Smallest Countries 2021

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The countries of the world can be ranked according to which has the smallest population or by which has the smallest total land area. Although many countries that appear on one list will also appear on the other, the order will change depending upon which statistic is chosen.

What is the smallest country in the world by area?

The total area of a country refers to how much area (both land and water) is encompassed by the country's borders. Often denoted in terms of miles squared or kilometers squared, its total area is a numerical value of its physical size. Some of the largest countries globally are Russia (6.59 million square miles), Canada (3.85 million square miles), and China (3.75 million square miles). Unlike the population, the total area of countries usually does not change from one year to the next.

Total area and population size are often loosely connected—after allas the greater the area, the more people can fit onto it. However, the type and climate of the land (mountainous vs plains, swamps, deserts, etc), the development level (cities vs towns vs rural) and function of the land (farming vs forestry, manufacture, residential, etc) also have a significant impact upon the population of that land. Therefore, a country with a massive area is not guaranteed to have a massive population, and a country with very little area may pack an impressive number of citizens into that space.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Total Area in km2/mi2) - 2021

  1. Vatican City - 0.49 km2/0.17 mi2
  2. Monaco - 2 km2/0.78 mi2
  3. Nauru - 20 km2/8.1 mi2
  4. Tuvalu - 30 km2/mi2
  5. San Marino – 60 km2/24 mi2
  6. Liechtenstein - 160 km2/62 mi2
  7. Marshall Islands - 180 km2/70 mi2
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis - 260 km2/101 mi2
  9. Maldives - 300 km2/116 mi2
  10. Malta - 320 km2/122 mi2

The country with the smallest area is Vatican City, which spans over just 0.19 square miles (mi2)/.49 square kilometers (km2). Ultra-luxurious Monaco comes in second with 0.78 mi2/2.02 km2, and San Marino right behind at 24 mi2/60 km2.

Note that this list includes only countries. Territories such as Tokelau (New Zealand), Saint Barthélemy (France), and Macau (China) are comparably tiny, but not independent countries, and are therefore ineligible.

What is the least populated country in the world?

The smallest country in the world in terms of population is Vatican City, which has approximately 800 citizens. This is far and away the smallest population of any country, although as before, several territories come close:

  • Tokelau (New Zealand territory) - 1,373 people
  • Niue (New Zealand territory) - 1,619
  • Falkland Islands (UK territory) - 3,533
  • Montserrat (UK territory) - 4,977
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (French territory) - 5,766

Even restricting the list to only U.N.-recognized independent countries, there are still a surprising number of nations whose entire populations are small enough to fit into a football stadium:

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Population)

  1. Vatican City - 800
  2. Nauru – 10,876
  3. Tuvalu - 11,931
  4. Palau - 18,169
  5. San Marino - 34,017
  6. Liechtenstein - 38,250
  7. Monaco – 39,511
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 53,544
  9. Marshall Islands – 59,610
  10. Dominica - 72,167

The census and population trends in the United States

The first US census was conducted on August 2, 1790, and is conducted every ten years. In other words, the Census Bureau of the United States of America performs a decennial census. Before the official decennial census, there were similar acts of counting the number of people in the US and recording the population. These documents are kept safe by the National Archives and Records Administration of the USA.

The results of the United States' census offer an example of how a population can change and grow over the course of several decades:

Population of the United States since 1940:

  • 1940 - 132,164,569 people
  • 1950 - 151,325,798 people
  • 1960 - 179,323,175 people
  • 1970 - 203,302,031 people
  • 1980 - 226,545,805 people
  • 1990 - 248,709,873 people
  • 2000 - 281,421,906 people
  • 2010 - 308,745,538 people
  • 2020 - 331,449,281 people

The most recent United States Census is currently being conducted in 2020.

While most countries see population growth over the years, several nations are experiencing population decline. This is due to lower birth rates (especially in developed countries, where young couples may prioritize careers over children), negative net migration, and higher death rates, particularly as the post-WWII "baby boomer" generation enters old age.

Smallest Countries 2021

Rank Country Area 2021 Population
232Vatican City1 km²800
231Monaco2 km²39,511
230Gibraltar6 km²33,698
229Tokelau12 km²1,373
227Nauru21 km²10,876
228Saint Barthelemy21 km²9,907
226Tuvalu26 km²11,931
225Macau30 km²658,394
224Sint Maarten34 km²43,412
223Saint Martin53 km²39,234
222Bermuda54 km²62,090
221San Marino61 km²34,017
220Anguilla91 km²15,117
219Montserrat102 km²4,977
218Wallis And Futuna142 km²11,094
217British Virgin Islands151 km²30,421
216Liechtenstein160 km²38,250
215Aruba180 km²107,204
214Marshall Islands181 km²59,610
213American Samoa199 km²55,100
212Cook Islands236 km²17,565
211Saint Pierre And Miquelon242 km²5,766
210Niue260 km²1,619
209Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²53,544
208Cayman Islands264 km²66,497
207Maldives300 km²543,617
206Malta316 km²442,784
205Grenada344 km²113,021
204United States Virgin Islands347 km²104,226
203Mayotte374 km²279,515
202Saint Vincent And the Grenadines389 km²111,263
201Barbados430 km²287,711
200Antigua And Barbuda442 km²98,731
199Curacao444 km²164,798
198Seychelles452 km²98,908
197Palau459 km²18,169
196Northern Mariana Islands464 km²57,917
195Andorra468 km²77,355
194Guam549 km²170,179
193Isle of Man572 km²85,410
192Saint Lucia616 km²184,400
191Micronesia702 km²116,254
190Singapore710 km²5,896,686
189Tonga747 km²106,760
188Dominica751 km²72,167
187Bahrain765 km²1,748,296
186Kiribati811 km²121,392
185Turks And Caicos Islands948 km²39,231
184Sao Tome And Principe964 km²223,368
183Hong Kong1,104 km²7,552,810
182Martinique1,128 km²374,745
181Faroe Islands1,393 km²49,049
180Guadeloupe1,628 km²400,020
179Comoros1,862 km²888,451
178Mauritius2,040 km²1,273,433
177Reunion2,511 km²901,686
176Luxembourg2,586 km²634,814
175Samoa2,842 km²200,149
174Cape Verde4,033 km²561,898
173French Polynesia4,167 km²282,530
172Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,403,375
171Brunei5,765 km²441,532
170Palestine6,220 km²5,222,748
169Puerto Rico8,870 km²2,828,255
168Cyprus9,251 km²1,215,584
167Lebanon10,452 km²6,769,146
166Gambia10,689 km²2,486,945
165Jamaica10,991 km²2,973,463
164Qatar11,586 km²2,930,528
163Falkland Islands12,173 km²3,533
162Vanuatu12,189 km²314,464
161Montenegro13,812 km²628,053
160Bahamas13,943 km²396,913
159Timor Leste14,874 km²1,343,873
158Eswatini17,364 km²1,172,362
157Kuwait17,818 km²4,328,550
156Fiji18,272 km²902,906
155New Caledonia18,575 km²288,218
154Slovenia20,273 km²2,078,724
153Israel20,770 km²8,789,774
152El Salvador21,041 km²6,518,499
151Belize22,966 km²404,914
150Djibouti23,200 km²1,002,187
149North Macedonia25,713 km²2,082,658
148Rwanda26,338 km²13,276,513
147Haiti27,750 km²11,541,685
146Burundi27,834 km²12,255,433
145Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,449,896
144Albania28,748 km²2,872,933
143Solomon Islands28,896 km²703,996
142Armenia29,743 km²2,968,127
141Lesotho30,355 km²2,159,079
140Belgium30,528 km²11,632,326
139Moldova33,846 km²4,024,019
138Guinea Bissau36,125 km²2,015,494
137Taiwan36,193 km²23,855,010
136Bhutan38,394 km²779,898
135Switzerland41,284 km²8,715,494
134Netherlands41,850 km²17,173,099
133Denmark43,094 km²5,813,298
132Estonia45,227 km²1,325,185
131Dominican Republic48,671 km²10,953,703
130Slovakia49,037 km²5,460,721
129Costa Rica51,100 km²5,139,052
128Bosnia And Herzegovina51,209 km²3,263,466
127Croatia56,594 km²4,081,651
126Togo56,785 km²8,478,250
125Latvia64,559 km²1,866,942
124Lithuania65,300 km²2,689,862
123Sri Lanka65,610 km²21,497,310
122Georgia69,700 km²3,979,765
121Ireland70,273 km²4,982,907
120Sierra Leone71,740 km²8,141,343
119Panama75,417 km²4,381,579
118Czech Republic78,865 km²10,724,555
117French Guiana83,534 km²306,448
116United Arab Emirates83,600 km²9,991,089
115Austria83,871 km²9,043,070
114Azerbaijan86,600 km²10,223,342
113Serbia88,361 km²8,697,550
112Jordan89,342 km²10,269,021
111Portugal92,090 km²10,167,925
110Hungary93,028 km²9,634,164
109South Korea100,210 km²51,305,186
108Iceland103,000 km²343,353
107Guatemala108,889 km²18,249,860
106Cuba109,884 km²11,317,505
105Bulgaria110,879 km²6,896,663
104Liberia111,369 km²5,180,203
103Honduras112,492 km²10,062,991
102Benin112,622 km²12,451,040
101Eritrea117,600 km²3,601,467
100Malawi118,484 km²19,647,684
99North Korea120,538 km²25,887,041
98Nicaragua130,373 km²6,702,385
97Greece131,990 km²10,370,744
96Tajikistan143,100 km²9,749,627
95Nepal147,181 km²29,674,920
94Bangladesh147,570 km²166,303,498
93Tunisia163,610 km²11,935,766
92Suriname163,820 km²591,800
91Uruguay181,034 km²3,485,151
90Cambodia181,035 km²16,946,438
89Syria185,180 km²18,275,702
88Senegal196,722 km²17,196,301
87Kyrgyzstan199,951 km²6,628,356
86Belarus207,600 km²9,442,862
85Guyana214,969 km²790,326
84Laos236,800 km²7,379,358
83Romania238,391 km²19,127,774
82Ghana238,533 km²31,732,129
81Uganda241,550 km²47,123,531
80United Kingdom242,900 km²68,207,116
79Guinea245,857 km²13,497,244
78Western Sahara266,000 km²611,875
77Gabon267,668 km²2,278,825
76New Zealand270,467 km²4,860,643
75Burkina Faso272,967 km²21,497,096
74Ecuador276,841 km²17,888,475
73Italy301,336 km²60,367,477
72Oman309,500 km²5,223,375
71Poland312,679 km²37,797,005
70Ivory Coast322,463 km²27,053,629
69Norway323,802 km²5,465,630
68Malaysia330,803 km²32,776,194
67Vietnam331,212 km²98,168,833
66Finland338,424 km²5,548,360
65Republic of the Congo342,000 km²5,657,013
64Philippines342,353 km²111,046,913
63Germany357,114 km²83,900,473
62Japan377,930 km²126,050,804
61Zimbabwe390,757 km²15,092,171
60Paraguay406,752 km²7,219,638
59Iraq438,317 km²41,179,350
58Morocco446,550 km²37,344,795
57Uzbekistan447,400 km²33,935,763
56Sweden450,295 km²10,160,169
55Papua New Guinea462,840 km²9,119,010
54Cameroon475,442 km²27,224,265
53Turkmenistan488,100 km²6,117,924
52Spain505,992 km²46,745,216
51Thailand513,120 km²69,950,850
50Yemen527,968 km²30,490,640
49France551,695 km²65,426,179
48Kenya580,367 km²54,985,698
47Botswana582,000 km²2,397,241
46Madagascar587,041 km²28,427,328
45Ukraine603,500 km²43,466,819
44South Sudan619,745 km²11,381,378
43Central African Republic622,984 km²4,919,981
42Somalia637,657 km²16,359,504
41Afghanistan652,230 km²39,835,428
40Myanmar676,578 km²54,806,012
39Zambia752,612 km²18,920,651
38Chile756,102 km²19,212,361
37Turkey783,562 km²85,042,738
36Mozambique801,590 km²32,163,047
35Namibia825,615 km²2,587,344
34Pakistan881,912 km²225,199,937
33Venezuela916,445 km²28,704,954
32Nigeria923,768 km²211,400,708
31Tanzania945,087 km²61,498,437
30Egypt1,002,450 km²104,258,327
29Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,775,119
28Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,832,940
27Ethiopia1,104,300 km²117,876,227
26Colombia1,141,748 km²51,265,844
25South Africa1,221,037 km²60,041,994
24Mali1,240,192 km²20,855,735
23Angola1,246,700 km²33,933,610
22Niger1,267,000 km²25,130,817
21Chad1,284,000 km²16,914,985
20Peru1,285,216 km²33,359,418
19Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,329,289
18Iran1,648,195 km²85,028,759
17Libya1,759,540 km²6,958,532
16Sudan1,886,068 km²44,909,353
15Indonesia1,904,569 km²276,361,783
14Mexico1,964,375 km²130,262,216
13Saudi Arabia2,149,690 km²35,340,683
12Greenland2,166,086 km²56,877
11DR Congo2,344,858 km²92,377,993
10Algeria2,381,741 km²44,616,624
9Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²18,994,962
8Argentina2,780,400 km²45,605,826
7India3,287,590 km²1,393,409,038
6Australia7,692,024 km²25,788,215
5Brazil8,515,767 km²213,993,437
4United States9,372,610 km²332,915,073
3China9,706,961 km²1,444,216,107
2Canada9,984,670 km²38,067,903
1Russia17,098,242 km²145,912,025

Smallest Countries 2021