Crude oil production is defined as the quantities of oil extracted from the ground after the removal of inert matter or impurities. Crude oil is a mineral oil consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons of natural origin, yellow to black in color, and of variable density and viscosity. Once extracted, crude oil undergoes distillation to break down the liquid into various products depending on weight.
The thousands of products derived from crude oil are very beneficial and have improved the quality of life for people around the world. The largest share of crude oil is used for gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, and heating oils. Heavier products are used to make asphalt for our cars to travel on and lubricating oils such as petroleum jelly for soaps and detergents.
In 2018, the United States surpassed Russia and Saudi Arabia to become to world’s largest crude oil producer. The main producers of oil in the United States are Alaska, Texas, North Dakota, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. The United States currently produces approximately 12,108,000 barrels per day. Russia follows with 10,709,000 barrels and then Saudi Arabia with 9,580,000 barrels.