Crude oil is a mineral consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons that can produce many beneficial products that improve the quality of life for people all over the world. Crude oil is yellow to black in color and of variable density and viscosity. Crude oil is extracted from reserves and then undergoes distillation to break down the liquid into various products depending not he weight.
Crude oil creates many products, the largest share of which include gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, and heating oils. Additionally, heavier crude oil products are used to make asphalting lubricating oils such as petroleum jelly for detergents and soaps.
Crude Oil in the United States
The United States is the largest producer of crude oil, producing about 12.108 million barrels per day. The main producers of crude oil in the U.S. are Alaska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and Texas. The U.S. surpassed both Russia and Saudi Arabia in 2018 to become the world’s largest crude oil producer.
While the United States is the largest producer of oil, it is also the largest consumer of oil. The U.S. consumes about 19.69 million barrels of crude oil per day. Because this is more oil than the U.S. produces each day, the oil must be imported from other countries.
U.S. Oil Imports by Country
Based on the most recent data available from the U.S. Energy and Information Administration, the United States imports about 7.236 million barrels of crude oil per day to make up the difference between how much the nation produces and consumes. This is based on numbers from April 2020.
About 675,000 barrels come from OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) nations and 6.561 million come from non-OPEC nations. Of the OPEC nations, the United States receives the most crude oil from Saudi Arabia, from which it imports about 431 barrels/day. From the non-OPEC nations, the U.S. imports the most from Canada, about 4.088 million barrels per day.
The following ten countries are those that the U.S. imports the most oil from per day based on April 2020 numbers. Numbers are in thousands of barrels.
- Canada (4,088)
- Mexico (631)
- Saudi Arabia (431)
- Russia (408)
- Colombia (277)
- Ecuador (176)
- Iraq (140)
- South Korea (133)
- Brazil (104)
- The Netherlands (93)
In 2019, the United States imported a total of 3.319 billion barrels in 2019, 1.613 billion of which were from Canada.