Countries in North America 2021

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The continent of North America is located in the Western Hemisphere and Northern Hemisphere and spans more than 24,709,000 km² (9,540,000 mi²). There are 23 countries in North America, as well as more than two dozen non-sovereign territories, including Bermuda, Aruba, the Cayman Islands, Greenland, and Puerto Rico. The primary language in North America is English, followed by Spanish and French.

North America is divided into three general areas: Northern America, the Caribbean, and (somewhat confusingly) Central America. Linguistically and culturally, North America can be divided into Anglo-America to the north and Latin America to the south.

North America is home to the oldest mountain range in the world, the Appalachian Mountains, which run parallel to the continent's east coast from the U.S. state of Alabama up to Canada. North America is also a major source of information about geologic periods. More dinosaur fossils have been unearthed in the United States alone than in any other modern country.

The United States is the largest country in North America by population and the second-largest by total area. The United States stretches over 9,831,510 km² (3,795,967 mi²) and has a population of over 332 million people.

The largest country in North America by total area is Canada, which is also the third-largest by population. Canada has a total area of more than 9,879,750 km² (3,814,592 mi²) and has a population of over 38 million people, most of whom live in the southern part of the country near the northern US border. Canada is also the second-largest country in the world by area.

The smallest country in North America is St. Kitts and Nevis, which is 261 km² (100.7 mi²) and has a population of 53,544.

Many people incorrectly believe the dividing line between North and South America is the Panama Canal, an 82 km (51 mi) man-made waterway which enables seagoing vessels to cut across from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific (and vice versa) without traveling all the way around South America's southern tip. In fact, the true dividing line is a few hundred kilometers south, where Panama's southern border meets the northern edge of Colombia in a mountainous region known as the Darién Gap.

For a complete list of every country in North America, see the table below.

Countries in North America 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population Growth Rate
1United States332,915,0730.58%
2Mexico130,262,2161.03%
3Canada38,067,9030.86%
4Guatemala18,249,8601.87%
5Haiti11,541,6851.22%
6Cuba11,317,505-0.08%
7Dominican Republic10,953,7030.97%
8Honduras10,062,9911.60%
9Nicaragua6,702,3851.18%
10El Salvador6,518,4990.50%
11Costa Rica5,139,0520.88%
12Panama4,381,5791.55%
13Jamaica2,973,4630.41%
14Trinidad And Tobago1,403,3750.28%
15Belize404,9141.83%
16Bahamas396,9130.93%
17Barbados287,7110.12%
18Saint Lucia184,4000.42%
19Grenada113,0210.44%
20Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,2630.29%
21Antigua And Barbuda98,7310.82%
22Dominica72,1670.25%
23Saint Kitts And Nevis53,5440.65%

Countries in North America 2021