Gun Ownership by Country 2022

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Gun ownership varies significantly around the world. More than 175 of the world's countries allow their citizens to own firearms—though most have specific regulations on ownership, such as banning certain types of firearms. Mexico, Guatemala, and the United States have gone one step further and made gun ownership a constitutional right. That said, even those countries may place limits on certain types of firearms, such as when the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a temporary ban on certain assault rifles and high-capacity magazines from 1994-2004. On the other hand, civilian ownership of firearms is banned outright in North Korea and Eritrea.

The most recent comprehensive survey of gun ownership worldwide was released in 2017 by the Small Arms Survey, which tallied the number of firearms (registered and unregistered) owned by civilians, the military, and law enforcement agencies for each country in the survey. The results were illuminating, though not entirely surprising for many experts on firearms policy:

Top 10 Countries with Highest Gun Ownership (Civilian guns owned per 100 people):

  1. United States - 120.5
  2. Falkland Islands - 62.1
  3. Yemen - 52.8
  4. New Caledonia - 42.5
  5. Serbia - 39.1 (tie)
  6. Montenegro - 39.1 (tie)
  7. Uruguay - 34.7 (tie)
  8. Canada - 34.7 (tie)
  9. Cyprus - 34
  10. Finland - 32.4

With 120.5 civilian-owned firearms per 100 people, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership in the world—nearly double that of the second-place country, in fact. Civilians owned an estimated 393,347,000 total firearms in the United States in 2017 (measured against a 2017 population of 326,474,000). While many U.S. residents own no guns at all, many others own multiple guns—the end result of which is that the U.S. is home to more guns than people. An ABC News article about the survey pointed out that the U.S. has "less than 5% of the world's population, but 40% of the world's civilian-owned guns." Given the ongoing frequency of gun violence in the United States, particularly gun-enabled suicides and mass shootings in schools, places of worship, and businesses, many people believe that gun laws should be revised and tightened. However, gun control is a highly politicized issue in the U.S., which makes nationwide reforms difficult to pass.

Some of the countries with the most restrictive firearm laws are China, India, Japan, Singapore, and Vietnam. Taiwan and Indonesia have the lowest gun ownership rates possible, with zero civilian firearms per 100 people. Guns, however, are not banned in either of these countries. Taiwan only allows shotguns, handguns, and regular rifles, and a background check and license are required for all guns. In Indonesia, firearms are sold and handled by the Weapons Officers of the Indonesian National Police. Indonesian law requires a background check, no ties or connections to radical groups, and a completed firearms safety class on top of other necessary qualifications.

Gun Ownership by Country 2022

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Gun Ownership by Country 2022

* Rate is per 100 people. Only firearms in civilian possession are counted.
Country Total Firearms (Civilian) Rate* Military Firearms Law Enforcement Firearms 2022 Population
United States393.3M120.504,535,3801,016,000334,805,269
Falkland Islands2K62.10303,539
Yemen14.9M52.8028,50031,154,867
New Caledonia115K42.50700290,915
Serbia2.7M39.10384,42253,1008,653,016
Montenegro245K39.105,3968,000627,950
Canada12.7M34.70233,949103,00038,388,419
Uruguay1.2M34.7062,13030,0003,496,016
Cyprus285K3499,00011,0001,223,387
Finland1.8M32.40475,03014,0005,554,960
Lebanon1.9M31.90130,15041,0006,684,849
Iceland106K31.70650590345,393
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.2M31.2027,30029,0003,249,317
Austria2.6M30240,88037,9009,066,710
North Macedonia621K29.8029,53021,0002,081,304
Norway1.5M28.80188,64613,0005,511,370
Liechtenstein11K28.8020038,387
Malta119K28.305,5471,637444,033
Switzerland2.3M27.60324,48434,0008,773,637
New Zealand1.2M26.3038,28013,0004,898,203
Sweden2.3M23.10139,18038,00010,218,971
Pakistan43.9M22.302,315,480944,000229,488,994
Greenland13K22.3030056,973
Portugal2.2M21.30333,64089,00010,140,570
Germany15.8M19.60483,016466,00083,883,596
France12.7M19.60566,430497,00065,584,518
Iraq7.6M19.60611,00056,00042,164,965
Reunion171K19.602,000908,061
French Guiana55K19.602,000314,169
Monaco7K19.601,00039,783
Luxembourg110K18.902,3405,000642,371
Bahamas74K18.802,4705,000400,516
Jordan1.5M18.70286,45060,00010,300,869
Venezuela5.9M18.50353,300173,00029,266,991
Greece1.9M17.60642,51099,00010,316,637
Saudi Arabia5.5M16.70481,350214,00035,844,909
United Arab Emirates1.6M16.70163,80041,00010,081,785
Paraguay1.1M16.70235,78021,0007,305,843
Oman792K16.70118,36031,0005,323,993
Kuwait685K16.7082,58011,0004,380,326
Qatar390K16.7030,6805,0002,979,915
United States Virgin Islands18K16.60300103,971
Turkey13.2M16.501,390,180620,00085,561,976
Suriname88K15.905,9852,000596,831
Guyana122K15.8010,8904,000794,045
Slovenia324K15.60131,68613,0002,078,034
Namibia396K15.4011,88015,0002,633,874
Thailand10.3M15.101,052,815230,00070,078,203
Australia3.6M14.50214,52069,00026,068,792
Italy8.6M14.40502,960273,00060,262,770
San Marino5K14.4016034,085
Honduras1.2M14.10107,72029,00010,221,247
Andorra10K14.1097677,463
Croatia576K13.7075,12039,0004,059,286
Lithuania385K13.6081,24017,0002,661,708
Libya851K13.307,040,745
Mexico16.8M12.90895,285591,000131,562,772
Bahrain181K12.8025,79620,0001,783,983
Belgium1.5M12.7080,88078,00011,668,278
Afghanistan4.3M12.50331,170239,00040,754,388
Czech Republic1.3M12.50157,23376,00010,736,784
Equatorial Guinea112K12.502,7602,0001,496,662
Somalia1.1M12.4037,6208,00016,841,795
Russia17.6M12.3030,272,9002,432,000145,805,947
Chile2.2M12.10311,90066,00019,250,195
Guatemala2.1M12.10160,60043,00018,584,039
El Salvador737K12127,84030,0006,550,389
Albania350K1221,75019,0002,866,374
Guam20K11.50500171,519
Angola3M11.20203,30060,00035,027,343
Panama436K10.8030,0004,446,964
Hungary1M10.50147,88017,0009,606,259
Latvia205K10.5027,93617,0001,848,837
Colombia5M10.10350,689283,00051,512,762
Georgia402K10.1063,95041,0003,968,738
Samoa20K10.10500202,239
Costa Rica493K1017,0005,182,354
Belize37K103,6902,000412,190
Ukraine4.4M9.906,600,000289,00043,192,122
Denmark567K9.90124,12020,0005,834,950
South Africa5.4M9.70350,636250,48160,756,135
South Sudan1.3M9.60351,50011,618,511
Cayman Islands6K9.2040067,277
Jamaica246K8.808,68112,0002,985,094
Guadeloupe40K8.502,000399,794
Martinique34K8.501,000374,087
Saint Martin3K8.5010039,730
Bulgaria590K8.40176,64059,4006,844,597
Brazil17.5M8.301,316,300803,000215,353,593
Mauritius106K8.304,84511,0001,274,727
Syria1.5M8.20655,500124,00019,364,809
Ghana2.3M818,60028,00032,395,450
Tonga9K8200107,749
Mongolia242K7.90323,4007,0003,378,078
Spain3.5M7.50333,660264,19646,719,142
Argentina3.3M7.40679,770391,00046,010,234
Dominican Republic795K7.40106,49546,00011,056,370
Iran5.9M7.303,333,55098,00086,022,837
Ireland342K7.2026,6363,0005,020,199
Israel557K6.701,016,90041,0008,922,892
Sudan2.8M6.60590,170129,00045,992,020
Slovakia355K6.5033,15043,0005,460,193
Gambia137K6.501,0805,0002,558,482
Maldives23K6.209,5003,000540,985
Dominica5K6.2060072,344
Belarus581K6.10780,600165,0009,432,800
Armenia186K6.10509,24018,0002,971,966
Cape Verde31K5.7019,000567,678
Antigua And Barbuda5K5.4043880099,509
Montserrat3005.40904,965
India71.1M5.303,900,0001,700,0001,406,631,776
Nicaragua323K5.20261,8008,5906,779,100
Estonia65K538,76018,0001,321,910
Morocco1.7M4.80588,02091,00037,772,756
Lesotho105K4.802,4005,0002,175,699
Grenada5K4.601,000113,475
Bermuda3K4.6050061,939
Mozambique1.3M4.5060,00024,00033,089,461
Cambodia717K4.50258,67064,00017,168,639
Ivory Coast1M4.4033,04515,00027,742,298
Sint Maarten2K4.2030043,966
Egypt3.9M4.101,544,7501,530,000106,156,692
Botswana97K4.1017,10011,0002,441,162
Seychelles4K4.1079820099,426
Gibraltar1K4.1060033,704
Vanuatu11K3.90350321,832
China49.7M3.6027,466,4001,971,0001,448,471,400
Philippines3.8M3.60454,700139,043112,508,994
Azerbaijan362K3.60537,92018,00010,300,205
Hong Kong265K3.6028,0007,604,299
Macau22K3.60667,490
Barbados10K3.501,6752,000288,023
Gabon61K3.405,6404,0002,331,533
Sao Tome And Principe7K3.40570300227,679
Saint Lucia6K3.40831185,113
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines4K3.40854111,551
Saint Kitts And Nevis2K3.4045053,871
Turks And Caicos Islands1K3.3010039,741
Nigeria6.2M3.20224,200362,400216,746,934
Trinidad And Tobago43K3.207,6959,0001,406,585
Djibouti28K3.1019,8555,0001,016,097
Laos215K3224,69021,0007,481,023
Moldova121K398,60021,0004,013,171
Kazakhstan504K2.80375,69065,00019,205,043
Zimbabwe455K2.8091,58023,00015,331,428
Kyrgyzstan171K2.80145,01018,0006,728,271
Mauritania120K2.8022,82010,0004,901,981
Romania506K2.60240,180251,00019,031,335
Netherlands442K2.60108,67696,00017,211,447
Haiti291K2.6038015,00011,680,283
Curacao4K2.60600165,529
Aruba3K2.60700107,609
Northern Mariana Islands1K2.608058,269
Poland968K2.50307,200188,00037,739,785
French Polynesia7K2.50400284,164
Sri Lanka494K2.40509,700134,00021,575,842
Ecuador402K2.40253,66841,00018,113,361
Republic of the Congo119K2.4012,00011,0005,797,805
Algeria877K2.10637,720363,00045,350,148
Cameroon510K2.1027,36015,00027,911,548
Cuba234K2.10958,10042,00011,305,652
Liberia97K2.102,5205,0005,305,117
Peru633K2473,400142,00033,684,208
Senegal323K216,3206,00017,653,671
Burundi238K275,96024,27812,624,840
Bolivia218K287,59042,00011,992,656
Central African Republic94K1.808,58010,0005,016,678
Vietnam1.6M1.603,829,200285,00098,953,541
Myanmar877K1.60788,90076,60055,227,143
Kenya750K1.5045,79051,52756,215,221
Nepal444K1.50183,54062,00030,225,582
Guinea Bissau29K1.5010,2604,0002,063,367
Comoros12K1.506002,000907,419
Brunei6K1.4020,2204,000445,431
DR Congo946K1.20161,10046,00095,240,792
Tuvalu1001.202612,066
Mali206K1.1015,8003,00021,473,764
Tunisia123K1.1068,02073,00012,046,656
Palestine56K1.1044,41033,0005,345,541
Chad151K125,02034,00017,413,580
Guinea130K123,08013,00013,865,691
Papua New Guinea79K17,2004,8009,292,169
Burkina Faso175K0.9043,78043,00022,102,838
Zambia158K0.9041,04016,00019,470,234
Tanzania427K0.80190,05037,00063,298,550
Uganda331K0.80116,66054,00048,432,863
Togo58K0.8012,8505,0008,680,837
Bhutan6K0.8015,2004,000787,941
Kiribati9000.80200123,419
British Virgin Islands3000.8050030,596
Malaysia217K0.70428,170102,00033,181,072
Madagascar168K0.7025,32020,00029,178,077
Micronesia7000.70200117,489
American Samoa4000.709055,030
Niger117K0.5011,11010,00026,083,660
Rwanda66K0.5066,50014,00013,600,464
Sierra Leone35K0.5010,20012,0008,306,436
Fiji5K0.5016,7002,000909,466
Marshall Islands3000.508060,057
Palau1000.503018,233
Bangladesh659K0.40410,305333,000167,885,689
Ethiopia377K0.40525,60079,000120,812,698
Uzbekistan127K0.40268,400150,00034,382,084
Tajikistan37K0.4056,4909,0009,957,464
Turkmenistan23K0.40184,70027,0006,201,943
Eritrea23K0.40668,55012,0003,662,244
Japan377K0.30745,514252,000125,584,838
North Korea76K0.308,363,10076,00025,990,679
Malawi47K0.3024,4808,40020,180,839
Benin33K0.308,70026,00012,784,726
Singapore20K0.30574,1409,0005,943,546
Timor Leste3K0.302,5274,0001,369,429
South Korea79K0.202,688,020115,00051,329,899
Solomon Islands1K0.2070721,159
Indonesia82K1,711,450429,000279,134,505
Taiwan10K2,022,15076,00023,888,595

Gun Ownership by Country 2022

Sources