Arable Land by Country 2022

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Arable land is defined by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as land currently used, or potentially capable of being used, to grow seasonal crops. This definition includes annual crops such as wheat, beans, and rice, but excludes land used for pasturing, tree farming (or "silviculture"), or more durable agricultural installations such as vineyards, orchards, and coffee and rubber plantations.

Top 10 Countries with the Most Arable Land in the world (2019)*:

Rank Country Arable Hectares Arable Acres
1 United States 157,736,800 389,767,633
2 India 156,067,000 385,641,557
3 Russia 121,649,000 300,594,679
4 China 119,474,200 295,220,748
5 Algeria 75,050,017 185,448,592
6 Brazil 55,762,000 137,787,902
7 Nigeria 34,000,000 84,014,000
8 Ukraine 32,924,000 81,355,204
9 Argentina 32,632,760 80,635,550
10 Australia 30,573,000 75,545,883

/* Full data table appears after text.

The United States and India have the most arable land in the world, though the two countries occasionally swap positions. For example, the United States ranked first in 2019, but was second in 2016 with roughly 152.2 million hectares of arable land (about 588,000 square miles), which is approximately 16.8 percent of U.S. land area. In the top spot was India, which devoted almost 53 percent of its land area to crops and tallied 156.4 million hectares of arable land.

India's neighbor Bangladesh is just over 58% arable, earning it the highest percentage of arable land in the world in 2016. Greenland is the largest country with no arable land, while the smallest nation—the small city-state of Vatican City—has none as well.

According to the FAO, the world’s arable land amounted to 1.38 billion hectares (5.34 million square miles) in 2019. Arable land worldwide has decreased by nearly a third since 1961. This reduction is due largely to reforestation, soil erosion, and desertification caused by global climate change.

Non-arable land can sometimes be made arable, for example by removing forests or tilling pasture land. On the other hand, non-arable land such as mountains, tundra, or desert is often permanently non-arable. The word “arable” comes from the Latin word arabilis, meaning “able to be plowed.”

Here are the 10 countries with the most arable land:

  1. United States (157,736,800 Hectares)
  2. India (156,067,000 Hectares)
  3. Russia (121,649,000 Hectares)
  4. China (119,474,200 Hectares)
  5. Algeria (75,050,017 Hectares)
  6. Brazil (55,762,000 Hectares)
  7. Nigeria (34,000,000 Hectares)
  8. Ukraine (32,924,000 Hectares)
  9. Argentina (32,632,760 Hectares)
  10. Australia (30,573,000 Hectares)

Arable Land by Country 2022

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Arable Land by Country 2022

Note: A hectare is a unit of area equivalent to a square whose sides measure 100 yards each. One hectare is equal to 2.471 acres.
Country Hectares Acres Data Year
United States157,736,800389.8M2019
India156,067,000385.6M2019
Russia121,649,000300.6M2019
China119,474,200295.2M2019
Algeria75,050,017185.4M2019
Brazil55,762,000137.8M2019
Nigeria34,000,00084M2019
Ukraine32,924,00081.4M2019
Argentina32,632,76080.6M2019
Australia30,573,00075.5M2019
Pakistan30,507,00075.4M2019
Kazakhstan29,857,20073.8M2019
Indonesia26,300,00065M2019
Sudan19,823,16049M2019
Turkey19,580,00048.4M2019
Mexico19,400,00047.9M2019
France19,065,02347.1M2019
Niger17,700,00043.7M2019
Thailand16,810,00041.5M2019
Ethiopia16,187,0004M2019
Iran15,645,00038.7M2019
Tanzania13,500,00033.4M2019
South Africa12,000,00029.7M2019
Spain11,812,31529.2M2019
DR Congo11,800,00029.2M2019
Germany11,714,00028.9M2019
Poland11,055,00027.3M2019
Myanmar10,990,37427.2M2019
Romania8,966,00022.2M2019
Bangladesh7,967,00019.7M2019
Afghanistan7,788,00019.2M2019
Italy6,914,18317.1M2019
Uganda6,900,00017M2019
Morocco6,898,96417M2019
Vietnam6,784,00016.8M2019
Mali6,411,00015.8M2019
Cameroon6,200,00015.3M2019
United Kingdom6,085,56815M2019
Burkina Faso6,000,00014.8M2019
Colombia5,971,00014.8M2019
Kenya5,800,00014.3M2019
Belarus5,713,00014.1M2019
Mozambique5,650,00014M2019
Philippines5,590,00013.8M2019
Chad5,200,00012.8M2019
Iraq5,000,00012.4M2019
Angola4,900,00012.1M2019
Paraguay4,734,00011.7M2019
Syria4,662,00011.5M2019
Bolivia4,540,00011.2M2019
Hungary4,317,00010.7M2019
Peru4,299,30010.6M2019
Japan4,124,00010.2M2019
Uzbekistan4,033,50010M2019
Zimbabwe4,000,0009.9M2019
Cambodia3,876,0009.6M2019
Canada3,864,8009.5M2019
Zambia3,800,0009.4M2019
Malawi3,600,0008.9M2019
Ivory Coast3,500,0008.6M2019
Bulgaria3,476,0008.6M2019
Saudi Arabia3,441,0008.5M2019
Ghana3,316,0418.2M2019
Senegal3,200,0007.9M2019
Guinea3,100,0007.7M2019
Cuba3,009,6007.4M2019
Madagascar3,000,0007.4M2019
Egypt2,910,9697.2M2019
Benin2,800,0006.9M2019
Togo2,650,0006.5M2019
Tunisia2,607,0006.4M2019
Venezuela2,600,0006.4M2019
Serbia2,579,0006.4M2019
Sweden2,540,1206.3M2019
Denmark2,393,2005.9M2019
North Korea2,280,0005.6M2019
Finland2,245,0005.5M2019
Lithuania2,211,9005.5M2019
Greece2,136,6005.3M2019
Nepal2,113,7005.2M2019
Azerbaijan2,096,1005.2M2019
Uruguay2,008,0005M2019
Turkmenistan1,940,0004.8M2019
Central African Republic1,800,0004.4M2019
Libya1,720,0004.3M2019
Moldova1,689,9004.2M2019
Sierra Leone1,584,0003.9M2019
Laos1,550,0003.8M2019
Nicaragua1,504,0003.7M2019
Sri Lanka1,371,5733.4M2019
South Korea1,364,0003.4M2019
Slovakia1,349,0003.3M2019
Mongolia1,328,8003.3M2019
Austria1,325,5303.3M2019
Latvia1,319,0003.3M2019
Kyrgyzstan1,287,4003.2M2019
Burundi1,200,0003M2019
Chile1,168,0002.9M2019
Yemen1,158,0002.9M2019
Rwanda1,151,7002.8M2019
Somalia1,100,0002.7M2019
Haiti1,070,0002.6M2019
Honduras1,020,0002.5M2019
Bosnia And Herzegovina1,015,0002.5M2019
Netherlands1,011,1002.5M2019
Ecuador989,0002.4M2019
Portugal919,1902.3M2019
Dominican Republic877,0002.2M2019
Guatemala862,0002.1M2019
Belgium857,2862.1M2019
Malaysia826,0002M2019
Croatia823,0002M2019
Namibia800,0002M2019
Norway799,8852M2019
El Salvador721,0001.8M2019
Tajikistan699,9001.7M2019
Estonia692,8001.7M2019
Eritrea690,0001.7M2019
Albania610,0001.5M2019
Taiwan590,2001.5M2019
Panama565,0001.4M2019
New Zealand546,0001.3M2019
Liberia500,0001.2M2019
Armenia444,8001.1M2019
Ireland443,0001.1M2019
Gambia440,0001.1M2019
Guyana420,0001M2019
North Macedonia419,0001M2019
Mauritania400,000988.4K2019
Switzerland398,794985.4K2019
Israel378,000934K2019
Gabon325,000803.1K2019
Georgia307,000758.6K2019
Papua New Guinea300,000741.3K2019
Guinea Bissau300,000741.3K2019
Botswana260,000642.5K2019
Costa Rica254,500628.9K2019
Jordan208,621515.5K2019
Slovenia181,230447.8K2019
Eswatini175,000432.4K2019
Fiji165,000407.7K2019
Timor Leste155,000383K2019
Lesotho138,000341K2019
Lebanon132,000326.2K2019
Iceland121,000299K2019
Jamaica120,000296.5K2019
Equatorial Guinea120,000296.5K2019
Cyprus96,262237.9K2019
Bhutan94,000232.3K2019
Belize90,000222.4K2019
Palestine87,000215K2019
Oman77,840192.3K2019
Mauritius75,000185.3K2019
Comoros66,000163.1K2019
Suriname62,000153.2K2019
Luxembourg61,959153.1K2019
Puerto Rico50,200124K2019
United Arab Emirates49,900123.3K2019
Reunion34,19084.5K2019
Samoa32,50080.3K2019
Trinidad And Tobago25,00061.8K2019
Isle of Man24,10059.6K2019
Guadeloupe22,30055.1K2019
Solomon Islands20,00043.4K2019
Vanuatu20,00049.4K2019
Tonga20,00049.4K2019
Mayotte17,25042.6K2019
Qatar14,00034.6K2019
Martinique10,90026.9K2019
Malta9,07022.4K2019
Montenegro9,00022.2K2019
Kuwait8,00019.8K2019
Bahamas8,00019.8K2019
Barbados7,00017.3K2019
Dominica6,00014.8K2019
New Caledonia5,97014.8K2019
Saint Kitts And Nevis5,00012.4K2019
Western Sahara4,0009.9K2019
Brunei4,0009.9K2019
Sao Tome And Principe4,0009.9K2019
Antigua And Barbuda4,0009.9K2019
Maldives3,9009.6K2019
American Samoa3,1907.9K2019
Hong Kong3,0007.4K2019
Saint Lucia3,0007.4K2019
Grenada3,0007.4K2019
Faroe Islands3,0007.4K2019
French Polynesia2,5006.2K2019
Djibouti2,0004.9K2019
Kiribati2,0004.9K2019
Micronesia2,0004.9K2019
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines2,0004.9K2019
Aruba2,0004.9K2019
Marshall Islands2,0004.9K2019
Saint Pierre And Miquelon2,0004.9K2019
Montserrat2,0004.9K2019
San Marino1,9854.9K2019
Bahrain1,6004K2019
Liechtenstein1,4803.7K2019
Guam1,0002.5K2019
Turks And Caicos Islands1,0002.5K2019
British Virgin Islands1,0002.5K2019
Cook Islands1,0002.5K2019
Niue1,0002.5K2019
United States Virgin Islands8002K2019
Andorra8002K2019
Singapore5601.4K2019
Bermuda3007412019
Palau3007412019
Cayman Islands2004942019
Seychelles1503712019
Northern Mariana Islands801982019

Arable Land by Country 2022

Sources