent statistics from 2019. Brazil had 49,436 gun deaths in 2019.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources