Smallest Countries 2022

map placeholder

What is the smallest country in the world by area?

The countries of the world can be ranked according to which has the smallest population or by which has the smallest total land area. Although many countries that appear on one list will also appear on the other, the order will change depending upon which statistic is chosen. The total area of a country refers to how much area (both land and water) is encompassed by the country's borders. Often denoted in terms of miles squared or kilometers squared, its total area is a numerical value of its physical size. Some of the largest countries globally are Russia (6.59 million square miles), Canada (3.85 million square miles), and China (3.75 million square miles). Unlike the population, the total area of countries usually does not change from one year to the next.

Total area and population size are often loosely connected—after allas the greater the area, the more people can fit onto it. However, the type and climate of the land (mountainous vs plains, swamps, deserts, etc), the development level (cities vs towns vs rural) and function of the land (farming vs forestry, manufacture, residential, etc) also have a significant impact upon the population of that land. Therefore, a country with a massive area is not guaranteed to have a massive population, and a country with very little area may pack an impressive number of citizens into that space.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Total Area in km²/mi² - 2021)

  1. Vatican City — 0.49 km²/0.17 mi²
  2. Monaco — 2 km²/0.78 mi²
  3. Nauru — 20 km²/8.1 mi²
  4. Tuvalu — 30 km²/11.6 mi²
  5. San Marino — 60 km²/24 mi²
  6. Liechtenstein — 160 km²/62 mi²
  7. Marshall Islands — 180 km²/70 mi²
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis — 260 km²/101 mi²
  9. Maldives — 300 km²/116 mi²
  10. Malta — 320 km²/122 mi²

The country with the smallest area is Vatican City, which spans over just 0.19 square miles (.49 square kilometers). Ultra-luxurious Monaco comes in second with 0.78 mi²/2.02 km², and San Marino right behind at 24 mi²/60 km². Note that this list includes only countries. Territories such as Tokelau (New Zealand), Saint Barthélemy (France), and Macau (China) are comparably tiny, but not independent countries, and are therefore ineligible.

What is the least populated country in the world?

The smallest country in the world in terms of population is Vatican City, which has approximately 800 citizens. This is far and away the smallest population of any country, although as before, several territories come close: Tokelau (New Zealand territory) with 1,373 people, Niue (New Zealand territory) with 1,619 people, Falkland Islands (UK territory) with 3,533 people, Montserrat (UK territory) with 4,977 people, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (French territory) with 5,766 people. Even restricting the list to only U.N.-recognized independent countries, there are still a surprising number of nations whose entire populations are small enough to fit into a football stadium:

Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World (by Population)

  1. Vatican City — 800
  2. Nauru — 10,876
  3. Tuvalu — 11,931
  4. Palau — 18,169
  5. San Marino — 34,017
  6. Liechtenstein — 38,250
  7. Monaco — 39,511
  8. Saint Kitts and Nevis — 53,544
  9. Marshall Islands — 59,610
  10. Dominica — 72,167

The census and population trends in the United States

The first US census was conducted on August 2, 1790, and is conducted every ten years. In other words, the Census Bureau of the United States of America performs a decennial census. Before the official decennial census, there were similar acts of counting the number of people in the US and recording the population. These documents are kept safe by the National Archives and Records Administration of the USA. The results of the United States' census offer an example of how a population can change and grow over the course of several decades: in 1940, the US population was 132,164,569 people and in 2020, it was 331,449,281 people.

While most countries see population growth over the years, several nations are experiencing population decline. This is due to lower birth rates (especially in developed countries, where young couples may prioritize careers over children), negative net migration, and higher death rates, particularly as the post-WWII "baby boomer" generation enters old age.

Smallest Countries 2022

Rank Country Area 2022 Population
1Russia17,098,242 km²144,713,314
2Canada9,984,670 km²38,454,327
3China9,706,961 km²1,425,887,337
4United States9,372,610 km²338,289,857
5Brazil8,515,767 km²215,313,498
6Australia7,692,024 km²26,177,413
7India3,287,590 km²1,417,173,173
8Argentina2,780,400 km²45,510,318
9Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²19,397,998
10Algeria2,381,741 km²44,903,225
11DR Congo2,344,858 km²99,010,212
12Greenland2,166,086 km²56,466
13Saudi Arabia2,149,690 km²36,408,820
14Mexico1,964,375 km²127,504,125
15Indonesia1,904,569 km²275,501,339
16Sudan1,886,068 km²46,874,204
17Libya1,759,540 km²6,812,341
18Iran1,648,195 km²88,550,570
19Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,398,366
20Peru1,285,216 km²34,049,588
21Chad1,284,000 km²17,723,315
22Niger1,267,000 km²26,207,977
23Angola1,246,700 km²35,588,987
24Mali1,240,192 km²22,593,590
25South Africa1,221,037 km²59,893,885
26Colombia1,141,748 km²51,874,024
27Ethiopia1,104,300 km²123,379,924
28Bolivia1,098,581 km²12,224,110
29Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,736,139
30Egypt1,002,450 km²110,990,103
31Tanzania945,087 km²65,497,748
32Nigeria923,768 km²218,541,212
33Venezuela916,445 km²28,301,696
34Pakistan881,912 km²235,824,862
35Namibia825,615 km²2,567,012
36Mozambique801,590 km²32,969,518
37Turkey783,562 km²85,341,241
38Chile756,102 km²19,603,733
39Zambia752,612 km²20,017,675
40Myanmar676,578 km²54,179,306
41Afghanistan652,230 km²41,128,771
42Somalia637,657 km²17,597,511
43Central African Republic622,984 km²5,579,144
44South Sudan619,745 km²10,913,164
45Ukraine603,500 km²39,701,739
46Madagascar587,041 km²29,611,714
47Botswana582,000 km²2,630,296
48Kenya580,367 km²54,027,487
49France551,695 km²64,626,628
50Yemen527,968 km²33,696,614
51Thailand513,120 km²71,697,030
52Spain505,992 km²47,558,630
53Turkmenistan488,100 km²6,430,770
54Cameroon475,442 km²27,914,536
55Papua New Guinea462,840 km²10,142,619
56Sweden450,295 km²10,549,347
57Uzbekistan447,400 km²34,627,652
58Morocco446,550 km²37,457,971
59Iraq438,317 km²44,496,122
60Paraguay406,752 km²6,780,744
61Zimbabwe390,757 km²16,320,537
62Japan377,930 km²123,951,692
63Germany357,114 km²83,369,843
64Philippines342,353 km²115,559,009
65Republic of the Congo342,000 km²5,970,424
66Finland338,424 km²5,540,745
67Vietnam331,212 km²98,186,856
68Malaysia330,803 km²33,938,221
69Norway323,802 km²5,434,319
70Ivory Coast322,463 km²28,160,542
71Poland312,679 km²39,857,145
72Oman309,500 km²4,576,298
73Italy301,336 km²59,037,474
74Ecuador276,841 km²18,001,000
75Burkina Faso272,967 km²22,673,762
76New Zealand270,467 km²5,185,288
77Gabon267,668 km²2,388,992
78Western Sahara266,000 km²575,986
79Guinea245,857 km²13,859,341
80United Kingdom242,900 km²67,508,936
81Uganda241,550 km²47,249,585
82Ghana238,533 km²33,475,870
83Romania238,391 km²19,659,267
84Laos236,800 km²7,529,475
85Guyana214,969 km²808,726
86Belarus207,600 km²9,534,954
87Kyrgyzstan199,951 km²6,630,623
88Senegal196,722 km²17,316,449
89Syria185,180 km²22,125,249
90Cambodia181,035 km²16,767,842
91Uruguay181,034 km²3,422,794
92Suriname163,820 km²618,040
93Tunisia163,610 km²12,356,117
94Bangladesh147,570 km²171,186,372
95Nepal147,181 km²30,547,580
96Tajikistan143,100 km²9,952,787
97Greece131,990 km²10,384,971
98Nicaragua130,373 km²6,948,392
99North Korea120,538 km²26,069,416
100Malawi118,484 km²20,405,317
101Eritrea117,600 km²3,684,032
102Benin112,622 km²13,352,864
103Honduras112,492 km²10,432,860
104Liberia111,369 km²5,302,681
105Bulgaria110,879 km²6,781,953
106Cuba109,884 km²11,212,191
107Guatemala108,889 km²17,843,908
108Iceland103,000 km²372,899
109South Korea100,210 km²51,815,810
110Hungary93,028 km²9,967,308
111Portugal92,090 km²10,270,865
112Jordan89,342 km²11,285,869
113Serbia88,361 km²7,221,365
114Azerbaijan86,600 km²10,358,074
115Austria83,871 km²8,939,617
116United Arab Emirates83,600 km²9,441,129
117French Guiana83,534 km²304,557
118Czech Republic78,865 km²10,493,986
119Panama75,417 km²4,408,581
120Sierra Leone71,740 km²8,605,718
121Ireland70,273 km²5,023,109
122Georgia69,700 km²3,744,385
123Sri Lanka65,610 km²21,832,143
124Lithuania65,300 km²2,750,055
125Latvia64,559 km²1,850,651
126Togo56,785 km²8,848,699
127Croatia56,594 km²4,030,358
128Bosnia and Herzegovina51,209 km²3,233,526
129Costa Rica51,100 km²5,180,829
130Slovakia49,037 km²5,643,453
131Dominican Republic48,671 km²11,228,821
132Estonia45,227 km²1,326,062
133Denmark43,094 km²5,882,261
134Netherlands41,850 km²17,564,014
135Switzerland41,284 km²8,740,472
136Bhutan38,394 km²782,455
137Taiwan36,193 km²23,893,394
138Guinea Bissau36,125 km²2,105,566
139Moldova33,846 km²3,272,996
140Belgium30,528 km²11,655,930
141Lesotho30,355 km²2,305,825
142Armenia29,743 km²2,780,469
143Solomon Islands28,896 km²724,273
144Albania28,748 km²2,842,321
145Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,674,908
146Burundi27,834 km²12,889,576
147Haiti27,750 km²11,584,996
148Rwanda26,338 km²13,776,698
149North Macedonia25,713 km²2,093,599
150Djibouti23,200 km²1,120,849
151Belize22,966 km²405,272
152El Salvador21,041 km²6,336,392
153Israel20,770 km²9,038,309
154Slovenia20,273 km²2,119,844
155New Caledonia18,575 km²289,950
156Fiji18,272 km²929,766
157Kuwait17,818 km²4,268,873
158Eswatini17,364 km²1,201,670
159Timor Leste14,874 km²1,341,296
160Bahamas13,943 km²409,984
161Montenegro13,812 km²627,082
162Vanuatu12,189 km²326,740
163Falkland Islands12,173 km²3,780
164Qatar11,586 km²2,695,122
165Jamaica10,991 km²2,827,377
166Gambia10,689 km²2,705,992
167Lebanon10,452 km²5,489,739
168Cyprus9,251 km²1,251,488
169Puerto Rico8,870 km²3,252,407
170Palestine6,220 km²5,250,072
171Brunei5,765 km²449,002
172Trinidad and Tobago5,130 km²1,531,044
173French Polynesia4,167 km²306,279
174Cape Verde4,033 km²593,149
175Samoa2,842 km²222,382
176Luxembourg2,586 km²647,599
177Reunion2,511 km²974,052
178Mauritius2,040 km²1,299,469
179Comoros1,862 km²836,774
180Guadeloupe1,628 km²395,752
181Faroe Islands1,393 km²53,090
182Martinique1,128 km²367,507
183Hong Kong1,104 km²7,488,865
184Sao Tome and Principe964 km²227,380
185Turks and Caicos Islands948 km²45,703
186Kiribati811 km²131,232
187Bahrain765 km²1,472,233
188Dominica751 km²72,737
189Tonga747 km²106,858
190Singapore710 km²5,975,689
191Micronesia702 km²114,164
192Saint Lucia616 km²179,857
193Isle of Man572 km²84,519
194Guam549 km²171,774
195Andorra468 km²79,824
196Northern Mariana Islands464 km²49,551
197Palau459 km²18,055
198Seychelles452 km²107,118
199Curacao444 km²191,163
200Antigua and Barbuda442 km²93,763
201Barbados430 km²281,635
202Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389 km²103,948
203Mayotte374 km²326,101
204United States Virgin Islands347 km²99,465
205Grenada344 km²125,438
206Malta316 km²533,286
207Maldives300 km²523,787
208Cayman Islands264 km²68,706
209Saint Kitts and Nevis261 km²47,657
210Niue260 km²1,934
211Saint Pierre and Miquelon242 km²5,862
212Cook Islands236 km²17,011
213American Samoa199 km²44,273
214Marshall Islands181 km²41,569
215Aruba180 km²106,445
216Liechtenstein160 km²39,327
217British Virgin Islands151 km²31,305
218Wallis and Futuna142 km²11,572
219Jersey116 km²110,778
220Montserrat102 km²4,390
221Anguilla91 km²15,857
222Guernsey78 km²63,301
223San Marino61 km²33,660
224Bermuda54 km²64,184
225Saint Martin53 km²31,791
226Sint Maarten34 km²44,175
227Macau30 km²695,168
228Tuvalu26 km²11,312
229Nauru21 km²12,668
230Saint Barthelemy21 km²10,967
231Tokelau12 km²1,871
232Gibraltar6 km²32,649
233Monaco2 km²36,469
234Vatican City1 km²510

Smallest Countries 2022