Gun Ownership by Country 2021

map placeholder

Gun ownership varies significantly around the world. More than 175 of the world's countries allow their citizens to own firearms—though most have specific regulations on ownership, such as banning certain types of firearms. Mexico, Guatemala, and the United States have gone one step further and made gun ownership a constitutional right. That said, even those countries may place limits on certain types of firearms, such as when the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a temporary ban on certain assault rifles and high-capacity magazines from 1994-2004. On the other hand, civilian ownership of firearms is banned outright in North Korea and Eritrea.

The most recent comprehensive survey of gun ownership worldwide was released in 2017 by the Small Arms Survey, which tallied the number of firearms (registered and unregistered) owned by civilians, the military, and law enforcement agencies for each country in the survey. The results were illuminating, though not entirely surprising for many experts on firearms policy:

Top 10 Countries with Highest Gun Ownership (Civilian guns owned per 100 people):

  1. United States - 120.5
  2. Falkland Islands - 62.1
  3. Yemen - 52.8
  4. New Caledonia - 42.5
  5. Serbia - 39.1 (tie)
  6. Montenegro - 39.1 (tie)
  7. Uruguay - 34.7 (tie)
  8. Canada - 34.7 (tie)
  9. Cyprus - 34
  10. Finland - 32.4

With 120.5 civilian-owned firearms per 100 people, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership in the world—nearly double that of the second-place country, in fact. Civilians owned an estimated 393,347,000 total firearms in the United States in 2017 (measured against a 2017 population of 326,474,000). While many U.S. residents own no guns at all, many others own multiple guns—the end result of which is that the U.S. is home to more guns than people. An ABC News article about the survey pointed out that the U.S. has "less than 5% of the world's population, but 40% of the world's civilian-owned guns." Given the ongoing frequency of gun violence in the United States, particularly gun-enabled suicides and mass shootings in schools, places of worship, and businesses, many people believe that gun laws should be revised and tightened. However, gun control is a highly politicized issue in the U.S., which makes nationwide reforms difficult to pass.

Some of the countries with the most restrictive firearm laws are China, India, Japan, Singapore, and Vietnam. Taiwan and Indonesia have the lowest gun ownership rates possible, with zero civilian firearms per 100 people. Guns, however, are not banned in either of these countries. Taiwan only allows shotguns, handguns, and regular rifles, and a background check and license are required for all guns. In Indonesia, firearms are sold and handled by the Weapons Officers of the Indonesian National Police. Indonesian law requires a background check, no ties or connections to radical groups, and a completed firearms safety class on top of other necessary qualifications.

Gun Ownership by Country 2021

Loading...

Gun Ownership by Country 2021

* Rate is per 100 people. Only firearms in civilian possession are counted.
Country Total Firearms (Civilian) Rate* Military Firearms Law Enforcement Firearms 2021 Population
United States393.3M120.504,535,3801,016,000332,915,073
Falkland Islands2K62.10303,533
Yemen14.9M52.8028,50030,490,640
New Caledonia115K42.50700288,218
Montenegro245K39.105,3968,000628,053
Serbia2.7M39.10384,42253,1008,697,550
Uruguay1.2M34.7062,13030,0003,485,151
Canada12.7M34.70233,949103,00038,067,903
Cyprus285K3499,00011,0001,215,584
Finland1.8M32.40475,03014,0005,548,360
Lebanon1.9M31.90130,15041,0006,769,146
Iceland106K31.70650590343,353
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.2M31.2027,30029,0003,263,466
Austria2.6M30240,88037,9009,043,070
North Macedonia621K29.8029,53021,0002,082,658
Liechtenstein11K28.8020038,250
Norway1.5M28.80188,64613,0005,465,630
Malta119K28.305,5471,637442,784
Switzerland2.3M27.60324,48434,0008,715,494
New Zealand1.2M26.3038,28013,0004,860,643
Sweden2.3M23.10139,18038,00010,160,169
Greenland13K22.3030056,877
Pakistan43.9M22.302,315,480944,000225,199,937
Portugal2.2M21.30333,64089,00010,167,925
Monaco7K19.601,00039,511
French Guiana55K19.602,000306,448
Reunion171K19.602,000901,686
Iraq7.6M19.60611,00056,00041,179,350
France12.7M19.60566,430497,00065,426,179
Germany15.8M19.60483,016466,00083,900,473
Luxembourg110K18.902,3405,000634,814
Bahamas74K18.802,4705,000396,913
Jordan1.5M18.70286,45060,00010,269,021
Venezuela5.9M18.50353,300173,00028,704,954
Greece1.9M17.60642,51099,00010,370,744
Qatar390K16.7030,6805,0002,930,528
Kuwait685K16.7082,58011,0004,328,550
Oman792K16.70118,36031,0005,223,375
Paraguay1.1M16.70235,78021,0007,219,638
United Arab Emirates1.6M16.70163,80041,0009,991,089
Saudi Arabia5.5M16.70481,350214,00035,340,683
United States Virgin Islands18K16.60300104,226
Turkey13.2M16.501,390,180620,00085,042,738
Suriname88K15.905,9852,000591,800
Guyana122K15.8010,8904,000790,326
Slovenia324K15.60131,68613,0002,078,724
Namibia396K15.4011,88015,0002,587,344
Thailand10.3M15.101,052,815230,00069,950,850
Australia3.6M14.50214,52069,00025,788,215
San Marino5K14.4016034,017
Italy8.6M14.40502,960273,00060,367,477
Andorra10K14.1097677,355
Honduras1.2M14.10107,72029,00010,062,991
Croatia576K13.7075,12039,0004,081,651
Lithuania385K13.6081,24017,0002,689,862
Libya851K13.306,958,532
Mexico16.8M12.90895,285591,000130,262,216
Bahrain181K12.8025,79620,0001,748,296
Belgium1.5M12.7080,88078,00011,632,326
Equatorial Guinea112K12.502,7602,0001,449,896
Czech Republic1.3M12.50157,23376,00010,724,555
Afghanistan4.3M12.50331,170239,00039,835,428
Somalia1.1M12.4037,6208,00016,359,504
Russia17.6M12.3030,272,9002,432,000145,912,025
Guatemala2.1M12.10160,60043,00018,249,860
Chile2.2M12.10311,90066,00019,212,361
Albania350K1221,75019,0002,872,933
El Salvador737K12127,84030,0006,518,499
Guam20K11.50500170,179
Angola3M11.20203,30060,00033,933,610
Panama436K10.8030,0004,381,579
Latvia205K10.5027,93617,0001,866,942
Hungary1M10.50147,88017,0009,634,164
Samoa20K10.10500200,149
Georgia402K10.1063,95041,0003,979,765
Colombia5M10.10350,689283,00051,265,844
Belize37K103,6902,000404,914
Costa Rica493K1017,0005,139,052
Denmark567K9.90124,12020,0005,813,298
Ukraine4.4M9.906,600,000289,00043,466,819
South Africa5.4M9.70350,636250,48160,041,994
South Sudan1.3M9.60351,50011,381,378
Cayman Islands6K9.2040066,497
Jamaica246K8.808,68112,0002,973,463
Saint Martin3K8.5010039,234
Martinique34K8.501,000374,745
Guadeloupe40K8.502,000400,020
Bulgaria590K8.40176,64059,4006,896,663
Mauritius106K8.304,84511,0001,273,433
Brazil17.5M8.301,316,300803,000213,993,437
Syria1.5M8.20655,500124,00018,275,702
Tonga9K8200106,760
Ghana2.3M818,60028,00031,732,129
Mongolia242K7.90323,4007,0003,329,289
Spain3.5M7.50333,660264,19646,745,216
Dominican Republic795K7.40106,49546,00010,953,703
Argentina3.3M7.40679,770391,00045,605,826
Iran5.9M7.303,333,55098,00085,028,759
Ireland342K7.2026,6363,0004,982,907
Israel557K6.701,016,90041,0008,789,774
Sudan2.8M6.60590,170129,00044,909,353
Gambia137K6.501,0805,0002,486,945
Slovakia355K6.5033,15043,0005,460,721
Dominica5K6.2060072,167
Maldives23K6.209,5003,000543,617
Armenia186K6.10509,24018,0002,968,127
Belarus581K6.10780,600165,0009,442,862
Cape Verde31K5.7019,000561,898
Montserrat3005.40904,977
Antigua And Barbuda5K5.4043880098,731
India71.1M5.303,900,0001,700,0001,393,409,038
Nicaragua323K5.20261,8008,5906,702,385
Estonia65K538,76018,0001,325,185
Lesotho105K4.802,4005,0002,159,079
Morocco1.7M4.80588,02091,00037,344,795
Bermuda3K4.6050062,090
Grenada5K4.601,000113,021
Cambodia717K4.50258,67064,00016,946,438
Mozambique1.3M4.5060,00024,00032,163,047
Ivory Coast1M4.4033,04515,00027,053,629
Sint Maarten2K4.2030043,412
Gibraltar1K4.1060033,698
Seychelles4K4.1079820098,908
Botswana97K4.1017,10011,0002,397,241
Egypt3.9M4.101,544,7501,530,000104,258,327
Vanuatu11K3.90350314,464
Macau22K3.60658,394
Hong Kong265K3.6028,0007,552,810
Azerbaijan362K3.60537,92018,00010,223,342
Philippines3.8M3.60454,700139,043111,046,913
China49.7M3.6027,466,4001,971,0001,444,216,107
Barbados10K3.501,6752,000287,711
Saint Kitts And Nevis2K3.4045053,544
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines4K3.40854111,263
Saint Lucia6K3.40831184,400
Sao Tome And Principe7K3.40570300223,368
Gabon61K3.405,6404,0002,278,825
Turks And Caicos Islands1K3.3010039,231
Trinidad And Tobago43K3.207,6959,0001,403,375
Nigeria6.2M3.20224,200362,400211,400,708
Djibouti28K3.1019,8555,0001,002,187
Moldova121K398,60021,0004,024,019
Laos215K3224,69021,0007,379,358
Mauritania120K2.8022,82010,0004,775,119
Kyrgyzstan171K2.80145,01018,0006,628,356
Zimbabwe455K2.8091,58023,00015,092,171
Kazakhstan504K2.80375,69065,00018,994,962
Northern Mariana Islands1K2.608057,917
Aruba3K2.60700107,204
Curacao4K2.60600164,798
Haiti291K2.6038015,00011,541,685
Netherlands442K2.60108,67696,00017,173,099
Romania506K2.60240,180251,00019,127,774
French Polynesia7K2.50400282,530
Poland968K2.50307,200188,00037,797,005
Republic of the Congo119K2.4012,00011,0005,657,013
Ecuador402K2.40253,66841,00017,888,475
Sri Lanka494K2.40509,700134,00021,497,310
Liberia97K2.102,5205,0005,180,203
Cuba234K2.10958,10042,00011,317,505
Cameroon510K2.1027,36015,00027,224,265
Algeria877K2.10637,720363,00044,616,624
Bolivia218K287,59042,00011,832,940
Burundi238K275,96024,27812,255,433
Senegal323K216,3206,00017,196,301
Peru633K2473,400142,00033,359,418
Central African Republic94K1.808,58010,0004,919,981
Myanmar877K1.60788,90076,60054,806,012
Vietnam1.6M1.603,829,200285,00098,168,833
Comoros12K1.506002,000888,451
Guinea Bissau29K1.5010,2604,0002,015,494
Nepal444K1.50183,54062,00029,674,920
Kenya750K1.5045,79051,52754,985,698
Brunei6K1.4020,2204,000441,532
Tuvalu1001.202611,931
DR Congo946K1.20161,10046,00092,377,993
Palestine56K1.1044,41033,0005,222,748
Tunisia123K1.1068,02073,00011,935,766
Mali206K1.1015,8003,00020,855,735
Papua New Guinea79K17,2004,8009,119,010
Guinea130K123,08013,00013,497,244
Chad151K125,02034,00016,914,985
Zambia158K0.9041,04016,00018,920,651
Burkina Faso175K0.9043,78043,00021,497,096
British Virgin Islands3000.8050030,421
Kiribati9000.80200121,392
Bhutan6K0.8015,2004,000779,898
Togo58K0.8012,8505,0008,478,250
Uganda331K0.80116,66054,00047,123,531
Tanzania427K0.80190,05037,00061,498,437
American Samoa4000.709055,100
Micronesia7000.70200116,254
Madagascar168K0.7025,32020,00028,427,328
Malaysia217K0.70428,170102,00032,776,194
Palau1000.503018,169
Marshall Islands3000.508059,610
Fiji5K0.5016,7002,000902,906
Sierra Leone35K0.5010,20012,0008,141,343
Rwanda66K0.5066,50014,00013,276,513
Niger117K0.5011,11010,00025,130,817
Eritrea23K0.40668,55012,0003,601,467
Turkmenistan23K0.40184,70027,0006,117,924
Tajikistan37K0.4056,4909,0009,749,627
Uzbekistan127K0.40268,400150,00033,935,763
Ethiopia377K0.40525,60079,000117,876,227
Bangladesh659K0.40410,305333,000166,303,498
Timor Leste3K0.302,5274,0001,343,873
Singapore20K0.30574,1409,0005,896,686
Benin33K0.308,70026,00012,451,040
Malawi47K0.3024,4808,40019,647,684
North Korea76K0.308,363,10076,00025,887,041
Japan377K0.30745,514252,000126,050,804
Solomon Islands1K0.2070703,996
South Korea79K0.202,688,020115,00051,305,186
Taiwan10K2,022,15076,00023,855,010
Indonesia82K1,711,450429,000276,361,783

Gun Ownership by Country 2021