US Oil Imports by Country 2022

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Crude oil is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that is used in the production of products including gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, and heating oils, all of which are instrumental in the daily lives of people all over the world. Crude oil is yellow to black in color and of variable density and viscosity. Crude oil is extracted from reserves and then put through a distillation process that breaks the crude oil into various components, called fractions, which are then converted into final products. In addition to the fuels listed above, heavier crude oil fractions are used to make lubricating oils such as petroleum jelly for detergents and soaps.

Crude Oil in the United States

The United States is the world's largest producer of crude oil, producing about 12.108 million barrels per day. The main oil-producing states in the U.S. are Alaska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and Texas. The U.S. surpassed both Russia and Saudi Arabia in 2018 to become the world’s largest crude oil producer. While the United States is the largest producer of oil, it is also the largest consumer of oil. The U.S. consumes about 19.69 million barrels of crude oil per day. Because this is more oil than the U.S. produces each day, the oil must be imported from other countries.

U.S. Oil Imports by Country

According to data from the U.S. Energy and Information Administration, the United States imported between 8.1-8.8 million barrels of crude oil per day from July-December 2021. Just over a million barrels per day come from OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) nations, led by roughly 550,000 barrels a day from Saudi Arabia. The U.S. also imports nearly 7.5 million barrels of crude oil per day from non-OPEC nations. Chief among these is Canada, which supplies the U.S. with approximately 4.7 million barrels per day, significantly more than any other nation.

Top 10 Countries from Which the U.S. Imports Oil (in barrels per day Dec. 2021):

  1. Canada — 4,783,000
  2. Mexico — 645,000
  3. Saudi Arabia — 550,000
  4. Russia — 405,000
  5. Colombia — 228,000
  6. Iraq — 223,000
  7. Ecuador — 219,000
  8. United Kingdom — 126,000
  9. Nigeria — 110,000
  10. South Korea — 102,000

Here are the 10 countries providing the most U.S. oil imports:

  1. Canada (1,584,269)
  2. Mexico (259,496)
  3. Russia (245,194)
  4. Saudi Arabia (156,875)
  5. Colombia (74,185)
  6. Ecuador (61,303)
  7. Iraq (57,277)
  8. Brazil (52,229)
  9. Netherlands (46,117)
  10. Nigeria (45,699)

US Oil Imports by Country 2022

Note: All values are expressed in thousands of barrels, so Canada's 1,509,646 in 2021 is correctly read as 1.5 billion barrels.
Country 2021 Barrels 2020 Barrels 2019 Barrels 2018 Barrels 2017 Barrels 2016 Barrels 2015 Barrels
Canada1,584,2691,509,6461,613,2621,566,5001,479,8741,383,5061,374,189
Mexico259,496274,757237,401262,613249,060244,895276,595
Russia245,194197,720187,960137,010142,011161,286135,247
Saudi Arabia156,875190,929193,357328,736348,621404,925386,505
Colombia74,185103,865135,917121,525132,088176,811144,193
Ecuador61,30367,89974,61264,59775,62787,56584,176
Iraq57,27764,456124,284190,108220,499155,12283,726
Brazil52,22945,93370,04262,40081,69660,97778,384
Netherlands46,11730,15638,21922,81122,80121,89320,814
Nigeria45,69927,52570,56969,086122,06886,17329,456
United Kingdom37,86231,21453,09553,17140,62444,56844,828
India36,33128,96735,33627,11329,96032,75631,241
Libya33,1073,11823,09220,51623,7415,8282,565
Guyana27,7289,953
Norway26,18410,58531,67733,42628,78027,84122,141
Ghana18,7569,3259,5204,3235,99847381
Italy17,56810,5499,8538,7626,1106,5094,925
Belgium14,66312,15125,21725,26621,16622,47228,940
United Arab Emirates14,4807,0379,74621,31212,3524,9561,305
Trinidad And Tobago14,45214,15517,2719,80712,64210,4168,087
Turkey14,4425,4776,6934,8893,075799459
Algeria14,4255,50728,50064,42268,86766,54439,478
Argentina13,83615,67111,0798,3194,44113,681
Angola13,08811,32913,96134,33049,10861,49249,767
Kuwait12,07610,26116,58328,71552,83876,68774,568
Kazakhstan11,9379,09515,66212,9613,8535,2785,416
Egypt11,84611,11920,06613,3093,3594,625684
Singapore11,8019,1319,3399,3677,1336,8106,911
France11,1597,78411,44512,59713,25813,84312,589
Spain10,75211,03118,08619,78017,85518,04223,002
Portugal10,7089,6979,97110,3139,6159,3658,498
Brunei9,4736,82011,8575,478245
United States Virgin Islands8,11020421
Qatar7,9296,0796,4005,8992,2753,9952,936
Finland7,5366,0809,4135,1813,3768,2993,591
Japan7,3188,08413,2317,5369,5237,9436,508
Sweden6,0595,5713,9934,8593,6664,7301,648
Bahamas5,4493,5472,1061,3562,3264451,852
Peru3,7154,3317,91013,75617,1778,73610,161
Taiwan3,1341,4581,6912,6601,8701,4292,453
Oman3,0563026678285,09710,986
Germany2,7923,1494,6352,8592,6732,1212,741
Malaysia1,8983,4731,1551,4533,2584,908411
Cameroon1,6006,9584,1671,9354771,196580
Bahrain1,4514158891,037745850NaN
Lithuania1,4102,4902,1607271,624634703
Indonesia1,3712,4191,86015,52614,42915,96414,866
China1,2291,1483,7226,1697,5777,8552,287
Guatemala1,1241,4062,4982,5302,9562,7112,916
Iran1,0331,111
Chile73190540283511664596
Equatorial Guinea6969553,5596,8814,3282,2502,080
Poland57357448331511592270
Israel52413034534041
Panama4431,3221,661835440219
Denmark4301,1195,8134,9793,4511,161358
Estonia394554484901,030
Liberia2946191,677241
Romania2722543018215
Republic of the Congo2711,9025,9865,7201,8751,9253,661
Belarus2671,388627852605
Switzerland264156742
Curacao213132671,0382061,1512,251
Jamaica187
Gabon1271,7952,2221,0574,479
Dominican Republic11528422260
Georgia98295437
Azerbaijan935,2863,0843,7155,539
Greece706471,0676241,096294319
Ireland701094721,4192,7281,1112,874
Ukraine262242
South Africa5311384122138167
Philippines15419647330
Vietnam6147882,3071,4033,320
DR Congo18
Thailand1551371,0081,2682213
South Korea48,66634,26448,36839,30637,258
Mozambique158168
Yemen855
Venezuela33,591213,895245,980291,461301,989
Ivory Coast1,6683,8582,8942123
Australia3985296481,6203,635
Syria
Chad1,9017,31010,46324,38726,234
Guinea
Benin
Tunisia848752312424
Bolivia318631
South Sudan9541,245209
Czech Republic53
Jordan497761
Hungary3192310
Papua New Guinea681
Austria122
Hong Kong120918520
Bulgaria21247880195
El Salvador150
Slovakia4333
Mauritania1,184511
New Zealand
Croatia40188
Bosnia And Herzegovina
Albania2,4961,977
Latvia1696941792
Malta21872
Belize211198360
Barbados50
Aruba151123

US Oil Imports by Country 2022

Sources