North America is located in the Western Hemisphere and Northern Hemisphere. The continent spans over a total of 24,709,000 km² (9,540,000 mi²). There are 23 countries and many territories in North America. The primary language in North America is English, followed by Spanish and French.
North America is home to the oldest mountain range in the world, the Appalachian Mountains. North America is the world’s main source of information about geologic periods. The United States alone has been a source of more dinosaurs than any other modern country.
The United States is the largest country in North America by population and the second-largest country by area. The United States spans over 9,372,610 km² (3,794,083 mi²) and has a population of over 329 million people.
The largest country in North America by area is Canada, which is also the third-largest by population. Canada spans over 9,984,670 km² (3,855,102 mi²) and has a population of over 37.4 million people, most of whom live in the southern part of the country near the northern US border. Canada is also the second-largest country in the world by area.
The smallest country in North America is St. Kitts and Nevis, which is 261 km² (100.7 mi²) and has a population of 52,800.