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Caribbean Countries 2024

Caribbean countries are those located in the Caribbean Sea, a region of the Atlantic Ocean between North America and South America and east of Central America, in which many tropical island nations are positioned in close proximity. The Caribbean includes thirteen countries classified as sovereign states by the United Nations, as well as nearly two dozen non-sovereign territories.

The Caribbean region includes more than 7,000 islands, islets, and keys in total. Although the majority of these are tiny and uninhabited, most Caribbean countries are nonetheless a collection of multiple islands (a scenario also common in Oceania). For instance, the Bahamas alone are made up of more than 700 islands and 2,400 islets and keys, of which 30-40 are inhabited. The islands of the Caribbean are typically sorted into three distinct groups: The Greater Antilles, the Lucayan Archipelago, and the Lesser Antilles.

Non-sovereign Nations of the Caribbean Region:

AnguillaGuadeloupeSaint Martin
ArubaMartiniqueSan Andrés and Providencia
BonaireMontserratSint Eustatius
British Virgin IslandsNavassa IslandSint Maarten
Cayman IslandsPuerto RicoTurks and Caicos Islands
CuracaoSabaU.S. Virgin Islands
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela

Countries that border the Caribbean

In addition to the countries that are indisputably part of the Caribbean, several countries in Central and South America are located near and around the Caribbean. Portions of these Caribbean-adjacent countries, such as Cozumel in Mexico and Roatan in Honduras, are even considered part of the region by some sources.

BelizeFrench GuianaHondurasMexico
Costa Rica

Profiles of countries in the Caribbean

The Bahamas

Located slightly south and east of the U.S. state of Florida and north of Cuba, the Bahamas is an archipelago comprising seven hundred individual islands and roughly 2,400 islets and keys, totaling 5,406 square miles of land. Roughly 30-40 of the country's islands and islets are inhabited, giving the country a population of more than 345,736 people.

As with much of the Caribbean, tourism is a major part of the Bahamian economy. Roughly half of all Bahamians are employed by the tourist trade, which is responsible for approximately 50% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The islands of the Bahamas are particularly known for their beaches, which include miles of white (or pink) sand, and for their boutique hotels.

Most people in the Bahamas speak English, although an English-based creole known as "dialect" or "Bahamianese" and a French-based creole known simply as "creole" are also commonly spoken (the latter predominantly by Hatians). A smattering of additional languages appear as well, such as American Sign Language (ASL) and Mandarin Chinese, typically courtesy of immigrants.

The capital of the Bahamas is the city of Nassau, which is situated on New Providence Island. New Providence is the eleventh biggest island of the entire archipelago. The largest island of the Bahamas is Andros Island, whose area is larger than that of all the Bahamas' other islands combined.


Cuba is the largest Caribbean country based on physical size. Encompassing a grand total of 42,804 square miles of land, Cuba is home to roughly 11,204,351 people. The country's capital is Havana. Of the most common languages in Cuba, Spanish (the country's official language) is the most dominant, followed by English and Haitian Creole. Another prominent language is Lucumi, a language belonging to an ethnic population of Cuba.

Cuba's main exports are rolled tobacco products and sugar. Cuban cigars are known for their quality, but trade embargoes instituted in 1960 rendered them illegal in the United States. Although Cuba is ruled by an authoritarian communist regime with a poor record on human rights, tourism also comprises a significant portion of the country's GDP. Besides its beaches, Cuba is known for classic car tours of its colorful capital, Havana.


The third-largest country in the Caribbean in terms of total area, Jamaica is also quite mountainous. Although only an estimated 724 square miles of the country's 4,244 square miles of land area are arable land suitable for cultivation of crops, agriculture (sugar and bananas in particular) contributes significantly to the country's GNP. That said, financial services and tourism are the tentpoles of Jamaica's economy.

Tourism in Jamaica is centered around not only beautiful beaches and lush jungle tours, but also the Jamaican culture, which is characterized by delicious food, friendly people, and festive music.

The many languages of Jamaica include English as the predominant and most officially recognized language in the country. Jamaican Creole (or "Patois"), follows closely behind, as do Chinese, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, and Arawak, a lesser-known language native to an Amerindian tribe of Taino people.

Trinidad and Tobago

Located off the coast of the South American country of Venezuela, this two-island country consists of the smaller Tobago and its larger partner to the southwest, Trinidad. The surrounding waters include the Gulf de Pana, the Atlantic Ocean, and, of course, the Caribbean Sea.

Trinidad and Tobago is unique among Caribbean countries in that its major industries are neither tourism nor financial services, but oil and natural gas, reserves of which the tiny country has in abundance. As a result of its energy-based economy, Trinidad and Tobago enjoys one of the highest GDP per capita rankings in the Americas. Tourism is growing however, particularly in Tobago, and the country is working to expand that sector of its economy.

Although English is the official language of Trinidad and Tobago, English-based creole languages are more common. Many residents also speak Spanish, Chinese, Hindustani, Tamil, or one of several indigenous languages.

United States Virgin Islands

Technically an unincorporated territory rather than a sovereign country, the U.S. Virgin Islands are part of the larger Virgin Islands archipelago, which also includes the British Virgin Islands and the lesser known Spanish Virgin Islands, all of which lie in very close proximity to one another. The U.S. Virgin Islands are made up of more than 50 islands, islets, and keys, with the main four islands being Saint John, Saint Croix, Saint Thomas, and Water Island. By combining the land masses altogether, the US Virgin Islands account for roughly 133 square miles in total.

As implied by the territory's name, the main language spoken in the US Virgin Islands is English, followed by Virgin Island Creole, Spanish, Indo-European dialects, French Creole, French, and various Asian languages. Tourism is the territory's main industry, and it welcomes several million visitors per year, the majority of which arrive from the United States via cruise ships.

Populations for some non-sovereign territories were obtained from non-UN sources.

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Type of Government
AnguillaTerritory - United KingdomOverseas territory
Antigua and BarbudaSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
ArubaTerritory - NetherlandsConstituent kingdom
BahamasSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
BarbadosSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
BelizeSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
British Virgin IslandsTerritory - United KingdomOverseas territory
Cayman IslandsTerritory - United KingdomOverseas territory
CubaSovereignUnitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic
CuracaoTerritory - NetherlandsConstituent kingdom
DominicaSovereignUnitary assembly-independent republic
Dominican RepublicSovereignUnitary presidential republic
French GuianaTerritory - FranceOverseas department
GrenadaSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
GuadeloupeTerritory - FranceOverseas department
GuyanaSovereignUnitary parliamentary republic with an executive presidency
HaitiSovereignSemi-presidential republic
JamaicaSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
MartiniqueTerritory - FranceOverseas department
MontserratTerritory - United KingdomOverseas territory
Puerto RicoTerritory - United StatesCommonwealth
Saint BarthelemyTerritory - FranceOverseas collectivity
Saint Kitts and NevisSovereignFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Saint LuciaSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Saint MartinTerritory - FranceOverseas collectivity
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Sint MaartenTerritory - NetherlandsConstituent kingdom
SurinameSovereignUnitary assembly-independent republic
Trinidad and TobagoSovereignUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Turks and Caicos IslandsTerritory - United KingdomOverseas territory
United States Virgin IslandsTerritory - United StatesTerritory
showing: 31 rows

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U.N. status
2022 Pop.
AnguillaBritish overseas territory15,857
Antigua and BarbudaSovereign country93,763
ArubaNetherlands constituent kingdom106,445
BahamasSovereign country409,984
BarbadosSovereign country281,635
BonaireNetherlands special municipality22,573
British Virgin IslandsBritish overseas territory31,305
Cayman IslandsBritish overseas territory68,706
CubaSovereign country11,212,191
CuracaoNetherlands constituent kingdom165,528
DominicaSovereign country72,737
Dominican RepublicSovereign country11,228,821
Federal Dependencies of VenezuelaVenezuela territory2,155
GrenadaSovereign country125,438
GuadeloupeFrance overseas department395,752
HaitiSovereign country11,584,996
JamaicaSovereign country2,827,377
MartiniqueFrance oversea department367,507
MontserratBritish overseas territory4,390
Navassa IslandUnited States/Haiti (disputed territory)0
Puerto RicoUnited States commonwealth3,252,407
SabaNetherlands special municipality1,911
Saint BarthelemyFrance overseas collectivity9,941
Saint Kitts and NevisSovereign country47,657
Saint LuciaSovereign country179,857
Saint MartinFrance overseas collectivity31,791
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSovereign country103,948
San Andrés and ProvidenciaDepartment of Colombia73,349
Sint EustatiusNetherlands special municipality3,242
Sint MaartenNetherlands constituent kingdom43,914
Trinidad and TobagoSovereign country1,531,044
Turks and Caicos IslandsBritish overseas territory45,703
United States Virgin IslandsUnited States territory99,465
showing: 33 rows

Caribbean Countries 2024

How many countries are part of the Caribbean?

The Caribbean Sea is home to 31 countries and territories.

Frequently Asked Questions