Smallest Countries 2022

map placeholder

What is the smallest country in the world by area?

The countries of the world can be ranked according to which has the smallest population or by which has the smallest total land area. Although many countries that appear on one list will also appear on the other, the order will change depending upon which statistic is chosen. The total area of a country refers to how much area (both land and water) is encompassed by the country's borders. Often denoted in terms of miles squared or kilometers squared, its total area is a numerical value of its physical size. Some of the largest countries globally are Russia (6.59 million square miles), Canada (3.85 million square miles), and China (3.75 million square miles). Unlike the population, the total area of countries usually does not change from one year to the next.

Total area and population size are often loosely connected—after allas the greater the area, the more people can fit onto it. However, the type and climate of the land (mountainous vs plains, swamps, deserts, etc), the development level (cities vs towns vs rural) and function of the land (farming vs forestry, manufacture, residential, etc) also have a significant impact upon the population of that land. Therefore, a country with a massive area is not guaranteed to have a massive population, and a country with very little area may pack an impressive number of citizens into that space.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Total Area in km²/mi² - 2021)

  1. Vatican City — 0.49 km²/0.17 mi²
  2. Monaco — 2 km²/0.78 mi²
  3. Nauru — 20 km²/8.1 mi²
  4. Tuvalu — 30 km²/11.6 mi²
  5. San Marino — 60 km²/24 mi²
  6. Liechtenstein — 160 km²/62 mi²
  7. Marshall Islands — 180 km²/70 mi²
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis — 260 km²/101 mi²
  9. Maldives — 300 km²/116 mi²
  10. Malta — 320 km²/122 mi²

The country with the smallest area is Vatican City, which spans over just 0.19 square miles (.49 square kilometers). Ultra-luxurious Monaco comes in second with 0.78 mi²/2.02 km², and San Marino right behind at 24 mi²/60 km². Note that this list includes only countries. Territories such as Tokelau (New Zealand), Saint Barthélemy (France), and Macau (China) are comparably tiny, but not independent countries, and are therefore ineligible.

What is the least populated country in the world?

The smallest country in the world in terms of population is Vatican City, which has approximately 800 citizens. This is far and away the smallest population of any country, although as before, several territories come close: Tokelau (New Zealand territory) with 1,373 people, Niue (New Zealand territory) with 1,619 people, Falkland Islands (UK territory) with 3,533 people, Montserrat (UK territory) with 4,977 people, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (French territory) with 5,766 people. Even restricting the list to only U.N.-recognized independent countries, there are still a surprising number of nations whose entire populations are small enough to fit into a football stadium:

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Population)

  1. Vatican City — 800
  2. Nauru — 10,876
  3. Tuvalu — 11,931
  4. Palau — 18,169
  5. San Marino — 34,017
  6. Liechtenstein — 38,250
  7. Monaco — 39,511
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis — 53,544
  9. Marshall Islands — 59,610
  10. Dominica — 72,167

The census and population trends in the United States

The first US census was conducted on August 2, 1790, and is conducted every ten years. In other words, the Census Bureau of the United States of America performs a decennial census. Before the official decennial census, there were similar acts of counting the number of people in the US and recording the population. These documents are kept safe by the National Archives and Records Administration of the USA. The results of the United States' census offer an example of how a population can change and grow over the course of several decades: in 1940, the US population was 132,164,569 people and in 2020, it was 331,449,281 people.

While most countries see population growth over the years, several nations are experiencing population decline. This is due to lower birth rates (especially in developed countries, where young couples may prioritize careers over children), negative net migration, and higher death rates, particularly as the post-WWII "baby boomer" generation enters old age.

Smallest Countries 2022

Rank Country Area 2022 Population
232Vatican City1 km²799
231Monaco2 km²39,783
230Gibraltar6 km²33,704
229Tokelau12 km²1,378
227Nauru21 km²10,903
228Saint Barthelemy21 km²9,945
226Tuvalu26 km²12,066
225Macau30 km²667,490
224Sint Maarten34 km²43,966
223Saint Martin53 km²39,730
222Bermuda54 km²61,939
221San Marino61 km²34,085
220Anguilla91 km²15,230
219Montserrat102 km²4,965
218Wallis And Futuna142 km²10,982
217British Virgin Islands151 km²30,596
216Liechtenstein160 km²38,387
215Aruba180 km²107,609
214Marshall Islands181 km²60,057
213American Samoa199 km²55,030
212Cook Islands236 km²17,571
211Saint Pierre And Miquelon242 km²5,759
210Niue260 km²1,622
209Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²53,871
208Cayman Islands264 km²67,277
207Maldives300 km²540,985
206Malta316 km²444,033
205Grenada344 km²113,475
204United States Virgin Islands347 km²103,971
203Mayotte374 km²286,259
202Saint Vincent And the Grenadines389 km²111,551
201Barbados430 km²288,023
200Antigua And Barbuda442 km²99,509
199Curacao444 km²165,529
198Seychelles452 km²99,426
197Palau459 km²18,233
196Northern Mariana Islands464 km²58,269
195Andorra468 km²77,463
194Guam549 km²171,519
193Isle of Man572 km²85,732
192Saint Lucia616 km²185,113
191Micronesia702 km²117,489
190Singapore710 km²5,943,546
189Tonga747 km²107,749
188Dominica751 km²72,344
187Bahrain765 km²1,783,983
186Kiribati811 km²123,419
185Turks And Caicos Islands948 km²39,741
184Sao Tome And Principe964 km²227,679
183Hong Kong1,104 km²7,604,299
182Martinique1,128 km²374,087
181Faroe Islands1,393 km²49,233
180Guadeloupe1,628 km²399,794
179Comoros1,862 km²907,419
178Mauritius2,040 km²1,274,727
177Reunion2,511 km²908,061
176Luxembourg2,586 km²642,371
175Samoa2,842 km²202,239
174Cape Verde4,033 km²567,678
173French Polynesia4,167 km²284,164
172Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,406,585
171Brunei5,765 km²445,431
170Palestine6,220 km²5,345,541
169Puerto Rico8,870 km²2,829,812
168Cyprus9,251 km²1,223,387
167Lebanon10,452 km²6,684,849
166Gambia10,689 km²2,558,482
165Jamaica10,991 km²2,985,094
164Qatar11,586 km²2,979,915
163Falkland Islands12,173 km²3,539
162Vanuatu12,189 km²321,832
161Montenegro13,812 km²627,950
160Bahamas13,943 km²400,516
159Timor Leste14,874 km²1,369,429
158Eswatini17,364 km²1,184,817
157Kuwait17,818 km²4,380,326
156Fiji18,272 km²909,466
155New Caledonia18,575 km²290,915
154Slovenia20,273 km²2,078,034
153Israel20,770 km²8,922,892
152El Salvador21,041 km²6,550,389
151Belize22,966 km²412,190
150Djibouti23,200 km²1,016,097
149North Macedonia25,713 km²2,081,304
148Rwanda26,338 km²13,600,464
147Haiti27,750 km²11,680,283
146Burundi27,834 km²12,624,840
145Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,496,662
144Albania28,748 km²2,866,374
143Solomon Islands28,896 km²721,159
142Armenia29,743 km²2,971,966
141Lesotho30,355 km²2,175,699
140Belgium30,528 km²11,668,278
139Moldova33,846 km²4,013,171
138Guinea Bissau36,125 km²2,063,367
137Taiwan36,193 km²23,888,595
136Bhutan38,394 km²787,941
135Switzerland41,284 km²8,773,637
134Netherlands41,850 km²17,211,447
133Denmark43,094 km²5,834,950
132Estonia45,227 km²1,321,910
131Dominican Republic48,671 km²11,056,370
130Slovakia49,037 km²5,460,193
129Costa Rica51,100 km²5,182,354
128Bosnia And Herzegovina51,209 km²3,249,317
127Croatia56,594 km²4,059,286
126Togo56,785 km²8,680,837
125Latvia64,559 km²1,848,837
124Lithuania65,300 km²2,661,708
123Sri Lanka65,610 km²21,575,842
122Georgia69,700 km²3,968,738
121Ireland70,273 km²5,020,199
120Sierra Leone71,740 km²8,306,436
119Panama75,417 km²4,446,964
118Czech Republic78,865 km²10,736,784
117French Guiana83,534 km²314,169
116United Arab Emirates83,600 km²10,081,785
115Austria83,871 km²9,066,710
114Azerbaijan86,600 km²10,300,205
113Serbia88,361 km²8,653,016
112Jordan89,342 km²10,300,869
111Portugal92,090 km²10,140,570
110Hungary93,028 km²9,606,259
109South Korea100,210 km²51,329,899
108Iceland103,000 km²345,393
107Guatemala108,889 km²18,584,039
106Cuba109,884 km²11,305,652
105Bulgaria110,879 km²6,844,597
104Liberia111,369 km²5,305,117
103Honduras112,492 km²10,221,247
102Benin112,622 km²12,784,726
101Eritrea117,600 km²3,662,244
100Malawi118,484 km²20,180,839
99North Korea120,538 km²25,990,679
98Nicaragua130,373 km²6,779,100
97Greece131,990 km²10,316,637
96Tajikistan143,100 km²9,957,464
95Nepal147,181 km²30,225,582
94Bangladesh147,570 km²167,885,689
93Tunisia163,610 km²12,046,656
92Suriname163,820 km²596,831
91Uruguay181,034 km²3,496,016
90Cambodia181,035 km²17,168,639
89Syria185,180 km²19,364,809
88Senegal196,722 km²17,653,671
87Kyrgyzstan199,951 km²6,728,271
86Belarus207,600 km²9,432,800
85Guyana214,969 km²794,045
84Laos236,800 km²7,481,023
83Romania238,391 km²19,031,335
82Ghana238,533 km²32,395,450
81Uganda241,550 km²48,432,863
80United Kingdom242,900 km²68,497,907
79Guinea245,857 km²13,865,691
78Western Sahara266,000 km²626,161
77Gabon267,668 km²2,331,533
76New Zealand270,467 km²4,898,203
75Burkina Faso272,967 km²22,102,838
74Ecuador276,841 km²18,113,361
73Italy301,336 km²60,262,770
72Oman309,500 km²5,323,993
71Poland312,679 km²37,739,785
70Ivory Coast322,463 km²27,742,298
69Norway323,802 km²5,511,370
68Malaysia330,803 km²33,181,072
67Vietnam331,212 km²98,953,541
66Finland338,424 km²5,554,960
65Republic of the Congo342,000 km²5,797,805
64Philippines342,353 km²112,508,994
63Germany357,114 km²83,883,596
62Japan377,930 km²125,584,838
61Zimbabwe390,757 km²15,331,428
60Paraguay406,752 km²7,305,843
59Iraq438,317 km²42,164,965
58Morocco446,550 km²37,772,756
57Uzbekistan447,400 km²34,382,084
56Sweden450,295 km²10,218,971
55Papua New Guinea462,840 km²9,292,169
54Cameroon475,442 km²27,911,548
53Turkmenistan488,100 km²6,201,943
52Spain505,992 km²46,719,142
51Thailand513,120 km²70,078,203
50Yemen527,968 km²31,154,867
49France551,695 km²65,584,518
48Kenya580,367 km²56,215,221
47Botswana582,000 km²2,441,162
46Madagascar587,041 km²29,178,077
45Ukraine603,500 km²43,192,122
44South Sudan619,745 km²11,618,511
43Central African Republic622,984 km²5,016,678
42Somalia637,657 km²16,841,795
41Afghanistan652,230 km²40,754,388
40Myanmar676,578 km²55,227,143
39Zambia752,612 km²19,470,234
38Chile756,102 km²19,250,195
37Turkey783,562 km²85,561,976
36Mozambique801,590 km²33,089,461
35Namibia825,615 km²2,633,874
34Pakistan881,912 km²229,488,994
33Venezuela916,445 km²29,266,991
32Nigeria923,768 km²216,746,934
31Tanzania945,087 km²63,298,550
30Egypt1,002,450 km²106,156,692
29Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,901,981
28Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,992,656
27Ethiopia1,104,300 km²120,812,698
26Colombia1,141,748 km²51,512,762
25South Africa1,221,037 km²60,756,135
24Mali1,240,192 km²21,473,764
23Angola1,246,700 km²35,027,343
22Niger1,267,000 km²26,083,660
21Chad1,284,000 km²17,413,580
20Peru1,285,216 km²33,684,208
19Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,378,078
18Iran1,648,195 km²86,022,837
17Libya1,759,540 km²7,040,745
16Sudan1,886,068 km²45,992,020
15Indonesia1,904,569 km²279,134,505
14Mexico1,964,375 km²131,562,772
13Saudi Arabia2,149,690 km²35,844,909
12Greenland2,166,086 km²56,973
11DR Congo2,344,858 km²95,240,792
10Algeria2,381,741 km²45,350,148
9Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²19,205,043
8Argentina2,780,400 km²46,010,234
7India3,287,590 km²1,406,631,776
6Australia7,692,024 km²26,068,792
5Brazil8,515,767 km²215,353,593
4United States9,372,610 km²334,805,269
3China9,706,961 km²1,448,471,400
2Canada9,984,670 km²38,388,419
1Russia17,098,242 km²145,805,947

Smallest Countries 2022