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Total Gun Deaths 2019

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5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

45,000

50,000

Click on a country for details.

Gun Violence by Country 2024

Gun violence is an ongoing concern all over the world, even in the world's safest countries—even, in fact, in countries where guns are illegal (though admittedly to a lesser degree). The rate of gun deaths per country varies widely, from 39.2 per 100k residents in El Salvador to roughly 1 in a million in Singapore, and is heavily influenced by the rate of civilian gun ownership per country and by each nation's gun control laws. Gun violence rates are realted to rates of violent crime, but do not necessarily move in parallel.

Gun violence is particularly prevalent in many South American and Central American countries, due to either civil unrest or drug cartels, which battle both law enforcement agencies and one another. It is also high in several developing countries in Africa and the Middle East. Finally, gun violence is considered an epidemic in the United States, which leads the world in mass shootings and has the highest levels of gun violence of any developed country by a wide margin.

10 Countries with the Most Gun Deaths

Country
Total Gun Deaths 2019
Homicides
Suicides
Unintentional
Brazil49,43747,5101,259668
United States37,04013,00123,365674
Mexico22,11920,509914696
India14,7117,9776,145589
Colombia13,17112,59647897
Venezuela10,5999,338702559
Philippines9,2689,028110130
Guatemala5,9815,16564752
Nigeria5,1033,4824581,163
Iraq4,4242,6494281,347

While it is helpful to know a country's total number of gun deaths, it is vital to realize that different countries reach their totals in different ways and for different reasons. For example, the overwhelming majority of gun-related deaths in Brazil are homicides, typically a symptom of the country's rampant drug trade. By comparison, nearly two out of every three gun deaths in the United States is a suicide. Meanwhile, Guatemala owns the world's highest rate of unintentional/accidental gun deaths (see full data at page bottom).

More importantly, total numbers do not indicate the overall frequency of firearm-related deaths in a given country. To achieve a more accurate representation of the true level of gun violence in a given country, the total deaths must be divided from the total population of that country. This value is typically expressed in terms of the number of deaths per 100,000 residents. It is also often age-standardized, which is a process that takes into account the relative age of a country's population when computing the frequency of deaths (for example, a younger population may have the same rate of gun attacks, but a lower rate of fatalities than an older population).

Finally, the per-100k data for countries with smaller populations can be disproportionately impacted by small variations in the number of gun deaths from one year to the next. For example, a difference of just 13 fewer deaths per year in a heavily populated country such as the United States (323.1 million people in 2016) would have practically zero impact on its per-100k rate. However, 13 fewer gun-related deaths in Greenland (56,186 people in 2016) would have resulted in the country leading the world in gun safety instead of rubbing elbows with countries that post some of the highest murder rates in the world.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Rate of Gun Deaths (per 100k residents, 2016)

Country
Gun Deaths per 100k
Venezuela37.76
El Salvador36.99
Guatemala33.65
Colombia27.56
Brazil22.82
United States Virgin Islands22.45
Bahamas21.84
Honduras21.3
Belize19.98
Puerto Rico19.41
  • Per 100k rates are rates per 100,000 residents and are age-standardized, which can give the illusion of incongruities between categories.
  • Suicides and unintentional gun deaths are typically not classified as violent gun deaths and are shown here for comparison purposes only.

Download Table Data

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Country
Total Gun Deaths 2019
Gun Deaths per 100k
Homicides
Homicides per 100k
Suicides
Suicides per 100k
Unintentional
Unintentional per 100k
Brazil49,43722.8247,51021.931,2590.586680.31
United States37,04011.2913,0013.9623,3657.126740.21
Mexico22,11917.720,50916.419140.736960.56
India14,7111.057,9770.576,1450.445890.04
Colombia13,17127.5612,59626.364781970.2
Venezuela10,59937.769,33833.277022.55591.99
Philippines9,2688.279,0288.051100.11300.12
Guatemala5,98133.655,16529.06640.367524.23
Nigeria5,1032.373,4821.624580.211,1630.54
Iraq4,42410.512,6496.294281.021,3473.2
Ethiopia3,7123.452,2932.133400.321,0791
South Africa3,6106.492,9375.283970.712760.5
Argentina3,3097.341,7093.791,2042.673960.88
Pakistan2,9481.321,7210.777100.325170.23
Thailand2,80442,3513.353820.55710.1
Russia2,4801.691,1450.781,0530.722820.19
El Salvador2,31436.992,30136.78100.1630.05
Turkey2,2322.759671.195850.726800.84
Kenya2,0984.181,5333.051950.393700.74
France2,0973.172220.341,7482.641270.19
Honduras2,09221.31,97820.15350.35790.8
Haiti1,97515.921,26810.22600.486475.22
Tanzania1,6852.971,1592.042030.363230.57
Bangladesh1,58011,2350.782310.151140.07
Dominican Republic1,52514.021,28811.84960.881411.3
DR Congo1,3251.523820.443950.455480.63
Somalia1,3136.457833.851290.634011.97
Ecuador1,1276.49895.62900.51480.27
China1,1260.073340.024670.033250.02
Uganda1,1082.697991.941080.262010.49
Mali1,1055.048413.83870.41770.81
Germany1,0201.2840.18991.06370.04
Ivory Coast1,0173.887072.71570.61530.58
Burkina Faso9924.386823.011200.531900.84
Mozambique9913.355952.011820.622140.72
Ukraine9172.082890.665251.191030.23
Peru8792.585111.5410.123270.96
Canada8752.41700.476861.88190.05
Iran8731.035250.622560.3920.11
Egypt8160.823670.371830.182660.27
Italy7971.322250.375070.84650.11
Niger7783.345282.27890.381610.69
Zambia7424.075372.95910.51140.62
Puerto Rico68419.4163918.14300.85150.42
Morocco6591.841710.48950.273931.09
Paraguay6249.015137.4861.24250.37
Chad6233.83802.32810.491620.99
Afghanistan6211.624341.13980.26890.23
Cameroon5892.022880.991520.521490.51
Saudi Arabia5341.49800.221030.293510.98
Vietnam5060.521280.131440.152340.24
Chile5032.773451.91200.66380.21
Ghana4781.522290.73940.31550.49
Guinea4773.782832.24670.531271.01
Yemen4721.52430.77910.291380.44
Panama45911.0644910.870.1830.08
Bolivia4523.763062.54460.391000.83
Sudan4511.12070.511120.271320.32
Madagascar4471.681580.591060.41830.69
Indonesia4390.171530.061540.061320.05
Benin4243.352752.17560.44930.74
Costa Rica4208.913557.52601.2850.11
Angola4171.381610.531110.371450.48
Jamaica39714.1330810.97170.6722.56
Uruguay38311.141404.071634.74802.33
Myanmar3650.682110.39470.091070.2
Eritrea3545.292413.6430.65701.04
Malawi3181.731090.59950.521140.62
Sri Lanka3111.422231.02180.08700.32
Spain3030.66700.152050.45280.06
Serbia3003.42790.92082.38130.14
South Sudan2953.182022.18290.31640.69
Togo2683.391762.22430.55490.62
Palestine2655.362314.6730.06310.63
Algeria2540.611350.32710.17480.12
Zimbabwe2531.691190.79890.6450.3
Rwanda2511.981341.06480.38690.54
Senegal2411.59630.42850.56930.61
Australia2400.97450.181850.75100.04
Switzerland2392.72180.212172.4740.04
Austria2372.66130.152202.4740.04
Belgium2282410.361801.5870.06
Nicaragua2253.471872.87190.3190.3
Burundi2221.86310.26600.51311.1
Trinidad and Tobago22215.9621715.6220.1530.19
Portugal2111.98470.441561.4780.07
Kazakhstan2091.131070.58480.26540.29
Israel2012.17951.02971.0590.1
Cambodia2001.21630.98150.09220.13
Jordan1951.681771.5290.0890.08
Nepal1920.63300.11320.43300.1
Laos1922.691752.4590.1280.12
Central African Republic1873.53591.12510.96771.45
Lesotho1818.681165.54422.03231.11
Syria1801.241461170.12170.12
Malaysia1790.571220.39420.13150.05
Czech Republic1661.57170.161401.3290.09
United Kingdom1610.24270.041170.17170.03
Finland1612.91120.221472.6620.03
Sierra Leone1571.9430.52380.46760.92
Sweden1511.49240.241241.2230.03
Greece1481.43410.39970.94100.1
Papua New Guinea1411.43970.98180.18260.27
Bulgaria1211.73400.57650.93160.23
Botswana1215.14883.76210.88120.5
Poland1110.28350.09590.15170.04
Belarus1081.14450.48530.56100.1
Namibia1064.39813.36150.61100.42
Georgia1032.8461.25250.69320.86
Japan1000.08270.02450.04280.02
Croatia982.32160.37791.8730.08
North Korea930.36360.14290.11280.11
Liberia931.94400.83210.44320.67
Guyana9211.978410.9430.3950.64
Republic of the Congo901.7430.82230.43240.45
United Arab Emirates890.96380.41370.4140.15
Mauritania892.22631.57110.28150.37
Guinea Bissau874.6552.89140.75180.96
Netherlands850.5380.22440.2630.02
Lebanon821.59701.3580.1640.08
Belize8219.986716.2230.73123.03
Bahamas8221.848121.5210.210.11
Tunisia800.69240.21190.16370.32
Cuba790.69320.28280.24190.17
Norway771.4440.07721.3510.02
Slovakia751.39150.28500.92100.19
Libya701.03460.68160.2380.12
Albania702.57401.47260.9740.13
Eswatini655.61433.76141.1980.66
Denmark641.180.14540.9320.03
Uzbekistan580.18290.09170.05120.04
Hungary570.5870.07470.4830.03
Turkmenistan571.11330.6460.12180.35
Azerbaijan560.53290.28100.09170.16
Taiwan510.22300.13160.0750.02
Armenia511.67210.68150.49150.5
Djibouti514.24383.1650.3980.69
New Zealand491.0870.15390.8730.06
Kyrgyzstan450.7260.470.11120.19
North Macedonia452.11241.13190.8920.09
South Korea440.07130.02230.0480.01
Cape Verde417.42346.1150.9720.34
Tajikistan400.42170.1830.03200.21
Bosnia and Herzegovina371.1290.27260.7820.07
Slovenia361.7440.2321.520.02
Romania310.17130.07110.0670.04
Mongolia310.8980.23210.6120.05
Gambia301.3550.22100.45150.68
Comoros304.19212.9930.3760.83
Ireland290.5890.18180.3620.04
Lithuania280.9990.3170.6120.08
Gabon281.62140.7880.4860.36
Solomon Islands284.13121.77121.840.56
Montenegro284.5471.07213.40.07
Suriname274.78172.9461.0940.75
Latvia261.3380.43160.8120.09
Moldova230.6120.3180.2130.08
United States Virgin Islands2322.452019.422.3710.68
Saint Lucia2011.59179.9610.321.33
Kuwait190.41150.3430.0610.01
Cyprus191.4680.63100.7710.06
Estonia171.2440.28120.910.06
Equatorial Guinea151.0690.6230.2430.2
Barbados155.16124.1910.2420.73
Timor Leste131.01110.8310.0910.09
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1311.06119.430.1521.48
Greenland1019.3512.18916.360.81
Bahrain90.6560.4310.120.12
Saint Kitts and Nevis915.45712.080.0723.3
Qatar70.2640.1410.0520.07
Luxembourg71.2910.2361.010.05
Antigua and Barbuda66.2722.040.0744.16
Malta51.1820.4820.5510.15
Oman40.0810.0320.0410.01
Mauritius40.3230.2110.090.02
Bhutan40.5310.1110.1720.25
Iceland41.210.0641.120.03
Vanuatu41.570.1631.0410.37
Sao Tome and Principe42.1331.550.1510.43
Guam42.1410.5731.490.08
Singapore30.0410.0110.0210.01
Samoa31.5320.8610.520.15
Grenada22.1510.720.0411.39
Micronesia22.7811.2211.270.29
Seychelles22.0921.890.160.04
Dominica24.2223.590.160.47
Marshall Islands22.5511.0911.140.32
Fiji10.2510.150.050.05
Maldives10.3210.180.10.04
Andorra10.710.0910.60.02
Bermuda11.6311.420.050.16
Northern Mariana Islands12.521.0211.220.28
Monaco12.780.0912.640.05
San Marino14.20.0814.080.04
Brunei0.140.080.050.01
Kiribati0.670.380.190.1
Tonga0.440.20.180.06
American Samoa1.180.420.590.17
Palau1.910.860.850.2
Cook Islands0.680.170.490.02
Nauru2.521.121.210.19
Tuvalu2.21.10.840.26
Niue1.290.640.520.13
Tokelau0.870.410.360.1
showing: 204 rows

Which country has the most gun violence?

Brazil has the most gun deaths with a total of 49,437. Venezuela, however, has more deaths per 100,000 people, 37.76.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources