South America is located in the Western Hemisphere and mostly the Southern Hemisphere. The continent spans over a total of 17,835,252 km2 (6,886,229 mi2). There are a total of 12 countries in South America, in which the primary languages are Spanish and Portuguese.
South America is home to the Amazon River, the largest Amazon River by volume, and the Andes Mountains, the longest mountain range. The largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon Rainforest, is also in South America.
South America’s mineral resources of gold, silver, copper, iron ore and petroleum have brought high income to South America’s countries. South America is also one of the most biodiverse continents on Earth, with a wide variety of species roaming through its countries.
South America’s largest country is Brazil. Brazil encompasses roughly half of South America’s area and population at about 8,515,799 km2 (3,287,086 mi2) with over 211 million people. South America is home to the country with the highest crime rate, Venezuela.