Arable Land By Country 2021

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Arable land is defined by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as land currently used, or potentially capable of being used, to grow seasonal crops. This definition excludes land used for pasturing, for tree-farming (or “silviculture”), or for more durable agricultural products such as vineyards, orchards, and coffee and rubber plantations. Non-arable land can sometimes be made arable, for example by removing forests or tilling pasture land. Some land, such as mountains, tundra, or desert, is permanently non-arable. The word “arable” comes from the Lain word arabilis, meaning “able to be plowed.”

In 2016, India had the most arable land in the world, at 156.4 million hectares, or about 604,000 square miles. That constitutes almost 53 percent of the entire land mass of India. By contrast, the United States comes in second, with about 152.2 million hectares of arable land (about 588,000 square miles), which is only 16.8 percent of U.S. land mass. Bangladesh has the highest percentage of arable land, at 58 percent. Greenland is the largest country with no arable land, while the smallest nation—the small city-state of Vatican City—has none as well.

According to the FAO, in the year 2013, the world’s arable land amounted to 1,407 million hectares, or about 5.4 million square miles. Arable land worldwide has decreased by nearly one-third since 1961, because of re-forestation, soil erosion, and desertification caused by global climate change.

Here are the 10 countries with the most arable land:

  1. India (156,463,000 hectares)
  2. United States (152,262,500 hectares)
  3. Russia (123,121,820 hectares)
  4. China (118,900,000 hectares)
  5. Brazil (80,976,000 hectares)
  6. Australia (46,048,000 hectares)
  7. Canada (43,766,000 hectares)
  8. Argentina (39,200,000 hectares)
  9. Nigeria (34,000,000 hectares)
  10. Ukraine (32,776,000 hectares)

Arable Land By Country 2021

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Arable Land By Country 2021

Country Arable Land 2016 Arable - 2015 Arable - 2014
India156,463,000156,463,000156,463,000
United States152,262,500152,262,500154,265,500
Russia123,121,820123,121,820123,121,820
China118,900,000119,000,000105,700,000
Brazil80,976,00081,513,00081,007,000
Australia46,048,00046,126,00046,957,000
Canada43,766,00043,606,39843,446,800
Argentina39,200,00039,200,00039,200,000
Nigeria34,000,00034,000,00034,000,000
Ukraine32,776,00032,775,00032,770,000
Pakistan31,040,00030,400,00030,440,000
Kazakhstan29,395,00029,395,00029,395,000
Indonesia23,500,00023,500,00023,500,000
Mexico22,562,00023,026,00023,304,000
Turkey20,381,00020,645,00020,706,000
Sudan19,823,16019,823,16019,823,160
France18,355,91918,478,69918,333,099
Thailand16,810,00016,810,00016,810,000
Niger16,800,00016,800,00016,800,000
Ethiopia15,119,00015,119,00015,119,000
Iran14,687,00014,687,00014,687,000
Tanzania13,500,00013,500,00013,500,000
South Africa12,500,00012,500,00012,500,000
Spain12,337,17912,278,21912,278,000
Germany11,763,00011,849,00011,871,000
Myanmar10,908,00010,893,00010,776,000
Poland10,806,00010,887,00010,928,000
Romania8,582,0008,778,0008,778,000
Morocco8,130,0008,130,0008,130,000
Bangladesh7,764,2097,732,2407,669,000
Afghanistan7,729,0007,765,0007,771,000
Algeria7,404,2007,462,1007,469,399
Dr Congo7,100,0007,100,0007,100,000
Vietnam6,998,0006,998,0007,003,000
Uganda6,900,0006,900,0006,900,000
Italy6,602,0006,601,0006,728,000
Mali6,411,0006,411,0006,411,000
Cameroon6,200,0006,200,0006,200,000
United Kingdom6,026,0096,011,0006,233,500
Burkina Faso6,000,0006,000,0006,000,000
Kenya5,800,0005,800,0005,800,000
Belarus5,683,7995,677,3995,662,100
Mozambique5,650,0005,650,0005,650,000
Philippines5,590,0005,590,0005,590,000
Iraq5,000,0005,000,0005,019,000
Chad4,900,0004,900,0004,900,000
Angola4,900,0004,900,0004,900,000
Paraguay4,800,0004,800,0004,800,000
Ghana4,700,0004,700,0004,700,000
Syria4,662,0004,662,0004,662,000
Bolivia4,453,0004,429,0004,470,000
Uzbekistan4,400,0004,400,0004,400,000
Hungary4,324,0004,324,0004,322,000
Japan4,184,0004,205,0004,222,000
Zimbabwe4,000,0004,000,0004,000,000
Cambodia3,800,0003,800,0003,800,000
Zambia3,800,0003,800,0003,800,000
Malawi3,800,0003,800,0003,800,000
Peru3,508,0003,155,0003,600,000
Madagascar3,500,0003,500,0003,500,000
Bulgaria3,496,0003,509,6993,486,000
Saudi Arabia3,477,0003,490,0003,430,000
Senegal3,200,0003,200,0003,200,000
Guinea3,100,0003,100,0003,100,000
Cuba2,989,3993,013,6993,088,000
Tunisia2,900,0002,900,0002,900,000
Egypt2,786,7702,865,5802,640,189
Benin2,700,0002,700,0002,700,000
Venezuela2,700,0002,700,0002,700,000
Togo2,650,0002,650,0002,650,000
Serbia2,598,0002,591,0002,605,699
Sweden2,574,6002,585,0002,592,000
Czech Republic2,494,0002,493,0002,489,000
Uruguay2,410,6002,410,6002,410,600
Denmark2,375,0002,353,0002,432,000
North Korea2,350,0002,350,0002,350,000
Finland2,246,0002,242,3002,230,800
Lithuania2,142,6002,171,8992,350,199
Greece2,140,0002,171,0002,224,000
Nepal2,113,6992,113,6992,113,699
Azerbaijan1,999,0001,937,6991,926,500
Turkmenistan1,940,0001,940,0001,940,000
Moldova1,827,3001,822,9001,817,000
Central African Republic1,800,0001,800,0001,800,000
Libya1,720,0001,720,0001,720,000
Colombia1,688,5991,688,5991,728,199
Sierra Leone1,584,0001,584,0001,584,000
Laos1,525,0001,525,0001,525,000
Nicaragua1,504,0001,504,0001,504,000
South Korea1,421,0001,464,5001,476,000
Austria1,344,4891,346,0991,351,699
Sri Lanka1,300,0001,300,0001,300,000
Latvia1,288,0001,229,8001,209,000
Chile1,269,8001,313,0001,289,199
Yemen1,248,0001,248,0001,248,000
Burundi1,200,0001,200,0001,200,000
Rwanda1,151,6991,151,6991,149,500
Somalia1,100,0001,100,0001,100,000
Haiti1,070,0001,070,0001,070,000
Netherlands1,028,0001,033,0001,045,000
Bosnia And Herzegovina1,026,0001,022,0001,006,000
Honduras1,020,0001,020,0001,020,000
Portugal978,6691,127,2901,126,739
Ecuador976,0001,067,4001,017,700
Malaysia882,000825,309804,000
Croatia872,000844,099813,200
Guatemala862,000862,000933,799
Belgium849,400829,500817,000
Norway805,130807,140808,179
Namibia800,000800,000800,000
Dominican Republic800,000800,000800,000
El Salvador737,000718,000746,000
Tajikistan730,000730,000730,000
Estonia696,000675,000654,000
Eritrea690,000690,000690,000
Albania620,299615,099615,599
New Zealand570,000598,000590,000
Mongolia567,200567,200567,200
Panama563,000563,000563,000
Republic Of The Congo550,000550,000550,000
Liberia500,000500,000500,000
Mauritania450,000450,000450,000
Armenia446,399446,700447,500
Ireland446,000453,0001,058,000
Gambia440,000440,000440,000
Guyana420,000420,000420,000
North Macedonia416,000414,000412,000
Switzerland398,700398,399399,440
Lesotho352,000219,000272,299
Georgia344,000367,700365,660
Gabon325,000325,000325,000
Guinea Bissau300,000300,000300,000
Papua New Guinea300,000300,000300,000
Israel295,000297,200300,500
Botswana259,600259,600399,000
Costa Rica247,500251,000232,100
Jordan237,259227,899237,500
Slovenia183,880183,910184,039
Eswatini175,000175,000175,000
Fiji165,000165,000165,000
Timor Leste155,000155,000155,000
Lebanon132,000132,000132,000
Iceland121,000121,000121,199
Equatorial Guinea120,000120,000120,000
Jamaica120,000120,000120,000
Bhutan100,000100,199100,199
Cyprus84,62999,20980,180
Belize78,00078,00078,000
Mauritius75,00075,00075,000
Suriname65,00065,00065,000
Comoros65,00065,00065,000
Luxembourg61,86062,79962,610
Puerto Rico61,00061,00061,000
Oman56,11052,15937,500
United Arab Emirates44,50044,09944,000
Trinidad And Tobago25,00025,00025,000
Isle Of Man23,50023,20022,100
Vanuatu20,00020,00020,000
Solomon Islands20,00020,00020,000
Tonga18,00018,00018,000
Qatar14,30015,30015,100
Malta9,0698,9708,970
Montenegro9,0008,6998,729
Sao Tome And Principe8,6998,6998,699
Samoa8,0008,0008,000
Bahamas8,0008,0008,000
Kuwait8,0007,6999,500
Barbados7,0008,0009,000
New Caledonia6,2396,2396,239
Dominica6,0006,0006,000
Antigua And Barbuda4,0004,0004,000
Maldives3,9003,9003,900
Faroe Islands3,0003,0003,000
American Samoa3,0003,0003,000
Grenada3,0003,0003,000
Hong Kong3,0003,0993,099
French Polynesia2,5002,5002,500
Liechtenstein2,1602,1602,319
Marshall Islands2,0002,0002,000
Aruba2,0002,0002,000
Micronesia2,0002,0002,000
Kiribati2,0002,0002,000
Djibouti2,0002,0002,000
Bahrain1,6001,6001,600
Palau1,0001,0001,000
British Virgin Islands1,0001,0001,000
San Marino1,0001,0001,000
Turks And Caicos Islands1,0001,0001,000
Northern Mariana Islands1,0001,0001,000
Guam1,0001,0001,000
Andorra779810810
Singapore560560560
Bermuda300300300
Cayman Islands200200200
Seychelles150150150
Greenland900900

Arable Land By Country 2021

Sources